Standard Linux File System Structure

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Standard Linux File System Structure - Quiz

With the new technology wave hitting the globe overwhelmingly, there are a number of file system structures. This quiz focuses on standard Linux file system structure and it will help you revise and advance your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which directory contains a lot of the files that the programs use to run. This directory is needed to control the operating system.

    • A.

      /bin

    • B.

      /tmp

    • C.

      /proc

    • D.

      /lib

    Correct Answer
    A. /bin
    Explanation
    The directory /bin contains a lot of the files that the programs use to run. It is needed to control the operating system as it contains essential executable files that are necessary for the system to function properly. These files include basic system commands and utilities that are required for booting the system, managing processes, and performing various system tasks.

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  • 2. 

    Which directory is used to store Kernel information needed to start the OS on startup?

    • A.

      /dev

    • B.

      /proc

    • C.

      /etc

    • D.

      /boot

    Correct Answer
    D. /boot
    Explanation
    The /boot directory is used to store Kernel information needed to start the OS on startup. This directory contains the necessary files for the bootloader to load the kernel and start the operating system. The kernel image, along with other essential files such as initial ramdisk (initrd) and bootloader configuration files, are typically stored in the /boot directory.

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  • 3. 

    What does the / directory signify?

    • A.

      Root directory

    • B.

      An empty directory

    • C.

      A new directory

    Correct Answer
    A. Root directory
    Explanation
    The / directory signifies the root directory. In a file system, the root directory is the top-level directory that contains all other directories and files. It is the starting point of the file system hierarchy and is represented by the forward slash (/) symbol. All other directories and files are organized and accessed through the root directory.

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  • 4. 

    What directory contains all the devices and their references in the file system?

    • A.

      /mnt

    • B.

      /lib

    • C.

      /dev

    • D.

      /home

    Correct Answer
    C. /dev
    Explanation
    The "/dev" directory contains all the devices and their references in the file system. This directory is used by the Linux kernel to access and control devices. It contains special files that represent devices such as hard drives, keyboards, mice, and printers. By accessing these files, the kernel can communicate with the corresponding devices and perform operations on them.

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  • 5. 

    Where are the configuration files for the servers programs as well as the servers boot processess stored?

    • A.

      /lib

    • B.

      /dev

    • C.

      /proc

    • D.

      /etc

    Correct Answer
    D. /etc
    Explanation
    The configuration files for server programs and the server boot processes are stored in the /etc directory. This directory contains various system configuration files that are essential for the proper functioning of the servers. These files define the settings and parameters for different programs and processes running on the servers. Storing these configuration files in a centralized location like /etc allows for easy access and management of the server settings.

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  • 6. 

    Where is user data stored when a user is created on the server?

    • A.

      /root

    • B.

      /home

    • C.

      /lib

    • D.

      /usr

    Correct Answer
    B. /home
    Explanation
    When a user is created on the server, their data is typically stored in the "/home" directory. This directory is commonly used to store the home directories of individual users. Each user typically has their own subdirectory within "/home" where their personal files and configurations are stored. This allows for easy organization and management of user data on the server.

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  • 7. 

    Where is the information needed by programs so they can run located?

    • A.

      /boot

    • B.

      /usr

    • C.

      /lib

    • D.

      /proc

    Correct Answer
    C. /lib
    Explanation
    The information needed by programs to run is located in the /lib directory. This directory contains essential libraries and modules that are required for the execution of programs. These libraries provide various functions and resources that programs rely on during runtime. By storing this information in the /lib directory, programs can easily access and utilize the necessary components to successfully run.

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  • 8. 

    Where are all the processes kept on the server in flat files?

    • A.

      /flat

    • B.

      /proc

    • C.

      /system

    • D.

      /var

    Correct Answer
    B. /proc
    Explanation
    On a server, all the processes are kept in the /proc directory. The /proc directory is a virtual filesystem that provides information about running processes and system resources. It contains directories and files that represent each running process, and these files can be used to gather information about the process, such as its ID, status, memory usage, and more. Therefore, /proc is the correct answer as it is the specific directory where all the processes are stored on a server.

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  • 9. 

    Which folder is used by the root user?

    • A.

      /srv

    • B.

      /

    • C.

      /usr

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above.
    Explanation
    The root user directory is /root

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  • 10. 

    Where can you find essential system binaries?

    • A.

      /sys

    • B.

      /bin

    • C.

      /proc

    • D.

      /sbin

    Correct Answer
    D. /sbin
  • 11. 

    Which folder contains the Kernel, firmware, and other related system files?

    • A.

      /proc

    • B.

      /boot

    • C.

      /root

    • D.

      /sys

    Correct Answer
    D. /sys
    Explanation
    The /sys folder contains the Kernel, firmware, and other related system files. The /proc folder is used to access information about processes running on the system. The /boot folder contains files necessary for booting the system. The /root folder is the home directory for the root user. Therefore, the correct answer is /sys.

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  • 12. 

    What directory contains read-only user data?

    • A.

      /usr

    • B.

      /var

    • C.

      /tmp

    • D.

      /proc

    Correct Answer
    A. /usr
    Explanation
    The /usr directory contains read-only user data. This directory is typically used for storing system files and programs that are not required for the basic functioning of the operating system. It contains files related to user applications, libraries, documentation, and other read-only data that can be accessed by all users on the system.

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  • 13. 

    What folder holds files whose contents are expected to continually change during normal operation of the system such as logs, spool files, and temp e-mail files?

    • A.

      /tmp

    • B.

      /update

    • C.

      /var

    • D.

      /usr

    Correct Answer
    C. /var
    Explanation
    The correct answer is /var. The /var folder holds files whose contents are expected to continually change during normal operation of the system. This includes logs, spool files, and temporary email files. The /tmp folder is used for temporary files, while /update and /usr are not specifically designated for files that change during normal system operation.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jimmyjam808
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