Balanced Diet Nutrition Knowledge Quiz!

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Balanced Diet Nutrition Knowledge Quiz! - Quiz

Eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight is mainly what a balanced diet is all about. The quiz below will test just how much you understand about this. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a balanced diet?

    • A.

      A diet with lots of fruit.

    • B.

      A diet with lots of milk.

    • C.

      A diet that contains a variety of foods in adequate amounts.

    • D.

      Not eating takeaways.

    Correct Answer
    C. A diet that contains a variety of foods in adequate amounts.
    Explanation
    A balanced diet refers to a diet that includes a variety of foods in adequate amounts. This means consuming a range of different food groups such as fruits, vegetables, grains, protein sources, and dairy products, in appropriate portions. A balanced diet ensures that the body receives all the essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals it needs to function properly and maintain good health. It is not solely focused on one specific food group, like fruits or milk, but rather emphasizes the importance of a diverse and well-rounded eating pattern.

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  • 2. 

    Foods that contain good amounts of iron include:

    • A.

      Beef and lamb.

    • B.

      Potatoes.

    • C.

      Peas.

    • D.

      Walnuts.

    Correct Answer
    A. Beef and lamb.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is beef and lamb because they are both excellent sources of iron. Red meat, such as beef and lamb, is particularly high in heme iron, which is easily absorbed by the body. Iron is an essential mineral that helps transport oxygen throughout the body and is important for energy production. Therefore, including beef and lamb in the diet can help ensure an adequate intake of iron.

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  • 3. 

    Some examples of calcium-rich foods are:

    • A.

      Apricots and plums.

    • B.

      Avocadoes.

    • C.

      Dairy foods.

    • D.

      Chicken and pork.

    Correct Answer
    C. Dairy foods.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dairy foods" because they are known to be a good source of calcium. Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are rich in calcium which is essential for maintaining strong bones and teeth. Consuming dairy foods regularly can help meet the recommended daily intake of calcium and support overall bone health.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is NOT a dairy product?

    • A.

      Milk.

    • B.

      Yoghurt.

    • C.

      Cream cheese.

    • D.

      Eggs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Eggs.
    Explanation
    Eggs are not considered a dairy product because they are not derived from milk. While eggs are often found in the dairy section of supermarkets, they are actually classified as a protein food. Dairy products are made from milk, such as milk itself, yogurt, and cream cheese, but eggs come from chickens and do not contain any milk or milk derivatives.

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  • 5. 

    Fruit and vegetables are important because:

    • A.

      They give you energy.

    • B.

      They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals and nutrients.

    • C.

      They are colourful.

    • D.

      They are easily available.

    Correct Answer
    B. They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals and nutrients.
    Explanation
    Fruits and vegetables are important because they provide a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. These essential nutrients are necessary for the proper functioning of the body and promote good health. Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, fiber, and phytochemicals, which help protect against chronic diseases and boost the immune system. They also provide energy due to their natural sugars and are easily accessible, making it convenient to incorporate them into a balanced diet. Moreover, their vibrant colors indicate the presence of different beneficial compounds, making them visually appealing and enticing to consume.

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  • 6. 

    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates are important because:

    • A.

      They help you grow.

    • B.

      They stop you getting overweight.

    • C.

      They are easy to cook.

    • D.

      They give you energy, fill you up and keep you regular.

    Correct Answer
    D. They give you energy, fill you up and keep you regular.
    Explanation
    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates give you energy because they are a source of glucose, which is the body's primary fuel. They also fill you up because they are often rich in fiber, which adds bulk to your diet and helps you feel satisfied. Additionally, the fiber in these foods helps keep your digestive system regular by promoting healthy bowel movements.

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  • 7. 

    Meat, fish and legumes such as chickpeas and kidney beans provide the following important nutrient:

    • A.

      Carbohydrate.

    • B.

      Protein.

    • C.

      Sugar.

    • D.

      Fibre.

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein.
    Explanation
    Meat, fish, and legumes are all excellent sources of protein. Protein is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in building and repairing tissues, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting the immune system. Carbohydrates, on the other hand, are primarily a source of energy, while sugar is a type of carbohydrate that provides quick energy but lacks the nutritional value of protein. Fiber, although important for digestive health, is not the main nutrient provided by meat, fish, and legumes.

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  • 8. 

    Adolescents need extra energy and protein in their diet due to rapid growth and bodily changes. Which of the following would you recommend to provide this?

    • A.

      Healthy snacks.

    • B.

      Extra chips.

    • C.

      A Big Mac after school.

    • D.

      They shouldn't eat more, even if they are hungry.

    Correct Answer
    A. Healthy snacks.
    Explanation
    Adolescents require additional energy and protein in their diet because of their fast growth and bodily changes. Healthy snacks would be the most suitable recommendation to provide this. Snacks that are nutritious and balanced can help meet their increased nutritional needs while also promoting overall health. Extra chips and a Big Mac after school are not ideal choices as they are typically high in unhealthy fats, sodium, and empty calories. It is important for adolescents to eat more if they are hungry, as long as they opt for healthy snack options.

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  • 9. 

    A good way to ensure vegetarians get enough iron is to:

    • A.

      Do more exercise.

    • B.

      Eat more bread.

    • C.

      Drink orange juice when they eat spinach.

    • D.

      Combine potatoes with nuts.

    Correct Answer
    C. Drink orange juice when they eat spinach.
    Explanation
    Eating Vitamin C rich foods increases the absorption of non-haem iron (iron from non-animal sources).

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  • 10. 

    Which food below is high in fat?

    • A.

      Blue top milk.

    • B.

      Toast.

    • C.

      Pasta with tomato-based sauce.

    • D.

      Salami.

    Correct Answer
    D. Salami.
    Explanation
    Salami is high in fat because it is a processed meat product made from cured and fermented pork. It typically contains a high amount of saturated fat and cholesterol, which can contribute to an increased risk of heart disease and other health problems when consumed in excess. Blue top milk, toast, and pasta with tomato-based sauce are not inherently high in fat unless additional high-fat ingredients or toppings are added.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Sasammarly3
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