Economics Test Trivia Questions! Quiz

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Economics Test Trivia Questions! Quiz - Quiz

There are different things that we get to study when we take up economics as a discipline. Each of the studies has a primary focus that distinguishes it from the others. Do you think that you have what it takes to identify which economic study is being described by the questions below? Let’s take your answer for a test drive using this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What approach to economic study focuses on observation and prediction?

    • A.

      Normative economics

    • B.

      Positive economics

    • C.

      Macroeconomics

    • D.

      Microeconomics

    Correct Answer
    B. Positive economics
    Explanation
    Positive economics is an approach to economic study that focuses on observation and prediction. It involves analyzing and explaining economic phenomena as they are, without making value judgments or prescribing what should be done. Positive economics uses empirical data and scientific methods to understand and predict economic behavior and outcomes. This approach aims to provide objective and factual analysis of economic issues, helping policymakers and economists make informed decisions based on evidence and data.

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  • 2. 

    What approach to economic study focuses on value judgements?

    • A.

      Normative economics

    • B.

      Positive economics

    • C.

      Macroeconomics

    • D.

      Microeconomics

    Correct Answer
    A. Normative economics
    Explanation
    Normative economics focuses on value judgments and involves making subjective statements about what should be done in the economy. It deals with opinions and subjective assessments of economic policies, aiming to determine what ought to be rather than what is. In contrast, positive economics focuses on objective analysis and facts, seeking to explain and predict economic phenomena without making value judgments. Macroeconomics and microeconomics refer to the two main branches of economics that study the economy at a large scale and individual level, respectively.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements is an example of normative economics?

    • A.

      "Americans do not save enough of their income."

    • B.

      "The Japanese save more of their income than Americans."

    • C.

      "Americans save about 3% pf their income."

    • D.

      "Americans lead the Japanese in grain production."

    Correct Answer
    A. "Americans do not save enough of their income."
    Explanation
    The statement "Americans do not save enough of their income" is an example of normative economics because it is expressing an opinion or value judgment about how much Americans should be saving. Normative economics deals with subjective statements that involve value judgments and opinions rather than objective facts or data.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following satements is an example of positive economics?

    • A.

      "The unemployment rate is 6%."

    • B.

      "Unemployment is worse than inflation."

    • C.

      "The major economic goal of our nation should be a low level of unemployment."

    • D.

      "We need to pray every day that God will protect us from unemployment."

    Correct Answer
    A. "The unemployment rate is 6%."
    Explanation
    The statement "The unemployment rate is 6%" is an example of positive economics because it is a factual statement that can be measured and verified. Positive economics focuses on objective analysis and facts, without incorporating personal opinions or value judgments. It describes the current state of the unemployment rate without making any subjective claims or advocating for a particular economic goal or action.

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  • 5. 

    What level of economic study is concerned primarily with large-scale economic choices and issues?

    • A.

      Normative economiccs

    • B.

      Positive economics

    • C.

      Macroeconomics

    • D.

      Microeconomics

    Correct Answer
    C. Macroeconomics
    Explanation
    Macroecnomics is the level of economic study that focuses on large-scale economic choices and issues. It deals with the overall performance and behavior of the economy as a whole, including factors such as GDP, inflation, unemployment, and government policies. It analyzes the aggregate behavior of households, businesses, and governments, and examines how they interact to determine the overall functioning of the economy. This branch of economics helps understand and address issues such as economic growth, recessions, and monetary and fiscal policies at a national or global level.

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  • 6. 

    What level of economic study is primarily concerned with choices made by individual units?

    • A.

      Normative economiccs

    • B.

      Positive economics

    • C.

      Macroeconomics

    • D.

      Microeconomics

    Correct Answer
    D. Microeconomics
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the level of economic study that is primarily concerned with choices made by individual units. It focuses on analyzing the behavior of households, firms, and individuals in making economic decisions. Microeconomics examines how these decisions impact the allocation of resources and the determination of prices in specific markets. It studies topics such as supply and demand, consumer behavior, production, and market structures. In contrast, macroeconomics looks at the overall performance and behavior of the economy as a whole, including factors like inflation, unemployment, and economic growth.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following questions is adressed by macroeconomics?

    • A.

      What percentage of his income should a person save?

    • B.

      Which country in Latin America has the worst economy?

    • C.

      What is the average cost of a house in a community?

    • D.

      How will the location of a new drugstore affect its success?

    Correct Answer
    B. Which country in Latin America has the worst economy?
    Explanation
    Macroeconomics is the branch of economics that focuses on the overall performance and behavior of the economy as a whole. It examines factors such as inflation, unemployment, GDP growth, and government policies that impact the entire economy of a country or region. Therefore, the question "Which country in Latin America has the worst economy?" is addressed by macroeconomics as it pertains to the economic performance and conditions of a specific region, specifically Latin America.

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  • 8. 

    What is oppurtunity cost?

    • A.

      The satisfaction a person recieves from a choice

    • B.

      Choosing a good with negative price tag

    • C.

      The satisfaction aperosn gives up for not choosing what was second best

    • D.

      The intristic value of a good that is chosen

    Correct Answer
    C. The satisfaction aperosn gives up for not choosing what was second best
    Explanation
    Opportunity cost refers to the satisfaction or benefit that a person forgoes or gives up by not choosing the next best alternative. It is the value of the best alternative that is foregone when making a decision. In other words, it is the cost of choosing one option over another.

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  • 9. 

    What is an oppurtunity benefit?

    • A.

      The satisfaction a person recieves froma choice

    • B.

      Choosing a good with a negative price tag

    • C.

      The satisfaction aperosn gives up for not choosing what was second best

    • D.

      The intristic value of a good that is chosen

    Correct Answer
    A. The satisfaction a person recieves froma choice
    Explanation
    An opportunity benefit refers to the satisfaction a person receives from a choice. This means that when someone makes a decision and chooses a particular option, they experience a sense of satisfaction or benefit from that choice. It implies that the chosen option provides some level of fulfillment or positive outcome for the individual. This can be contrasted with opportunity cost, which refers to the satisfaction or benefit that is given up or foregone by not choosing the next best alternative.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following words is least related to the view that economics is dismal science?

    • A.

      Insatiablility

    • B.

      Scarcity

    • C.

      Utility

    • D.

      Opportunity cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Utility
    Explanation
    The term "utility" refers to the satisfaction or usefulness that individuals derive from consuming goods and services. This concept is not directly related to the view that economics is a dismal science, which often focuses on the negative aspects of economic analysis and its impact on society. While scarcity, insatiability, and opportunity cost are all concepts that are commonly associated with the study of economics, utility is more closely related to the positive aspects of economic decision-making and consumer behavior.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is a nuisance good?

    • A.

      Eyeglasses

    • B.

      Toxic waste

    • C.

      A musical concert

    • D.

      A abnk account

    Correct Answer
    B. Toxic waste
    Explanation
    Toxic waste is considered a nuisance good because it is a harmful and unwanted byproduct of industrial processes. It poses a threat to the environment and human health, requiring special handling and disposal methods. Unlike eyeglasses, a musical concert, or a bank account, toxic waste does not provide any utility or benefit to individuals or society. It is a burden and a nuisance that needs to be managed and eliminated to prevent negative consequences.

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  • 12. 

    The opposite of a nuisance good is a(n)_______good

    • A.

      Economic

    • B.

      Scarce

    • C.

      Free

    • D.

      Subjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic
    Explanation
    A nuisance good refers to a product or service that is considered undesirable or unwanted by consumers. In contrast, an economic good is a good that has value and is subject to scarcity, meaning it is limited in supply and desired by individuals. Therefore, the opposite of a nuisance good would be an economic good, as it is valuable and sought after by consumers.

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  • 13. 

    What is a nuisance good?

    • A.

      Something that bears apositive economic cost

    • B.

      Something that bears a negative economic cost

    • C.

      Something that bears zero economic cost

    • D.

      Something that evryone needs

    Correct Answer
    B. Something that bears a negative economic cost
    Explanation
    A nuisance good refers to something that bears a negative economic cost. This means that the good or product imposes a cost on society or individuals, such as pollution or noise, which is considered undesirable and has a negative impact on the economy. These costs can include the expenses incurred in addressing or mitigating the negative effects caused by the good.

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  • 14. 

    To an economist, which of the following is unlimited?

    • A.

      Time

    • B.

      Money

    • C.

      Natural resources

    • D.

      Wants

    Correct Answer
    D. Wants
    Explanation
    In economics, wants refer to the desires or needs of individuals that are not limited. Unlike time, money, and natural resources, wants have no bounds as they are constantly evolving and changing. People always have new wants and desires, and these wants can vary from person to person. Therefore, wants can be considered unlimited in the context of economics.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following statements about insatiability is true?

    • A.

      Everyone has unlimited wants

    • B.

      Everything is in short supply

    • C.

      Material wealth is the product of ourown labors

    • D.

      Chritians should seek material wealth

    Correct Answer
    A. Everyone has unlimited wants
    Explanation
    The statement "Everyone has unlimited wants" is true because human wants and desires are insatiable. No matter how much we acquire or achieve, there is always something more that we desire. This is a fundamental aspect of human nature, as our wants and needs are constantly evolving and expanding. Our desires are not limited by the availability of resources or the amount of material wealth we possess. This concept of unlimited wants is a key principle in economics and helps explain why scarcity exists and why people continue to strive for more in their lives.

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  • 16. 

    As a science, economics always begins with

    • A.

      Hypotheses

    • B.

      Predictions

    • C.

      Observations

    • D.

      Manipulative of variables

    Correct Answer
    C. Observations
    Explanation
    In economics, observations are the starting point for understanding and analyzing economic phenomena. By observing real-world economic events, patterns, and behaviors, economists can gather data and evidence to develop theories and models. These observations help economists identify trends, relationships, and causal factors that can be further analyzed and tested. By studying real-world economic activities, economists can gain insights into how the economy functions and make predictions about future economic outcomes. Therefore, observations play a crucial role in the scientific study of economics.

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