Tes Formatif 1 Landasan Pendekatan Dan Pengembangan Kurikulum

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| By Asihpujiariani
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Asihpujiariani
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Tes Formatif 1 Landasan Pendekatan Dan Pengembangan Kurikulum - Quiz

KB1 Modul 2, mata Kuliah Penegmbangan Kurikulum dan Pembelajaran Universitas Terbuka


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Landasan pengembangan kurikulum pada dasarnya adalah ....

    • A.

      Prinsip-prinsip yang harus dijadikan bahan pertimbangan dalam pengembangan kurikulum

    • B.

      Faktor-faktor yang harus dipertimbangkan dalam mengembangkan suatu kurikulum

    • C.

      Komponen-komponen yang menjadi landasan penyusunan kurikulum

    • D.

      Beberapa model yang dapat diterapkan pada saat pelaksanaan kurikulum oleh guru

    Correct Answer
    B. Faktor-faktor yang harus dipertimbangkan dalam mengembangkan suatu kurikulum
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the foundation of curriculum development is considering the factors that should be taken into account when developing a curriculum. This means that when designing a curriculum, it is important to consider various factors such as the needs and interests of students, the goals and objectives of education, the resources available, and the societal and cultural context. By considering these factors, educators can ensure that the curriculum meets the needs of learners and provides a meaningful and effective learning experience.

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  • 2. 

    Landasan utama dalam pengembanggan kurikulum adalah landasan ....

    • A.

      Psikologis

    • B.

      Sosiologis

    • C.

      Filosofis

    • D.

      Teknologis

    Correct Answer
    C. Filosofis
    Explanation
    The main foundation in curriculum development is philosophical. This means that the development of a curriculum should be guided by philosophical principles and beliefs about education. These principles help shape the goals, content, and methods of the curriculum, and provide a framework for decision-making. Philosophical considerations such as the purpose of education, the nature of knowledge, and the role of the learner are important in determining what should be included in a curriculum and how it should be taught.

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  • 3. 

    Landasan filosofis dalam pengembangan kurikulum diperlukan untuk ....

    • A.

      Menentukan arah dan tujuan yang akan dicapai

    • B.

      Mengakomodasi perkembangan yang terjadi sebagai isi kurikulum

    • C.

      Mengarahkan siswa sebagai objek didik yang menjadi sentral pendidikan

    • D.

      Menerapkan prinsip-prinsip kurikulum dalam proses pendidikan

    Correct Answer
    A. Menentukan arah dan tujuan yang akan dicapai
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menentukan arah dan tujuan yang akan dicapai" (determining the direction and goals to be achieved). In curriculum development, a philosophical foundation is necessary to provide a clear direction and purpose for the curriculum. It helps in setting the goals and objectives that the curriculum aims to achieve. Without a philosophical foundation, it would be difficult to design a curriculum that is coherent and meaningful.

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  • 4. 

    Kaitan antara kurikulum dengan filsafat yaitu ....

    • A.

      Filsafat pada dasarnya mempengaruhi alur pikir para pengembang kurikulum pada setiap jenjang pendidikan, termasuk sekolah dasar.

    • B.

      Kurikulum merupakan alat untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan yang diwarnai oleh filsafat tertentu

    • C.

      Kurikulum sangat mempengaruhi pandangan-pandangan filosofis pengembangnya

    • D.

      Filsafat merupakan salah satu komponen dalam penentuan kurukulum yang akan disampaikan kepada siswa

    Correct Answer
    B. Kurikulum merupakan alat untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan yang diwarnai oleh filsafat tertentu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kurikulum merupakan alat untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan yang diwarnai oleh filsafat tertentu." This is because the curriculum is a tool that is designed to achieve educational goals, and these goals are influenced by a certain philosophy or set of beliefs. The curriculum is not just a neutral set of subjects and activities, but rather reflects a particular philosophical perspective on what knowledge and skills are important for students to acquire.

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  • 5. 

    Landasan psikologis sangat penting dalam pengembangan kurikulum karena ....

    • A.

      Psikologi dapat mempengaruhi ketercapaian tujuan kurikulum

    • B.

      Kurikulum berisi muatan-muatan materi pelajaran yang bersifat psikologis

    • C.

      Kurikulum merupakan alat untuk mengungkapkan aspek psikologis anak

    • D.

      Pendidikan berkaitan erat dengan perilaku manusia

    Correct Answer
    D. Pendidikan berkaitan erat dengan perilaku manusia
    Explanation
    The answer "pendidikan berkaitan erat dengan perilaku manusia" is the correct answer because education is closely related to human behavior. The psychological foundation is important in curriculum development because understanding human behavior is crucial in achieving the goals of education. By considering the psychological aspects of students, curriculum designers can develop effective teaching methods and strategies that cater to their needs and promote optimal learning outcomes.

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  • 6. 

    Cabang psikologis yang sangat terkait langsung dengan pengembangan kurikulum, yaitu psikologi ....

    • A.

      Umum dan perkembangan

    • B.

      Anak dan perkembangan

    • C.

      Belajar dan perkembangan

    • D.

      Gestalt dan perkembangan

    Correct Answer
    C. Belajar dan perkembangan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "belajar dan perkembangan". This is because the question is asking about a psychological branch that is closely related to curriculum development. The branch of psychology that focuses on learning and development is directly relevant to curriculum development as it involves understanding how individuals learn and develop over time, which can inform the design and implementation of effective educational programs.

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  • 7. 

    Landasan sosiologis dalam penegmbangan kurikulum diperlukan karena ....

    • A.

      Masyarakat merupakan suatu kelompok individu yang terorganisasi

    • B.

      Isi kurikulum pada dasarnya ada dalam masyarakat, kebudayaan dan iptek

    • C.

      Kebudayaan yang ada dalam masyarakat sangat beragam

    • D.

      Semua penegtahuan harus dijadikan sebagai isi kurikulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Isi kurikulum pada dasarnya ada dalam masyarakat, kebudayaan dan iptek
    Explanation
    The sociological foundation is needed in curriculum development because the curriculum content is essentially derived from society, culture, and science and technology (iptek). This implies that the curriculum should be designed based on the understanding of the society, its diverse cultures, and the advancements in science and technology. By considering these factors, the curriculum can be more relevant and responsive to the needs and aspirations of the society and its individuals.

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  • 8. 

    Kurikulum harus dapat menjawab tuntutan yang ada dalam masyarakat, terutama dalam hal ....

    • A.

      Isi kurikulum dan strategi pelaksanaan

    • B.

      Teori yang digunakan untuk mengembangka kurikulum

    • C.

      Evaluasi kurukulum pada setiap jenjang pendidikan

    • D.

      Model-model pengembangan suatu kurikulum

    Correct Answer
    A. Isi kurikulum dan strategi pelaksanaan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "isi kurikulum dan strategi pelaksanaan" because the curriculum needs to be able to meet the demands of society, and this includes both the content of the curriculum (isi kurikulum) and the strategies used to implement it (strategi pelaksanaan). The curriculum should be designed in a way that addresses the needs and expectations of the community, and the strategies used to deliver the curriculum should be effective in achieving the desired learning outcomes.

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  • 9. 

    Benda-benda hasil karya manusia merupakan unsur kebudayaan yang dalam kurikulum dapat dikelompokkan dalam ....

    • A.

      Gagasan atau norma yang dianut.

    • B.

      Kebudayaan fisik

    • C.

      Kegiatan berpola manusia

    • D.

      Sistem sosial masyarakat

    Correct Answer
    B. Kebudayaan fisik
    Explanation
    Benda-benda hasil karya manusia dapat dikelompokkan dalam kebudayaan fisik karena kebudayaan fisik merujuk pada segala hal yang dapat dilihat, diraba, atau dirasakan secara fisik. Benda-benda seperti bangunan, alat-alat, pakaian, seni rupa, dan lain sebagainya merupakan contoh dari kebudayaan fisik.

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  • 10. 

    Faktor kebudayaan merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam pengembangan kurikulum karena ....

    • A.

      Kebudayaan sebagai pola tingkah laku yang secara umum terdapat di masyarakat

    • B.

      Kurikulum merupakan alat utama dalam menyampaikan pesan-pesan yang ada di suatu daerah

    • C.

      Anak lahir belum berbudaya hingga kurikulum harus mampu memberikan pengalaman kebudayaan kepada anak

    • D.

      Bangsa Indonesia merupakan bangsa yang kaya akan kebudayaan daerah

    Correct Answer
    C. Anak lahir belum berbudaya hingga kurikulum harus mampu memberikan pengalaman kebudayaan kepada anak
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that cultural factor is important in curriculum development because children are born without culture and the curriculum should be able to provide cultural experiences to them. This explanation highlights the importance of incorporating cultural elements into the curriculum to ensure that children have a well-rounded education that includes an understanding and appreciation of different cultures.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 12, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Asihpujiariani
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