A. the extra-curriculum or co-curriculum
B. the formal curriculum or explicit curriculum
C. the hidden curriculum or implicit curriculum.
D. the integrated curriculum.
A. the most popular extracurricular activities are varsity sports, music, and drama.
B. students of low socioeconomic status are underrepresented in many programs
C. students who participate in extracurricular activities have higher SAT scores and grades.
D. since Title IX, high school boys and girls have participated in varsity sports in equal numbers.
A. the hidden curriculum includes controversial content intentionally left out of the formal curriculum.
B. the formal curriculum operates inside the classroom and the hidden one outside
C. the formal curriculum produces the same learning outcomes for everyone and the effects of the hidden curriculum vary widely.
D. the hidden curriculum arises spontaneously from interactions between students and their environments.
A. reading and arithmetic.
B. religion and discipline.
C. religion and reading.
D. Latin and arithmetic.
A. social issues
B. technological innovation.
C. religious fundamentalism
D. home economics and vocational ed.
A. although a popular idea, the jury is still out on the effectiveness of computers in schools.
B. having more computers in a classroom decreases discipline problems
C. computers deepen student understanding of concepts and improve critical thinking skills.
D. Americans underestimate the power of technology.
A. using instructional procedures that stress drill, homework, and frequent testing
B. permitting fewer electives
C. incorporating demanding programs that meet the interests of students
D. need to improve test scores
A. an individualized education plan (IEP) that stresses the development of all the eight intelligences discussed by Gardner
B. an approach in which the contributions of various racial and ethnic groups, as well as their "world view," is included in the curriculum.
C. a curriculum that details the facts and concepts that every educated American should know
D. a program that focuses on the importance of reading and writing for all Americans, and emphasizes the elimination of adult illiteracy.
A. although a popular idea, the jury is still out on the effectiveness of computers in schools
B. having more computers in a classroom decreases discipline problems.
C. computers deepen student understanding of concepts and improve critical thinking skills
D. Americans underestimate the power of technology
A. their membership in professional associations, which typically assume a major role in writing critical curricular units.
B. their active participation on editorial boards, where committees of teachers write most of the textbooks and produce many of the videos used in today's classrooms.
C. their participation on the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, which evaluates the quality and appropriateness of school texts
D. supplementing an official curriculum with other materials and objectives.
A. funding the FCAB, which sponsors curriculum development offices in school districts nationwide.
B. sponsoring standards and standardized testing
C. providing incentives for schools to use certain books endorsed by the state Departments of Education (although the final decision as to which book to use still remains a local choice).
D. conducting unannounced surprise inspections of schools and classrooms.
A. are common in the South.
B. mainly follow the lead of New York and Connecticut.
C. have declined from more than 20 in 1990 to fewer than 10 today
D. jointly agree on a single textbook in each subject area
A. a common statewide curriculum, useful for a mobile student population
B. less expensive texts
C. more options for teachers at the local level
D. saves time and work for teachers at the local level
A. Texas and California.
B. California and Illinois
C. Illinois and New York.
D. Texas and New York.
B. linguistic bias.
D. all of the answers
A. embraces new opportunity-to-learn standards.
B. has helped to decrease school dropouts
C. troubles those who fear the tests discriminate against male students
D. concerns those who protest the use of class time for test preparation.
A. Ensuring that students have the right to pray in school.
B. Holding Boy Scout meetings at the school despite concerns that the Scouts discriminate against homosexuals.
C. Offering low-cost after-school tutoring to students in underperforming schools
D. Providing military recruiters with private student records.
A. subjecting students to a national standard passing score for high school graduation
B. requiring authentic assessment of student knowledge
C. failing to consistently correlate with other measures of student learning
D. promoting a national standardized curriculum.
A. a scientific guess or hunch.
B. often a political position and unrelated to science
C. a thoroughly tested belief unlikely to change
D. a hypothesis likely to change
A. competes with the theory of evolution, and most people believe that ideas that contradict evolution have no place in the schoolroom.
B. offers a clear scientific position that is devoid of political or religious beliefs
C. is a thoroughly tested belief unlikely to change
D. credits an unnamed intelligence for aspects of nature unexplained by science.
A. unless students have a key role in curriculum development, the curriculum cannot meet contemporary needs.
B. unless teachers have a key role in curriculum development, the curriculum cannot meet contemporary needs.
C. slavish devotion to the content of past times can result in a curriculum obsolete for contemporary realities.
D. as long as the basal reader dominates the curriculum, a truly individualized curriculum can never become a reality
A. flip phenomenon.
B. mentioning phenomenon.
C. dumbing-down of the textbook
D. bias method
A. relatively straightforward way to monitor performance
B. clear numerical results that can be communicated
C. reflects actual student talents and performance
D. relative ease of implementation