Spanish And Aztec Chapter 8 Quiz

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Spanish And Aztec Chapter 8 Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Everyone in Aztec society was born into a clan but they did not generally stay in that clan as they got older.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In Aztec society, everyone was indeed born into a clan, but contrary to the statement, they generally did stay in that clan as they got older. The clan system was an important social structure in Aztec society, and individuals would typically remain in their clan throughout their lives. The clan provided a sense of identity, social support, and played a role in determining one's social status and responsibilities within the community. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 2. 

    When a pipiltin broke the law they were not punished because they were the upper class of the Aztec society.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that when a pipiltin (upper class of the Aztec society) broke the law, they were not punished. However, this statement is not true. In the Aztec society, the pipiltin were expected to adhere to a strict code of conduct, and if they violated the law, they would face punishment like any other member of society.

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  • 3. 

    The tlacotin were not born into slavery; they were enslaved either as punishment for a crime or to pay off a debt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement explains that the tlacotin were not born into slavery, but rather became enslaved as a form of punishment for a crime or to repay a debt. This implies that they were not inherently slaves, but rather became slaves due to certain circumstances. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 4. 

    Macehualtin could not wear cotton clothing. They had to wear clothing made of material that came from a cactus plant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Macehualtin, who were commoners in ancient Mesoamerican societies, were not allowed to wear cotton clothing. Instead, they had to wear clothing made from a material derived from the cactus plant. This was likely due to the fact that cotton was considered a luxury material reserved for the nobility and elite classes.

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  • 5. 

    Religion was a controlling force in Aztec life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Religion played a significant role in Aztec society, acting as a controlling force. The Aztecs believed in numerous gods and goddesses and their religious practices were deeply ingrained in all aspects of their lives. They conducted elaborate rituals, including human sacrifices, to appease their deities and ensure the well-being of their civilization. The religious calendar dictated their daily activities, such as farming, warfare, and even the selection of rulers. Temples and religious structures were prominent in their cities, and priests held immense power and influence. Therefore, it can be concluded that religion was indeed a controlling force in Aztec life.

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  • 6. 

    The Spanish believed that the gods had sacrificed themselves for mankind and that the sun was nourished with the blood of human hearts. This belief led them to sacrifice many prisoners at their temples.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the Spanish believed in sacrificing prisoners at their temples. However, this is not true. While human sacrifices were practiced by some ancient civilizations, such as the Aztecs and Mayans, there is no evidence to suggest that the Spanish had such beliefs or engaged in such practices.

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  • 7. 

    Unlike the Aztecs who had a feudal system, the Spanish had a centralized government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Spanish did not have a centralized government. Instead, they had a system of colonial administration where power was decentralized and shared among various institutions and individuals. This system allowed for greater autonomy and control over local affairs in the Spanish colonies.

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  • 8. 

    Spanish children were highly educated but the Aztec children were not.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Spanish children were highly educated while the Aztec children were not. However, this statement is not accurate. The Aztec civilization had a sophisticated education system that emphasized practical skills, religious teachings, and military training. Aztec children received education from a young age, and their curriculum included subjects like history, art, and mathematics. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    Most of the people in Spain were Roman Catholics because Jewish people and Muslims were driven from Spain in 1492.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in 1492, the Spanish Inquisition took place, which led to the expulsion of both Jewish people and Muslims from Spain. As a result, the majority of the population in Spain became Roman Catholics.

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  • 10. 

    The Spanish, like the Aztecs, used their prisoners as a sacrifice to God.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Spanish did not use their prisoners as sacrifices to God. The Aztecs, on the other hand, did have a practice of sacrificing prisoners as offerings to their gods. The Spanish, as colonizers, had different religious beliefs and practices, and did not engage in human sacrifice.

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  • 11. 

    A society’s way of life includes three elements of worldview: social systems, economic and political systems and __________.

    • A.

      Government

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Family

    • D.

      Employment

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture is the correct answer because it is one of the three elements of worldview that make up a society's way of life. Social systems, economic and political systems, and culture all contribute to shaping the values, beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a society. Culture encompasses the shared beliefs, values, norms, traditions, arts, and other aspects of a society that are passed down from generation to generation. It influences how people interact, communicate, and make sense of the world around them.

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  • 12. 

    __________ was the basis of the Aztec culture.

    • A.

      Religion

    • B.

      Pipiltin

    • C.

      Agriculture

    • D.

      Tradition

    Correct Answer
    C. Agriculture
    Explanation
    Agriculture was the basis of the Aztec culture because it played a central role in their society and economy. The Aztecs relied heavily on farming for their food supply, and they developed advanced agricultural techniques such as chinampas, which were floating gardens used to cultivate crops. Agriculture also influenced other aspects of their culture, such as their religious beliefs and practices, as they believed that their gods provided them with fertile land for farming. Additionally, the surplus food produced through agriculture allowed for the growth of cities and the development of a complex social and political structure.

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  • 13. 

    3. Aztec society was guided by __________ and was part of every aspect of life.

    • A.

      Religion

    • B.

      Agriculture

    • C.

      Trade

    • D.

      Tradition

    Correct Answer
    A. Religion
    Explanation
    In Aztec society, religion played a crucial role and was integrated into every aspect of life. It guided their social, political, and economic systems. The Aztecs believed in multiple gods and performed various rituals and ceremonies to appease them. Their religious beliefs influenced their agricultural practices, trade activities, and even their traditions. Religion was deeply ingrained in the Aztec culture and had a significant impact on their daily lives.

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  • 14. 

    Men and women from all classes could study to become __________ but the roles changed according to gender and class.

    • A.

      Artists

    • B.

      Teachers

    • C.

      Physicians

    • D.

      Priests

    Correct Answer
    D. Priests
    Explanation
    In the given statement, it is mentioned that men and women from all classes could study to become priests. However, the roles of priests varied depending on gender and class. This implies that both men and women had the opportunity to pursue a career as priests, but their specific responsibilities and duties within the role may have differed based on their gender and social class.

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  • 15. 

    Education was free for __________ in the Aztec society.

    • A.

      Boys

    • B.

      Girls

    • C.

      Boys and girls

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Boys and girls
    Explanation
    In the Aztec society, education was free for both boys and girls. This implies that there was no discrimination based on gender when it came to access to education. Both boys and girls had equal opportunities to receive education without any financial burden.

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  • 16. 

    Unlike the Aztecs, the Spanish were aware of other __________ and were able to use the knowledge gained by this to expand their worldviews.

    • A.

      Societies

    • B.

      Religions

    • C.

      Governments

    • D.

      Technologies

    Correct Answer
    A. Societies
    Explanation
    The Spanish were aware of other societies and were able to use the knowledge gained from these societies to expand their worldviews. This suggests that the Spanish had interactions and exchanges with different cultures and civilizations, allowing them to learn from their customs, traditions, and ways of life. This awareness of other societies would have given the Spanish a broader perspective and understanding of the world, enabling them to expand their own perspectives and ideas.

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  • 17. 

    In both the Spanish and Aztec societies it was the __________ who provided the labor to keep the economy of their empires flourishing.

    • A.

      Nobles

    • B.

      Commoners

    • C.

      Kings

    • D.

      Priests

    Correct Answer
    B. Commoners
    Explanation
    In both Spanish and Aztec societies, it was the commoners who provided the labor to keep the economy of their empires flourishing. Commoners were the working class individuals who performed various tasks and jobs necessary for the functioning of the society and economy. They were responsible for agriculture, construction, trade, and other essential activities. Their labor was crucial for the production and distribution of goods and services, ensuring the prosperity and stability of the empires.

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  • 18. 

    The Aztec emperor had a strong belief that religion and __________ needed to be connected.

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      Traditions

    • C.

      Marriage

    • D.

      Politics

    Correct Answer
    D. Politics
    Explanation
    The Aztec emperor believed that religion and politics needed to be connected. This suggests that the emperor saw the role of religion as integral to the governance and decision-making of the empire. By connecting religion and politics, the emperor likely aimed to legitimize his rule and maintain control over the population through the influence of religious beliefs and practices. This belief may have also served to reinforce the emperor's divine status and authority in the eyes of the Aztec people.

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  • 19. 

    One of the biggest differences in worldviews between the Aztecs and the Spanish was their attitudes about __________.

    • A.

      Agriculture

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Agriculture
    Explanation
    The Aztecs and the Spanish had different attitudes about agriculture. The Aztecs highly valued agriculture and saw it as a sacred duty to their gods. They practiced advanced farming techniques such as terracing and chinampas to maximize their crop yields. On the other hand, the Spanish had a more utilitarian approach to agriculture, viewing it primarily as a means of generating wealth and resources. They introduced new crops and livestock to the Americas and focused on exploiting the land for economic gain. This difference in attitudes towards agriculture contributed to the clash of worldviews between the Aztecs and the Spanish.

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  • 20. 

    The __________ were sometimes called spying merchants because they would go in to enemy territory to sell their goods.

    • A.

      Farmers

    • B.

      Pochetca

    • C.

      Artists

    • D.

      Equinox

    Correct Answer
    B. Pochetca
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pochetca." Pochetca were sometimes called spying merchants because they would go into enemy territory to sell their goods.

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  • 21. 

    The Aztecs would often use __________ instead of money to pay for products.

    • A.

      Lumber

    • B.

      Precious metals

    • C.

      Cacao beans

    • D.

      Featherwork

    Correct Answer
    C. Cacao beans
    Explanation
    The Aztecs would often use cacao beans instead of money to pay for products. Cacao beans were highly valued and considered a form of currency in Aztec society. They were used in trade and exchanged for various goods and services. The Aztecs recognized the value of cacao beans and used them as a means of exchange, similar to how money is used today.

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  • 22. 

    The Spanish parliament, called the __________ could approve new legislation that it deemed to be in the best interest of the country.

    • A.

      Roman Catholic Church

    • B.

      Cortes

    • C.

      Moors

    • D.

      Troubadour

    Correct Answer
    B. Cortes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cortes." In Spain, the Cortes is the name given to the Spanish parliament. It is responsible for passing new legislation that it deems to be in the best interest of the country. The Cortes plays a significant role in the democratic governance of Spain, making decisions and enacting laws that affect the nation as a whole.

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  • 23. 

    The Aztec emperor was elected by

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      A council

    • C.

      The Church

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A council
    Explanation
    The Aztec emperor was elected by a council. This means that the emperor was not chosen by God or the Church, but rather by a group of individuals who formed a council. This council would have had the authority to select and appoint the emperor based on various factors such as lineage, military prowess, or political influence. The decision to elect the emperor by a council suggests that the Aztec empire had a system of governance that involved multiple individuals sharing power and making collective decisions.

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  • 24. 

    The Spanish king and queen were thought to be appointed by

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      A council

    • C.

      The Church

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. God
    Explanation
    The Spanish king and queen were believed to be appointed by God. This belief was rooted in the concept of divine right of kings, which held that monarchs were chosen by God and therefore had a divine mandate to rule. This belief was prevalent in many European monarchies during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period. It granted the king and queen a sense of legitimacy and authority, as they were seen as God's representatives on earth.

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  • 25. 

    The Spanish used ____________________ to buy and sell their products and the Aztecs used a barter system.

    Correct Answer
    money, gold, currency
    Explanation
    The Spanish used money, gold, and currency to buy and sell their products. This implies that they had a standardized system of exchange involving these mediums. On the other hand, the Aztecs used a barter system, which means they traded goods directly without the use of money or currency.

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  • 26. 

    The Aztecs believed that ____________________ was the center of the universe.

    Correct Answer
    tenochtitlan, their capital
    Explanation
    The Aztecs believed that tenochtitlan, their capital, was the center of the universe. This belief was rooted in their religious and cultural practices, as Tenochtitlan was not only the political and economic center of their empire but also the spiritual center. The Aztecs saw their capital as the place where the gods resided and where the earthly and divine realms intersected. They believed that the universe revolved around Tenochtitlan, making it the focal point of their cosmology and worldview.

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  • 27. 

    ______________were floating gardens built up from swampy areas around the lakes to help increase food production for the Aztecs.

    Correct Answer
    chinampas
    Explanation
    Chinampas were floating gardens built up from swampy areas around the lakes to help increase food production for the Aztecs.

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  • 28. 

    The Aztecs valued _________________________ but the Spanish nobility looked down on it.

    Correct Answer
    hard work, work, manual labor, labor
    Explanation
    The Aztecs highly regarded hard work and manual labor, while the Spanish nobility held a disdainful attitude towards it.

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  • 29. 

    Moctezuma II believed in stories and legends about gods, ____________________, and prophecies.

    Correct Answer
    omens
    Explanation
    Moctezuma II believed in stories and legends about gods, omens, and prophecies. This suggests that Moctezuma II placed great importance on signs and symbols that were believed to foretell the future or offer guidance from the gods. He likely regarded omens as significant indicators of what was to come and may have made decisions based on these perceived signs. By believing in omens, Moctezuma II demonstrated his deep faith in the supernatural and his willingness to rely on divine guidance in his rule.

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  • 30. 

    As a form of currency the Aztecs valued __________ more than gold.

    • A.

      Pipiltin

    • B.

      Feathers

    • C.

      Sorcerers

    Correct Answer
    B. Feathers
    Explanation
    The Aztecs valued feathers more than gold as a form of currency. Feathers were highly prized for their beauty and rarity, and were used as a medium of exchange in Aztec society. They were often used in elaborate headdresses and other ceremonial attire, symbolizing wealth and status. Feathers held cultural and religious significance for the Aztecs, and were associated with their deities and the natural world. Therefore, feathers held a higher value and importance in Aztec society compared to gold.

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  • 31. 

    The society living in a/an __________ practiced its own customs and beliefs, and prayed to its own patron god.

    • A.

      Altepetl

    • B.

      Monarchy

    • C.

      Pipiltin

    Correct Answer
    A. Altepetl
    Explanation
    An altepetl refers to a society or community in ancient Mesoamerica that had its own customs, beliefs, and patron god. These altepetls were self-governing and had their own political and social structures. The people living in an altepetl would follow their own traditions and religious practices, including praying to their specific patron god.

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  • 32. 

    In short answer format, describe the educational programs for the Spanish and Aztec children. How were they similar? How were they different?

  • 33. 

    Religion played an extremely important role in both the Aztec and Spanish societies. Describe the role religion played for either the Aztecs or the Spanish. How did it influence their lives and their worldviews?

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  • Mar 21, 2023
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