U.S. History Standards Questions: Cold War

20 Questions

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US History Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz helps prepare students for the California U. S. History STAR test. It covers the Cold War, including Korea and Vietnam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Great Britain’s role as a world leader increased in the Cold War era.

    • B. 

      Great Britain aligned itself with the Soviet Union and fell out of favor with the United States.

    • C. 

      Great Britain’s role as a world leader decreased in the Cold War era.

    • D. 

      Great Britain stepped up the imperial policies it had begun in the nineteenth century during the Cold War.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Monroe Doctrine

    • B. 

      Eisenhower Doctrine

    • C. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • D. 

      Berlin Wall Doctrine

  • 3. 
    Which of the following best characterizes the two administrations of President Dwight D. Eisenhower?
    • A. 

      “Dynamic conservatism” led to the creation of a welfare state.

    • B. 

      “Dynamic conservatism” led to the creation of the Great Society.

    • C. 

      The nation failed to successfully transition from a wartime to a peacetime economy.

    • D. 

      The nation successfully transitioned from a wartime to a peacetime economy.

  • 4. 
    Post World War II affluence in American society contributed to which of the following phenomena?
    • A. 

      The disappearance of the family farm

    • B. 

      The increase of “white-collar” jobs

    • C. 

      Sharp decline in housing and birth rates

    • D. 

      Women returning to the workforce in unprecedented numbers

  • 5. 
    Which of the following actions by President Truman demonstrates his support of organized labor in the United States?
    • A. 

      His backing of coal mine owners against striking miners

    • B. 

      His vetoing of the Taft-Hartley Act

    • C. 

      His threatening to draft striking railroad workers into the army

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Which of the following exercises of presidential authority was President Kennedy’s response to Cold War pressures?
    • A. 

      Expansion of Green Berets special military forces

    • B. 

      Increased aid to Latin American countries

    • C. 

      Creation of the Peace Corps

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    United States foreign policy during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s is best summed up by which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Disarmament

    • B. 

      Containment

    • C. 

      Liberalism

    • D. 

      National security

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was the primary reason behind the creation of the United Nations and the UN Security Council?
    • A. 

      They were the only safeguard against future Japanese aggression.

    • B. 

      Only an American political organization could prevent another world war.

    • C. 

      Only an international political organization could prevent another world war.

    • D. 

      Only the establishment of an independent Jewish state could prevent another world war.

  • 9. 
    By entering into the NATO alliance, the United States committed itself militarily to safeguarding Europe. Which of the following best explains why the United States did this?
    • A. 

      Principally to defend against possible communist aggression

    • B. 

      Principally to allow Eastern Europe to rebuild after the war

    • C. 

      Principally to intimidate Western European countries

    • D. 

      Because of the “space race”

  • 10. 
    When leaving office in 1962, President Eisenhower warned Americans to beware the huge political influence of the so-called military-industrial complex. The build up that had led to this military-industrial complex primarily resulted from which of the following?
    • A. 

      World War II

    • B. 

      The Korean War

    • C. 

      The Vietnam War

    • D. 

      The Cold War

  • 11. 
    Which of the following resulted directly from the Cold War?
    • A. 

      The House Un-American Activities Committee

    • B. 

      Atomic missile testing

    • C. 

      The Bay of Pigs invasion

    • D. 

      The Great Society

  • 12. 
    The Truman Doctrine, which purported to defend free people from subjugation by outside pressure, in fact produced which of the following?
    • A. 

      The end of the Cold War

    • B. 

      The end of the Korean War

    • C. 

      The groundwork for the Korean War

    • D. 

      The groundwork for the Cold War

  • 13. 
    The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, in 1948 and the division of the city of Berlin represented which of the following?
    • A. 

      End of the Cold War

    • B. 

      Onset of the Cold War

    • C. 

      “domino theory” of communist aggression

    • D. 

      Build up of the military-industrial complex

  • 14. 
    President Truman sent American troops to South Korea in 1950 as part of his “containment policy.” What did Truman’s policy seek to contain?
    • A. 

      South Korea

    • B. 

      Soviet Union

    • C. 

      The spread of communism

    • D. 

      War in South Korea

  • 15. 
    Why did the United States plan the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba?
    • A. 

      They feared an imminent Soviet invasion of Cuba.

    • B. 

      They feared an imminent Cuban invasion of the United States.

    • C. 

      They feared the Soviets would use Cuba as a base to spread communism in the West.

    • D. 

      The Soviets feared the United States would eventually plan an invasion of Cuba.

  • 16. 
    The notion that “mutual assured destruction” would prevent an outbreak of world war was possible only because of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Nuclear weapons

    • B. 

      The Space Race

    • C. 

      The Bay of Pigs

    • D. 

      The Truman Doctrine

  • 17. 
    President Kennedy channeled much aid to Latin American countries, striving to create a “free and prosperous Latin America” and to accomplish which of the following?
    • A. 

      To push Latin American countries to embrace communism

    • B. 

      To deter Latin American countries from embracing communism

    • C. 

      To influence Latin American countries to attack Cuba

    • D. 

      To influence Latin American countries to defend Cuba

  • 18. 
    Which of the statements about the antiwar movement in the United States during the Vietnam  War is correct?
    • A. 

      The antiwar movement was in responset to U.S. foreign policy but had negligible effect on it.

    • B. 

      The antiwar movement was independent of U.S. foreign policy and had negligible effect on it.

    • C. 

      The antiwar movement was in response to U.S. foreign policy and had significant effect on it.

    • D. 

      The total failure of the antiwar movement effectively ended civilian protest of U.S. foreign policy in the United States.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following statements about the Vietnam War and citizen protest is correct?
    • A. 

      For the first time during the Vietnam War, U.S. citizens questioned and protested government policies.

    • B. 

      For the first time during the Vietnam War, U.S. citizens questioned and protested the nation’s involvement in a war.

    • C. 

      For the first time during the Vietnam War, U.S. citizens questioning and protesting government policies had an effect on those policies.

    • D. 

      For the first time during the Vietnam War, a majority of U.S. citizens publicly supported communism.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the end of the Cold War?
    • A. 

      The Reagan administration’s military build up and the Star Wars program forced the Soviet Union to surrender.

    • B. 

      Aggressive Reagan administration policies along with a Soviet military build-up resulted in a stalemate.

    • C. 

      Reagan administration policies and those of Soviet leader Gorbachev, and the growing Solidarity labor movement in Eastern Europe all contributed to the end of the Cold War.

    • D. 

      The economic model presented to Eastern Europe by the U.S. in the 1980s led to the collapse of communism worldwide.