Quiz : The Biological Aspects Of Stress And Adaption Quiz

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| By Caitlin Kurtto
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Caitlin Kurtto
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Quiz : The Biological Aspects Of Stress And Adaption Quiz - Quiz

Stress is the most common phenomenon that many people experience. Can you answer about the biological aspects of stress and adaptations in this quiz? Did you know that stress has many implications on the body? Ultimately, we're all aware that stress is not good for the body. Let's see how much you know about stress and the body. Our fun quiz will surely make you learn new things and understand the implication of stress. You can try this as many times as you want.
Have fun, and keep learning new things! Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following affect adaption to stress?

    • A.

      Genetic endowment

    • B.

      Nutrition

    • C.

      Hardiness

    • D.

      Sleep

    • E.

      Age

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Genetic endowment
    B. Nutrition
    C. Hardiness
    D. Sleep
    E. Age
    Explanation
    The factors that affect adaptation to stress include genetic endowment, nutrition, hardiness, sleep, and age. Genetic endowment refers to the genetic makeup and traits inherited from parents, which can influence how an individual responds to stress. Nutrition plays a crucial role in providing the body with the necessary nutrients to cope with stress and maintain overall health. Hardiness refers to a person's ability to withstand and cope with stressful situations. Adequate sleep is essential for proper stress management and overall well-being. Age can also impact how well an individual adapts to stress, as older individuals may have different coping mechanisms and resilience compared to younger individuals.

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  • 2. 

    Which is a way to describe the stress response?

    • A.

      HPA response

    • B.

      Stress-adaption response

    • C.

      Physical-psychological response

    • D.

      Psycho-neuro-immunilogical response

    Correct Answer
    D. Psycho-neuro-immunilogical response
    Explanation
    The stress response can be described as a psycho-neuro-immunological response. This means that when we experience stress, it affects our psychological, neurological, and immune systems. Stress can have an impact on our mental well-being, causing psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. It also affects our neurological system, leading to changes in brain function and hormone levels. Additionally, stress can weaken our immune system, making us more susceptible to illness and disease. Therefore, the psycho-neuro-immunological response encompasses the various ways in which stress affects our mind and body.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following accurately describes stress?

    • A.

      Stress is an objective response to stimuli, and some stressors are universally stressful

    • B.

      Stress is results when demands exceed ability to cope

    • C.

      Eustressors result in inability to cope

    Correct Answer
    B. Stress is results when demands exceed ability to cope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Stress is results when demands exceed ability to cope." This statement accurately describes stress as a response that occurs when the demands placed on an individual exceed their ability to cope with them. It suggests that stress is a subjective experience that varies from person to person, depending on their individual coping mechanisms and resources. This explanation highlights the cause-and-effect relationship between demands and coping abilities, indicating that stress occurs when the demands outweigh one's ability to effectively manage or handle them.

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  • 4. 

    A job interview is an example of an acute duration stressor

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A job interview is considered an acute duration stressor because it is a short-term event that typically lasts for a specific duration, such as 30 minutes to an hour. During a job interview, individuals often experience heightened levels of stress and anxiety due to the pressure to perform well and make a positive impression. This stressor is acute because it has a distinct beginning and end, and its effects on the individual's stress levels are temporary.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is an example of a chronic-intermittant duration stressor?

    • A.

      Long term disability

    • B.

      A job interview

    • C.

      Arguments with spouse over course of relationship

    • D.

      Death of a loved one

    Correct Answer
    C. Arguments with spouse over course of relationship
    Explanation
    Arguments with a spouse over the course of a relationship can be considered an example of a chronic-intermittent duration stressor. Unlike the other options, which are either one-time events or have a long-term but consistent duration, arguments with a spouse occur intermittently over a prolonged period. These ongoing conflicts can cause chronic stress, as they can be recurring and have a significant impact on an individual's emotional well-being and overall relationship satisfaction.

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  • 6. 

    Fatigue, anxiety and addiction are examples of stress related disorders in which category?

    • A.

      CNS

    • B.

      Endocrine

    • C.

      Immune

    • D.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    A. CNS
    Explanation
    Fatigue, anxiety, and addiction are all examples of stress-related disorders that primarily affect the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS is responsible for regulating and coordinating the body's response to stress, including the release of stress hormones and the activation of the "fight or flight" response. These disorders can disrupt the normal functioning of the CNS, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, anxiety, and addiction.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following brain areas is affected by cortisol, and results in decreased memory function?

    • A.

      Amygdala

    • B.

      Hypothalamus

    • C.

      Occipital lobe

    • D.

      Hippocampus

    Correct Answer
    D. Hippocampus
    Explanation
    Cortisol affects the hippocampus, leading to decreased memory function. The hippocampus is a crucial brain area involved in the formation and retrieval of memories. Cortisol, a stress hormone, can have damaging effects on the hippocampus by impairing its function and causing memory deficits. This can result in difficulties with memory consolidation and retrieval, leading to decreased memory function.

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  • 8. 

    People are passive victims of stress: they cannot control what stress happens to them

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because people are not passive victims of stress. While it is true that individuals may experience stressors that are beyond their control, they have the ability to control how they respond to and cope with stress. People can learn and practice stress management techniques, such as deep breathing, exercise, and seeking support from others, to effectively deal with stress. Therefore, individuals have some degree of control over how stress affects them.

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  • 9. 

    Arosal, axiety, goose bumps and vasoconstriction are biological effects of epinephrine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    They are biological effects of norepinephrine

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  • 10. 

    Epinephrine causes which of the following biological effects?

    • A.

      Arousal

    • B.

      Hyperglycemia

    • C.

      Sweating

    • D.

      Broncodilation

    • E.

      Increased BP

    • F.

      Vasoconstriction

    • G.

      Vigilance

    • H.

      Lypolysis

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Hyperglycemia
    D. Broncodilation
    E. Increased BP
    H. Lypolysis
    Explanation
    Epinephrine causes hyperglycemia, bronchodilation, increased blood pressure, and lipolysis. Hyperglycemia is caused by epinephrine's ability to stimulate the release of glucose from the liver. Bronchodilation occurs because epinephrine relaxes the smooth muscles in the airways, allowing for easier breathing. Increased blood pressure is a result of epinephrine's vasoconstrictive effects, which narrow the blood vessels and increase resistance to blood flow. Lastly, epinephrine promotes lipolysis, the breakdown of stored fats, as part of its fight-or-flight response.

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  • 11. 

    Hypermetabolic state is a positive effect of stress

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the short-term, hypermetabolic state allows for escape from dangerous situations

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  • 12. 

    The locus cerelleus is located__________ and is involved in ___________________

    • A.

      Adrenal glands, increasing amount of circulating glucose

    • B.

      Liver, creating epinephrine

    • C.

      Brain stem, creating epinephrine to stimulate the cortex

    • D.

      Brain stem, CRH release to stimulate anterior pituitary

    Correct Answer
    C. Brain stem, creating epinephrine to stimulate the cortex
    Explanation
    The locus ceruleus is located in the brain stem and is involved in creating epinephrine to stimulate the cortex. Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is a hormone that plays a role in the body's "fight or flight" response. It increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels, preparing the body for a response to stress or danger. The cortex is the outer layer of the brain responsible for higher cognitive functions, so the release of epinephrine from the locus ceruleus helps to enhance alertness and cognitive performance in stressful situations.

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  • 13. 

    Symptoms of lethargy, weight loss, and hypoglycemia could be related to this condition

    • A.

      Cushing's

    • B.

      Hashimoto's

    • C.

      Addison's

    • D.

      Type 1 DM

    Correct Answer
    C. Addison's
    Explanation
    The symptoms of lethargy, weight loss, and hypoglycemia are commonly associated with Addison's disease. Addison's disease is a condition where the adrenal glands do not produce enough hormones, particularly cortisol and aldosterone. This hormonal imbalance can result in fatigue, weight loss, and low blood sugar levels. Therefore, Addison's disease is the most likely explanation for the given symptoms.

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  • 14. 

    The adrenal medulla secretes chatecholamines including norephinephrine

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The adrenal medulla is a part of the adrenal glands that secretes catecholamines, which include norepinephrine. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 15. 

    HPA stands for

    • A.

      Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal

    • B.

      Hyperglycemic-Pressure-Axis

    • C.

      Hypoglycemic-Pituitary-Axis

    • D.

      Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Axis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal
    Explanation
    HPA stands for Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal. This term refers to the complex interactions between the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands in the body. These three components work together to regulate the body's response to stress, including the release of cortisol, a hormone that helps the body cope with stress. The HPA axis plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and coordinating various physiological processes in the body.

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  • 16. 

    Cortisol is involved with the following biological processes

    • A.

      Lypolysis

    • B.

      Hyperglycemia

    • C.

      Immune suppression

    • D.

      Increased healing ability

    • E.

      Increased inflammatory response

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lypolysis
    B. Hyperglycemia
    C. Immune suppression
    Explanation
    Cortisol is a hormone that is involved in various biological processes. It promotes lypolysis, which is the breakdown of fats for energy. It also causes hyperglycemia, increasing blood sugar levels by promoting gluconeogenesis and inhibiting insulin. Cortisol has immunosuppressive effects, reducing immune system activity and inflammation. However, it does not directly increase healing ability or inflammatory response.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is an effect of activation of the reticular activating system?

    • A.

      Increased BP, HR, and bronchodilation

    • B.

      Spinal cord reflexes, increased muscle tension, alertness

    • C.

      Release of norephinephrine

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Spinal cord reflexes, increased muscle tension, alertness
    Explanation
    Activation of the reticular activating system leads to spinal cord reflexes, increased muscle tension, and alertness. The reticular activating system is responsible for regulating arousal and wakefulness in the brain. When it is activated, it stimulates the spinal cord reflexes, which are automatic responses to certain stimuli. It also increases muscle tension, preparing the body for action. Additionally, the reticular activating system plays a crucial role in maintaining alertness and attention. Therefore, the effect of activation of the reticular activating system includes spinal cord reflexes, increased muscle tension, and alertness.

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  • 18. 

    During the fight or flight response, ______________ is first stimulated to release ________________, then ________________ is stimulated to release ___________________, which in turn stimulates the ___________________ to release _____________.

    • A.

      The hypothalamus, CRH, the posterior pituitary, ACTH, the adrenal medulla, epinephrine

    • B.

      The hypothalamus, CRH, the anterior pituitary, ACTH, the adrenal cortex, epinephrine

    • C.

      The hypothalamus, CRH, the anterior pituitary, GnRH, the adrenal medulla, cortisol

    • D.

      The hypothalamus, CRH, the anterior pituitary, ACTH, the adrenal cortex, cortisol

    Correct Answer
    D. The hypothalamus, CRH, the anterior pituitary, ACTH, the adrenal cortex, cortisol
    Explanation
    During the fight or flight response, the hypothalamus is first stimulated to release CRH (corticotropin-releasing hormone), then the anterior pituitary is stimulated to release ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone), which in turn stimulates the adrenal cortex to release cortisol. This sequence of events is part of the body's stress response system, where the hypothalamus and pituitary gland signal the adrenal glands to release cortisol, which helps prepare the body for a physical or emotional stressor.

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  • 19. 

    The anterior pituitary releases the following hormone in response to stress/stimulation from the hypothalamus

    • A.

      ACTH

    • B.

      CRH

    • C.

      GnRH

    • D.

      ADH

    Correct Answer
    A. ACTH
    Explanation
    The anterior pituitary releases ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone) in response to stress/stimulation from the hypothalamus. ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce and release cortisol, a hormone that helps the body respond to stress. This hormone plays a crucial role in the body's stress response system, regulating various physiological processes such as metabolism, immune function, and blood pressure.

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  • 20. 

    The locus cerellus is a primary site of catecholamine production

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The locus cerellus is a primary site of epinephrine and norephinephrine production, along with the adrenal medulla

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  • 21. 

    The following may be effects of excessive stress, excessive cortisol levels, or cushings disorder

    • A.

      Moon face

    • B.

      Poor wound healing

    • C.

      Hypoglycemia

    • D.

      Buffalo hump

    • E.

      Decreased inflammation response

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Moon face
    B. Poor wound healing
    D. Buffalo hump
    E. Decreased inflammation response
    Explanation
    Excessive stress, excessive cortisol levels, or Cushing's disorder can lead to various effects on the body. Moon face is a term used to describe the round and puffy appearance of the face due to increased fat deposits. Poor wound healing can occur as cortisol suppresses the immune system and delays the healing process. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar levels, may also be a result of cortisol imbalance. Buffalo hump refers to the abnormal accumulation of fat at the base of the neck, another possible effect of cortisol excess. Lastly, decreased inflammation response can occur as cortisol inhibits the immune system's inflammatory response.

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  • 22. 

    Negative consequences of long term stress include

    • A.

      Thymic atrophy

    • B.

      Nitrogen imbalance

    • C.

      Increased muscle mass

    • D.

      Cardiac wear and tear

    • E.

      Hypoglycemia

    • F.

      Hyperglycemia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Thymic atrophy
    B. Nitrogen imbalance
    D. Cardiac wear and tear
    F. Hyperglycemia
    Explanation
    Long-term stress can have negative consequences on various aspects of the body. Thymic atrophy refers to the shrinking of the thymus gland, which plays a vital role in immune function. Nitrogen imbalance can occur due to the increased breakdown of proteins under stress, leading to a disruption in the body's nitrogen levels. Cardiac wear and tear are a result of the increased workload on the heart during stressful periods, potentially leading to heart problems. Hyperglycemia, high blood sugar levels, can also be a consequence of chronic stress due to the release of stress hormones that can interfere with insulin regulation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 19, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Caitlin Kurtto
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