6th Grade Science Space Unit Test

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6th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

There have been cars launched into space, man walking on the moon and people buying land on mars over the past decades. Do you know that the universe is approximately 13.8 billion years old? How well do you know space and what exists outside earth? Take this fun quiz and broaden your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This rocky belt sits between Mars and Jupiter.

    • A.

      Rhinestone belt

    • B.

      Knuiper Belt

    • C.

      Asteroid Belt

    Correct Answer
    C. Asteroid Belt
    Explanation
    The rocky belt that sits between Mars and Jupiter is called the Asteroid Belt. This region is filled with numerous small celestial bodies known as asteroids. These asteroids are remnants from the early formation of the solar system and are primarily composed of rock and metal. The Asteroid Belt is located in the inner part of our solar system and is an important area of study for scientists to understand the history and evolution of our solar system.

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  • 2. 

    A frozen chunk of ice dust "Dirty Snowman" whose orbit around the sun is very elliptical is called

    • A.

      Comet

    • B.

      Meteoroid

    • C.

      Asteroid

    Correct Answer
    A. Comet
    Explanation
    A frozen chunk of ice dust with a very elliptical orbit around the sun is called a comet. Comets are made up of ice, dust, and small rocky particles, and they originate from the outer regions of the solar system. As they approach the sun, the heat causes the ice to vaporize, creating a glowing coma (a cloud of gas and dust) around the nucleus of the comet. The glowing coma and the characteristic tail are what make comets easily distinguishable from other celestial objects like meteoroids and asteroids.

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  • 3. 

    These forces work together to keep planets in orbits?

    • A.

      Inertia and gravity

    • B.

      Light and heat

    • C.

      Up and down

    Correct Answer
    A. Inertia and gravity
    Explanation
    Inertia is the tendency of an object to resist changes in its motion, while gravity is the force of attraction between two objects. In the case of planets in orbits, the inertia of the planet causes it to continue moving in a straight line, while the force of gravity from the sun pulls the planet towards it. These two forces work together to keep the planet in a stable orbit around the sun.

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  • 4. 

    How does energy from the sun come (travel)to Earth?

    • A.

      It waits for rain and then the rain brings down the energy

    • B.

      By gravity & inertia

    • C.

      Through light & heat from the rays

    Correct Answer
    C. Through light & heat from the rays
    Explanation
    Energy from the sun travels to Earth through light and heat from the rays. The sun emits electromagnetic radiation, including visible light and infrared radiation, which travel through space to reach the Earth. This energy is essential for various processes on Earth, such as photosynthesis in plants and the heating of the planet's surface.

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  • 5. 

    Inertia means:

    • A.

      If something is moving, it will keep moving until something stops it. If something is not moving, it will just sit there until something comes along to move it.

    • B.

      The thing that makes you stick to the Earth & keeps us from floating.

    Correct Answer
    A. If something is moving, it will keep moving until something stops it. If something is not moving, it will just sit there until something comes along to move it.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains the concept of inertia accurately. It states that if an object is already in motion, it will continue moving unless acted upon by an external force. Similarly, if an object is at rest, it will remain at rest until a force is applied to it. This explanation aligns with Newton's first law of motion, which states that an object will maintain its state of motion or rest unless acted upon by an external force.

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  • 6. 

    This is a chunk of rock that is orbiting the sun:

    • A.

      Asteroid

    • B.

      Satellite

    • C.

      System

    Correct Answer
    A. Asteroid
    Explanation
    An asteroid is a chunk of rock that is orbiting the sun. It is different from a satellite, which is an object that orbits around a planet or moon. Similarly, a system refers to a group of objects or components that work together. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is asteroid, as it specifically describes a rock orbiting the sun.

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  • 7. 

    Meteoroids usually come from

    • A.

      Strong solar winds

    • B.

      The sun

    • C.

      Left over pieces of comets or asteroids that have collided (crashed)

    Correct Answer
    C. Left over pieces of comets or asteroids that have collided (crashed)
    Explanation
    Meteoroids usually come from left over pieces of comets or asteroids that have collided (crashed). This is because when comets or asteroids collide with each other, they can break apart and create smaller fragments called meteoroids. These meteoroids then travel through space and can enter the Earth's atmosphere, where they are known as meteors. So, the correct answer is that meteoroids come from left over pieces of comets or asteroids that have collided.

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  • 8. 

    Aliens from other galaxies travel a long way here to fish and swim on this watery planet.

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Jupiter

    • C.

      The Moon

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth
    Explanation
    Aliens from other galaxies are likely to travel a long way to reach a planet with water, as water is essential for life as we know it. Earth is the only planet in our solar system known to have abundant water, making it the most likely choice for aliens to visit in order to fish and swim. Jupiter is a gas giant and does not have a solid surface or water, making it an unlikely destination for recreational activities. The Moon also does not have water, making it an unlikely choice for aliens seeking aquatic activities.

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  • 9. 

    This planet is covered mostly in water and is the only planet known to have life.

    • A.

      Jupiter

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Pluto

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth
    Explanation
    Earth is the correct answer because it is the only planet known to have life and is covered mostly in water. Jupiter is a gas giant and Pluto is a dwarf planet, neither of which have the necessary conditions to support life.

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  • 10. 

    This is the largest planet in our solar system.

    • A.

      Jupiter

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Mars

    Correct Answer
    A. Jupiter
    Explanation
    Jupiter is the correct answer because it is widely known as the largest planet in our solar system. It has a mass that is more than twice the combined mass of all the other planets in the solar system. Jupiter's size is also evident in its diameter, which is about 11 times larger than Earth's diameter. Additionally, Jupiter's immense gravitational pull has allowed it to accumulate a large number of moons, further highlighting its status as the largest planet in our solar system.

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  • 11. 

    I am the red planet. Astronauts have visited me many times. I am the 4th planet from the sun. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Mercury

    • C.

      Mars

    Correct Answer
    C. Mars
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mars because it is commonly referred to as the "red planet" due to its reddish appearance. It is also the fourth planet from the sun in our solar system. Astronauts have visited Mars multiple times, making it the correct answer to the question.

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  • 12. 

    I am the brightest of the planets, 2nd from the sun, & sometimes called the “Evening Star”. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Venus

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Jupiter

    Correct Answer
    A. Venus
    Explanation
    Venus is the correct answer because it is the brightest planet in our solar system and is often referred to as the "Evening Star" due to its visibility in the evening sky. It is also the second planet from the sun, making it the only option that fits all the given criteria. Earth and Jupiter do not meet the requirements mentioned in the question.

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  • 13. 

    I am the water planet, 3rd from the sun, and the only planet known to have life. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Jupiter

    • C.

      Mercury

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Earth because it is the only planet known to have life. It is also the third planet from the sun and is often referred to as the "water planet" due to its abundant water resources.

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  • 14. 

    My beautiful rings make me popular, I’m the 6th from the sun and I have 18 known moons. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Mercury

    • B.

      Uranus

    • C.

      Saturn

    Correct Answer
    C. Saturn
    Explanation
    Saturn is the correct answer because it is known for its beautiful rings, it is the 6th planet from the sun, and it has 18 known moons.

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  • 15. 

    I am a small, icy "dwarf planet" and scientist are questioning if I am even a real planet. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Pluto

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Jupiter

    Correct Answer
    A. Pluto
    Explanation
    Pluto is considered a small, icy "dwarf planet" and has been a subject of debate among scientists regarding its classification as a real planet. Due to its size and composition, some argue that it does not meet the criteria to be considered a planet. Therefore, the correct answer is Pluto.

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  • 16. 

    Well, I rotate on my side in a tilted way & I’m the 7th from the sun. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Venus

    • B.

      Uranus

    • C.

      Neptune

    Correct Answer
    B. Uranus
    Explanation
    Uranus is the correct answer because it is the seventh planet from the sun and it rotates on its side in a tilted manner. This unique characteristic of Uranus is due to a collision with a massive object during its formation, causing its axis to tilt at a 98-degree angle. This distinctive feature sets Uranus apart from other planets in our solar system.

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  • 17. 

    I’m the small, rocky planet, closest to the sun with almost no atmosphere. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Mercury

    • B.

      Venus

    • C.

      Earth

    Correct Answer
    A. Mercury
    Explanation
    Mercury is the correct answer because it is the small, rocky planet closest to the sun. It is known for having almost no atmosphere, which makes it very different from Earth and Venus.

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  • 18. 

    My winds are the fastest in the solar system and I am the 8th planet from the sun. Which planet am I?

    • A.

      Neptune

    • B.

      Venus

    • C.

      Jupiter

    Correct Answer
    A. Neptune
    Explanation
    Neptune is the correct answer because it is the 8th planet from the sun and has the fastest winds in the solar system. Neptune's winds can reach speeds of up to 1,500 miles per hour, making them the strongest among all the planets. Venus and Jupiter are not the correct answers because they do not meet both criteria of being the 8th planet from the sun and having the fastest winds.

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  • 19. 

    Which answer shows the planets listed in the correct order from the sun:

    • A.

      Sun=Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, Saturn, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Earth

    • B.

      Sun= Earth, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, Saturn

    • C.

      Sun= Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

    Correct Answer
    C. Sun= Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto
  • 20. 

    Do planets travel around the sun in an elliptical orbit? (stretched out circles)

    • A.

      Yes, they do.

    • B.

      No, they do not.

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes, they do.
    Explanation
    Planets travel around the sun in an elliptical orbit because of the gravitational force exerted by the sun. This force causes the planets to move in a curved path, which is not a perfect circle but rather an ellipse. The shape of the elliptical orbit is determined by the balance between the gravitational force and the planet's velocity. This is why planets have varying distances from the sun at different points in their orbit.

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  • 21. 

    Meteoroids are small rocky objects that orbit the Sun

    • A.

      Yes, that is TRUE!

    • B.

      No, that is FALSE!

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes, that is TRUE!
    Explanation
    The statement is true because meteoroids are indeed small rocky objects that orbit the Sun. Meteoroids are typically fragments of asteroids or comets that have broken off due to collisions or other factors. They can vary in size, ranging from tiny grains of dust to larger boulders. As they travel through space, meteoroids can enter Earth's atmosphere and become meteors, creating the phenomenon known as shooting stars.

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  • 22. 

    Meteoroids are made up of pieces from the sun

    • A.

      Yes, that is TRUE!

    • B.

      No, that is FALSE!

    Correct Answer
    B. No, that is FALSE!
    Explanation
    Meteoroids are not made up of pieces from the sun. Meteoroids are small rocky or metallic objects in space that range in size from a grain of sand to a boulder. They are typically remnants of asteroids or comets. The sun, on the other hand, is a massive ball of hot plasma composed mainly of hydrogen and helium.

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  • 23. 

    The time that it takes for a planet to rotate once on its axis is its:

    • A.

      Rotation period.

    • B.

      Shuttle period.

    • C.

      Crater period.

    Correct Answer
    A. Rotation period.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rotation period." This refers to the amount of time it takes for a planet to complete one full rotation on its axis. This period determines the length of a planet's day. The other options, "Shuttle period" and "Crater period," are not accurate terms to describe the time it takes for a planet to rotate.

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  • 24. 

    The image that is rotating around this planet is an example of a:

    • A.

      Alien automobile

    • B.

      Natural satellite

    • C.

      Man Made satellite

    Correct Answer
    C. Man Made satellite
    Explanation
    The image that is rotating around this planet is most likely a man-made satellite. Natural satellites are celestial bodies that orbit around a planet, such as moons, while an alien automobile is not a known concept in astronomy. Therefore, the only logical option is a man-made satellite, which refers to any object launched into space by humans to orbit around a planet or perform specific tasks.

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  • 25. 

    When meteoroids land on earth, their name changes to:

    • A.

      Comets

    • B.

      Meteorites

    • C.

      Asteroids

    Correct Answer
    B. Meteorites
    Explanation
    When meteoroids land on Earth, they are called meteorites. Meteoroids are small rocky or metallic objects that travel through space, and when they enter Earth's atmosphere and survive the journey to the surface, they are then referred to as meteorites. Comets, on the other hand, are icy bodies that typically have a tail when they approach the Sun, and asteroids are rocky objects that orbit the Sun.

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  • 26. 

    The Italian astronomer, Galileo, was the first scientist to do what?

    • A.

      Discover the correct shape of the planets orbits

    • B.

      Discover gravity & inertia

    • C.

      Use a telescope to look at objects in sky

    Correct Answer
    C. Use a telescope to look at objects in sky
    Explanation
    Galileo was the first scientist to use a telescope to look at objects in the sky. He made significant astronomical observations, including discovering the moons of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, and the mountains on the Moon. His observations supported the heliocentric model of the solar system proposed by Copernicus and challenged the geocentric model. Galileo's use of the telescope revolutionized astronomy and laid the foundation for modern observational techniques.

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  • 27. 

    This _________ in the earth was most likely caused by a _______ crashing into the ground.

    • A.

      Volcano/earthquake

    • B.

      Crater/meteorite

    • C.

      Comet/star

    Correct Answer
    B. Crater/meteorite
    Explanation
    The correct answer is crater/meteorite. A crater is a bowl-shaped depression on the surface of the Earth, usually caused by an impact event. A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid that survives its passage through the Earth's atmosphere and lands on the ground. Therefore, a crater is most likely caused by a meteorite crashing into the ground.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 11, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Mscendie
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