Nurs 339 Ch. 3 Quiz: Periop Infection Prevention & Control

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 34

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Infection Quizzes & Trivia


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The human body has three lines of defense to combat infection. Choose the answer that reflects the order in which the body's defenses are utilized. I. Immune Response II. External Barriers  III. Glandular Secretions IV. Inflammatory Response
    • A. 

      I, II, III

    • B. 

      II, IV, III

    • C. 

      II, IV, I

    • D. 

      II, I, IV

  • 2. 
    What group of microorganisms is the most common cause of surgical site infections (SSIs)?
    • A. 

      Gram-positive cocci

    • B. 

      Gram-negative cocci

    • C. 

      Gram-positive bacilli

    • D. 

      Gram-negative bacilli

  • 3. 
    Which of the following situations is the least likely to breed resistance?
    • A. 

      The patient's doctor prescribes a narrow-spectrum antibiotic to eliminate the specific pathogen which is known to be infecting the patient.

    • B. 

      The patient starts to feel better after 10 days of taking a 14-day antibiotic, so he stops taking the antibiotics.

    • C. 

      The doctor prescribes a broad-spectrum antibiotic while awaiting the results of the culture and sensitivity test. After receiving the results, the patient continues to take the broad-spectrum antibiotic.

    • D. 

      The patient is suspected to have a viral infection, but the doctor prescribes antibiotics just in case and does not order any tests.

  • 4. 
    Your patient is placed on airborne precautions awaiting the results of tests to confirm or rule-out the suspected diagnosis of tuberculosis. What precautions would be taken with this patient? Please check all boxes that apply.
    • A. 

      Patient should be placed in a private, negative-pressure room.

    • B. 

      Personnel should wear OSHA-specified respiratory protection when entering patient room.

    • C. 

      Personnel should use standard precautions in addition to airborne-specific precautions.

    • D. 

      Surgical mask should be placed over patient's nose and mouth during patient transport.

    • E. 

      Personnel entering the patient's room should place a surgical mask over their mouth and nose to protect themselves from potential airborne microorganisms.

  • 5. 
    Dry heat sterilization should only be used when materials cannot be sterilized using any other method.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Sterile gowns are considered sterile in front from shoulder to level of the sterile field and at the sleeves from 2 inches above elbow to the cuff; the cuff is considered unsterile. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The ultimate goal of surgical hand hygiene is to sterilize the skin.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    A nursing student sees the surgical tech who is about to drape the patient's surgical site drop the drapes below waist level. The nursing student mentions this to the her and she says, "It's okay, they didn't touch the floor, so they're still sterile." The tech continues toward the patient. What should the nursing student do?
    • A. 

      Leave the tech to her work and go back to his/her previous activities.

    • B. 

      Tell another member of the surgical team (i.e. the circulating nurse) of the occurrence.

    • C. 

      Hope that the tech is right and that the drapes are not contaminated.

  • 9. 
    The most important action a nurse or any healthcare provider can do to prevent the spread of infection is practice proper ______________________________________.