Vietnam Escalation And Tet

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 83

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Vietnam Escalation And Tet

This is a quiz that focuses on the Second Indochina war from 65 to 69


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    By what other name was Vietnamisation known?
    • A. 

      Escalation

    • B. 

      COSVN

    • C. 

      MACV

    • D. 

      The Nixon Doctrine

  • 2. 
    Who replaced General Harkins in 1964 as the head of the MACV?
    • A. 

      General Ted Serong

    • B. 

      General Giap

    • C. 

      General Ulysses S Grant

    • D. 

      General Westmoreland

  • 3. 
    During what years did Operation Rolling Thunder function?
    • A. 

      1964 to 1968

    • B. 

      1969 to 1972

    • C. 

      1962 to 1965

    • D. 

      1968 to 1969

  • 4. 
    What is Tet?
    • A. 

      The Chinese New Year

    • B. 

      The Vietnamese National Celebration

    • C. 

      The Vietnamese New Year

    • D. 

      The Vietnamese version of Yom Kippur

  • 5. 
    How many Vietnamese civilians were massacred by the Viet Cong in Hue during the Tet Offensive
    • A. 

      Between 2000 and 6000.

    • B. 

      Between 500 and 1000

    • C. 

      Between 50 and 500

    • D. 

      Between 1000 to 2000

  • 6. 
    MACV estimates were that the communist dead in 1968 totalled
    • A. 

      180,000

    • B. 

      100,000

    • C. 

      1 Million

    • D. 

      15000

  • 7. 
    The final phase of the Tet offensive in August 1968
    • A. 

      Was a massive success for the communists

    • B. 

      Only involved Northern Troops fighting for the communist cause

    • C. 

      Ended the South's will to fight

    • D. 

      Caused Robert MacNamara to renew his contract

  • 8. 
    How many phases were there in the Tet Offensive?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      3

  • 9. 
    The Viet Cong in Saigon
    • A. 

      Took over the entire city

    • B. 

      Entered the US compound but didn't infiltrate the main building

    • C. 

      Were killed to the last man

    • D. 

      Stayed neutral during the offensive.

  • 10. 
    The communist headquarters in South Vietnam was 
    • A. 

      The Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN),

    • B. 

      Hosted off shore in Singapore

    • C. 

      The MACV

    • D. 

      The NLF

  • 11. 
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, passed on August 7, 1964, allowed the President: 
    • A. 

      To launch air strikes without Congressional authority

    • B. 

      To withdraw all advisers from South Vietnam without military authority.

    • C. 

      To engage conventional military force in South Vietnam without a formal declaration of war

    • D. 

      To launch air strikes against North Vietnamese targets with for mal warnings to the North Vietnamese.

  • 12. 
    The Gulf of Tonkin incident involved two attacks on the USS Maddox: 
    • A. 

      The first one was genuine but the second was an alleged torpedo attack that probably did not take place and was the result of muddled reporting by radar operators.

    • B. 

      That did not take place

    • C. 

      By Chinese aircraft that convinced Johnson he had to escalate the American presence in South Vietnam into a conventional land presence.

    • D. 

      That cost the US that ship and a further 4 patrol boats through the use of North Vietnamese torpedoes.

  • 13. 
    When JF Kennedy said to New York Times James Reston in June 1961, after his meeting with Nikita Khruschev of the USSR, ", "Now we have a problem making our power credible and Vietnam looks like the place" , he was providing
    • A. 

      A promise of combat troops to Ngo Dinh Diem

    • B. 

      A promise that the US would escalate advisor numbers in the near future

    • C. 

      A classic example of a super power viewing a local conflict as a cold war "proxy war".

    • D. 

      A rationale for his support for a change of leader in South Vietnam from Diem to an alternative leader.

  • 14. 
    American forces rose from 16,000 during 1964 to more than ?  by 1969. 
    • A. 

      338,000

    • B. 

      176,444

    • C. 

      553,000

    • D. 

      765,000

  • 15. 
    The following was an operation that lasted for 3 years and involved 
    • A. 

      A million sorties were flown and three-quarters of a million tons of bombs

    • B. 

      A million sorties flown and a million tons of bombs dropped

    • C. 

      An on-going major "search and destroy" mission on the border of Laos and Cambodia

    • D. 

      The establishment of a viable government for South Vietnam amongst the Montgnard tribes.

  • 16. 
    Classical military logic demanded that the U.S. attack the power source of PAVN/NLF in the North. If that country could not be invaded, then the enemy's supply system in Laos and Cambodia should be cut by ground forces, isolating the southern battlefield. However, political considerations limited U.S. military actions, The major reason for the limitations were
    • A. 

      An over optimistic and essentially racist view of the Vietnamese as sub standard fighters

    • B. 

      An overestimation of the potency of the B 52 and the impact its devastaing bombing potential had

    • C. 

      Escalation of the conflict into a superpower confrontation and the possibility of a nuclear exchange.

    • D. 

      General Westmoreland's mental illness that stifled rational thought on how the war ought to be fought

  • 17. 
    Westmoreland's strategy for winning the war was
    • A. 

      Attrition, or grinding the North down and forcing them to the negotiation table

    • B. 

      Air power combined with search and destroy quick hits, plus naval infiltration on a large scale

    • C. 

      Moving up the Ho Chi Minh Trail backwards

    • D. 

      To create a model democracy in the south based on Strategic Hamlets

  • 18. 
    Westmoreland's "search and destroy" concept meant
    • A. 

      That the war would be fought at village level and, predominantly, be a small unit war

    • B. 

      That the MACV would fight the PAVN in large scale encounters that ultimately suited the communists

    • C. 

      That a small scale war would be fought, focused around the border areas, the Ho Chi Minh Trail port towns

    • D. 

      That the strategic hamlet approach to separating the communists from the villages would work

  • 19. 
    Brigadier Ted Serong, the Australian in charge of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam believed
    • A. 

      That the only way of telling whether you were winning the war was through the quantity of territory controlled near the border

    • B. 

      That the only way of telling whether you were winning the war was through body count

    • C. 

      That the only way of telling whether you were winning the war was through the number of search and destroy missions effected in a month

    • D. 

      The only real indicator of progress in a war of counterinsurgency was the volume of intelligence spontaneously offered by the population, since this was the indicator of whether or not the people believed you really could offer them security.

  • 20. 
    After Viet Cong attacks on the US air base at Pleiku in Vietnam on Feb 6, 1965, and an imminent attack on the US air base at Da Nang on February 22nd 1965
    • A. 

      The US continued to lost aircraft at an alarming rate and eventually sent in combat troops at the end of the year.

    • B. 

      The US continued to lost aircraft at an alarming rate and eventually settled the conflict with Hanoi in favour of a shared governmental arrangement.

    • C. 

      Johnson approved Westmoreland's request for 6000 US Marines to land to guard the base.

    • D. 

      Diem was assasinated.