US History Final: Part III. Borders, Explorers, Colonies, Immigrants

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US History Final: Part III. Borders, Explorers, Colonies, Immigrants - Quiz

US History Final: Part III - Borders, Explorers, Colonies, and Explorers.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who were the Anasazi and where did they live?

    • A.

      Natives of New Mexico

    • B.

      Natives of Florida

    • C.

      Natives of Canada

    • D.

      Natives of Alasaka

    • E.

      Natives of Oregon

    Correct Answer
    A. Natives of New Mexico
    Explanation
    The Anasazi were a Native American civilization that lived in the region that is now known as New Mexico. They were known for their impressive cliff dwellings and their advanced agricultural practices. The Anasazi culture thrived from around 200 AD to 1300 AD, and their descendants are the modern-day Pueblo people.

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  • 2. 

    Who were the Inuit and where did they live?

    • A.

      Natives of New Mexico

    • B.

      Natives of Alaska and Canada

    • C.

      Natives of California

    • D.

      Natives of Massachusetts

    • E.

      Natives of Florida

    Correct Answer
    B. Natives of Alaska and Canada
    Explanation
    The Inuit were a group of indigenous people who lived in Alaska and Canada. They were not natives of New Mexico, California, Massachusetts, or Florida. The Inuit are known for their unique culture, including their language, art, and traditional practices such as hunting and fishing. They have a deep connection to the Arctic environment and have adapted to survive in harsh conditions.

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  • 3. 

    True or False.  There was a Gold Rush in Alaska in the late 1800s.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the late 1800s, there was indeed a Gold Rush in Alaska. This event, known as the Klondike Gold Rush, began in 1896 when gold was discovered in the Klondike region of Yukon, Canada, which is situated close to the Alaskan border. News of the gold discovery spread rapidly, attracting thousands of prospectors from all over the world to the area in search of riches. This Gold Rush had a significant impact on the development of Alaska, leading to the establishment of new towns, the growth of the population, and the expansion of transportation and infrastructure in the region.

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  • 4. 

    What are the names of the three US territories now? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Guam

    • B.

      Alaska

    • C.

      Puerto Rico

    • D.

      US Virgin Islands

    • E.

      Cuba

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Guam
    C. Puerto Rico
    D. US Virgin Islands
    Explanation
    The three US territories are Guam, Puerto Rico, and US Virgin Islands. Alaska is not a territory, but a state. Cuba is not a US territory.

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  • 5. 

    Who was James Monroe?  (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Sent by Jefferson to negotiate terms of Louisianna Purchase

    • B.

      President who negotiated treaties that added many territories to US

    • C.

      President during the "Era of Good Feeling"

    • D.

      Excellent at diplomacy

    • E.

      President during the American Civil War

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sent by Jefferson to negotiate terms of Louisianna Purchase
    B. President who negotiated treaties that added many territories to US
    C. President during the "Era of Good Feeling"
    D. Excellent at diplomacy
    Explanation
    James Monroe was sent by Jefferson to negotiate the terms of the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the United States. He also negotiated treaties that added many territories to the US, such as the Adams-Onis Treaty which acquired Florida from Spain. Monroe was known as the President during the "Era of Good Feeling," a time of political harmony and economic growth. He was also excellent at diplomacy, as seen in the Monroe Doctrine which established US dominance in the Western Hemisphere. However, he was not the President during the American Civil War, as that occurred several decades after his presidency.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these military heroes from the Mexican-American War went on to fight in the Civil War?  (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, George B. McClellan

    • B.

      Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Jefferson Davis

    • C.

      Abraham Lincoln, Rutherford B. Hayes, and Andrew Johnson

    • D.

      James Monroe, Thomas Jeffereson, and Michael Jackson

    • E.

      George Meade, George Orwell, and Georgia O'Keefe

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, George B. McClellan
    B. Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Jefferson Davis
    Explanation
    Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and George B. McClellan were military heroes from the Mexican-American War who went on to fight in the Civil War. Additionally, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Jefferson Davis were also military figures who fought in the Civil War.

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  • 7. 

    What was the Great Mahele? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Established private property in Hawaii

    • B.

      Caused many Hawaiians to become landless

    • C.

      Imported pineapples from Jamaica to Hawaii

    • D.

      1893 revolution in Hawaii led by nine Americans and four Europeans

    • E.

      A leper colony established on Hawaii

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Established private property in Hawaii
    B. Caused many Hawaiians to become landless
    Explanation
    The Great Mahele was a land redistribution act that took place in Hawaii in 1848. It established private property rights in the islands, allowing individuals to own land. However, this also resulted in many native Hawaiians losing their land and becoming landless. The act did not involve importing pineapples from Jamaica or establishing a leper colony. The 1893 revolution mentioned in the answer is unrelated to the Great Mahele.

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  • 8. 

    What was the Monroe Doctrine? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      US Foreign diplomatic policy established in 1923

    • B.

      Recognized independence of Latin American countries from Europe

    • C.

      Advised Europe to stay out of the affairs of North and South America

    • D.

      Established the gold standard for American currency

    • E.

      Religious movement of tolerance, equality, and pacifism

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Recognized independence of Latin American countries from Europe
    C. Advised Europe to stay out of the affairs of North and South America
    Explanation
    The Monroe Doctrine was a US foreign diplomatic policy established in 1823. It recognized the independence of Latin American countries from Europe and advised Europe to stay out of the affairs of North and South America.

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  • 9. 

    Slavery.  Which state entered the US as a slave state: Texas, California, neither, or both?

    • A.

      Texas

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      Neither Texas nor California

    • D.

      Both Texas and California

    Correct Answer
    A. Texas
    Explanation
    Texas entered the US as a slave state because it was admitted to the Union in 1845, during a time when the issue of slavery was a major point of contention between the North and the South. The admission of Texas as a slave state was part of a larger political compromise known as the Missouri Compromise, which aimed to maintain a balance between free and slave states in the Union. California, on the other hand, entered the US as a free state in 1850, further intensifying the debate over slavery in the country. Therefore, the correct answer is Texas.

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  • 10. 

    Which region had Russian Orthodox missionaries?  (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Texas

    • B.

      Louisianna

    • C.

      Alaska

    • D.

      Hawaii

    • E.

      Florida

    Correct Answer
    C. Alaska
    Explanation
    Russian Orthodox missionaries were present in Alaska.

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  • 11. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Identify Region A.

    • A.

      The Thirteen Colonies

    • B.

      The Red River Cession

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase

    • D.

      The Louisianna Purchase

    • E.

      The Mexican Cession

    Correct Answer
    A. The Thirteen Colonies
    Explanation
    Region A on the map represents the Thirteen Colonies. The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the East Coast of North America that declared independence in 1776 and later formed the United States of America. The map is showing the border changes for the United States over time, and the Thirteen Colonies were the original territories that eventually expanded and transformed into the United States.

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  • 12. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Identify Region H.

    • A.

      The Thirteen Colonies

    • B.

      The Red River Cession

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase

    • D.

      The Louisianna Purchase

    • E.

      The Mexican Cession

    Correct Answer
    C. The Gadsden Purchase
    Explanation
    Region H on the map represents The Gadsden Purchase. The Gadsden Purchase was a transaction in 1853 between the United States and Mexico, in which the US acquired a strip of land in present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. This purchase was made to establish a southern route for a transcontinental railroad and to resolve border disputes between the two countries. The acquisition of this territory further expanded the territorial boundaries of the United States.

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  • 13. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Identify Region C.

    • A.

      The Thirteen Colonies

    • B.

      The Red River Cession

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase

    • D.

      The Louisianna Purchase

    • E.

      The Mexican Cession

    Correct Answer
    D. The Louisianna Purchase
    Explanation
    Region C on the map represents the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase refers to the acquisition of a vast territory in North America by the United States from France in 1803. This territory, known as the Louisiana Territory, stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and doubled the size of the United States at the time. It played a significant role in the westward expansion of the country and had a profound impact on the nation's history and development.

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  • 14. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Identify Region G.

    • A.

      The Thirteen Colonies

    • B.

      The Red River Cession

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase

    • D.

      The Louisianna Purchase

    • E.

      The Mexican Cession

    Correct Answer
    E. The Mexican Cession
    Explanation
    Region G on the map represents the Mexican Cession. The Mexican Cession refers to the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War in 1848. Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico relinquished a large portion of its northern territory, including present-day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. This acquisition significantly expanded the territorial boundaries of the United States and played a crucial role in shaping the country's westward expansion.

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  • 15. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Identify Region F.

    • A.

      The Thirteen Colonies

    • B.

      The Red River Cession

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase

    • D.

      The Louisianna Purchase

    • E.

      The Mexican Cession

    Correct Answer
    B. The Red River Cession
    Explanation
    Region F on the map represents the Red River Cession. The Red River Cession was a territorial acquisition by the United States from the Republic of Texas in 1818. It involved a strip of land along the Red River, which served as the border between Texas and the United States. This acquisition helped to define and solidify the border between the two nations, and it expanded the territory of the United States.

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  • 16. 

    The map shows the border changes for the United States over time.  Which of the following statements is NOT true?

    • A.

      The borders of the United States gradually expanded from East to West.

    • B.

      The Red River Cession redefined a section of the border between the US and Canada in 1818.

    • C.

      The Gadsden Purchase redefined a section of the border between the US and Mexico in 1853.

    • D.

      The Mississippi River is the geographical feature that separated the Addition of 1783 from the Louisianna Purchase.

    • E.

      This map shows the acquisitions and border changes of the United States between 1796 and 1848.

    Correct Answer
    E. This map shows the acquisitions and border changes of the United States between 1796 and 1848.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "This map shows the acquisitions and border changes of the United States between 1796 and 1848." This statement is not true because the map does not specify the time period it represents. The map could show border changes beyond 1848 or before 1796, so the statement cannot be confirmed based on the given information.

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  • 17. 

    The Louisiana Purchase added 827,987 square miles of land to the United States. The federal government paid________ about $__________ for the territory.

    • A.

      Russia ... $7,200,000

    • B.

      Mexico ... $10,000,000

    • C.

      France ... $15,000,000

    • D.

      Spain ... $15,000,000

    • E.

      Britain ... $5,000,000

    Correct Answer
    C. France ... $15,000,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is France, which paid $15,000,000 for the Louisiana Purchase. This historic land deal took place in 1803, when the United States acquired a vast territory from France, stretching from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. The purchase effectively doubled the size of the United States and opened up valuable land for westward expansion. France, under the leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte, agreed to sell the territory to the United States in order to fund its military campaigns in Europe. The Louisiana Purchase is considered one of the most significant events in American history.

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  • 18. 

    The Florida Cession gave the United States the areas then called East Florida and West Florida. It was ceded by ______.

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Canada

    • C.

      Mexico

    • D.

      Spain

    • E.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    D. Spain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Spain because the Florida Cession refers to the transfer of East Florida and West Florida from Spain to the United States. This agreement took place in 1819 through the Adams-Onís Treaty, in which Spain ceded these territories to the United States in exchange for the U.S. renouncing any claims to Texas.

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  • 19. 

    The Texas Annexation of _____ added what was then the nation’s ___________state. Most of the present boundaries of Texas were established in _______.

    • A.

      1803 ... most-populated ... 1818

    • B.

      1845 ... largest ... 1850

    • C.

      1835 ... smallest ... 1860

    • D.

      1825 ... wealthiest ... 1840

    • E.

      1898 ... wildest ... 1899

    Correct Answer
    B. 1845 ... largest ... 1850
    Explanation
    In 1845, the Texas Annexation added what was then the nation's largest state. Most of the present boundaries of Texas were established in 1850.

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  • 20. 

    The Oregon Country Cession extended the western border of the United States to the ______ Ocean.  This cession also established the 49th parallel as the nation’s northern boundary in the area west of the Continental Divide.

    • A.

      Arctic

    • B.

      Indian

    • C.

      Pacific

    • D.

      Atlantic

    Correct Answer
    C. Pacific
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pacific. The Oregon Country Cession refers to the agreement between the United States and Britain in 1846, which settled the boundary dispute over the Oregon Territory. This agreement extended the western border of the United States to the Pacific Ocean, establishing it as the nation's western boundary. Additionally, the cession also established the 49th parallel as the nation's northern boundary in the area west of the Continental Divide.

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  • 21. 

    The Alaska Purchase added 586,000 square miles of territory to the country. The government paid _________ (what country?) $_________ for this region.

    • A.

      Russia ... $7,200,000

    • B.

      Spain ... $15,000,000

    • C.

      Mexico ... $10,000,000

    • D.

      France ... $15,000,000

    • E.

      Britain ... $5,000,000

    Correct Answer
    A. Russia ... $7,200,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Russia ... $7,200,000. The Alaska Purchase refers to the acquisition of Alaska from Russia by the United States in 1867. The government paid Russia $7,200,000 for this region, adding 586,000 square miles of territory to the country.

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  • 22. 

    The Hawaii Annexation gave the United States its largest present _______________ possession. The Hawaiian Islands cover 6,459 square miles (16,729 square kilometers).

    • A.

      European

    • B.

      Overseas

    • C.

      Land-locked

    • D.

      Mexican

    • E.

      Beaver-infested

    Correct Answer
    B. Overseas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "overseas." The Hawaii Annexation refers to the United States' acquisition of the Hawaiian Islands, which are located in the Pacific Ocean. As an archipelago, the Hawaiian Islands are geographically separated from the mainland United States, making them an overseas possession. The fact that the Hawaiian Islands cover a significant land area further supports the idea that they are the largest present overseas possession of the United States.

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  • 23. 

    True or false?  The Gadsden Purchase gave the United States 29,640 square miles (76,770 square kilometers) of land in what is now Arizona and New Mexico. The United States paid Mexico $10 billion for the land.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer "False" is that the Gadsden Purchase did give the United States 29,640 square miles of land in what is now Arizona and New Mexico, but the United States actually paid Mexico $10 million for the land, not $10 billion.

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  • 24. 

    Three major changes/movements/motivations occurred in Europe prompting nations to explore and colonize the rest of the world.  What were they?  (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      The arrival of UFOs

    • B.

      Seeking new trade routes to India

    • C.

      Renaissance

    • D.

      Protestant Reformation

    • E.

      The invention of the steam engine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Seeking new trade routes to India
    C. Renaissance
    D. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    The three major changes/movements/motivations that occurred in Europe prompting nations to explore and colonize the rest of the world were seeking new trade routes to India, Renaissance, and Protestant Reformation. Seeking new trade routes to India was a driving force for exploration as European nations sought to establish direct trade routes with Asia for valuable goods. The Renaissance, a period of cultural and intellectual growth, sparked curiosity and a desire for exploration. The Protestant Reformation, a religious movement, led to conflicts between Catholic and Protestant nations, which fueled competition for resources and territories through colonization.

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  • 25. 

    In what year was the Treaty of Torsedillas established?

    Correct Answer(s)
    1494
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was established in 1494. This treaty was signed between Spain and Portugal to divide the newly discovered lands outside of Europe. It aimed to prevent conflicts between the two countries over territorial claims. The treaty drew a line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean, dividing the world into two parts. Spain was granted rights to most of the newly discovered lands, while Portugal received rights to explore and colonize lands to the east of the line. The Treaty of Tordesillas had a significant impact on the colonization and exploration of the Americas by European powers.

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  • 26. 

    Columbus,  Ponce de Leon , Coronado, Cabrillo, and Kino all explored North America on behalf of which country?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Spain
    spain
    spanish
    Spanish
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Spain. Columbus, Ponce de Leon, Coronado, Cabrillo, and Kino were all explorers who explored North America on behalf of Spain. Spain was one of the major European powers during the Age of Exploration and sponsored numerous expeditions to discover new lands and resources. These explorers played a significant role in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

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  • 27. 

    What country sent Cabot and Drake to explore North America?

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      United States

    • E.

      China

    Correct Answer
    A. Britain
    Explanation
    Cabot and Drake were both explorers commissioned by the British crown. They embarked on separate voyages to explore North America under the sponsorship and authority of Britain. Cabot, also known as John Cabot, was an Italian explorer who sailed under the English flag and explored the coast of present-day Canada in 1497. Drake, on the other hand, was an English navigator who made several voyages to the Americas, including the west coast of North America, during the 16th century. Therefore, the correct answer is Britain.

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  • 28. 

     Cartier, Jolliet & Marquette, and Cavelier all explored on behalf of which European nation?

    Correct Answer
    France
    French
    france
    french
    Explanation
    The correct answer is France. All three explorers mentioned - Cartier, Jolliet & Marquette, and Cavelier - explored on behalf of France.

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  • 29. 

    In which year did Columbus first sail the ocean blue?

    Correct Answer
    1492
    Explanation
    Columbus first sailed the ocean blue in the year 1492. This is a well-known historical fact and marks the beginning of his famous voyage to the Americas.

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  • 30. 

    What North American region did Ponce de Leon explore?

    • A.

      Maine

    • B.

      Pacific Northwest

    • C.

      Upper Mississippi River

    • D.

      American Southwest

    • E.

      Florida

    Correct Answer
    E. Florida
    Explanation
    Ponce de Leon explored the North American region of Florida. This is evident from historical records and accounts that state Ponce de Leon's expedition to Florida in 1513, where he claimed the land for Spain and named it "La Florida." He was searching for the Fountain of Youth but instead discovered and explored the land that is now known as Florida.

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  • 31. 

    In what year did Ponce de Leon land in North America?

    Correct Answer
    1513
    Explanation
    In 1513, Ponce de Leon landed in North America.

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  • 32. 

    Which Spanish explorer sailed up the coast of California?

    • A.

      Cabot

    • B.

      Cabrillo

    • C.

      Coronado

    • D.

      Kino

    • E.

      Cavelier

    Correct Answer
    B. Cabrillo
    Explanation
    Cabrillo is the correct answer because he was a Spanish explorer who sailed up the coast of California. He is known for being the first European to explore the coast of present-day California, reaching as far north as what is now Oregon. Cabrillo's exploration of the California coast occurred in the 16th century, during the age of Spanish exploration and colonization.

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  • 33. 

    Which Spanish explorer traveled extensively between 1540-1542 in what would later become the American Southwest?

    • A.

      Cabot

    • B.

      Cabrillo

    • C.

      Coronado

    • D.

      Kino

    • E.

      Cavelier

    Correct Answer
    C. Coronado
    Explanation
    Coronado is the correct answer because he was a Spanish explorer who traveled extensively between 1540-1542 in what would later become the American Southwest. He led an expedition in search of the Seven Cities of Gold and explored areas such as present-day Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.

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  • 34. 

    Which British explorer landed on the Northeast coast near Maine a few years after Columbus first encountered the "New World"?

    • A.

      Cabot

    • B.

      Drake

    • C.

      Coronado

    • D.

      Kino

    • E.

      Cavelier

    Correct Answer
    A. Cabot
    Explanation
    John Cabot, an Italian-born explorer sailing under the English flag, is the correct answer. He landed on the Northeast coast near Maine in 1497, a few years after Christopher Columbus first encountered the "New World" in 1492. Cabot's expedition was significant as it marked the first recorded English exploration of North America since the Norse Vikings. His voyage paved the way for future English claims and colonization in the region.

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  • 35. 

    Which French explorers first encountered the upper Mississippi River?

    • A.

      Jolliet & Marquette

    • B.

      Cartier & Cavelier

    • C.

      Kino & Coronado

    • D.

      Cabot & Columbus

    • E.

      Ponce de Leon & Cabrillo

    Correct Answer
    A. Jolliet & Marquette
    Explanation
    Jolliet and Marquette were French explorers who were the first to encounter the upper Mississippi River. They embarked on an expedition in 1673, exploring the region and documenting their findings. Their journey provided valuable information about the geography and indigenous peoples of the area. Their exploration laid the foundation for further expeditions and the eventual colonization of the Mississippi River region by the French.

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  • 36. 

    What was the name of the first successful British settlement in North America?

    Correct Answer
    Jamestown
    jamestown
    Explanation
    Jamestown was the first successful British settlement in North America. It was established in 1607 in the colony of Virginia. The settlement was named after King James I of England and was founded by the Virginia Company of London. Jamestown played a crucial role in the colonization of North America and paved the way for future British settlements in the region.

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  • 37. 

    True or False.  The first permanent British settlement in North America was prosperous immediately.  There were very few deaths.  The colonists discovered gold immediately and became very wealthy. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given answer, False, is correct because the statement that the first permanent British settlement in North America was prosperous immediately, with very few deaths and the discovery of gold leading to wealth, is not true. The first permanent British settlement in North America, Jamestown, faced numerous challenges including disease, starvation, and conflicts with Native Americans. It took several years for the settlement to become stable and profitable, and the discovery of gold did not occur until later in the 17th century in other areas.

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  • 38. 

    One group of British colonists were the ______________ .  They settled in Pennsylvania and believed in tolerance, equality, and pacifism.

    Correct Answer
    Quakers
    Quaker
    quakers
    quaker
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Quakers, Quaker, quakers, quaker." The Quakers were a group of British colonists who settled in Pennsylvania. They believed in values such as tolerance, equality, and pacifism.

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  • 39. 

     Which was founded first, the Spanish colony of New Mexico or the British colony of Massachusetts?

    • A.

      New Mexico

    • B.

      Massachusetts

    • C.

      Both were founded in the same year

    • D.

      Neither of these places has ever really existed

    Correct Answer
    A. New Mexico
    Explanation
    New Mexico was founded before the British colony of Massachusetts. This means that the Spanish colony of New Mexico existed prior to the British colony of Massachusetts.

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  • 40. 

    What was the outcome of the Seven Years' War?

    • A.

      Britain lost and its territory in North America declared independence

    • B.

      Spain lost and its territory in North America was split between the US and Mexico

    • C.

      France lost but kept its territory in Louisianna

    • D.

      France won and acquired territory from Britain and Spain

    • E.

      France lost and its territory in North America was split between Britain and Spain

    Correct Answer
    E. France lost and its territory in North America was split between Britain and Spain
    Explanation
    The Seven Years' War resulted in France losing and its territory in North America being divided between Britain and Spain. This outcome is historically accurate as the war concluded with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which saw France ceding its North American possessions to Britain and Spain.

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  • 41. 

    How did Florida get its name?

    • A.

      It was the last name of the European who first explored the region.

    • B.

      It was the name the native peoples used for the area.

    • C.

      It was discovered by Europeans a few days after Easter.

    • D.

      It was the name of one of Columbus' ships.

    • E.

      It was the name of the Spanish king at the time.

    Correct Answer
    C. It was discovered by Europeans a few days after Easter.
    Explanation
    Florida got its name because it was discovered by Europeans a few days after Easter. The name "Florida" comes from the Spanish word "Pascua Florida," which means "flowery Easter." This name was given to the region by the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León when he arrived in the area in 1513. Ponce de León named the region after the timing of his arrival, which coincided with the Easter season.

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  • 42. 

    Of these nations--Russia, France, Spain, and Britain-- which  primarily sent Catholic settlers and missionaries to North America?  (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Russia

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Britain

    • D.

      Spain

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. France
    D. Spain
    Explanation
    France and Spain primarily sent Catholic settlers and missionaries to North America. Both countries had a strong Catholic presence and were motivated by religious reasons to colonize and convert the indigenous populations in the New World. Russia and Britain, on the other hand, did not have a significant Catholic population and had different motivations for their colonization efforts in North America.

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  • 43. 

    Who sent the “mail-order brides” to whom?

    • A.

      King George III to British settlers so the men wouldn't revolt

    • B.

      King Louis XIV to soldiers living in the French colonies in North America so the population could expand

    • C.

      King Louis XX to natives living in the French colonies in North America in exchange for beaver hats

    • D.

      Napoleon to Spanish missionaries who needed help with the housework and cooking but couldn't get married for religious reasons

    • E.

      Columbus to native men in the West Indies in exchange for women from their tribes to take back to Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. King Louis XIV to soldiers living in the French colonies in North America so the population could expand
    Explanation
    King Louis XIV sent the "mail-order brides" to soldiers living in the French colonies in North America so that the population could expand. This was a strategic move to encourage soldiers to settle in the colonies, establish families, and ultimately increase the French presence in the region. By providing brides to the soldiers, King Louis XIV aimed to incentivize them to stay and contribute to the growth and development of the colonies.

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  • 44. 

    What did French give the natives when trading goods with them?

    • A.

      Tobacco and gold

    • B.

      Silk and beads

    • C.

      Kettles and knives

    • D.

      French and religion lessons

    • E.

      Nothing, they stole them

    Correct Answer
    C. Kettles and knives
    Explanation
    During the trading of goods with the natives, the French provided them with kettles and knives. This suggests that the French traded practical items that would have been useful for the natives in their daily lives. Kettles could have been used for cooking and boiling water, while knives would have been essential tools for various purposes. This trade exchange indicates a practical and mutually beneficial relationship between the French and the natives, where both parties received items that were valuable to them.

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  • 45. 

    What became wildly popular in Europe as a result of trade between the French and natives in Canada?

    • A.

      Feathers

    • B.

      Hunting with bows and arrows

    • C.

      Rifles

    • D.

      Deer skin loin cloths

    • E.

      Beaver hats

    Correct Answer
    E. Beaver hats
    Explanation
    As a result of trade between the French and natives in Canada, beaver hats became wildly popular in Europe. The beaver fur was highly valued for its warmth and durability, making it ideal for hat making. The French established a lucrative fur trade with the natives, exchanging various goods for beaver pelts. The popularity of beaver hats soared in Europe, becoming a fashionable accessory among the upper classes. The demand for beaver fur eventually led to overhunting and the decline of beaver populations in North America.

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  • 46. 

    Give the dates of the Seven Years' War (French-Indian War).

    • A.

      1607-1613

    • B.

      1494-1501

    • C.

      1776-1783

    • D.

      1756-1763

    • E.

      1861-1865

    Correct Answer
    D. 1756-1763
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1756-1763. The Seven Years' War, also known as the French-Indian War, was a global conflict that took place from 1756 to 1763. It involved major European powers, including Great Britain and France, as well as their respective colonies in North America. The war had a significant impact on colonial territories and marked a turning point in the balance of power between European nations.

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  • 47. 

    In what year was the first successful, permanent British settlement founded?

    • A.

      1607

    • B.

      1513

    • C.

      1497

    • D.

      1861

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. 1607
    Explanation
    In 1607, the first successful, permanent British settlement was founded. This settlement, known as Jamestown, was established in Virginia and played a crucial role in the colonization of North America by the British. It became the first permanent English settlement in the Americas and paved the way for future British colonies in the region.

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  • 48. 

    Two countries were involved in the Treaty of Torsedillas.  Which country was assigned ownership of land "discovered" to the east of the line?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Portugal

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Britain

    • E.

      Mozambique

    Correct Answer
    B. Portugal
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed in 1494 between Spain and Portugal. This treaty was aimed at dividing the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between the two countries. According to the treaty, the lands to the east of the line were assigned to Portugal. Therefore, Portugal was assigned ownership of the land "discovered" to the east of the line.

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  • 49. 

    Two countries were involved in the Treaty of Torsedillas.  Which country was assigned ownership of land "discovered" to the west of the line?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Portugal

    • C.

      Canada

    • D.

      Louisianna

    • E.

      United States

    Correct Answer
    A. Spain
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed in 1494 between Spain and Portugal. This treaty divided the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between the two countries. According to the treaty, Spain was assigned ownership of the land "discovered" to the west of the line, while Portugal was assigned ownership of the land to the east of the line. Therefore, the correct answer is Spain.

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  • 50. 

    In the map shown below of European claims in North America c. 1750, which country controlled region A?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Canada

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      United States

    • E.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. France
    Explanation
    Based on the map of European claims in North America in 1750, region A is controlled by France.

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