The United States As A World Power! Trivia Facts Quiz

16 Questions

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The United States As A World Power! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the latter half of the 1800s, a large labor supply, an abundance of natural resources, and the construction of new railroads contributed most directly to the...
    • A. 

      Growth of American industry

    • B. 

      Dependence on imported goods

    • C. 

      Demand for limits on immigration

    • D. 

      Rejection of high tariffs by the United States

  • 2. 
    Which proposal was most consistent with the goals of the American Federation of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompers?
    • A. 

      Government ownership of the transportation and communication industries

    • B. 

      Collective bargaining to reach agreements on wages and hours

    • C. 

      Formation of a third political party to promote union policies

    • D. 

      Organization of unskilled workers into one national union

  • 3. 
    During the late 19th century, businesses tried to maximize profits by...
    • A. 

      Eliminating tariffs

    • B. 

      Supporting labor unions

    • C. 

      Resisting laissez-faire policies

    • D. 

      Creating monoploies

  • 4. 
    During the late 1800s, open immigration policy was most strongly supported by...
    • A. 

      Abolitionists

    • B. 

      Yellow journalists

    • C. 

      Conservationists

    • D. 

      Industrialists

  • 5. 
    The Haymarket Affair represented a major setback for the...
    • A. 

      Women's suffrage movement

    • B. 

      Temperance movement

    • C. 

      Knights of Labor

    • D. 

      Populist movement

    • E. 

      Civil rights movement for African Americans

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements regarding the American Federation of Labor is true?
    • A. 

      It published anti-capitalism pamphlets

    • B. 

      It did not believe striking was a useful tactic

    • C. 

      Its beliefs were based on the utopian ideas of earlier reformers

    • D. 

      Its greatest appeal was to new immigrants, many of whom were unskilled

    • E. 

      Is excluded unskilled workers

  • 7. 
    What stimulated the growth of labor unions in the United States during the industrial boom?
    • A. 

      The Federal government supported railroad workers in the Baltimore and Ohio railroad strikes

    • B. 

      Progressives were elected to Congress in large numbers after 1890

    • C. 

      Workers were subjected to low pay and poor working conditions

    • D. 

      The Sherman-Anti Trust act of 1890 proved to be ineffective

  • 8. 
    The term vertical integration refers to...
    • A. 

      The industrial practice of assigning workers a single, repetitive task in order to maximize productivity

    • B. 

      Reconstruction-era efforts to assimilate newly free slaves into all social areas of American society

    • C. 

      Control of all aspects of an industry, from production of raw materials to delivery of finished goods

    • D. 

      The belief that wealthy citizens have a moral obligation to engage in philanthropic acts

    • E. 

      An architectural movement that sought to blend urban skyscrapers with the natural landscape surrounding them

  • 9. 
    The new immigrants who arrived in the United States after the Civil War was different from the old immigrants in that they...
    • A. 

      For the most part settled in rural areas rather than large urban locations

    • B. 

      Were better prepared than previous immigrants had been economically speaking

    • C. 

      Came mostly from Asia and Africa than Europe

    • D. 

      Came mostly from Latin American countries

    • E. 

      Spoke different languages and had different customs than most Americans, thus making it more difficult to assimilate

  • 10. 
    Which statement best describes an attitude shared by John Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and JP Morgan?
    • A. 

      Concentrating economic power in the hands of a few individuals is a threat to the country

    • B. 

      Natural resources belong to all citizens and should not be used for private gain

    • C. 

      Strong labor unions are essential to the health of the economy

    • D. 

      Economic competition is inefficient and wasteful

  • 11. 
    Political Machines ________________ in exchange for votes.
    • A. 

      Helped immigrants find jobs

    • B. 

      Gave people food and money

  • 12. 
    Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society?
    • A. 

      Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States

    • B. 

      All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures

    • C. 

      Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture

    • D. 

      Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas

  • 13. 
    I will build a motor car for the great multitude. It will be large enough for the family but small enough for the individual to run and care for. It will be constructed of the best materials, by the best men to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering can devise. But it will be so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one— and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God’s great open spaces. — Henry Ford, 1909 Which action is most closely associated with Henry Ford’s attempt to realize this vision?
    • A. 

      Providing cars in a variety of models

    • B. 

      Creating a business monopoly

    • C. 

      Downsizing the labor force

    • D. 

      Using the assembly line

  • 14. 
    That the master of any vessel who shall knowingly bring within the United States on such vessel, and land or permit to be landed, any Chinese laborer, from any foreign port or place, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars for each and every such Chinese laborer so brought, and may be also imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year. — Section 2, Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882   Passage of this legislation was mainly a response to...
    • A. 

      Economic and race-based opposition to immigrants in the western United States

    • B. 

      Demands by businesses for additional workers

    • C. 

      Efforts of the American Federation of Labor to recruit skilled workers

    • D. 

      Pressure from railroads to limit competition in shipping