In the beginning of Victoria's reign what age did children start work?
A. As young as 5
During the beginning of Victoria's reign, children as young as 5 years old started working. This suggests that child labor was prevalent during that time, with children being forced into labor at a very young age.
What were the jobs like that they did?
C. The jobs were generally unpleasant and dangerous.
The correct answer is "The jobs were generally unpleasant and dangerous." This is because the passage states that the jobs were not very interesting and could have been more so, implying a lack of enjoyment or satisfaction. Additionally, the passage mentions that the jobs always involved water and getting wet, suggesting that they were physically demanding and potentially hazardous.
What kind of things would the children do down the mines? (provide at least 2 answers)
B. They would open and close doors.
C. They would push trucks of coal to the surface.
The children would open and close doors in the mines to allow for ventilation and control the flow of air. They would also push trucks of coal to the surface, helping with the transportation of coal from the mining area to the surface for further processing or sale.
What work would the children do in the mills?
A. It was their job to repair broken threads.
The correct answer is "It was their job to repair broken threads." This is because the question asks about the work that the children would do in the mills, and repairing broken threads is a specific task that would be required in a textile mill. The other options mentioned, such as fixing machines, cleaning sheep, and opening/closing doors, are not directly related to the work done in mills.
Why was life hard for the children who went to work? (provide at least 2 options)
A. The children had to work long hours.
C. The children received little pay.
D. The children often had bad accidents.
The answer is correct because it accurately identifies three reasons why life was hard for the children who went to work. Firstly, they had to work long hours, which would have been physically and mentally exhausting for them. Secondly, they received little pay, indicating that they were not adequately compensated for their labor. This would have made it difficult for them to meet their basic needs and improve their living conditions. Lastly, the mention of the children often having bad accidents suggests that they were exposed to dangerous working conditions, further adding to the hardships they faced.
Who were the two men who wanted to help the children? (provide at least 2 options)
C. Dr Bernardo
D. Lord Shaftesbury
Dr Bernardo and Lord Shaftesbury were two men who wanted to help the children. Dr Bernardo was a philanthropist and social reformer who established homes and schools for destitute children in the 19th century. Lord Shaftesbury, also known as Anthony Ashley Cooper, was a social reformer and politician who advocated for the rights and welfare of children, including the improvement of working conditions and the abolition of child labor. Both individuals played significant roles in improving the lives of children and were committed to their well-being.
How did they help the children?
A. Commissioners were sent round collecting information and this was then submitted to parliament.
The correct answer is "Commissioners were sent round collecting information and this was then submitted to parliament." This answer suggests that the commissioners played a role in gathering information about the situation and sharing it with parliament. This action could have potentially led to the implementation of new laws or regulations to protect the children and improve their working conditions.
Which act did parliament bring in to help the children? (provide at least 2 options)
A. 1841 - Mines Act
No child under the age of ten to work underground.
B. 1868 - Agricultural Gangs Act
No child under the age of 8 to be employed in an agricultural gang.
C. 1874 - Factory Act
No child under 10 to be employed in a factory.
D. 1875 - Climbing Boys Act
Illegal to send boys up chimneys.
The correct answer is 1841 - Mines Act and 1868 - Agricultural Gangs Act. These two acts were brought in by parliament to protect the rights and well-being of children. The Mines Act prohibited children under the age of ten from working underground, while the Agricultural Gangs Act prohibited the employment of children under the age of eight in agricultural gangs. These acts aimed to prevent child labor and ensure that children were not subjected to dangerous or exploitative working conditions.