Infection Prevention And Control: Standard Precaution

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 185

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Infection Prevention And Control: Standard Precaution

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is the FIRST priority in preventing infections when providing care for a client?
    • A. 

      Wearing gloves

    • B. 

      Using a barrier between client’s furniture and nurse’s bag

    • C. 

      Hand washing

    • D. 

      Wearing gowns and goggles

  • 2. 
    The nurse in charge is evaluating the infection control procedures on the unit. Which finding indicates a break in technique and the need for education of staff?
    • A. 

      The nurse aide is not wearing gloves when feeding an elderly client.

    • B. 

      A client with active tuberculosis is asked to wear a mask when he leaves his room to go to another department for testing.

    • C. 

      A nurse with open, weeping lesions of the hands puts on gloves before giving direct client care.

    • D. 

      The nurse puts on a mask, a gown, and gloves before entering the room of a client on strict isolation.

  • 3. 
    Which hand hygiene method is more effective at killing bacteria?
    • A. 

      Alcohol-based hand rub (foam or gel)

    • B. 

      Soap and water

  • 4. 
    The charge nurse observes a new staff nurse who is changing a dressing on a surgical wound. After carefully washing her hands the nurse dons sterile gloves to remove the old dressing. After removing the dirty dressing, the nurse removes the gloves and dons a new pair of sterile gloves in preparation for cleaning and redressing the wound. The most appropriate action for the charge nurse is to:
    • A. 

      Interrupt the procedure to inform the staff nurse that sterile gloves are not needed to remove the old dressing.

    • B. 

      Congratulate the nurse on the use of good technique.

    • C. 

      Discuss dressing change technique with the nurse at a later date.

    • D. 

      Interrupt the procedure to inform the nurse of the need to wash her hands after removal of the dirty dressing and gloves.

  • 5. 
    A client has been placed in blood and body fluid isolation. The nurse is instructing auxiliary personnel in the correct procedures. Which statement by the nursing assistant indicates the best understanding of the correct protocol for blood and body fluid isolation?
    • A. 

      Masks should be worn with all client contact.

    • B. 

      Gloves should be worn for contact with non intact skin, mucous membranes, or soiled items.

    • C. 

      Isolation gowns are not needed.

    • D. 

      A private room is always indicated.

  • 6. 
    Definition. It is a collective term for those activities intended to protect people from infections.
    • A. 

      Mechanisms of Infection.

    • B. 

      Infection Prevention and Control

    • C. 

      Standard Precautions

    • D. 

      Mode of Transmission

  • 7. 
    Definition. It is a set of infection control practices that healthcare personnel use to reduce transmission of microorganisms in healthcare settings.
    • A. 

      Mechanisms of Infection

    • B. 

      Infection Prevention and Control

    • C. 

      Standard Precautions

    • D. 

      Mode of Transmission

  • 8. 
    What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene? (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Before patient contact

    • B. 

      Before aseptic task

    • C. 

      After decontamination

    • D. 

      After body fluid exposure risk

    • E. 

      After patient contact

    • F. 

      After contact with patient surroundings

  • 9. 
    What are the type of PPE use in health care?
    • A. 

      Gloves

    • B. 

      Gowns/aprons

    • C. 

      Masks and respirators

    • D. 

      Hard Hat

    • E. 

      Steel Toe Shoes

    • F. 

      Goggles

    • G. 

      Face shields

  • 10. 
    You're providing care to a patient with Clostridium Difficile. After removing the appropriate PPE, you would perform hand hygiene by?
    • A. 

      Using hand sanitizer

    • B. 

      Using soap and water

    • C. 

      Using soap and water only if hands are soiled but can use hand sanitizer

    • D. 

      Using either hand sanitizer or soap and water

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