# Spheres Of The Earth Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 166
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 166

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• 1.

### All weather takes place in the...

Explanation
The troposphere is the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere, extending from the surface up to about 10-15 kilometers. It is where all weather phenomena occur, including clouds, precipitation, and storms. This layer is heated by the Earth's surface, causing air to rise and creating convection currents that drive weather patterns. The temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere, and this temperature gradient is responsible for the formation of clouds and rain. Therefore, it is accurate to say that all weather takes place in the troposphere.

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• 2.

### As you move up into the sky the ____________ decreases.

Explanation
As you move up into the sky, the concentration of oxygen decreases. This is because the atmosphere becomes thinner at higher altitudes, meaning there are fewer molecules of oxygen available. At sea level, the air contains about 21% oxygen, but as you ascend, the percentage decreases. This decrease in oxygen can have various effects on the human body, such as difficulty breathing and altitude sickness.

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• 3.

### How many pounds per inch of air is around us at most of the time.

Explanation
The answer is 14.7 because this value represents the average atmospheric pressure at sea level, which is commonly referred to as one atmosphere. This pressure is equivalent to the weight of the air column above a unit area extending from the Earth's surface to the top of the atmosphere. Therefore, at most times, the air pressure around us is approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch.

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• 4.

• 5.

### What are two main sources of water in our planet?

Explanation
Volcanoes and comets are two main sources of water on our planet. Volcanoes release water vapor during eruptions, which eventually condenses and falls as rain. This process is known as volcanic outgassing. Comets, on the other hand, contain a significant amount of water ice. When comets approach the Sun, the heat causes the ice to vaporize, releasing water into space. Some of this water reaches Earth's atmosphere and contributes to the planet's water sources.

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• 6.

### As you get higher in _________ the temperature decreases.

Explanation
As you get higher in altitude, the temperature decreases. This is because the air becomes less dense at higher altitudes, meaning there are fewer air molecules to absorb and retain heat. As a result, the energy from the sun is not trapped as effectively, leading to a decrease in temperature. Additionally, the decrease in air pressure at higher altitudes causes the air to expand and cool down. Therefore, as altitude increases, the temperature gradually drops.

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• 7.

### Why does altitude change as you get higher in the sky?

Explanation
As you ascend higher in the sky, the altitude increases and the air pressure decreases. The decrease in air pressure causes a drop in temperature, leading to cooling. This is known as the lapse rate, where the temperature decreases by about 6.5 degrees Celsius per kilometer of altitude gain. Therefore, as you get higher in the sky, the decrease in air pressure and the associated cooling effect result in a change in altitude.

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• 8.

### If something is more dense it heats ____________.

Explanation
When something is more dense, it means that it has more particles packed closely together in a given volume. This results in a higher mass per unit volume. When an object with higher density is heated, the particles are closer together and can transfer energy more efficiently. Therefore, the object heats up quicker compared to something with lower density, where the particles are more spread out and it takes longer for the heat energy to be transferred.

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• 9.

### Which sphere as a steady rate of temperature within their layer?

Explanation
The stratosphere is the correct answer because it is a layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is characterized by a steady rate of temperature. Unlike the troposphere below it, where temperature decreases with altitude, the stratosphere has a stable or slightly increasing temperature with height. This is due to the presence of ozone, which absorbs and scatters the Sun's ultraviolet radiation, causing the temperature to rise. Therefore, the stratosphere maintains a consistent temperature within its layer.

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• 10.

### What are the clouds that form in the stratoshpere?

Explanation
Nacreous clouds are the correct answer to the question. Nacreous clouds are unique and rare cloud formations that occur in the stratosphere, typically at high latitudes during winter. These clouds are characterized by their vibrant and iridescent colors, often displaying shades of pinks, purples, and blues. Nacreous clouds form at extremely low temperatures and are composed of tiny ice crystals. They are often observed during sunrise or sunset when sunlight passes through them, creating a stunning visual display in the sky.

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• 11.

### What shpere in the ozone layer located in?

Explanation
The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere. The stratosphere is the second layer of the Earth's atmosphere, above the troposphere. It is characterized by the presence of ozone molecules, which absorb and block a significant amount of the sun's ultraviolet radiation. This absorption of UV rays helps protect life on Earth from the harmful effects of excessive UV exposure.

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• 12.

### How many oxygens does the ozone layer have?

Explanation
The ozone layer is made up of ozone molecules, which consist of three oxygen atoms bonded together. Therefore, the ozone layer has three oxygen atoms.

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• 13.

### How many oxygens do we have?

Explanation
The question is asking for the number of oxygens that we have. The answer provided is 2, indicating that there are two oxygens.

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• 14.

### This protects us from UV rays and absorbs oxygen...

Explanation
The ozone layer is a protective layer in the Earth's atmosphere that shields us from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. It acts as a barrier, preventing most of the UV radiation from reaching the surface of the Earth. Additionally, the ozone layer also plays a role in absorbing and converting oxygen molecules into ozone, which further contributes to its protective properties.

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• 15.

### What is putting holes in the ozone layer?

Explanation
CFCs, or chlorofluorocarbons, are responsible for putting holes in the ozone layer. These chemicals were commonly used in aerosol sprays, refrigerants, and foam-blowing agents. When released into the atmosphere, CFCs rise to the stratosphere where they are broken down by ultraviolet (UV) radiation, releasing chlorine atoms. These chlorine atoms then react with ozone molecules, breaking them apart and depleting the ozone layer. This depletion allows harmful UV radiation from the sun to reach the Earth's surface, increasing the risk of skin cancer, cataracts, and other health issues.

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• 16.

### Where are CFC's found?

Explanation
CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) are commonly found in refrigerants. These are chemical compounds that are used in various cooling systems such as air conditioners and refrigerators. CFCs have been widely used in the past for their excellent cooling properties. However, they have been found to be harmful to the ozone layer and contribute to ozone depletion. As a result, their production and use have been regulated and phased out in many countries.

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• 17.

### The ________ has very little things that can cool thats why its warm.

Explanation
The mesosphere is the correct answer because it is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is located above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. It is known for having very little things that can cool, such as water vapor and greenhouse gases, which is why it tends to be warm.

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• 18.

### What two elements cause The "Northern Lights".

Explanation
The "Northern Lights" are caused by the interaction between oxygen and nitrogen in the Earth's atmosphere. When charged particles from the Sun collide with these gases, they excite the atoms and molecules, causing them to emit light. Oxygen emits green and red lights, while nitrogen emits blue and purple lights. This phenomenon is commonly seen in the polar regions, where the Earth's magnetic field directs the charged particles towards the atmosphere.

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• 19.

### What is the science term for northern lights?

Explanation
The correct answer is Aurora Borealis. The term "Aurora Borealis" refers to the natural light display that occurs in the northern hemisphere, particularly in the polar regions. It is caused by the interaction between charged particles from the sun and the Earth's magnetic field. The particles collide with atoms and molecules in the atmosphere, causing them to emit light of various colors. This phenomenon is commonly known as the northern lights or Aurora Borealis.

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• 20.

### What is the science term for southern lights?

Explanation
The correct answer is Aurora Astralis. Aurora Astralis is the scientific term for the southern lights, also known as the polar lights. It refers to the natural phenomenon where colorful lights appear in the sky, primarily in the southern hemisphere. This phenomenon is caused by the interaction between charged particles from the sun and the Earth's magnetic field.

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• Current Version
• Mar 19, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Mar 27, 2012
Quiz Created by
D_murphy

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