इयत्ता नववी विषय -राज्यशास्त्र गुण -20

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San Patil
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सूचना- सदर प्रश्नपत्रिका निगेटिव्ह मार्किंग सिस्टीम असून प्रत्येक प्रश्न काळजीपूर्वक सोडवावा, वेळेची मर्यादा नाही


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    प्र . १ला-) योग्य पर्याय निवडा ( १० ) १ ) ...... हे आंतरराष्ट्रीय  व्यवस्थेचे एक महत्त्वाचे वैशिष्ट्य आहे .

    • A.

      परस्परावलंबन

    • B.

      परराष्ट्र धोरण

    • C.

       सामजस्य

    Correct Answer
    A. परस्परावलंबन
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "परस्परावलंबन" because it refers to the concept of interdependence, which is an important characteristic of international relations. This term suggests that countries rely on each other for various aspects such as trade, security, and cooperation. It highlights the interconnectedness and mutual reliance between nations in the global arena.

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  • 2. 

    २) दुसऱ्या महायुद्धात ....ःह्या देशाचे अनुभवांची निर्मिती केली होती

    • A.

      जपान

    • B.

      अमेरिका

    • C.

      भारत

    Correct Answer
    B. अमेरिका
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "अमेरिका" (America). This is because America is known for its involvement in major wars, such as World War I and World War II. These wars greatly impacted the country and led to the development and growth of America as a global power.

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  • 3. 

    ३ ) अणूउर्जा आयोग स्थापन करण्याचा प्रमुख उद्देश ः .:हा होता

    • A.

      लष्करी क्षमता निर्माण करणे 

    • B.

      अनुचाचणी करणे

    • C.

      ऊर्जेची निर्मिती

    Correct Answer
    C. ऊर्जेची निर्मिती
    Explanation
    The main objective of establishing the Atomic Energy Commission is to generate energy.

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  • 4. 

    ४ ) जगातील सर्व राष्ट्रांची सर्वात महत्वाचे उद्दिष्ट ः ...... बनले आहे .

    • A.

      अणूशासन

    • B.

       सुरक्षा व्यवस्था

    • C.

      आर्थिक  विकास

    Correct Answer
    C. आर्थिक  विकास
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "आर्थिक विकास" because it is mentioned in the question that the most important objective of all nations has been achieved, and "आर्थिक विकास" refers to economic development which is considered a crucial objective for any nation.

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  • 5. 

    ५ ) भारताच्या परराष्ट्र धोरण प्रामुख्याने खालील बाब महत्त्वाची आहे .......

    • A.

      अलिप्तवाद

    • B.

      परस्परावलंबन 

    • C.

       मुक्त आर्थिक धोरण

    Correct Answer
    A. अलिप्तवाद
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "अलिप्तवाद" (Non-alignment). This term refers to India's foreign policy of not aligning with any particular bloc or alliance during the Cold War period. It was an important principle for India as it allowed the country to maintain its independence and pursue its own national interests without being tied to any superpower. Non-alignment allowed India to maintain friendly relations with both the United States and the Soviet Union, and it played a significant role in shaping India's foreign policy during that time.

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  • 6. 

    ६ ) इसवी सन 1974 साली भारताने .ःः ःया ठिकाणी चाचणी घेतली 

    • A.

      श्रीहरीकोटा 

    • B.

      पोखरण 

    • C.

      भुंबा

    Correct Answer
    B. पोखरण 
    Explanation
    In 1974, India conducted a nuclear test at the location mentioned in the question. The correct answer is "पोखरण".

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  • 7. 

    ७ ) सर्वच देश हे व्यवस्थेचे ......घटक असतात,

    • A.

       परस्परावलंबन

    • B.

      आंतरराष्ट्रीय

    • C.

      आर्थिक विकास

    Correct Answer
    B. आंतरराष्ट्रीय
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "आंतरराष्ट्रीय" because the sentence is talking about the components of governance in all countries, and "आंतरराष्ट्रीय" means international, which is one of the components of governance.

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  • 8. 

    ८ ) राष्ट्रीय हितसंबंध आणि परराष्ट्र धोरण यांच्या अतिशय : ...संबंध असतो .

    • A.

      निकटचा

    • B.

      जवळचा

    • C.

       दुरचा

    Correct Answer
    A. निकटचा
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "निकटचा" because it means "nearby" or "close". In the given question, it is mentioned that there is an extremely close relationship between national interests and international principles. Therefore, "निकटचा" is the appropriate word to describe this relationship.

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  • 9. 

    ९ ) स्वतंत्र व सार्वभौम देशांची मिळून एक ......

    • A.

      कुटुंब

    • B.

      व्यवस्था

    • C.

      दर्जा

    Correct Answer
    B. व्यवस्था
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "व्यवस्था" which means "system" in English. This answer is appropriate because it fits logically with the given context of "स्वतंत्र व सार्वभौम देशांची मिळून एक" which translates to "one system of independent and sovereign countries". This suggests that the question is asking for a word that represents a unified or organized structure, making "व्यवस्था" the most suitable choice.

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  • 10. 

    १० ) राष्ट्रसंघाचे मुख्य जबाबदारी : .....

    • A.

       युद्ध टाळणे

    • B.

       स्वातंत्र्य

    • C.

      निशस्त्रीकरण करणे .

    Correct Answer
    A.  युद्ध टाळणे
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "युद्ध टाळणे" because it means "preventing war" in English. As the question asks for the main responsibility of the United Nations, preventing war is a crucial role of the organization. The United Nations aims to maintain international peace and security by resolving conflicts peacefully and promoting diplomacy among member states. By actively working to prevent wars and mediating in disputes, the United Nations plays a significant role in maintaining global peace.

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  • 11. 

    ब ) चूक की बरोबर सांगा ( ५ ) १ ) पंडित नेहरू भारत चीन संबंध सुधारण्यास पुढाकार घेतला

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement says "Pandit Nehru took initiative to improve India-China relations." The correct answer is False because this statement is not true.

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  • 12. 

    २ ) अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी यांनी पाकिस्तान सोबत संबंध सुधारण्यास पुढाकार घेतला

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 13. 

    ३ ) पहिल्या महायुद्धानंतर राष्ट्रसंघाची निर्मिती झाली .

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the formation of the United Nations (राष्ट्रसंघ) did occur after the first World War. The United Nations was established in 1945 with the aim of promoting international cooperation and preventing future conflicts.

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  • 14. 

    ४ ) शित युद्धामुळे जगाचे एक ध्रुवीकरण झाले

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement states that the world has undergone a polar shift due to a cold war. However, this statement is not true. There is no scientific evidence or historical record to support the claim that a polar shift has occurred due to a cold war. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 15. 

    ५ ) मिखाईल गोर्बाचेव्ह यांच्या धोरणामुळे लोकशाही करणाऱ्या चालना मिळाली

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
  • 16. 

    प्र .२रा ) गटात न बसणारा वेगळा शब्द शोधा .( ५ )

    • A.

      राजकीय व्यवस्था

    • B.

      सामाजिक व्यवस्था

    • C.

      घर व्यवस्था

    Correct Answer
    C. घर व्यवस्था
    Explanation
    The given question asks to find a word that does not belong to the group. The options provided are "राजकीय व्यवस्था" (political system), "सामाजिक व्यवस्था" (social system), and "घर व्यवस्था" (household system). The correct answer is "घर व्यवस्था" because it is different from the other two options which are related to larger social or political systems, while "घर व्यवस्था" is specific to the management of a household.

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  • 17. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

       मुक्त आर्थिक धोरण

    • B.

      परराष्ट्र धोरण 

    • C.

      जागतिक शांतता

    Correct Answer
    C. जागतिक शांतता
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "जागतिक शांतता" because it is the only option that is related to world peace. The other two options, "मुक्त आर्थिक धोरण" and "परराष्ट्र धोरण", do not have any direct connection to the concept of global peace. Therefore, "जागतिक शांतता" is the most appropriate choice for the question.

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  • 18. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      आण्विक धोरण 

    • B.

       परराष्ट्र  धोरण

    • C.

      अणूऊर्जा

    Correct Answer
    C. अणूऊर्जा
  • 19. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      विज्ञान

    • B.

      -तंत्रज्ञान

    • C.

      अणूबॉम

    Correct Answer
    C. अणूबॉम
  • 20. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      शीत युद्ध

    • B.

       महायुद्ध

    • C.

      लढाई

    Correct Answer
    C. लढाई
    Explanation
    The question asks for a preference between three options: शीत युद्ध (winter war), महायुद्ध (great war), and लढाई (battle/fight). The correct answer is लढाई, which means battle or fight. The explanation for this choice could be that the person prefers the concept of a battle or fight over the other two options.

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