# Swimming Assignment

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| By Mr.a.davis
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Mr.a.davis
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Questions: 24 | Attempts: 3,091

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Day Read more2 Classes - DUE MONDAY MARCH 2
Day 1 Classes - DUE TUESDAY MARCH 3

• 1.

### 1.     What provides the buoyant force for the body in water?

• A.

C. the amount of muscle and bone in the student’s body

• B.

D. the amount of air in the student’s body

• C.

E. the density of the water displaced

• D.

A. benar

• E.

B. salah

C. E. the density of the water displaced
E. B. salah
Explanation
The correct answer is B. salah, E. the density of the water displaced. The buoyant force is the upward force exerted on an object submerged in a fluid. It is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. In this case, the buoyant force is provided by the density of the water displaced, as well as the incorrect answer salah, which means wrong in Indonesian language. The amount of muscle and bone in the student's body and the amount of air in the student's body do not directly provide the buoyant force.

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• 2.

### 2.    The forward motion of a student performing freestyle is slowed by:

• A.

A. streamlining

• B.

B. eddy turbulence around the body and limbs

• C.

C. decreased frontal resistance

• D.

D. minimum side to side torso movement

• E.

E. a carefully executed hand entry

B. B. eddy turbulence around the body and limbs
Explanation
The correct answer is B. eddy turbulence around the body and limbs. When a student is performing freestyle, the forward motion can be slowed down by the presence of eddy turbulence around the body and limbs. Eddy turbulence refers to the swirling or turbulent motion of water caused by the movement of the swimmer's body and limbs. This turbulence creates resistance in the water, which can impede the swimmer's progress and slow them down. Therefore, the presence of eddy turbulence is a factor that can slow down the forward motion of a student performing freestyle.

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• 3.

### 3.    Water Safety is best described as:

• A.

A. the recognition of potential aquatic hazards, the development of survival skills and the safe rescue of others

• B.

B. being completely water safe and drown-proofed

• C.

C. guaranteeing that students have the ability to swim their way out of potentially dangerous or threatening situations

• D.

D. ensuring students can tread water, swim 150 metres of freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly and perform a safe dive entry

• E.

E. ensuring students possess the skills to swim a distance of 50 metres to rescue a person in difficulty and tow them back to safety

A. A. the recognition of potential aquatic hazards, the development of survival skills and the safe rescue of others
Explanation
Water Safety is best described as the recognition of potential aquatic hazards, the development of survival skills, and the safe rescue of others. This means that individuals who are water safe are able to identify potential dangers in the water, such as strong currents or deep areas, and take appropriate precautions. They also possess the necessary skills to survive in water, such as knowing how to float or tread water. Additionally, they are capable of rescuing others who may be in distress, ensuring the safety of themselves and those around them.

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• 4.

### 4.    Of the people that drown:

• A.

A. approximately 80% are male and 20% are female

• B.

B. approximately 50% are male and 50% are female

• C.

C. approximately 20% are male and 80% are female

• D.

D. approximately 10% are male and 90% are female

• E.

E. approximately 90% are male and 10% are female

A. A. approximately 80% are male and 20% are female
Explanation
Approximately 80% of the people who drown are male, while 20% are female.

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• 5.

### 6.    If a rescuer must enter the water, having first attempted a dry rescue of a conscious person in difficulty, it is best to:

• A.

A. avoid eye contact

• B.

B. take an aid, preferably buoyant to keep between the rescuer and the person in difficulty

• C.

C. approach with speed and quickly secure the person in difficulty

• D.

D. make direct physical contact with the person in difficulty

• E.

E. dive underwater to approach the person in difficulty

B. B. take an aid, preferably buoyant to keep between the rescuer and the person in difficulty
Explanation
In a situation where a rescuer must enter the water after attempting a dry rescue of a conscious person in difficulty, taking an aid, preferably buoyant, to keep between the rescuer and the person in difficulty is the best option. This is because the aid will provide a barrier between the rescuer and the person, ensuring their safety and preventing any potential harm or interference from the person in difficulty. It also allows the rescuer to maintain a safe distance and have better control over the situation.

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• 6.

### 7.    The following are characteristics of a person in difficulty:•    may grasp the rescuer•    unlikely to use arms and legs for support•    is unable to turn around•    is in a vertical position•    is unlikely to respond to instructionsThe above characteristics best describes:

• A.

A. a weak swimmer

• B.

B. an injured swimmer

• C.

C. an unconscious person

• D.

D. a bystander

• E.

E. a conscious non swimmer

E. E. a conscious non swimmer
Explanation
The characteristics mentioned, such as grasping the rescuer, not using arms and legs for support, being unable to turn around, being in a vertical position, and being unlikely to respond to instructions, suggest that the person is conscious but unable to swim. This indicates that they are a conscious non-swimmer.

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• 7.

### 8.    “The rescuer immediately kicks vigorously away from the person in difficulty and assumes the defensive position”. This statement best describes:

• A.

A. a single leg block

• B.

B. blocking

• C.

C. a reverse

• D.

D. a backward torpedo

• E.

E. a somersault

C. C. a reverse
Explanation
The statement describes a situation where the rescuer kicks away from the person in trouble and assumes a defensive position. This action is commonly known as a reverse, where the rescuer moves away from the person in need to create distance and ensure their own safety.

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• 8.

### 9.    Which initial skills must beginners acquire before further skills are introduced?

• A.

A. buoyancy, breaststroke, mobility

• B.

B. water play, buoyancy, stroke technique

• C.

C. water familiarisation, buoyancy, mobility, sculling

• D.

D. water familiarisation, buoyancy, mobility

• E.

E. compatibility, mobility, buoyancy

D. D. water familiarisation, buoyancy, mobility
• 9.

### 10.    Beginners should be introduced to deep water:

• A.

A. when they can swim 10 metres

• B.

B. when they can swim 25 metres

• C.

C. when they can float on the front and back

• D.

D. as early as possible in the swim program

• E.

E. when the teacher considers the beginner to be physically and psychologically ready

E. E. when the teacher considers the beginner to be physically and psychologically ready
Explanation
The correct answer is E because it suggests that the decision to introduce beginners to deep water should be based on the teacher's assessment of the beginner's physical and psychological readiness. This implies that the teacher should take into account factors such as the beginner's swimming skills, ability to float, and overall confidence in the water before introducing them to deep water. This approach ensures that beginners are introduced to deep water at a suitable time, when they are most likely to feel comfortable and safe.

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• 10.

### 11.    Which one of the following statements is incorrect?

• A.

A. floating on the back can be more difficult than floating on the front for beginners

• B.

B. students should experiment with buoyancy using a variety of flotation aids

• C.

C. students who cannot float, will not learn to swim

• D.

D. breaststroke is a paired arm action

• E.

E. when students learn to float, they should also learn to recover to a standing position

C. C. students who cannot float, will not learn to swim
Explanation
This statement is incorrect because students who cannot float can still learn to swim. Floating is just one aspect of swimming and there are other techniques and skills that can be taught to help them swim.

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• 11.

### 12.    Which of the following statements best describes the hand action of sculling :

• A.

A. vertical movements of the hand, hands are angled at 90 degrees, action is fast

• B.

B. hands are cupped, arm moves in a fast circular action

• C.

C. circular movement of the hand, hands are angled at 25 degrees, arm action is continuous and at medium pace

• D.

D. smooth and continuous inward and outward movement of the hands, angled at approximately 45 degrees

• E.

E. pushing the water backwards in a paddling action.

D. D. smooth and continuous inward and outward movement of the hands, angled at approximately 45 degrees
Explanation
The correct answer is D. This is because sculling refers to a technique used in swimming where the hands move in a smooth and continuous inward and outward motion. The hands are angled at approximately 45 degrees during this action. This movement helps to generate propulsion in the water and maintain stability while swimming. It is different from the other options which describe different hand actions or angles.

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• 12.

### 13.    When the water is unclear and the depth at the entry point is unknown, which entry is most appropriate:

• A.

A. slide in entry

• B.

B. step in entry

• C.

C. stride entry

• D.

D. dive entry

• E.

E. compact jump

A. A. slide in entry
Explanation
When the water is unclear and the depth at the entry point is unknown, a slide in entry is the most appropriate choice. This is because a slide in entry allows the person to enter the water slowly and cautiously, reducing the risk of injury if the water is shallow or there are obstacles beneath the surface. It also allows the person to assess the clarity of the water as they enter, ensuring their safety. A dive entry or a compact jump would not be suitable in this situation as they require a clear understanding of the depth of the water. A step in entry or a stride entry may also be risky if the depth is unknown.

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• 13.

### 14.    Immediately following a dive entry a student should:

• A.

A. gently lift the head and aim the locked hands towards the surface

• B.

B. immediately sweep the arms back and lift the head

• C.

C. kick the legs and scull with the hands

• D.

D. take the arms back and kick the legs

• E.

E. keep the arms forward, kick the legs and keep the chin on the chest

A. A. gently lift the head and aim the locked hands towards the surface
Explanation
After a dive entry, it is important for a student to gently lift their head and aim the locked hands towards the surface. This is because lifting the head allows the student to maintain a streamlined position and reduce drag in the water. Aiming the locked hands towards the surface helps to maintain balance and control the direction of the dive. This technique is crucial for a successful dive entry and sets the foundation for a smooth transition into the water.

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• 14.

### 15.    The following sequence best describes a safe dive:

• A.

A. at the edge, feet wide apart for balance, knees bent, head on chest, body enters in streamlined position

• B.

B. curl toes over edge, feet shoulder’s width apart, bend knees, push off from side, hands together in front of head, body in streamlined position, enter at an angle no greater than 30º

• C.

C. feet together, knees bent, hands enter in front of head, kick to surface

• D.

D. curl toes over edge, knees straight, fall forward, on entry pull hands back and kick to surface

• E.

E. curl toes over edge, knees bent, fall forward, vertical entry, hands enter in front of head

B. B. curl toes over edge, feet shoulder’s width apart, bend knees, push off from side, hands together in front of head, body in streamlined position, enter at an angle no greater than 30º
• 15.

### 16.     During the push phase of Freestyle the hand moves:

• A.

A. outwards and upwards

• B.

B. inwards and downwards

• C.

C. inwards and upwards

• D.

D. upwards and downwards

• E.

E. the hand never pushes

A. A. outwards and upwards
Explanation
During the push phase of Freestyle, the hand moves outwards and upwards. This movement helps to generate propulsion in the water by pushing against it. By moving the hand outwards, it creates a larger surface area to push against the water, while moving it upwards helps to lift the body out of the water and maintain a streamlined position. This combination of movements allows swimmers to effectively propel themselves forward during the push phase of the Freestyle stroke.

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• 16.

### 17.    During the Freestyle kick the feet should be:

• A.

A. in the hooked and ‘v’ position

• B.

B. plantar flexed but loose

• C.

C. dorsi flexed

• D.

D. hyper flexed

• E.

E. turned slightly inwards

B. B. plantar flexed but loose
Explanation
During the Freestyle kick, the feet should be plantar flexed but loose. Plantar flexion means pointing the toes away from the body. This position allows for a larger surface area of the foot to push against the water, creating more propulsion. However, the feet should also remain loose and relaxed to maintain flexibility and prevent tension or cramping in the muscles. This combination of plantar flexion and loose feet helps to optimize the effectiveness and efficiency of the kick in freestyle swimming.

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• 17.

### 18.    Bilateral breathing is:

• A.

A. not breathing

• B.

B. breathing every two strokes

• C.

C. breathing every ten strokes

• D.

D. breathing only when necessary

• E.

E. breathing on alternate sides

E. E. breathing on alternate sides
Explanation
Bilateral breathing refers to the technique of breathing on alternate sides while swimming. This means that the swimmer will inhale on one side during one stroke, and then switch to inhaling on the other side during the next stroke. This technique helps to balance the body in the water, improve stroke symmetry, and increase overall efficiency in swimming.

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• 18.

### 19.    In Freestyle and Backstroke, the objective for single arm practice is to:

• A.

A. strengthen the arm

• B.

B. make the link between recovery, entry and catch

• C.

C. make the link between recovery and catch

• D.

D. make the link between kick, pull and catch

• E.

E. ensure the wrist enters first

B. B. make the link between recovery, entry and catch
Explanation
The objective of single arm practice in Freestyle and Backstroke is to make the link between recovery, entry, and catch. This means that the swimmer focuses on the coordination and timing of these three movements in order to swim efficiently and effectively. By practicing each arm individually, the swimmer can better understand how these movements work together and improve their overall technique in these strokes. Strengthening the arm, ensuring the wrist enters first, and making the link between kick, pull, and catch are not the main objectives of single arm practice in these strokes.

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• 19.

### 20.    In Backstroke kick the knees should remain:

• A.

A. above the water

• B.

B. below the water

• C.

C. both above and below the water

• D.

D. above the hips

• E.

E. below the feet

B. B. below the water
Explanation
In backstroke kick, the knees should remain below the water. This is because keeping the knees below the water allows for a more efficient and streamlined kick. When the knees are below the water, it helps to create a stronger downward propulsion, generating more power and speed in the kick. Additionally, keeping the knees below the water helps to maintain a horizontal body position, reducing drag and improving overall performance in backstroke swimming.

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• 20.

### 21.    In Backstroke the hand enters the water leading with:

• A.

A. the thumb

• B.

B. the front of the hand

• C.

C. little (pinkie) finger

• D.

D. the thumb and the index finger

• E.

E. none of the above

C. C. little (pinkie) finger
E. E. none of the above
• 21.

### 22.    At the commencement of the propulsive phase of the Breaststroke kick, the feet are:

• A.

A. turned inwards

• B.

B. in the hooked and’ V’ position

• C.

C. plantar flexed

• D.

D. used as in side-stroke

• E.

E. none of the above

B. B. in the hooked and’ V’ position
Explanation
At the commencement of the propulsive phase of the Breaststroke kick, the feet are in the hooked and 'V' position. This means that the feet are flexed and turned outwards, with the toes pointing away from each other and forming a V shape. This position allows for a larger surface area to push against the water, increasing propulsion and forward movement. The hooked position also helps to maximize the power generated from the legs during the kick.

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• 22.

### 23.    In Breaststroke the correct sequence is:

• A.

A. glide, kick, breathe, glide, pull

• B.

B. glide, pull, kick, breathe, glide

• C.

C. pull, breathe, kick, glide

• D.

D. breathe, glide, pull, kick, glide

• E.

E. pull, glide, breathe, glide, kick

C. C. pull, breathe, kick, glide
Explanation
The correct sequence in Breaststroke is to first pull, then breathe, followed by a kick, and finally a glide. This sequence allows for efficient propulsion and breath control. Pulling helps to generate forward momentum, breathing is timed to coincide with the recovery phase of the arms, the kick provides additional propulsion, and the glide allows for a moment of rest and streamlined body position.

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• 23.

### 24.    The kick in Butterfly is described as:

• A.

A. a scissor kick

• B.

B. a flutter kick

• C.

C. a dolphin kick

• D.

D. a bent knee kick

• E.

E. dorsi flex kicking

C. C. a dolphin kick
Explanation
The correct answer is C. a dolphin kick. In butterfly swimming, the kick is referred to as a dolphin kick. This kick involves the swimmer's legs moving in a simultaneous up and down motion, similar to the movement of a dolphin's tail. It is a powerful and efficient kick that helps propel the swimmer through the water.

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• 24.

### 25.     The Sidestroke arm and leg action are examples of:

• A.

A. a paired action

• B.

B. an independent action

• C.

C. an above water recovery

• D.

D. a dependent action

• E.

E. a divided action

B. B. an independent action
Explanation
The Sidestroke arm and leg action are examples of an independent action because they are performed separately and do not rely on each other for movement. In the Sidestroke, the arms and legs move independently in a coordinated manner, with one arm pulling while the opposite leg kicks. This allows for a smooth and efficient stroke, as each limb can generate power and propulsion without being hindered or dependent on the other.

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