Physical Geography- Weather And Climate Test

42 Questions

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Physical Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Mr. Swenson's test! :d Taken October 14, 2011 :/


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      This city is part of a tropical rain forest

    • B. 

      This city is subjected to seasonal monsoons

    • C. 

      This city is located in a high-latitude climate zone

    • D. 

      This city is experiencing severe drought.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following typically occurs in the biosphere?
    • A. 

      Continuous circulation of hot and cold oceanic currents

    • B. 

      Regulation of the rate at which thermal energy leaves the planet

    • C. 

      The interaction of plants and animals within specific climate regions

    • D. 

      The recycling of the continental crust in subduction zones

  • 3. 
    The seasons are the results of the earth's
    • A. 

      Rotation on its axis and revolution around the sun

    • B. 

      Varying distance from the sun

    • C. 

      Revolution around the sun and inclination of its axis.

    • D. 

      Varying distance from the planets of the solar system.

  • 4. 
    Typical summer storms or showers in tropical and continental climates are a type of ________ precipitation.
    • A. 

      Orographic

    • B. 

      Convectional

    • C. 

      Cyclonic

    • D. 

      Frontal

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Slopes, wind velocities

    • B. 

      Pressure gradients, wind velocities

    • C. 

      Lapse rates, convectional flows

    • D. 

      Slopes, mountain and valley breezes

  • 6. 
    Rainfall is caused by
    • A. 

      Increasing air temperature.

    • B. 

      Cooling of saturated air.

    • C. 

      Decreasing relative humidity.

    • D. 

      Location along a rainshadow.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Primarily at the earth's surface and secondarily in the atmosphere.

    • B. 

      By the way of solar radiation, or insolation.

    • C. 

      Through the collection of solar energy.

    • D. 

      By means of the circumpolar vortex.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following climatic phenomena is responsible for keeping northern Europe and the northwest coast of Russia warmer than it would otherwise be?
    • A. 

      North Atlantic Drift

    • B. 

      El Nino

    • C. 

      La Nina

    • D. 

      Monsoon

  • 9. 
    The term insolation refers to
    • A. 

      The rate of pressure change.

    • B. 

      Solar energy received by the earth.

    • C. 

      Distribution of temperature over land and water.

    • D. 

      Evaporation from both water surfaces and plants.

  • 10. 
    The windward side of hills and mountains generally receives more precipitation than the leeward side. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Right in the Southern Hemisphere and toward the left in the Northern Hemisphere.

    • B. 

      Right in both Southern and Northern Hemispheres.

    • C. 

      Left in the Southern Hemisphere and towards the right in the Northern Hemisphere.

    • D. 

      Left in the Southern Hemisphere and toward the left in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • 12. 
    Warm air rises and tends to move away from the
    • A. 

      Equatorial low-pressure belt.

    • B. 

      Subtropical high-pressure belt.

    • C. 

      Northeast trades.

    • D. 

      Westerlies.

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Convectional offshore precipitation.

    • B. 

      Warm ocean currents.

    • C. 

      Cold ocean currents.

    • D. 

      Orographic offshore precipitation.

  • 14. 
    The elements that make up weather include
    • A. 

      Temperature, precipitation, and vegetation.

    • B. 

      Precipitation, wind, and temperature.

    • C. 

      Temperature, wind, and soils.

    • D. 

      Climate, moisture, and solar energy.

  • 15. 
    The natural vegetation characteristic of areas that have warm temperatures and heavy rainfall evenly throughout the year is
    • A. 

      Deciduous forest.

    • B. 

      Coniferous forest.

    • C. 

      Tropical rain forest.

    • D. 

      Steppe.

  • 16. 
    The leading edge of a continental polar air mass is called
    • A. 

      The southern oscillation.

    • B. 

      A front.

    • C. 

      The windward side.

    • D. 

      A pressure gradient.

  • 17. 
    Relative humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air compared to the amount required for condensation to begin at a given temperature.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    A pressure gradient force causes winds to flow from
    • A. 

      Low pressure areas to high pressure areas.

    • B. 

      High pressure areas to low pressure areas.

    • C. 

      Areas having equal pressure.

    • D. 

      Area lacking pressure differences.

  • 19. 
    The lowest layer of the earth's atmosphere is called the
    • A. 

      Asthenosphere.

    • B. 

      Troposphere.

    • C. 

      Solstice.

    • D. 

      Equinox.

  • 20. 
    The type of cloud from which heavy rain falls is
    • A. 

      Cirrus.

    • B. 

      Cirrostratus.

    • C. 

      Stratus.

    • D. 

      Cumulonimbus.

  • 21. 
    Movement of ocean water (currents) is NOT caused by
    • A. 

      Condensation nuclei.

    • B. 

      Differences in water density.

    • C. 

      Wind patterns.

    • D. 

      The pressure gradient force.

  • 22. 
    The earth's atmosphere is heated primarily by the process of
    • A. 

      Direct solar radiation.

    • B. 

      Reradiation from the earth.

    • C. 

      Absorption from the earth.

    • D. 

      Latent heat of condensation.

  • 23. 
    Proceeding from the equator toward the South Pole in the Southern Hemisphere summer, the 
    • A. 

      Hours of darkness increase.

    • B. 

      Days become longer.

    • C. 

      Hours of daylight become fewer.

    • D. 

      Hours of daylight become greater.

  • 24. 
    The Fujita scale is used to measure the strength of
    • A. 

      Tornadoes.

    • B. 

      Hurricanes.

    • C. 

      Blizzards.

    • D. 

      Tsunami.

  • 25. 
    What type of precipitation is caused by air being heated at the surface of the earth?
    • A. 

      Convectional

    • B. 

      Conductional

    • C. 

      Orographic

    • D. 

      Cyclonic

  • 26. 
    The intensity and duration of radiation that various places on the earth receive from the sun depend mainly on
    • A. 

      Weather conditions.

    • B. 

      The angle at which the sun's rays strike the earth.

    • C. 

      Earth rotation.

    • D. 

      The earth surface material.

  • 27. 
    When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, it is summer in the Southern Hemisphere. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    If the earth was not tilted from the perpendicular, then solar energy received at a given latitude would not vary during the course of the year.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The temperature at any given location is NOT dependent on the
    • A. 

      Amount of water vapor in the air.

    • B. 

      Degree of cloud cover.

    • C. 

      Nature of the surface of the earth.

    • D. 

      Coriolis effect.

  • 30. 
    El Nino is
    • A. 

      The buildup of warm water along the east coast of South America.

    • B. 

      The Spanish name for little hurricane.

    • C. 

      Related to the southern oscillation.

    • D. 

      A 17-year cycle of change in the water temperature in the South Pacific.

  • 31. 
    Valley breezes usually occur at night, and mountain breezes usually occur in the day.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Temperature inversion never affects air pollution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Spring and autumn equinoxes occur on __________________ respectively. 
    • A. 

      April 31 and June 21

    • B. 

      June 21 and December 21

    • C. 

      March 21 and September 21

    • D. 

      April 21 and June 21

  • 34. 
    A temperature inversion occurs when
    • A. 

      There is a sudden drop in temperature.

    • B. 

      The normal duirnal cycle of cool mornings and warm afternoons is reversed.

    • C. 

      Air at lower altitudes is cooler than air aloft.

    • D. 

      Smog increases to dangerous levels.

  • 35. 
    The particles around which condensation nuclei are formed are
    • A. 

      Dust, water crystals, and salt crystals.

    • B. 

      Dust, pollen, and smoke.

    • C. 

      Water crystals, salt crystals, and ozone.

    • D. 

      Ozone, oxygen, and radon.

  • 36. 
    In comparison with coastal areas, regions located great distances from the sea tend to have
    • A. 

      Lower summer temperatures and higher winter temperatures.

    • B. 

      Higher summer temperatures and higher winter temperatures.

    • C. 

      Lower summer temperatures and lower winter temperatures.

    • D. 

      Higher summer temperatures and lower winter temperatures.

  • 37. 
    The type of precipitation that is associated with hills and mountains is called
    • A. 

      Convectional.

    • B. 

      Orographic.

    • C. 

      Frontal.

    • D. 

      Cyclonic.

  • 38. 
    When land is warmer than water, the land
    • A. 

      Reradiates its energy faster than does water.

    • B. 

      Reradiates its energy slower than does water.

    • C. 

      Reflects its energy faster than does water.

    • D. 

      Reflects it energy slower than does water.

  • 39. 
    A typhoon and a hurricane are essentially the same phenomenon.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Precipitation is least reliable in
    • A. 

      Steppes.

    • B. 

      Deserts.

    • C. 

      Rain forests.

    • D. 

      Savannas.

  • 41. 
    When neither the Northern nor the Southern Hemisphere is tilited toward the sun, the sun's vertical rays are felt at
    • A. 

      23.5° north and south latitude.

    • B. 

      The equator.

    • C. 

      67.5° north and south latitude.

    • D. 

      The summer solstice.

  • 42. 
    The earth's axis is tiltled about ________ away from the perpendicular.
    • A. 

      67.5°

    • B. 

      45°

    • C. 

      7.5°

    • D. 

      23.5°