# Ultimate Topography Test! Trivia Quiz

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Topography is the research of the forms and features of land surfaces. With this quiz, you should be cognizant of the height above sea level of a point on the earth’s surface. What is the topography of an area determined by the three types of landforms? The equator divides into which hemispheres and the ratio on a map. Take this excellent quiz and see how much you know about topography.

• 1.

### The shape of the land is the

Explanation
Topography refers to the shape and physical features of the land, including its elevation, slope, and relief. It provides a detailed description of the surface of the Earth, including mountains, valleys, rivers, and other landforms. By studying topography, geographers and scientists can understand the land's characteristics, such as its suitability for agriculture, the presence of natural resources, and the potential for erosion or flooding. Therefore, the given answer "Topography" accurately describes the shape of the land.

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• 2.

### An area’s topography may be

• A.

flat

• B.

sloping

• C.

hilly

• D.

Mountainous.

A. flat
B. sloping
C. hilly
D. Mountainous.
Explanation
The correct answer includes all the possible options for an area's topography. An area can be flat, sloping, hilly, or mountainous, depending on the elevation and terrain.

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• 3.

### The height above sea level of a point on Earth’s surface is its

elevation
Explanation
The height above sea level of a point on Earth's surface is commonly referred to as its elevation. Elevation is a measure of how high or low a particular point is compared to the average sea level. It is an important factor in determining the geography, climate, and characteristics of a specific location.

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• 4.

### The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area is its

Relief
Explanation
Relief refers to the variation in elevation within a specific area. It represents the difference between the highest and lowest points, indicating the topographical diversity of the land. This term is commonly used in geography and geology to describe the physical features and terrain of a region.

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• 5.

### Formed by the processes that shape Earth’s surface.

landform
Explanation
A landform refers to any natural feature or shape that is formed by the processes that shape Earth's surface. This can include mountains, valleys, plateaus, plains, and various other formations. Landforms are created through processes such as erosion, weathering, volcanic activity, and tectonic forces. They play a significant role in the physical geography of an area and can have a profound impact on the ecosystems and human activities within a region.

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• 6.

### The topography of an area is determined by the area’s

• A.

Landform Only

• B.

Density

• C.

Landform

• D.

Elevation

• E.

Interval

• F.

Relief

A. Landform Only
C. Landform
F. Relief
Explanation
The correct answer is Landform Only, Landform, Relief. The topography of an area refers to the physical features and characteristics of the land, including its elevation, relief, and landforms. Landform refers to the shape and structure of the land, while relief refers to the differences in elevation between different landforms. Density and interval are not directly related to determining the topography of an area.

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• 7.

### The 3 types of landforms are:

• A.

Plains

• B.

Harbour

• C.

Canal

• D.

Plateaus

• E.

Mountains

• F.

Desert

A. Plains
D. Plateaus
E. Mountains
Explanation
The correct answer is Plains, Plateaus, Mountains. These three types of landforms are distinct geographical features found on the Earth's surface. Plains are flat or gently rolling areas with low elevation, while plateaus are elevated flatlands with steep sides. Mountains are large landforms that rise steeply above the surrounding land and are typically characterized by rugged terrain and high elevations. These landforms play a significant role in shaping the Earth's surface and have different ecological and geological characteristics.

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• 8.

### Relates distance on a map to distance on the earth’s surface.

scale
Explanation
The term "scale" refers to the relationship between distances on a map and the corresponding distances on the Earth's surface. It is a ratio that allows us to understand how much smaller or larger the map is compared to the actual area it represents. The scale helps us accurately measure distances and understand the relative sizes of different features on the map.

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• 9.

### Mapmakers use pictures called __________ to stand for features on Earth’s surface. A _______ can represent a physical or man-made feature.

symbol
symbols
Explanation
Mapmakers use pictures called symbols to stand for features on Earth's surface. A symbol can represent a physical or man-made feature. Symbols are used to simplify and convey information on maps, making them easier to read and understand. They allow map users to quickly identify and interpret various features such as mountains, rivers, roads, buildings, and more. By using symbols, mapmakers can effectively represent a wide range of features in a concise and visually appealing manner.

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• 10.

### Connects points of equal elevation.

Contour lines
Contour lines
Contour
Contours
Explanation
Contour lines are lines that connect points of equal elevation on a map or a topographic surface. They are used to represent the shape and relief of the land. By connecting points with the same elevation, contour lines create a visual representation of the land's topography, allowing us to understand the slopes, valleys, and hills. These lines help in determining the height of a specific location and can be used for navigation, planning, and analyzing the terrain.

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• 11.

### The change in elevation from contour line to contour line is called the

Contour interval
interval
Contour intervals
Explanation
The correct answer is "Contour interval". A contour interval refers to the vertical distance between contour lines on a topographic map. It represents the change in elevation from one contour line to the next. It helps in understanding the shape and steepness of the terrain. By knowing the contour interval, one can determine the height difference between different points on the map.

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• 12.

### What is the contour interval on this map

• A.

10 ft

• B.

100ft

• C.

1000 ft

• D.

600 ft

B. 100ft
Explanation
The contour interval on this map is 100ft. Contour interval refers to the vertical distance between contour lines on a topographic map, representing the change in elevation. In this case, each contour line on the map is spaced 100ft apart, indicating a significant change in elevation for every 100ft.

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• 13.

### Equator is at ___ degrees latitude.

• A.

100

• B.

50

• C.

0

C. 0
Explanation
The equator is at 0 degrees latitude because it is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. It is located halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, and it is the starting point for measuring latitude. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.

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• 14.

### Pointing downhill indicate a ridge pointing uphill indicate a valley

V shaped contour
Explanation
A V-shaped contour indicates a valley because it represents the convergence of two slopes or hillsides. The contour lines on either side of the V-shape will be pointing uphill, indicating higher elevation, while the contour line at the bottom of the V-shape will be pointing downhill, indicating lower elevation. This pattern suggests the presence of a valley, where the land is lower between two higher points.

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• 15.

### A contour line that forms a closed loop with no other contour lines indicates

hilltop
Explanation
A contour line that forms a closed loop with no other contour lines indicates a hilltop. This is because contour lines represent points of equal elevation on a topographic map. When a contour line forms a closed loop with no other lines intersecting it, it suggests a high point or peak in the landscape, which is typically a hilltop.

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• 16.

depression
• 17.

### Every 5th contour line is bolded and it lists the elevation.

Index Contour
• 18.

### Prime Meridian is at ___degrees longitude.

• A.

100

• B.

25

• C.

0

C. 0
Explanation
The Prime Meridian is at 0 degrees longitude. This line of longitude, also known as the Greenwich Meridian, is the starting point for measuring longitude around the world. It passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, and divides the Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.

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• 19.

### Who creates topo maps?

United States Geological Survey
USGS
Explanation
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is responsible for creating topo maps. They are a scientific agency of the U.S. federal government and their mission includes the collection, analysis, and dissemination of reliable and impartial information about the geology, biology, and topography of the United States. As part of their efforts, they produce detailed topographic maps that depict the elevation, terrain, and features of a particular area. These maps are widely used for various purposes such as land navigation, urban planning, and natural resource management.

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• 20.

### An imaginary line running from the north to the south pole is a(n) ____

• A.

Hemisphere

• B.

Equator

• C.

Line of longitude

• D.

Line of latitude

C. Line of longitude
Explanation
A line of longitude refers to an imaginary line running from the north to the south pole. It helps in identifying the east-west position of a specific location on the Earth's surface. The lines of longitude, also known as meridians, are used to measure time zones and determine the distance between different points on the globe. The equator, on the other hand, is an imaginary line that runs horizontally around the Earth, dividing it into the northern and southern hemispheres. Therefore, the correct answer is line of longitude.

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• 21.

### The equator divides Earth into which hemispheres?

• A.

Southern and western

• B.

Eastern and western

• C.

Northern and eastern

• D.

Northern and southern

D. Northern and southern
Explanation
The equator is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two hemispheres: the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere. The northern hemisphere is located above the equator, while the southern hemisphere is located below it. This division is based on the Earth's rotation and helps to differentiate between the different regions of the planet.

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• 22.

### The ratio that shows the relationship between the distance on a map and the actual distance is the

• A.

Profile

• B.

Degree

• C.

Legend

• D.

Scale

D. Scale
Explanation
A scale is a ratio that represents the relationship between the distance on a map and the actual distance on the ground. It allows us to understand the size and distance of objects on a map relative to their actual size and distance in the real world. By using a scale, we can accurately measure distances and navigate through a map. Therefore, the correct answer is scale.

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• 23.

### Which of these can be determined by a map?

• A.

Where places are located

• B.

Locations of the parts of Earth's interior

• C.

How Earth changed over time

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
topo maps are not the only type of map

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• 24.

### The cross section of a volcano is drawn in _____view on a map.

• A.

Plan

• B.

Map

• C.

Profile

• D.

Plot

C. Profile
Explanation
A cross section of a volcano is drawn in profile view on a map. This means that the drawing shows a vertical slice of the volcano, allowing us to see its internal structure and layers. A profile view is commonly used in geological maps to represent the vertical dimension of features such as mountains, hills, or volcanoes. In this case, it would show the different layers of lava, ash, and other materials that make up the volcano.

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• 25.

### To pinpoint a specific location, mapmakers use a system of ______

• A.

Imaginary grid lines

• B.

Profiles and views

• C.

Symbols

• D.

Snapshots

A. Imaginary grid lines
Explanation
Mapmakers use a system of imaginary grid lines to pinpoint a specific location. These grid lines, such as latitude and longitude, create a coordinate system that allows for precise location identification on a map. By using these grid lines, mapmakers can accurately determine the exact position of a place, enabling them to create detailed and accurate maps.

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• 26.

### Lines of latitude and longitude are divided into

• A.

Hours and minutes

• B.

Hours, minutes and seconds

• C.

Degrees, hours, and minutes

• D.

Degrees, minutes, and seconds.

D. Degrees, minutes, and seconds.
Explanation
Lines of latitude and longitude are divided into degrees, minutes, and seconds. This division allows for precise and accurate measurements of locations on the Earth's surface. Degrees represent a large unit of measurement, minutes represent a smaller unit within degrees, and seconds represent an even smaller unit within minutes. This system enables the identification of specific points on the globe with great precision, making it easier to navigate and locate places accurately.

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• 27.

### Which of these is true when describing a location   north(or south) is always listed first

• A.

Either latitude or longitude can be listed first

• B.

Longitude is listed before latitude

• C.

Latitude is listed before longitude

• D.

Either latitude nor longitude is used

C. Latitude is listed before longitude
Explanation
When describing a location, the correct statement is that latitude is listed before longitude. Latitude measures the distance north or south of the equator, while longitude measures the distance east or west of the prime meridian. In order to provide the exact coordinates of a location, it is necessary to mention the latitude first and then the longitude.

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• 28.

### How do mapmakers make sure maps can be easily read and understood?

• A.

they include all the information on the map

• B.

they draw them carefully

• C.

they use computers

• D.

They use legends and scales

D. They use legends and scales
Explanation
Mapmakers ensure that maps can be easily read and understood by using legends and scales. Legends provide key information about the symbols and colors used on the map, making it easier for readers to interpret the data. Scales, on the other hand, help determine the actual distances on the map, allowing users to accurately measure distances between different locations. By incorporating legends and scales, mapmakers enhance the clarity and usability of their maps, making them more accessible to a wider audience.

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• 29.

### A map scale with a ratio of 1:50 could mean which of the following?

• A.

50 inches on the map represents 1 inch.

• B.

1 inch on the map represents 50 inches

• C.

1 inch on the map represents 1 mile.

• D.

1 inch on the map represents 50 miles.

D. 1 inch on the map represents 50 miles.
Explanation
A map scale with a ratio of 1:50 means that 1 inch on the map represents 50 miles in reality. This means that distances on the map are 50 times smaller than the actual distances on the ground. So, if you measure 1 inch on the map, it would correspond to a distance of 50 miles in real life.

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• 30.

### A colorful map showing rock units is a _____ map.

• A.

Geologic

• B.

Topographical

• C.

Mountain

• D.

Contact

A. Geologic
Explanation
A colorful map showing rock units is referred to as a geologic map. This type of map displays the distribution and characteristics of different rock formations in a given area. It provides valuable information about the geological history and composition of the region, helping geologists and other scientists understand the Earth's structure and processes. Geologic maps are commonly used in geological research, resource exploration, and land management.

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• 31.

### On a geologic map, a depositional contact is shown by _______.

• A.

A colored line

• B.

A thin black line

• C.

a thick black line

• D.

C. a thick black line
Explanation
A depositional contact is shown by a thick black line on a geologic map because it represents the boundary between two different rock layers or formations that were deposited at different times. The thickness of the line helps to emphasize the significance of this contact, indicating a distinct change in the geologic history or composition of the area. This allows geologists to easily identify and interpret the different depositional units and understand the geologic processes that occurred in the past.

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• 32.

### Rock formations that are broken up and moved meet at which location?

• A.

Fault contact

• B.

Bedding plane

• C.

Depositional contact

C. Depositional contact
Explanation
Depositional contact refers to the location where rock formations that have been broken up and moved come together. This is the point where new sediment is deposited on top of the broken and moved rock formations. It is a boundary where the older, broken rocks meet the newer sedimentary layers.

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