None of the above
Motoer Vehicle Accidents
Sports Related Injuries (Concussions)
All of the above
Motor vehicle accidents
An individual must have experienced a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury.
The injury must have disrupted the normal function of the brain.
There must have been extended periods of unconsciousness.
The patient must have stayed in the hospital for at least 3 days.
Increased intracellular calcium
Increased intracellular magnesium
Increased intracellular potassium
Decreased intracellular sodium
(MAP - ICP)/CVR
MAP - ICP
MAP × ICP
(MAP - ICP) × CVR