The U.S. In World War II

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World War II Quizzes & Trivia

This is an open note quiz on World War II & the U. S. Involvement in it. Please make sure you have everything you think you will need to take the test open before you start, as the test is timed. You will have 40 minutes to take the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why did isolationists believe the United States should avoid becoming involved in European conflicts? 

    • A.

      American military force was not strong enough for European war.

    • B.

      War is always bad for the economy.

    • C.

      United States had blundered into World War I.

    Correct Answer
    C. United States had blundered into World War I.
    Explanation
    Isolationists believed that the United States should avoid becoming involved in European conflicts because they believed that the country had made a mistake by entering World War I. They believed that the war was a result of the United States getting involved in European affairs, and they wanted to prevent a similar situation from happening again. They believed that the United States should focus on its own interests and avoid getting entangled in foreign conflicts.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following best describes the condition of Europe when America entered the war? 

    • A.

      The Axis (The Nazis and their allies) controlled three quarters of Europe.

    • B.

      The Axis (The Nazis and their allies) had just invaded England.

    • C.

      The Axis (The Nazis and their allies) had taken control of Italy and France.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Axis (The Nazis and their allies) controlled three quarters of Europe.
    Explanation
    During World War II, when America entered the war, the Axis powers (the Nazis and their allies) had gained control over three quarters of Europe. This means that a significant portion of the continent was under their control, posing a significant threat to the Allied forces. The Axis powers had already invaded and occupied several countries, including Italy and France, further consolidating their control over Europe.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following was the largest naval operation in world history? 

    • A.

      The Battle of Stalingrad

    • B.

      D-Day

    • C.

      The Battle of the Bulge

    Correct Answer
    B. D-Day
    Explanation
    D-Day was the largest naval operation in world history. It was the Allied invasion of Normandy during World War II. On June 6, 1944, thousands of ships and landing craft crossed the English Channel to land troops on the beaches of Normandy, France. This operation involved a massive naval fleet, including battleships, destroyers, and landing craft, as well as extensive air support. The goal was to establish a foothold in Europe and begin the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany. The scale and complexity of D-Day make it the largest naval operation ever conducted.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following was true about the war in the Pacific? 

    • A.

      Japan briefly captured Hawaii.

    • B.

      Japan lost the Battle of Midway.

    • C.

      Japan was never able to take the Philippines.

    Correct Answer
    B. Japan lost the Battle of Midway.
    Explanation
    Japan lost the Battle of Midway. This battle, which took place in June 1942, was a turning point in the Pacific War. The Japanese Navy suffered a significant defeat, losing four aircraft carriers and many experienced pilots. This loss weakened Japan's naval power and marked a shift in momentum in favor of the Allies. It also prevented Japan from further expanding its control in the Pacific and forced them to adopt a more defensive strategy.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following was part of the American government's strategy at home during the war? 

    • A.

      Ending business subsidies

    • B.

      The government raised taxes to pay for the war

    • C.

      Enacting competitive bidding

    Correct Answer
    B. The government raised taxes to pay for the war
    Explanation
    During the war, the American government raised taxes as part of their strategy to finance the war. This was done in order to generate additional revenue that could be used to fund the war effort. By increasing taxes, the government was able to collect more money from the public and allocate it towards various war-related expenses such as military equipment, supplies, and salaries for soldiers. This strategy helped to ensure that the government had the necessary financial resources to support the war and maintain the functioning of the military.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is true about African Americans during World War II? 

    • A.

      The civil rights movement was put on hold during the war.

    • B.

      Black armed forces members were integrated with whites.

    • C.

      Blacks worked for “Double V”, victory abroad in the war and at home in civil rights.

    Correct Answer
    C. Blacks worked for “Double V”, victory abroad in the war and at home in civil rights.
    Explanation
    During World War II, African Americans worked towards achieving "Double V", which stood for victory abroad in the war and victory at home in civil rights. They actively participated in the war effort and contributed to the victory overseas, while also advocating for their own civil rights back home. This shows their determination to fight for equality and justice on both fronts. The civil rights movement was not put on hold during the war, and black armed forces members were not integrated with whites at that time.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is a common reason given for dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? 

    • A.

      The bomb would save American lives.

    • B.

      Japan was on the verge of creating nuclear bombs.

    • C.

      Japan was readying an attack on American soil.

    Correct Answer
    A. The bomb would save American lives.
    Explanation
    The common reason given for dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is that it would save American lives. By using the bombs, the United States aimed to quickly end the war with Japan, avoiding a prolonged invasion of the Japanese mainland that would have resulted in heavy casualties for American soldiers. The decision to drop the bombs was made with the belief that the immense destructive power of the atomic bombs would force Japan to surrender, ultimately saving lives in the long run.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following describes Germany after the war? 

    • A.

      Divided into four occupation zones

    • B.

      The same as before the war

    • C.

      An independent nation

    Correct Answer
    A. Divided into four occupation zones
    Explanation
    After the war, Germany was divided into four occupation zones. This means that different countries, such as the United States, Soviet Union, Britain, and France, each controlled and governed a specific region of Germany. This division was a result of the Allied powers' agreement to jointly occupy and administer Germany in order to ensure its reconstruction and prevent it from becoming a threat again. The occupation zones eventually led to the division of Germany into East and West Germany, with the Berlin Wall being built to separate the two.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements about the lend-lease bill is correct? 

    • A.

      The lend-lease program involved the U.S. in an economic war against Germany.

    • B.

      The lend-lease bill provoked the German attack on Pearl Harbor.

    • C.

      Both of these statements are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. The lend-lease program involved the U.S. in an economic war against Germany.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The lend-lease program involved the U.S. in an economic war against Germany." This statement accurately describes the lend-lease program, which was a program enacted by the U.S. during World War II to provide military aid to its allies, including the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and China. The program allowed the U.S. to provide war materials, such as weapons, vehicles, and other supplies, to these countries without immediate payment. This support helped the U.S.'s allies in their fight against Germany and other Axis powers, effectively involving the U.S. in an economic war against Germany.

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  • 10. 

    What happened at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941? 

    • A.

      Planes from the Japanese navy attacked the American fleet at anchor in Hawaii.

    • B.

      American agents in Pearl Harbor, Mexico, intercepted a telegram from the German foreign office to their ambassador in Mexico. The telegram offered to return Texas, California, New Mexico, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico joined Germany in a war against the United States.

    • C.

      Submarines from the Germany navy sailed right up to the east coast of the United States and began to sink merchant ships.

    Correct Answer
    A. Planes from the Japanese navy attacked the American fleet at anchor in Hawaii.
    Explanation
    Planes from the Japanese navy attacked the American fleet at anchor in Hawaii. This event is widely known as the attack on Pearl Harbor. It occurred on December 7, 1941, and was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States. The attack resulted in significant damage to the American fleet, including the sinking of several battleships, and ultimately led to the United States' entry into World War II.

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  • 11. 

    What was the importance of Stalingrad to the war in Europe?

    • A.

      This was a desperate Nazi counteroffensive against American forces in France in December 1944. It failed after about six weeks, and the western Allies soon resumed their march into Germany.

    • B.

      This was a bloody battle deep in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. It was the critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.

    • C.

      This was the massive invasion of western France by the United States and Great Britain in June, 1944. The Allies then won a series of battles in France and had liberated most of France from Nazi control by September, 1944. This made Germany shift forces from the East to the West and made the Soviet advance toward Germany much easier.

    Correct Answer
    B. This was a bloody battle deep in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. It was the critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.
    Explanation
    The battle of Stalingrad was a critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. It took place in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. The importance of Stalingrad was that it marked the first major defeat of the German army in World War II and halted their advance into the Soviet Union. The Soviet victory at Stalingrad boosted morale and demonstrated that the German army was not invincible. It also opened up the possibility of a Soviet counteroffensive, ultimately leading to the Soviet advance toward Germany and the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany.

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  • 12. 

    What was the importance of the Battle of the Bulge to the war in Europe?

    • A.

      This was a bloody battle deep in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. It was the critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.

    • B.

      This was the location of the last summit meeting between FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. The three leaders negotiated the structure of the post-war world, including occupation plans for Germany and the creation of a United Nations after the war. Roosevelt also agreed that Eastern Europe would fall under the Soviet Union's influence in return for Stalin's promise to attack Japan after Germany was defeated.

    • C.

      This was a desperate Nazi counteroffensive against American forces in France in December 1944. It failed after about six weeks, and the western Allies soon resumed their march into Germany.

    Correct Answer
    C. This was a desperate Nazi counteroffensive against American forces in France in December 1944. It failed after about six weeks, and the western Allies soon resumed their march into Germany.
    Explanation
    The Battle of the Bulge was a desperate Nazi counteroffensive against American forces in France in December 1944. It was an important event in the war in Europe because it marked a last-ditch effort by Germany to turn the tide of the war. However, the counteroffensive ultimately failed after about six weeks, and the western Allies were able to regain control and continue their advance into Germany. This battle demonstrated the resilience and determination of the Allied forces and further weakened Germany's position in the war.

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  • 13. 

    What was the importance of Yalta to the war in Europe?

    • A.

      This was the location of the last summit meeting between FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. The three leaders negotiated the structure of the post-war world, including occupation plans for Germany and the creation of a United Nations after the war. Roosevelt also agreed that Eastern Europe would fall under the Soviet Union's influence in return for Stalin's promise to attack Japan after Germany was defeated.

    • B.

      This was a bloody battle deep in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. It was the critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.

    • C.

      This was the massive invasion of western France by the United States and Great Britain in June, 1944. The Allies then won a series of battles in France and had liberated most of France from Nazi control by September, 1944. This made Germany shift forces from the East to the West and made the Soviet advance toward Germany much easier.

    Correct Answer
    A. This was the location of the last summit meeting between FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. The three leaders negotiated the structure of the post-war world, including occupation plans for Germany and the creation of a United Nations after the war. Roosevelt also agreed that Eastern Europe would fall under the Soviet Union's influence in return for Stalin's promise to attack Japan after Germany was defeated.
    Explanation
    Yalta was important to the war in Europe because it was the location of a summit meeting between FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. During this meeting, the three leaders negotiated the structure of the post-war world, including occupation plans for Germany and the creation of a United Nations. Roosevelt also agreed that Eastern Europe would fall under the Soviet Union's influence in exchange for Stalin's promise to attack Japan after Germany was defeated. This agreement had significant implications for the balance of power in Europe and the future of international relations.

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  • 14. 

    What was the importance of D-day to the war in Europe?

    • A.

      This was a desperate Nazi counteroffensive against American forces in France in December 1944. It failed after about six weeks, and the western Allies soon resumed their march into Germany.

    • B.

      This was the massive invasion of western France by the United States and Great Britain in June, 1944. The Allies then won a series of battles in France and had liberated most of France from Nazi control by September, 1944. This made Germany shift forces from the East to the West and made the Soviet advance toward Germany much easier.

    • C.

      This was a bloody battle deep in Southern Russia in the fall and winter of 1942 and 1943. It was the critical turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.

    Correct Answer
    B. This was the massive invasion of western France by the United States and Great Britain in June, 1944. The Allies then won a series of battles in France and had liberated most of France from Nazi control by September, 1944. This made Germany shift forces from the East to the West and made the Soviet advance toward Germany much easier.
    Explanation
    The D-day invasion in June 1944 was of great importance to the war in Europe. It was a massive invasion by the United States and Great Britain that allowed the Allies to gain a foothold in western France. The subsequent series of battles and the liberation of most of France from Nazi control forced Germany to shift its forces from the East to the West. This diversion of resources made the Soviet advance toward Germany much easier, ultimately contributing to the Allied victory in the war.

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  • 15. 

    What was the "Double V" campaign? 

    • A.

      The African-American struggle for civil rights during World War II was organized around the "double V", victory for democracy at home and abroad.

    • B.

      Women who joined the armed forces during World War II used "Verve and Vitality" as their motto. Even though they were barred from combat, they could still perform vital services.

    • C.

      Because the United States only had two working atomic bombs there was a debate about how best to use them, or if they should be used at all. "Double V" was the plan to drop both weapons close together in order to bluff Japan into thinking that the United States had many more bombs than it really did.

    Correct Answer
    A. The African-American struggle for civil rights during World War II was organized around the "double V", victory for democracy at home and abroad.
    Explanation
    During World War II, the "Double V" campaign referred to the African-American struggle for civil rights. It aimed for victory in two aspects - victory for democracy at home and victory for democracy abroad. This campaign sought to address racial discrimination and segregation within the United States while also fighting against fascism and oppression globally. It emphasized the need for equality and justice for African-Americans both within their own country and in the larger context of the war against tyranny.

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  • 16. 

     What was the importance of Midway to the war in the Pacific?

    • A.

      This Japanese port city was devastated by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. A few days later another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. Soon afterwards, Japan surrendered.

    • B.

      This major naval battle in June1942 was the turning point in the War in the Pacific. After Midway, the U.S. Navy held the upper hand, and that advantage increased as American industry shifted over to war.

    • C.

      This was the island where U.S. Marines began the allied counter-offensive against Japan in the fall of 1942.

    Correct Answer
    B. This major naval battle in June1942 was the turning point in the War in the Pacific. After Midway, the U.S. Navy held the upper hand, and that advantage increased as American industry shifted over to war.
    Explanation
    The battle of Midway in June 1942 was a crucial turning point in the War in the Pacific. It marked a significant victory for the U.S. Navy, giving them the upper hand in the war. This victory allowed the U.S. to gain control over the Pacific Ocean and weakened the Japanese navy. With the advantage gained from the battle, the U.S. was able to further strengthen their position as American industry shifted towards wartime production. This ultimately contributed to the eventual surrender of Japan.

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  • 17. 

    What was the importance of Guadalcanal to the war in the Pacific?

    • A.

      This was the island where U.S. Marines began the allied counter-offensive against Japan in the fall of 1942.

    • B.

      This tiny island was invaded by the United States to support American bombing of Japanese cities. The ferocious Japanese defence of this island and the much larger island of Okinawa convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would be incredibly bloody.

    • C.

      This major naval battle in June1942 was the turning point in the War in the Pacific. After Midway, the U.S. Navy held the upper hand, and that advantage increased as American industry shifted over to war.

    Correct Answer
    A. This was the island where U.S. Marines began the allied counter-offensive against Japan in the fall of 1942.
    Explanation
    Guadalcanal was of great importance to the war in the Pacific because it was the location where the U.S. Marines initiated the allied counter-offensive against Japan in 1942. This marked a significant turning point in the war and demonstrated the determination of the Allies to push back against Japanese aggression. The successful capture and defense of Guadalcanal also provided a strategic base for the American forces to launch further attacks on Japanese-held territories, ultimately contributing to the eventual defeat of Japan in the Pacific theater.

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  • 18. 

    What was the importance of Hiroshima to the war in the Pacific?

    • A.

      This tiny island was invaded by the United States to support American bombing of Japanese cities. The ferocious Japanese defence of this island and the much larger island of Okinawa convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would be incredibly bloody.

    • B.

      This was the island where U.S. Marines began the allied counter-offensive against Japan in the fall of 1942.

    • C.

      This Japanese port city was devastated by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. A few days later another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. Soon afterwards, Japan surrendered.

    Correct Answer
    C. This Japanese port city was devastated by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. A few days later another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. Soon afterwards, Japan surrendered.
    Explanation
    Hiroshima was the Japanese port city that was devastated by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. This event, along with the subsequent bombing of Nagasaki, led to Japan's surrender. The destruction caused by the atomic bombs demonstrated the devastating power of this new weapon, and it convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would result in heavy casualties. Thus, the importance of Hiroshima to the war in the Pacific lies in its role as the target of the first atomic bomb, which ultimately led to the end of World War II.

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  • 19. 

    What was the importance of Iwo Jima to the war in the Pacific?

    • A.

      This tiny island was invaded by the United States to support American bombing of Japanese cities. The ferocious Japanese defence of this island and the much larger island of Okinawa convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would be incredibly bloody.

    • B.

      This major naval battle in June1942 was the turning point in the War in the Pacific. After Midway, the U.S. Navy held the upper hand, and that advantage increased as American industry shifted over to war.

    • C.

      This Japanese port city was devastated by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. A few days later another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. Soon afterwards, Japan surrendered.

    Correct Answer
    A. This tiny island was invaded by the United States to support American bombing of Japanese cities. The ferocious Japanese defence of this island and the much larger island of Okinawa convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would be incredibly bloody.
    Explanation
    The importance of Iwo Jima to the war in the Pacific was that it convinced American generals that an invasion of the Japanese mainland would be extremely costly and bloody. The ferocious Japanese defense of Iwo Jima, along with the defense of Okinawa, demonstrated to the Americans the determination and resilience of the Japanese forces. This realization led to the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ultimately forcing Japan to surrender.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following was not a reason for President Truman's decision to use atomic weapons on Japan? 

    • A.

      Truman was afraid that if he did not use the atomic bomb, some other country would.

    • B.

      American generals warned that an invasion of Japan could result in over 250,000 Allied casualties.

    • C.

      President Truman wanted to end the war in the Pacific without relying on Soviet aid.

    Correct Answer
    A. Truman was afraid that if he did not use the atomic bomb, some other country would.
    Explanation
    Truman's fear that another country would use the atomic bomb is not a reason for his decision to use atomic weapons on Japan. The other reasons mentioned, such as the potential high casualties from a land invasion and Truman's desire to end the war without relying on Soviet aid, provide more plausible justifications for his decision.

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