Ss 9 Age Of Exploration

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| By Nannavare Nanage
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 16,941
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Ss 9 Age Of Exploration - Quiz

SS 9 Age of Exploration


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What navigation techniques of the 15th century allowed Europeans to explore farther than they had before?

    • A.

      Cartography, caravels, chronometer, sun dial

    • B.

      Compass, sextant, astrolabe,

    • C.

      Dead reckoning, quadrant, telescope

    • D.

      Gunwale, dhow, lodestone, sand glass

    Correct Answer
    B. Compass, sextant, astrolabe,
    Explanation
    The correct answer is compass, sextant, astrolabe. These navigation techniques were crucial in allowing Europeans to explore farther than before. The compass provided a reliable way to determine direction, while the sextant and astrolabe were used to measure the angle between celestial bodies and the horizon, allowing sailors to calculate their latitude and determine their position on the globe. These tools greatly improved navigation accuracy and enabled sailors to venture into unknown territories confidently.

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  • 2. 

    Sailing for Spain in 1492 this man attempted to reach Asia by sailing west, but discovered a whole new continent.

    • A.

      Amerigo Vespucci

    • B.

      Magellan

    • C.

      Diaz

    • D.

      Columbus

    Correct Answer
    D. Columbus
    Explanation
    Columbus is the correct answer because he sailed for Spain in 1492 with the intention of reaching Asia by sailing west. However, he ended up discovering a whole new continent, which is now known as America. Amerigo Vespucci, Magellan, and Diaz are not the correct answers as they were not directly involved in Columbus' voyage or the discovery of America.

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  • 3. 

    In 1497, sailing for Portugal, this man was the first European to sail around Africa to India.

    • A.

      Diaz

    • B.

      DaGama

    • C.

      Columbus

    • D.

      Magellan

    Correct Answer
    B. DaGama
    Explanation
    DaGama is the correct answer because he was the first European to sail around Africa to India in 1497. This Portuguese explorer's voyage opened up a sea route from Europe to the lucrative spice trade in India, bypassing the dangerous land routes. His journey paved the way for future European exploration and colonization in Asia.

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  • 4. 

    What is circumnavigation?

    • A.

      A new nautical instrument

    • B.

      A theory of the roundness of earth

    • C.

      To sail around the globe

    • D.

      A route to China

    Correct Answer
    C. To sail around the globe
    Explanation
    Circumnavigation refers to the act of sailing around the globe. It involves traveling across all meridians of longitude, completing a full circle around the Earth. This term is commonly used in the context of maritime exploration and adventure, where individuals or expeditions aim to navigate the entire planet by sea. The other options provided in the question, such as a new nautical instrument, a theory of the roundness of the Earth, and a route to China, are unrelated and do not accurately define circumnavigation.

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  • 5. 

    This man and his crew were the first to sail around the world from 1519-1522 to prove that the world was round. He died during the journey.

    • A.

      Magellan

    • B.

      Diaz

    • C.

      Columbus

    • D.

      Ponce de Leon

    Correct Answer
    A. Magellan
    Explanation
    Magellan and his crew were the first to sail around the world from 1519-1522. Their expedition aimed to prove that the world was round. Unfortunately, Magellan died during the journey, but his crew continued and completed the circumnavigation. This historic voyage provided evidence that the Earth is not flat, but a sphere, and significantly expanded our understanding of the world's geography.

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  • 6. 

    The Papal Line of Demarcation was 

    • A.

      The border set by the pope between Catholic and Protestant countries

    • B.

      The line that divided trade routes between the Middle east and China

    • C.

      A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.

    • D.

      A line set by the Pope that gave him power over new lands discovered west of the Atlantic

    Correct Answer
    C. A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.
    Explanation
    The Papal Line of Demarcation refers to a line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west, with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands in the west given to Spain. This division was established through the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, in order to resolve conflicts between the two Catholic powers over newly discovered territories. By dividing the New World, the pope aimed to maintain peace and prevent disputes between Portugal and Spain over their respective colonial claims.

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  • 7. 

    The Treaty of Tordesillas

    • A.

      Ended the war between Spain and Portugal

    • B.

      Set the Papal Line of Demarcation

    • C.

      Gave Portugal control of trade in Indonesia

    • D.

      Gave Spain control of Mediterranean trade routes

    Correct Answer
    B. Set the Papal Line of Demarcation
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas established the Papal Line of Demarcation. This line divided the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between Spain and Portugal. The treaty was signed in 1494 to resolve conflicts between the two countries over their claims to newly explored territories. It aimed to prevent future disputes by dividing the world into two spheres of influence, with Spain having control over most of the Americas and Portugal having control over Africa and Asia. This agreement helped to shape the colonial empires of both nations and had a significant impact on the history of exploration and colonization.

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  • 8. 

    How did Asians feel about trading with Europeans?

    • A.

      They were happy for the increased trade.

    • B.

      The Chinese sent ships to Europe as well as accepting European ships in all Chinese ports.

    • C.

      They wanted the superior European goods being offered.

    • D.

      The Europeans had nothing of value to offer the superior Chinese culture.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Europeans had nothing of value to offer the superior Chinese culture.
    Explanation
    Asians did not feel positively about trading with Europeans because they believed that the Europeans had nothing of value to offer their superior Chinese culture.

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  • 9. 

    Large parts of South America and their empires were conquered by

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Britain

    • D.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Spain
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, Spain played a significant role in the conquest and colonization of South America. Spanish explorers, such as Christopher Columbus and Hernán Cortés, led expeditions that resulted in the colonization of regions like Mexico, Peru, and the Caribbean. Spain established vast empires in these territories, including the Aztec and Inca empires. Through military conquest and the imposition of Spanish rule, South America became a major part of the Spanish Empire. Therefore, it is accurate to say that large parts of South America and their empires were conquered by Spain.

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  • 10. 

    Reasons Spain was able to conquer the Aztecs were

    • A.

      Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease.

    • B.

      Poor leadership by Aztec chiefs.

    • C.

      Cortez had a large army that the smaller Aztec armies could not defeat.

    • D.

      The Aztecs were not as intelligent as the Spanish.

    Correct Answer
    A. Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease. This combination of factors gave Spain an advantage over the Aztecs. The superior weapons allowed the Spanish to overpower the Aztec military. The Aztec mythology played a role in their defeat as the belief in prophecies and omens led to confusion and fear among the Aztecs. The Spanish also gained support from native allies who were enemies of the Aztecs, further weakening their position. Additionally, the introduction of diseases, such as smallpox, to which the Aztecs had no immunity, caused widespread devastation and loss of life among the Aztec population.

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  • 11. 

    The goals of the the Spanish missionaries in the New World was

    • A.

      To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.

    • B.

      To recruit Natives for the priesthood.

    • C.

      To use Natives as sacrifices.

    • D.

      To sell Natives into slavery.

    Correct Answer
    A. To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.
    Explanation
    The Spanish missionaries in the New World aimed to convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them. This was a common goal among many European colonizers during this time period, as they believed that their religion and way of life were superior. The missionaries sought to spread their faith and bring the Native population under the influence and control of the Catholic Church. They believed that by converting the Natives and teaching them European customs and values, they would be "civilizing" them according to their own standards. This conversion and assimilation process was a key aspect of the Spanish colonial project.

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  • 12. 

    The encomienda system was

    • A.

      A system of slavery

    • B.

      A system for protecting the Native population

    • C.

      A merit system to earn your place in society

    • D.

      Social and racial system basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas

    Correct Answer
    D. Social and racial system basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas
    Explanation
    The encomienda system was a social and racial system that formed the basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas. Under this system, Spanish conquistadors were granted land and the right to extract labor and tribute from the indigenous population. This system allowed for the exploitation and subjugation of the Native population, as they were forced to work for the Spanish colonizers. The encomienda system played a significant role in shaping the social and economic dynamics of the Spanish colonies in the Americas.

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  • 13. 

    Why did Europeans get slaves from Africa?

    • A.

      The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.

    • B.

      The Africans lost a war with the Spanish.

    • C.

      Africans immigrated there then were made slaves as they were seen as an inferior race.

    • D.

      Many came over as indentured servants who couldn't afford to buy their freedom.

    Correct Answer
    A. The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.
    Explanation
    The Europeans got slaves from Africa because the harsh treatment of Natives and disease had greatly reduced their population, leaving the Spanish without a sufficient workforce. This forced them to turn to Africa for a new labor source.

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  • 14. 

    In the New World caste system a person born in Spain who resided in New Spain and usually owned land or had a position of authority.

    • A.

      Criollo or creole

    • B.

      Mestizo

    • C.

      Peninsulare

    • D.

      Mulatto

    Correct Answer
    C. Peninsulare
    Explanation
    A peninsulare refers to a person who was born in Spain and resided in New Spain. They were typically landowners or held positions of authority in the New World caste system. This term specifically distinguishes them from criollos or creoles, who were American-born individuals of Spanish descent. Mestizo refers to individuals of mixed European and indigenous American ancestry, while mulatto refers to individuals of mixed European and African ancestry.

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  • 15. 

    In the New World caste system a person who was full blooded Spanish born in the New World and thus had less privilege.

    • A.

      Criollo or creole

    • B.

      Peninsulare

    • C.

      Mestizo

    • D.

      Mulatto

    Correct Answer
    A. Criollo or creole
    Explanation
    The correct answer is criollo or creole. In the New World caste system, a criollo or creole referred to a person who was full blooded Spanish born in the New World. They had less privilege compared to peninsulares, who were Spanish-born individuals living in the New World. Mestizo referred to individuals of mixed Spanish and indigenous ancestry, while mulatto referred to individuals of mixed Spanish and African ancestry.

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  • 16. 

    A person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry.

    • A.

      Mulatto

    • B.

      Mestizo

    • C.

      Peninsulare

    • D.

      Creole or criollo

    Correct Answer
    B. Mestizo
    Explanation
    The term "Mestizo" refers to a person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry. This individual has a combination of Spanish and Indigenous American heritage. The term "Mulatto" typically refers to a person of mixed African and European ancestry, which is not applicable in this context. "Peninsulare" refers to a person born in Spain but residing in the Americas, while "Creole or criollo" refers to a person of Spanish descent born in the Americas. However, neither of these terms specifically denotes mixed Spanish and Native ancestry. Therefore, the correct answer is "Mestizo."

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  • 17. 

    A person of mixed African and Spanish ancestry

    • A.

      Creole or criollo

    • B.

      Peninsulare

    • C.

      Mulatto

    • D.

      Mestozo

    Correct Answer
    C. Mulatto
    Explanation
    The term "mulatto" refers to a person of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. This term is commonly used to describe individuals who have one parent of African descent and one parent of European or Spanish descent. The term "mulatto" originated during the colonial era and was used to classify individuals based on their racial heritage. It is important to note that the term is considered outdated and offensive in many contexts today, as it perpetuates racial categorization and discrimination.

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  • 18. 

    The Middle Passage was

    • A.

      The route to riches and gold in the New World.

    • B.

      The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.

    • C.

      The route Cortes followed to the Aztecs.

    • D.

      The road that connected the Incan Empire.

    Correct Answer
    B. The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.
    Explanation
    The Middle Passage refers to the forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World. It was a horrific journey that involved the transportation of enslaved Africans from Africa to the Americas. The conditions on the ships were extremely inhumane, with overcrowding, disease, and brutality being common. Many Africans died during the Middle Passage due to these harsh conditions. This answer is correct as it accurately describes the historical significance and purpose of the Middle Passage.

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  • 19. 

    What is mercantilsm?

    • A.

      Trading in faraway ports for the adventure.

    • B.

      Buying more than you sell so you have a supply that won't run out.

    • C.

      Bartering for land.

    • D.

      Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.

    Correct Answer
    D. Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.
    Explanation
    Mercantilism refers to an economic theory and practice that emerged in the 16th to 18th centuries. It advocated for a nation to export more goods than it imports in order to accumulate wealth and establish a favorable balance of trade. By selling more than buying, a country can generate a surplus, accumulate precious metals, and increase its economic power. This approach aimed to promote domestic industries, protect markets, and maintain a positive trade balance to enhance national wealth and influence.

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  • 20. 

    What was the Columbian Exchange? 

    • A.

      Exchange of cultures between Asia and Europe.

    • B.

      Exchange of Columbus' trade routes to the New World with Spain's rivals.

    • C.

      The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.

    • D.

      The value set for items that were bartered.

    Correct Answer
    C. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the New World (the Americas) and the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) following Christopher Columbus' voyages. This exchange had a significant impact on both regions, as it introduced new crops, such as potatoes and tomatoes, to Europe and brought European livestock, such as horses and cattle, to the Americas. It also led to the spread of diseases, such as smallpox, which had devastating effects on indigenous populations. Additionally, the exchange facilitated the transfer of cultural ideas and practices between the two worlds.

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  • 21. 

    What was the Triangle Trade?

    • A.

      Trade between Asia and Europe for fine silks and porcelains.

    • B.

      Trade between South America, the Caribbean Islands and Mexico in gold.

    • C.

      Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,

    • D.

      Trade in the Mediterranean and N. Africa for slaves.

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,
    Explanation
    The Triangle Trade refers to the trade route that involved the transportation of slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, the Caribbean or American colonies, and Europe. This trade was characterized by the exchange of African slaves for goods such as tobacco, sugar, and rum, which were then transported to Europe. The manufactured goods from Europe were then brought to Africa to be traded for more slaves, thus completing the triangular trade route. This trade system played a significant role in the growth of the Atlantic economy and the development of the plantation system in the Americas.

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  • 22. 

    What phrase is used to describe the reasons for imperialism? (3 words capitalized with commas between)

    Correct Answer
    Gold, God, Glory
    Explanation
    Gold, God, Glory is a phrase used to describe the reasons for imperialism. "Gold" refers to the economic motives behind imperialism, such as acquiring wealth and resources from the colonized territories. "God" represents the religious motivations, including spreading Christianity and converting the indigenous people to the colonizer's religion. "Glory" signifies the desire for power, prestige, and national pride that comes with expanding an empire through imperialism. This phrase summarizes the three main factors that drove imperialistic ambitions during the age of exploration and colonization.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 09, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 30, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Nannavare Nanage
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