Japan gained influence in China by seizing the concessionary areas of what European power during World War I?
B) United States
The initial goal of the May Fourth movement was:
A) Communist insurrection.
B) ridding China of all Western influences.
C) the creation of a liberal democracy along Western lines.
D) Chinese subjection to Japan.
E) ridding China of all Confucian ideas and practices.
55) The Communist-dominated nationalist movement in Vietnam during World war II was called the
B) Viet Minh.
C) Viet Cong.
E) Nam Viet.
In what way, did China and Vietnam differ from the other nations of the Third World?
A) The traditional patterns of civilization in China and Vietnam collapsed, whereas most colonized peoples managed to retain much of their pre-colonial cultures.
B) China and Vietnam, unlike most of the other regions of the Third World, were able to establish stable democracies without military interventions.
C) China and Vietnam successfully industrialized in the early decades of the twentieth century, whereas most third world nations were unable to escape economic dependency.
D) China and Vietnam were not part of the European colonial network, although Japanese imperialism was a factor.
E) They never had to deal with the issue of a rapidly expanding population.
In China and Vietnam, a combination of external aggression and internal upheavals discredited and destroyed the:
A) middle class
B) previously established patterns of industrialization
C) Confucian system
D) Communist influence
E) parliamentary system
The best-positioned contenders for power in the aftermath of the abdication of the Qing were the:
A) merchants and bankers of coastal cities.
B) warlords or military commanders.
C) university students.
D) secret societies.
E) forces of modernization.
The leader of the Revolutionary Alliance, a loose coalition of anti-Qing political groups that spearheaded the 1911 revolt, was:
A) Yuan Shikai.
B) Chiang Kai-shek.
C) Sun Yat-sen.
D) Mao Zedong.
E) Zhao En-lai
What happened to the parliamentary government established in China by the Revolutionary Alliance in 1912?
A) It was overthrown by a Communist insurrection.
B) Sun Yat-sen resigned the presidency in favor of the northern warlord, Yuan Shikai.
C) The parliamentary government under the presidency of Sun Y at-Sen effectively governed northern China from the capital at Beijing for 20 years.
D) The parliamentary government was overthrown by the Boxer rebellion.
E) It remained in power until the Japanese invasion of 1931.
10) Most of the members of the early May Fourth movement were:
D) intellectuals and students.
E) European nationals.
What made Chinese thinkers aware of a possible Marxist solution to China's ills?
A) Russian revolution of 1905
B) Russian revolution of 1917
C) Frederick Engels's visit to China in 1912
D) Japanese example
E) writings of Mao
The man who headed the study circle at the University of Beijing and who first gave serious attention to Marxist philosophy was:
A) Chiang Kai-shek
B) Li Bo
C) Li Dazhao
D) Yuan Shikai
E) Sun Yat-sen
13) How did early Chinese Marxist philosophy differ from Lenin's?
A) Chinese philosophers emphasized the role of the proletariat in the revolution.
B) Chinese thinkers stressed the gradualist approach to political change.
C) Sun Yat-sen taught that the revolution could only occur after the complete industrialization of China.
D) The study circle at the University of Beijing saw the peasants as the vanguard of revolution.
E) Chinese philosophers thought that imperialism was the last stage of capitalism.
Early Marxist philosophers in China characterized all of China's society as:
Which of the following organizations and publications was NOT associated with the early Marxist movement in China?
A) New Youth
B) Socialist Youth Corps
C) Communist Youth Corps
E) Marx study clubs
The founder of the Communist Youth Corps in Paris in 1920 was:
A) Mao Zedong.
B) Zhou Enlai.
C) Sun Yat-sen.
D) Li Dazhao.
E) Chiang Kai-shek.
In 1919, Sun Yat-sen returned to China and attempted to unify the various political organizations struggling for political influence in China by reorganizing the revolutionary movement under what name?
A) Socialist Youth Corps
B) May Fourth movement
C) Red Army
D) Nationalist Party of China
E) Yuan shi-kai movement
Which of the following groups were NOT allied with the Nationalist Party by 1924?
A) United States
B) Urban businessmen and merchants of the southern coastal cities
D) Local warlords and the criminal underworld
E) Green Gang
The Chinese Nationalist Party received much of its early foreign assistance from:
A) the United States
C) Soviet Russia
What was Chiang Kai-shek's initial role within the Chinese Nationalist Party?
A) delegate to the League of Nations
B) representative at the Treaty of Versailles
C) family head of the Green Gang
D) head of the Whampoa Military Academy
E) writer for The New Youth
The Nationalist Party's greatest failure was its inability to:
A) create a military wing of the party.
B) deal with the social and economic crisis of the Chinese peasantry.
C) industrialize China.
D) rid itself of its ties to the Qing dynasty.
E) isolate the Communists.
22) What early Communist leader emphasized the role of the peasantry in revolutionary solutions to Chinese problems?
A) Sun Yat-sen
B) Chiang Kai-shek
C) Mao Zedong
D) Yuan Shikai
Early Chinese Communist Party thinking was dominated by thinkers such as Li Lisan who emphasized:
A) revolution based on the urban working class.
B) revolution based on the peasantry.
C) gradualist responses to China's economic problems.
D) equitable redistribution of land.
E) the teachings of Confucius.
24) Following Sun Yat-sen's death in 1925, what group seized control of the Nationalist Party?
A) urban businessmen and merchants of the southern Chinese coast
C) warlords and military chiefs
E) the middle class
25) Who emerged as the head of the Nationalist party and de facto ruler of China by the late 1920s?
A) Sun Yat-sen
B) Mao Zedong
C) Chiang Kai-shek
D) Li Dizhao
E) Li Lisan
26) Open warfare began between the communists and Nationalist party following
A) the communist assault on Beijing.
B) the intervention of Japan on the side of the Nationalists.
C) the announcement of Soviet Russian support for the Nationalist cause
D) the Nationalist slaughter of their former allies in Shanghai
E) the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.