Terminology -Chapter 6 Digestive System

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Terminology -Chapter 6 Digestive System - Quiz


Complete the following with the correct medical term(s).


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs is ______________________.

    Explanation
    Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs is referred to as hemoptysis. Hemoptysis occurs when there is bleeding in the respiratory system, which can be caused by various factors such as infections, lung diseases, or trauma. It is important to seek medical attention if experiencing hemoptysis, as it can be a sign of a serious underlying condition.

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  • 2. 

    Narrowing of the opening between the stomach and intestine is _______________________.

    Explanation
    Pyloric stenosis refers to the narrowing of the opening between the stomach and intestine. This condition occurs when the muscles in the pylorus, the lower part of the stomach, become thickened and restrict the passage of food from the stomach into the intestines. The narrowing can lead to symptoms such as projectile vomiting, poor weight gain, and dehydration. Pyloric stenosis is most common in infants and requires surgical intervention to widen the pylorus and restore normal digestion.

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  • 3. 

    The suffix that means suture is _______________________.

    Explanation
    The suffix "-rrhaphy" refers to the act of suturing or stitching. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a surgical procedure or technique involving the use of sutures. For example, "herniorrhaphy" refers to the surgical repair of a hernia using sutures. Thus, the correct answer is "-rrhaphy".

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  • 4. 

    Difficult digesion is called _____________________.

    Explanation
    Dyspepsia refers to a condition characterized by difficult digestion. It is commonly known as indigestion and is associated with symptoms such as bloating, discomfort, and nausea after eating. Dyspepsia can be caused by various factors such as overeating, eating too quickly, or consuming fatty or spicy foods. It can also be a symptom of underlying conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or peptic ulcers. Treatment for dyspepsia often involves lifestyle changes, such as eating smaller meals and avoiding trigger foods, as well as medications to alleviate symptoms.

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  • 5. 

    New opening between two parts of the jejunum is __________________________________.

    Explanation
    A jejunojejunostomy refers to a new opening that is created between two parts of the jejunum. This surgical procedure is commonly performed to treat certain conditions such as bowel obstruction or to bypass a diseased segment of the small intestine. By creating this new opening, it allows for the passage of food and digestive juices to continue flowing through the jejunum, restoring normal bowel function.

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  • 6. 

    Dilation of a lymph vessel is called  ______________________________.

    Explanation
    Dilation of a lymph vessel is called lymphangiectasis. Lymphangiectasis refers to the abnormal enlargement or dilation of lymphatic vessels. This condition can occur due to various factors such as inflammation, obstruction, or congenital abnormalities. It can lead to the accumulation of lymph fluid, causing swelling and discomfort. Treatment options for lymphangiectasis may include compression therapy, surgical intervention, or management of the underlying cause.

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  • 7. 

    Twisting of part of the intestine upon itself is __________________________.

    Explanation
    Cecal volvulus refers to the twisting of the cecum, which is the first part of the large intestine, upon itself. This condition can lead to a blockage in the intestine, causing symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation. Prompt medical intervention is necessary to prevent complications like tissue death or perforation of the intestine.

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  • 8. 

    The medical term for salivary stones is __________________.

    Explanation
    The medical term for salivary stones is sialolithiasis. Sialolithiasis refers to the condition where calcified stones, also known as salivary stones, form in the salivary glands or ducts. These stones can obstruct the flow of saliva, leading to symptoms like pain, swelling, and difficulty in eating or speaking. Treatment options for sialolithiasis may include conservative measures like warm compresses and hydration, or more invasive procedures like salivary gland massage or surgical removal of the stones.

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  • 9. 

    Visual exam of the abdomen is known as _____________________.

    Explanation
    The visual exam of the abdomen is known as laparoscopy. This procedure involves making small incisions in the abdomen and inserting a laparoscope, which is a thin tube with a camera attached to it. The camera allows the doctor to view the internal organs and structures in the abdomen. Laparoscopy is commonly used to diagnose and treat various conditions, such as appendicitis, ovarian cysts, and endometriosis. It is a minimally invasive procedure that offers a quicker recovery time and less scarring compared to traditional open surgery.

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  • 10. 

    Heavy menstrual discharge is called _________________________________.

    Explanation
    Menorrhagia is the medical term used to describe heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. It is characterized by excessive blood flow, longer periods, and the need to change sanitary protection frequently. Menorrhagia can be caused by hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, polyps, or certain medical conditions. It can lead to anemia, fatigue, and interfere with daily activities. Treatment options include hormonal medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and in severe cases, surgical interventions.

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  • 11. 

    Surgical pucture to remove fluid from the abdomen is ___________________________.

    Explanation
    Paracentesis is a surgical procedure that involves puncturing the abdomen to remove excess fluid. It is commonly performed to relieve symptoms caused by fluid accumulation in conditions such as ascites or peritonitis. During the procedure, a needle or catheter is inserted into the abdominal cavity, and the fluid is drained. Paracentesis can provide both diagnostic information and therapeutic relief for patients experiencing abdominal discomfort or swelling due to fluid buildup.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is a periodontal procedure?

    • A.

      Glossotomy

    • B.

      Glycolysis

    • C.

      Cheilostomatoplasty

    • D.

      Gingivectomy

    Correct Answer
    D. Gingivectomy
    Explanation
    A gingivectomy is a periodontal procedure that involves the removal of diseased gum tissue. It is commonly performed to treat gum disease and improve the health of the gums. During a gingivectomy, the dentist or periodontist will carefully remove the infected gum tissue, reshape the gums, and clean the area to promote healing. This procedure helps to reduce pocket depth and prevent further damage to the gums and underlying bone.

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  • 13. 

    Forward protrusion of the eye is known as ________________________.

    Correct Answer
    proptosis
    Explanation
    Proptosis refers to the forward protrusion of the eye. It is a medical condition that can be caused by various factors such as trauma, infection, or underlying diseases like thyroid eye disease. This condition can result in the eye appearing to bulge out of the eye socket, leading to discomfort, vision problems, and potential complications if left untreated. Proptosis is commonly associated with conditions like Graves' disease or orbital tumors.

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  • 14. 

    Combining form that means common bile duct ___________________________.

    Correct Answer
    choledoch/o
    Explanation
    The combining form "choledoch/o" refers to the common bile duct.

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  • 15. 

    Which is an example of anastomosis?

    • A.

      Cholecystojejunostomy

    • B.

      Ileostomy

    • C.

      Colostomy

    • D.

      Duodenorrhaphy

    Correct Answer
    A. Cholecystojejunostomy
    Explanation
    An anastomosis is a surgical procedure that involves connecting two or more tubular structures in the body. Cholecystojejunostomy is an example of anastomosis because it involves creating a connection between the gallbladder and the jejunum, which is a part of the small intestine. This procedure is often performed to bypass a blockage in the bile duct or to restore the flow of bile from the gallbladder to the small intestine. The other options, ileostomy and colostomy, involve creating an artificial opening in the abdominal wall to divert the flow of waste material, while duodenorrhaphy refers to the suturing of the duodenum, which is not an example of anastomosis.

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  • 16. 

    Which suffix means flow, dishcarge ____________________________?

    Correct Answer
    -rrhea
    Explanation
    The suffix "-rrhea" means flow or discharge. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate excessive or abnormal flow or discharge from a specific organ or body part. For example, diarrhea refers to the abnormal flow of loose or watery stool from the intestines. Similarly, terms like gonorrhea and pyorrhea indicate abnormal discharges from the genitals and gums, respectively.

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  • 17. 

    Which suffix below is the opposite of -ectasis?

    • A.

      -ptysis

    • B.

      -stenosis

    • C.

      -stasis

    • D.

      -lysis

    Correct Answer
    B. -stenosis
    Explanation
    The suffix "-stenosis" is the opposite of "-ectasis" because "-ectasis" refers to the dilation or expansion of a structure, while "-stenosis" refers to the narrowing or constriction of a structure. Therefore, "-stenosis" is the opposite of "-ectasis" as it represents the opposite condition.

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  • 18. 

    What test would reveal choledocholithiasis?

    Correct Answer
    transhepatic cholangiography
    Explanation
    Transhepatic cholangiography is a diagnostic procedure used to detect choledocholithiasis, which refers to the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct. During this test, a contrast dye is injected into the liver, and X-rays are taken to visualize the bile ducts. If there are gallstones present in the common bile duct, they will be visible on the X-rays, confirming the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. This procedure is considered an effective method for identifying gallstones in the bile ducts and guiding further treatment decisions.

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  • 19. 

    What term means congenital lack of continuity of the esophagus________________________?

    Correct Answer
    esophageal atresia
    Explanation
    Esophageal atresia refers to a congenital condition where there is a lack of continuity in the esophagus. This means that the esophagus does not fully develop or connect properly, leading to a separation or blockage in the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. This condition requires medical intervention and surgical repair to restore normal function.

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  • 20. 

    An enzyme that digests fat is a __________________________.

    Correct Answer
    lipase
    Explanation
    Lipase is an enzyme that specifically digests or breaks down fats. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol, allowing for the absorption and utilization of dietary fats. Lipase is produced in various tissues, including the pancreas, and plays a crucial role in the digestion and metabolism of fats in the body.

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  • Dec 08, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Ebraxton1
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