The Effects Of Stress And Health Quiz

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| By Dwessler
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Quizzes Created: 18 | Total Attempts: 31,998
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 1,774

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The Effects Of Stress And Health Quiz - Quiz

Learn more about stress and its effects by taking this healthy quiz. All the best guys.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jimmy just lost a race when asked how he could have lost, he commented, "the other runners where just better that i was today." Which explanatory style did Jimmy use?

    • A.

      Pessimistic

    • B.

      Optimistic

    • C.

      Negative

    • D.

      Unrealistic

    • E.

      Type A

    Correct Answer
    B. Optimistic
    Explanation
    Jimmy used an optimistic explanatory style. He attributed his loss to the fact that the other runners were better than him on that particular day. This suggests that Jimmy believes his failure was due to external factors that were beyond his control, rather than internal factors or personal shortcomings.

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  • 2. 

    During which stage of Hans Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome is the sympathetic nervous system activated?

    • A.

      Resistance

    • B.

      Alarm

    • C.

      Exhaustion

    • D.

      Denial

    • E.

      Endorphic

    Correct Answer
    B. Alarm
    Explanation
    During the alarm stage of Hans Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome, the sympathetic nervous system is activated. This stage occurs when the body first recognizes a stressor and prepares to respond to it. The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response, which includes increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and the release of stress hormones like adrenaline. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system during the alarm stage helps the body to mobilize its resources and prepare for a potential threat or challenge.

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  • 3. 

    ________ confilict is considered the most stressful because the choice has both an appealing and unappealing aspect.

    • A.

      Avoidance-avoidance

    • B.

      Approach-approach

    • C.

      Approach-avoidance

    • D.

      Life chance

    • E.

      Stressor

    Correct Answer
    C. Approach-avoidance
    Explanation
    Approach-avoidance conflict is considered the most stressful because it involves a situation where there are both positive and negative aspects to the choice. This conflict arises when an individual is faced with a decision that has both attractive and unattractive outcomes, making it difficult to choose between them. The individual is drawn towards the appealing aspects of the choice but also repelled by the unappealing aspects, leading to inner turmoil and stress. This conflict often results in indecision and anxiety as the individual weighs the pros and cons of each option.

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  • 4. 

    The correct order of Hans Seyle's General Adaptation Syndrome are

    • A.

      Alarm, resistance, exhaustion

    • B.

      Resistance, alarm, exhaustion

    • C.

      Exhaustion, alarm, resistance

    • D.

      Resistance, exhaustion, alarm

    • E.

      Alarm, exhaustion, resistance

    Correct Answer
    A. Alarm, resistance, exhaustion
    Explanation
    Hans Seyle's General Adaptation Syndrome refers to the body's response to stress. The first stage is alarm, which is the initial reaction to a stressor. This is followed by resistance, where the body tries to adapt and cope with the stressor. Finally, if the stressor persists for a long time or is too intense, the body enters the exhaustion stage, where its resources are depleted and it becomes more susceptible to illness or disease. Therefore, the correct order is alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.

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  • 5. 

    _____ is the number one health killer among Americans.

    • A.

      AIDS

    • B.

      Coronary heart disease

    • C.

      STDS

    • D.

      Back ache

    • E.

      Strokes

    Correct Answer
    B. Coronary heart disease
    Explanation
    Coronary heart disease is the number one health killer among Americans because it is a condition that occurs when the blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients become narrowed or blocked, leading to a heart attack. It is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, and it is particularly prevalent in the United States due to factors such as poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, and high rates of obesity and diabetes. Coronary heart disease is responsible for a significant number of deaths in America each year, making it the leading cause of mortality in the country.

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  • 6. 

    Jimmy cannot pick between two girls who he would like to go to prom with. Which type of conflict is Jimmy experiencing?

    • A.

      Approach-approach

    • B.

      Approach-avoidance

    • C.

      Mulitiple approach-avoidance

    • D.

      Avoidance-Avoidance

    • E.

      Single avoidance-approach

    Correct Answer
    A. Approach-approach
    Explanation
    Jimmy is experiencing an approach-approach conflict because he is unable to choose between two girls he wants to go to prom with. This type of conflict occurs when a person is faced with two equally attractive options and must make a decision. In this case, Jimmy is conflicted because he likes both girls and is unsure which one to choose.

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  • 7. 

    During periods of prolonged stress the hypothalamus triggers the

    • A.

      Endorphins

    • B.

      ACTH hormone

    • C.

      Sypathetic nervous system

    • D.

      Pituitary gland

    • E.

      Adrenal gland

    Correct Answer
    D. Pituitary gland
    Explanation
    During periods of prolonged stress, the hypothalamus triggers the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is often referred to as the "master gland" because it produces and releases various hormones that regulate other glands in the body. In response to stress, the hypothalamus releases corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which stimulates the pituitary gland to release adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). ACTH then acts on the adrenal glands, stimulating them to release stress hormones such as cortisol. This cascade of events helps the body cope with and adapt to the stressor.

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  • 8. 

    _____ personalities are at a greater risk for coronary heart disease.

    • A.

      Type D

    • B.

      Type B

    • C.

      Optimistic

    • D.

      Type C

    • E.

      Type A

    Correct Answer
    E. Type A
    Explanation
    Type A personalities are at a greater risk for coronary heart disease. This is because Type A individuals tend to be more competitive, ambitious, and time-conscious. They often experience higher levels of stress and are more prone to hostility and anger. These factors can contribute to the development of coronary heart disease by increasing blood pressure, causing inflammation, and promoting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking or poor diet.

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  • 9. 

    During acute stress the adrenal medulla releases ___________ that increase heart-rate and respiration.

    • A.

      Endorphins

    • B.

      Dopamine

    • C.

      Catecholemines

    • D.

      Corticosteroids

    • E.

      Acetycholine

    Correct Answer
    C. Catecholemines
    Explanation
    During acute stress, the adrenal medulla releases catecholemines. Catecholemines are a group of hormones that include adrenaline and noradrenaline. These hormones are responsible for the "fight or flight" response in the body, which includes increasing heart rate and respiration. They help prepare the body to respond to the stressful situation by providing a burst of energy and heightened alertness.

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  • 10. 

    The release of __________ reduces the effectiveness of the immune system in response to prolong stress?

    • A.

      Corticosteriods

    • B.

      Endorphins

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      Catecholamines

    • E.

      Serotin

    Correct Answer
    A. Corticosteriods
    Explanation
    Corticosteroids are hormones that are released by the body during times of stress. These hormones work to suppress the immune system in order to reduce inflammation and allergic reactions. However, prolonged exposure to corticosteroids can lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of the immune system, making it less able to fight off infections and diseases. Therefore, the release of corticosteroids can reduce the effectiveness of the immune system in response to prolonged stress.

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  • 11. 

    Acute stress involves activation of the ________ system; and prolonged stress involves activation of the ______ system.

    • A.

      Sympathetic nervous; endocrine

    • B.

      Parasympathetic nervous, endrocrine

    • C.

      Endocrine; sympathetic nervous

    • D.

      Endocrine; parasympathetic nervous

    • E.

      Sympathetic nervous; parasympathetic nervous

    Correct Answer
    A. Sympathetic nervous; endocrine
    Explanation
    Acute stress involves activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for the "fight or flight" response. This response prepares the body to react quickly in a stressful situation. Prolonged stress, on the other hand, involves activation of the endocrine system. This system releases stress hormones, such as cortisol, which can have long-term effects on the body.

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  • 12. 

    For an adolescent, death of a parent is known as one of the hardest ________; as death of a spouse is for an adult.

    • A.

      Daily hassles

    • B.

      Life changes

    • C.

      Conflicts

    • D.

      Pressures

    • E.

      Catecholamines

    Correct Answer
    B. Life changes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is life changes. This is because the death of a parent is considered one of the most difficult life changes that an adolescent can experience, just as the death of a spouse is for an adult. Life changes refer to significant events or transitions that can have a profound impact on a person's life and require adjustment and coping mechanisms. The death of a parent or spouse is a major life change that can cause immense emotional and psychological distress.

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  • 13. 

    Jimmy wants to persue of helping people overcome stress and live more productive, healthier lives. Which field of psychology should Jimmy persue?

    • A.

      Biomedical

    • B.

      Neural

    • C.

      Health

    • D.

      Stress immune functioning

    • E.

      Biodegradable

    Correct Answer
    C. Health
    Explanation
    Jimmy should pursue the field of Health psychology because it focuses on helping individuals overcome stress and live healthier lives. Health psychologists study how psychological, behavioral, and social factors affect physical health and well-being. They develop interventions and strategies to promote healthy behaviors, manage stress, and improve overall quality of life. By choosing Health psychology, Jimmy can specialize in helping people overcome stress and achieve their goals of living more productive and healthier lives.

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  • 14. 

    Jimmy decides not to walk the same way to school to avoid some students who have picked on him in the past. Which coping strategy has Jimmy just used?

    • A.

      Emotion-focused

    • B.

      Downward spiral

    • C.

      Comparison

    • D.

      Evasive tactics

    • E.

      Problem-focused

    Correct Answer
    E. Problem-focused
    Explanation
    Jimmy has used a problem-focused coping strategy by deciding not to walk the same way to school. This strategy involves taking action to directly address the problem or stressor. In this case, Jimmy is actively avoiding the students who have picked on him in the past, which can help to reduce the likelihood of encountering them and potentially being subjected to further bullying or negative experiences.

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  • 15. 

    In response to acute or sudden stress the adrenal medulla causes the release of catecholamines which include the neurotransmitters ______________ and ___________ that circulate in the brain; while the hormones ___________ and __________ circulate throughout the body.

    • A.

      Adrenaline, noradrenaline, epinephrine, norepinephrine

    • B.

      Epinephrine, norepinephrine, adrenaline, noreadrenaline

    • C.

      Serotonion, norserotonin, adrenaline, noradrenaline

    • D.

      Epinephrine, dopamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline

    • E.

      Dopamine, serotonin, dopamine, adrenaline

    Correct Answer
    B. Epinephrine, norepinephrine, adrenaline, noreadrenaline
    Explanation
    In response to acute or sudden stress, the adrenal medulla releases catecholamines, specifically epinephrine and norepinephrine, which circulate in the brain. At the same time, the hormones adrenaline and noreadrenaline circulate throughout the body.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 02, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 02, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Dwessler
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