Infant And Toddler Devlopment

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Infant And Toddler Devlopment - Quiz

This Quiz will test your knowledge on the chapter on�Infant and Toddler development�as well as your aptitude with definitions!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which one of the following is an example of dramatic play?

    • A.

      A child working next to another student.

    • B.

      A child steadily watching other students play.

    • C.

      A child creating imaginary roles pretending to be someone

    Correct Answer
    C. A child creating imaginary roles pretending to be someone
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because dramatic play involves children using their imagination to create and act out different roles and scenarios. It allows them to explore different perspectives, emotions, and situations, enhancing their cognitive, social, and emotional development. Working next to another student or watching others play does not involve the same level of imagination and role-playing as dramatic play does.

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  • 2. 

    When a student is sharing material or play near another student without connecting their play and would rather play on their own is known as

    • A.

      Associative Group Play

    • B.

      Parallel Play

    • C.

      Single Play

    Correct Answer
    B. Parallel Play
    Explanation
    Parallel play refers to a type of play where children play alongside each other but do not actively engage or interact with each other. In this scenario, the student is sharing material or playing near another student without connecting their play and preferring to play on their own. This behavior is characteristic of parallel play, where children may be engaged in similar activities but do not actively engage with each other or coordinate their play.

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  • 3. 

    The child who plays by himself is also known as

    • A.

      Solo play

    • B.

      Solitude Play

    • C.

      Solitary Play

    Correct Answer
    C. Solitary Play
    Explanation
    Solitary play refers to a child's independent play where they engage in activities alone, without any interaction or involvement from other children or adults. It is a form of play where the child is self-reliant and does not require social interaction for their playtime. This type of play allows the child to explore their own interests, develop their imagination, and enhance their problem-solving skills. Solitary play is considered important for a child's development as it promotes independence, creativity, and self-confidence.

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  • 4. 

    Piaget believed that learning takes place when children build on knowledge and skills through a slow continuous process of construction, modifying the understandings that children bring to each situation.  This is theory is better known as..

    • A.

      Constructivism

    • B.

      Construction web site

    • C.

      Cognitive Destruction

    Correct Answer
    A. Constructivism
    Explanation
    Piaget's belief that learning occurs through a continuous process of construction and modification of knowledge aligns with the theory of constructivism. In constructivism, learners actively construct their own understanding of the world by building on their prior knowledge and experiences. This theory emphasizes the importance of hands-on, experiential learning and the role of the learner as an active participant in the learning process. Therefore, the correct answer is Constructivism.

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  • 5. 

    Vygotsky believed that children learned best when they were taught by smarter and more experienced people.  This theory of support is known as

    • A.

      Scaffolding

    • B.

      Supportive Education

    • C.

      Vygotsky's Theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Scaffolding
    Explanation
    Vygotsky's theory of scaffolding suggests that children learn best when they receive support and guidance from more knowledgeable individuals. This support helps children to bridge the gap between their current level of understanding and the tasks or concepts they are trying to learn. By providing the necessary assistance, the more experienced person helps the child to develop new skills and knowledge. This process gradually reduces the level of support as the child becomes more competent, allowing them to eventually perform the task independently. Scaffolding promotes active learning and encourages children to take ownership of their learning process.

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  • 6. 

    Why do philosophers say play is intrinsically motivated?

    • A.

      Because Play is fun to children

    • B.

      Because Play comes from within ones own idea

    • C.

      Because its motivated by a desire to please the teachers

    Correct Answer
    B. Because Play comes from within ones own idea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is because play comes from within one's own idea. Philosophers say that play is intrinsically motivated because it arises from an individual's internal desires and creativity. It is not driven by external factors such as pleasing teachers or seeking rewards. Play is seen as a natural and spontaneous expression of one's imagination and curiosity, making it a self-motivated activity.

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  • 7. 

    What is not a form of development?

    • A.

      A preschooler who makes his own choices?

    • B.

      A child who is able to be creative and imaginative

    • C.

      Restricting a childs space,time and ideas

    Correct Answer
    C. Restricting a childs space,time and ideas
    Explanation
    Restricting a child's space, time, and ideas is not a form of development because it hinders the child's ability to explore, learn, and grow. Development involves allowing children to have the freedom to make their own choices, encouraging their creativity and imagination, and providing them with opportunities to explore and express their ideas. Restricting a child's space, time, and ideas limits their ability to develop their skills, problem-solving abilities, and independence.

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  • 8. 

    Which Sensorimotor Skills are utilized when a child finger paints?

    • A.

      Taste,smell,hearing

    • B.

      Smell,touch, sight

    • C.

      Touch,taste,sight

    Correct Answer
    B. Smell,touch, sight
    Explanation
    When a child finger paints, they use their sense of touch to feel the texture and movement of the paint on their fingers and hands. They also utilize their sense of sight to observe the colors and patterns they are creating on the paper. Additionally, the smell of the paint can also be experienced, especially if it has a distinct odor. Therefore, the sensorimotor skills of smell, touch, and sight are utilized when a child finger paints.

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  • 9. 

    Why is Play pleasurable to children?

    • A.

      Because they can sweat and exercise and play is fun

    • B.

      Because its part of the curriculum and teachers have to include it

    • C.

      Because their self esteem as learners and as people are nurtured

    Correct Answer
    C. Because their self esteem as learners and as people are nurtured
    Explanation
    Play is pleasurable to children because it nurtures their self-esteem as learners and as people. Through play, children have the opportunity to explore, experiment, and discover their abilities and strengths. They can engage in activities that challenge them and provide a sense of accomplishment, boosting their confidence and self-worth. Play also allows children to interact with others, developing social skills and forming positive relationships, further enhancing their self-esteem. Overall, play is a crucial aspect of a child's development, providing them with a sense of joy, fulfillment, and personal growth.

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  • 10. 

    Which one is not a level of development

    • A.

      Emotional, Social, Physical

    • B.

      Cognitive, Physical, Emotional

    • C.

      Cognitive,Instructive,Physical

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognitive,Instructive,Physical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cognitive, Instructive, Physical. This answer is correct because it states that Cognitive, Instructive, and Physical are not levels of development. The other options, Emotional, Social, and Physical, and Cognitive, Physical, Emotional, are both valid levels of development.

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  • 11. 

    What is Froebel famous for?

    • A.

      The first elementary school

    • B.

      The first picture book

    • C.

      The first kindergarten

    Correct Answer
    C. The first kindergarten
    Explanation
    Froebel is famous for being the creator of the first kindergarten. He developed the concept of kindergarten as a place where young children could learn through play and hands-on activities. This educational approach focused on fostering children's social, emotional, and cognitive development. Froebel's kindergarten became widely recognized and influential, shaping early childhood education worldwide.

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  • 12. 

    What is direct instruction?

    • A.

      A method of teaching where children direct

    • B.

      A method of teaching where the adult takes responsibility and direct instruction

    • C.

      A method of teaching where both the student and adult direct instruction

    Correct Answer
    B. A method of teaching where the adult takes responsibility and direct instruction
    Explanation
    Direct instruction is a method of teaching where the adult takes full responsibility for guiding the learning process. In this approach, the teacher provides explicit and structured instruction to students, presenting information in a clear and organized manner. The teacher directs the learning activities and ensures that students understand the content being taught. This method is characterized by teacher-led lessons, step-by-step instructions, and frequent teacher-student interactions. It is often used to teach foundational skills and concepts, and it emphasizes active engagement and practice to promote learning.

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  • 13. 

    What are some things an infant should be able to do between the ages of 6 to 9 months

    • A.

      Palmar grasp

    • B.

      Snap finger

    • C.

      Linguistics

    Correct Answer
    A. Palmar grasp
    Explanation
    Between the ages of 6 to 9 months, an infant should be able to demonstrate the palmar grasp. Palmar grasp is a reflex where the infant tightly holds objects placed in their hand using their palm and fingers. This is an important milestone in their motor development as it shows their ability to grasp and manipulate objects. The ability to grasp objects is crucial for their exploration and development of fine motor skills.

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  • 14. 

    Which one is not a benefit of massage for infants

    • A.

      Reduces levels of cortisol

    • B.

      Helps their language develop

    • C.

      Helps babies sleep better

    Correct Answer
    B. Helps their language develop
    Explanation
    Massage for infants has several benefits, including reducing levels of cortisol (a stress hormone) and helping babies sleep better. However, there is no evidence to suggest that massage helps their language develop. Language development in infants is primarily influenced by their exposure to language and their cognitive development. Massage may have other positive effects on infants, but it does not directly contribute to their language development.

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  • 15. 

    Which is an example of symbolic representation

    • A.

      When a toddler uses his utensils

    • B.

      When a toddler calls items by its name

    • C.

      When a toddler uses his experiences to form relations

    Correct Answer
    B. When a toddler calls items by its name
    Explanation
    The example of symbolic representation in this question is when a toddler calls items by its name. This is because the toddler is using symbols (words) to represent objects or things in their environment. By associating a word with a specific item, the toddler is demonstrating an understanding of symbolic representation and language development.

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  • 16. 

    What are some cognitive needs in the development of an infant?

    • A.

      Sensory, one on one attention, challenges

    • B.

      Homework, writing, language development

    • C.

      Ability to change clothe independently

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory, one on one attention, challenges
    Explanation
    In the development of an infant, cognitive needs refer to the mental processes involved in learning, understanding, and problem-solving. Sensory stimulation is crucial for an infant's cognitive development as it helps them explore and make sense of their environment. One-on-one attention from caregivers promotes cognitive growth by providing emotional support and facilitating learning experiences. Challenges, such as age-appropriate toys and activities, encourage infants to think, problem-solve, and develop new skills. Therefore, sensory stimulation, one-on-one attention, and challenges are all important cognitive needs for an infant's development.

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  • 17. 

    REM sleep is

    • A.

      A peaceful sleep for students with roll emission optical development

    • B.

      A stage of sleep with rapid eye movement during dreaming

    • C.

      A resourceful emission dream for infants

    Correct Answer
    B. A stage of sleep with rapid eye movement during dreaming
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a stage of sleep with rapid eye movement during dreaming." REM sleep is a specific stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movement and increased brain activity. During this stage, dreams are most likely to occur. It is an important part of the sleep cycle and plays a crucial role in cognitive and emotional processing.

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  • 18. 

    Gross motor skill

    • A.

      Is the large muscles of the body

    • B.

      Is the major bone in the body

    • C.

      Is the minor muscle in the body

    Correct Answer
    A. Is the large muscles of the body
    Explanation
    Gross motor skill refers to the ability to use the large muscles of the body to perform coordinated movements. This includes activities such as running, jumping, and throwing. The answer correctly states that gross motor skill is related to the large muscles of the body, which are responsible for these types of movements.

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  • 19. 

    The occurrence of SIDS is rare during the first month of life but it increase to a peak between what ages?

    • A.

      5 to 6 months

    • B.

      2 to 4 months

    • C.

      6 to 7 months

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 to 4 months
    Explanation
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a tragic occurrence where an infant dies unexpectedly during sleep. Research suggests that the risk of SIDS is highest between the ages of 2 to 4 months. During this period, babies are transitioning from the newborn stage and may still have immature respiratory and arousal systems, making them more vulnerable to SIDS. It is important for parents and caregivers to follow safe sleep practices, such as placing babies on their backs to sleep, to reduce the risk of SIDS during this critical time.

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  • 20. 

    A remedy for SIDS although there is no clear solution is

    • A.

      Allowing the infant to sleep on its side

    • B.

      Bed sharing with an adult

    • C.

      Allowing the infant to sleep on its back

    Correct Answer
    C. Allowing the infant to sleep on its back
    Explanation
    Sleeping on the back is recommended for infants as it reduces the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This position helps to keep the airway open and reduces the likelihood of suffocation or overheating. While there is no clear solution for SIDS, placing the infant on their back to sleep has been shown to be the safest sleeping position and is widely recommended by healthcare professionals.

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  • 21. 

    True or False:Native Americans and African Americans are more at risk for SIDS than Caucasian Americans

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Native Americans and African Americans are more at risk for SIDS than Caucasian Americans due to various factors. These populations often face socioeconomic disparities, limited access to healthcare, and cultural practices that may increase the risk of SIDS. Additionally, genetic and biological factors may also contribute to the increased vulnerability. It is important to recognize these disparities and provide targeted interventions and support to reduce the risk of SIDS in these communities.

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  • 22. 

    In Ericksons psycho-social theory "trust vs. mistrust'  refers to the fact that an infant

    • A.

      Gains trust in self and others or mistrust

    • B.

      Trusts that they will grow to understand

    • C.

      Trusts that they will have their needs met

    Correct Answer
    A. Gains trust in self and others or mistrust
    Explanation
    In Erickson's psycho-social theory, the stage of "trust vs. mistrust" occurs during infancy. During this stage, the infant learns to develop a sense of trust in themselves and others or may develop mistrust. Trust is built when the infant feels that their needs will be met and that they can rely on others. If their needs are consistently not met, they may develop mistrust and have difficulty forming trusting relationships later in life.

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  • 23. 

    The palmar grasp involves..

    • A.

      The index finger and thumb only

    • B.

      The whole hand only

    • C.

      Two fingers and a thumb only

    Correct Answer
    B. The whole hand only
    Explanation
    The palmar grasp involves the whole hand only. This means that when a person uses the palmar grasp, they use the entire palm and fingers to grasp an object. This is commonly seen in infants who use this reflex to hold onto objects placed in their hands. The palmar grasp is an important developmental milestone that eventually evolves into a more refined pincer grasp, where the index finger and thumb are used to pick up objects.

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  • 24. 

    Infants/ toddlers see things from their perspective only. This way of thinking is also known as

    • A.

      Egocentric

    • B.

      Intentional

    • C.

      Child view thinking

    Correct Answer
    A. Egocentric
    Explanation
    Infants and toddlers have a limited understanding of the world around them and tend to only consider their own perspective. This is known as egocentric thinking. They are not yet able to fully grasp the viewpoints of others or understand that others may have different thoughts or intentions. This egocentric thinking is a normal part of their cognitive development at this stage.

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  • 25. 

    In an infant, memory is one component of..

    • A.

      A smart student

    • B.

      Future wisdom

    • C.

      Information processing

    Correct Answer
    C. Information processing
    Explanation
    Memory is one component of information processing in an infant. Information processing refers to how the brain receives, interprets, stores, and retrieves information. Memory is an essential aspect of this process as it involves the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information. In infants, memory plays a crucial role in their cognitive development and learning. It allows them to retain and recall information, which is essential for their overall information processing abilities. Therefore, memory is a component of information processing in infants.

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  • 26. 

    Toddlers are popular for

    • A.

      Language

    • B.

      Climbing

    • C.

      Reading

    Correct Answer
    B. Climbing
    Explanation
    Toddlers are known for their curiosity and exploration, which often includes climbing. Climbing is a common activity for toddlers as they develop their gross motor skills and test their physical abilities. They are naturally drawn to climbing on furniture, playground structures, and even on people. Climbing also helps toddlers develop their balance, coordination, and spatial awareness. It is important for caregivers to provide a safe environment for toddlers to climb and explore while also setting appropriate limits and supervision to ensure their safety.

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  • 27. 

    Movement on a sit upon wheeled toy that requires the use of leg or foot pushing is also known as

    • A.

      Mode

    • B.

      Running

    • C.

      Trundling

    Correct Answer
    C. Trundling
    Explanation
    Trundling refers to the movement on a sit upon wheeled toy that requires the use of leg or foot pushing. This term is commonly used to describe the action of pushing oneself forward on a wheeled toy by using the legs or feet. It implies a slow and steady movement, typically seen in activities like pushing a cart or rolling a toy on wheels.

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  • 28. 

    The rouge and mirror test is

    • A.

      A test to help children with their looks

    • B.

      A test to determine the child's understanding of themselves

    • C.

      A test to help with a child's reflection

    Correct Answer
    B. A test to determine the child's understanding of themselves
    Explanation
    The rouge and mirror test is a test that is used to determine a child's understanding of themselves. It is not related to helping children with their looks or with their reflection. The test involves applying a small amount of rouge or a similar substance to the child's face and then placing them in front of a mirror. If the child recognizes themselves in the mirror and tries to touch or remove the rouge, it indicates that they have a sense of self-awareness and understanding of their own reflection. This test is often used to assess cognitive development and self-recognition in children.

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  • 29. 

    When a child acts on their own and then gets the support and assistance from a knowledgeable adult is also known as

    • A.

      Constructivism and support

    • B.

      Zone of proximal development

    • C.

      Vygotskyism chronology

    Correct Answer
    B. Zone of proximal development
    Explanation
    The term "zone of proximal development" refers to the range of tasks that a child can perform with the assistance and guidance of a more knowledgeable adult or peer. It suggests that learning is most effective when it occurs within this zone, where the child is challenged but still able to receive support. This concept is associated with the sociocultural theory of Lev Vygotsky, who emphasized the role of social interaction and collaboration in cognitive development. Therefore, the given answer "zone of proximal development" accurately describes the situation where a child acts independently but receives support from a knowledgeable adult.

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  • 30. 

    Infants need good nutrition preferably

    • A.

      Goat milk

    • B.

      Cow's milk

    • C.

      Breast milk

    Correct Answer
    C. Breast milk
    Explanation
    Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for infants due to its unique composition that provides all the necessary nutrients, antibodies, and growth factors essential for the baby's optimal growth and development. It contains the perfect balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and vitamins, tailored specifically for the baby's needs. Breast milk also helps in building the baby's immune system, protecting against infections and diseases. Additionally, breastfeeding promotes bonding between the mother and the baby and has long-term health benefits for both. Therefore, breast milk is the recommended choice for infants' nutrition.

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  • 31. 

    Shaken baby Syndrome

    • A.

      Is a form of abuse

    • B.

      Is a form of maltreatment

    • C.

      Is a form of violence

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Shaken baby syndrome is a serious condition that occurs when a baby is violently shaken, resulting in severe brain injury or even death. It is considered a form of abuse because it involves intentionally harming a child. Additionally, it is also a form of maltreatment as it involves neglecting the child's well-being and safety. Lastly, it can be categorized as a form of violence due to the physical harm inflicted on the baby. Therefore, all of the given options accurately describe shaken baby syndrome.

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  • 32. 

    When a toddler goes from fluid to solid food this is also called

    • A.

      Transitional eating

    • B.

      Weaning

    • C.

      Meal time

    Correct Answer
    B. Weaning
    Explanation
    Weaning refers to the process of gradually introducing solid foods to a toddler's diet while reducing their dependency on breast milk or formula. It is a transitional phase where the child transitions from consuming only fluids to incorporating solid foods into their meals. Weaning is an important milestone in a toddler's development as it helps them develop their chewing and swallowing skills and exposes them to a wider range of nutrients.

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  • 33. 

    The perspectives and values that a person has is known as

    • A.

      Philosophy

    • B.

      Perspective

    • C.

      Retrospect

    Correct Answer
    A. Philosophy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is philosophy because philosophy refers to the study of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and more. It encompasses the perspectives and values that a person holds, as it involves examining and questioning one's beliefs and principles. Therefore, philosophy is the most suitable term that describes the perspectives and values a person has.

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  • 34. 

    A period of time when some mothers experience depression, low energy levels, negative symptoms after giving birth is medically known as

    • A.

      High level depression

    • B.

      Post traumatic experience

    • C.

      Post partum depression

    Correct Answer
    C. Post partum depression
    Explanation
    Postpartum depression is a medical term used to describe a period of time after giving birth when some mothers experience symptoms of depression, low energy levels, and negative emotions. This condition is different from the baby blues, which are temporary mood swings that many women experience after childbirth. Postpartum depression can have a significant impact on a mother's ability to care for herself and her baby. It is important for women experiencing these symptoms to seek support and treatment from healthcare professionals.

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  • 35. 

    The period of time around the birth of the infant usually the first six weeks of life is known as

    • A.

      Preschool

    • B.

      Neprotistic

    • C.

      Neonatal

    Correct Answer
    C. Neonatal
    Explanation
    The period of time around the birth of the infant, usually the first six weeks of life, is known as the neonatal period. This is a critical time when the baby is adjusting to life outside the womb and is highly dependent on their caregivers for survival. During this period, the baby undergoes rapid growth and development, and may require special medical care and attention.

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  • 36. 

    The acronym D.A.P stands for

    • A.

      Developmentally Adults Parents

    • B.

      Developmentally Adolescent Program

    • C.

      Developmentally Appropriate Practice

    Correct Answer
    C. Developmentally Appropriate Practice
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Developmentally Appropriate Practice. This acronym refers to a teaching approach that takes into account the individual needs and characteristics of each child, as well as their social, emotional, and cognitive development. It involves creating a learning environment that is suitable for the child's age and stage of development, and using teaching strategies and materials that are appropriate and engaging for them. This approach aims to promote optimal learning and development for each child.

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  • 37. 

    The time when a child must be exposed to appropriate experiences is

    • A.

      Appropriate period

    • B.

      Critical period

    • C.

      Cues and periods

    Correct Answer
    B. Critical period
    Explanation
    The term "critical period" refers to a specific time in a child's development when they are particularly sensitive to certain experiences or stimuli. During this period, the child's brain is more receptive to learning and acquiring new skills or knowledge. It is crucial for a child to be exposed to appropriate experiences during this critical period as it can greatly impact their development and future abilities.

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  • 38. 

    The positive relationship that develops between two individuals  between adult and child is also known as

    • A.

      Love

    • B.

      Attachment

    • C.

      Unity

    Correct Answer
    B. Attachment
    Explanation
    Attachment refers to the emotional bond that forms between individuals, typically between a caregiver and a child. This bond is characterized by feelings of security, trust, and comfort. It is a positive relationship that develops over time through consistent care and responsiveness from the caregiver. The attachment bond is crucial for the child's emotional development and lays the foundation for their future relationships and social interactions.

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  • 39. 

    TRUE OR FALSEInfants between the ages of 9 to 12 months like to imitate people in their lives.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infants between the ages of 9 to 12 months like to imitate people in their lives. This is because they are in the stage of development where they are learning and exploring their environment. Imitating others is a way for them to learn social skills, language, and behavior. By observing and imitating people around them, infants can learn how to interact with others, communicate, and acquire new skills. It is a natural and important part of their cognitive and social development.

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  • 40. 

    True or falseToddlers between the ages of 12 to 18 months are autonomous and may sometimes throw temper tantrums..

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Toddlers between the ages of 12 to 18 months are considered to be in the stage of autonomy, where they are developing their independence and sense of self. During this time, they may exhibit behaviors such as throwing temper tantrums as a way to assert their autonomy and express their frustrations or desires. These tantrums are a normal part of their development and should be understood and managed appropriately by caregivers.

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