Solar System Test! Ultimate Quiz

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| By Missphe
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 978
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 978

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Solar System Test! Ultimate Quiz - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    List, in order from smallest to largest, the 4 levels of the Universe.

    • A.

      Solar system, earth, milky way, universe

    • B.

      Solar system, milky way, earth, univese

    • C.

      Earth, solar system, milky way, universe

    • D.

      Universe, milky way, solar system, earth

    Correct Answer
    C. Earth, solar system, milky way, universe
    Explanation
    Find this answer under the tab "arrangement of the universe, distanes in space, and solar system"

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  • 2. 

    "Asteroids give off gas and dust in the form of a tail as they orbit the Sun". True or False, and Why?

    • A.

      False--Comets give off gas and dust in the form of a tail

    • B.

      False--Meteors give off gas and dust in the form of a tail

    • C.

      False-- Dwarf Planets give off gas and dust in the form of a tail

    • D.

      False: Jupiter gives off gas and dust in the form of a tail

    Correct Answer
    A. False--Comets give off gas and dust in the form of a tail
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because comets are known to give off gas and dust in the form of a tail as they orbit the Sun. Asteroids, meteors, dwarf planets, and Jupiter do not exhibit this behavior.

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  • 3. 

    What type of galaxy has old stars?

    • A.

      Elliptical

    • B.

      Spiral

    • C.

      Irregular

    • D.

      Amorphous

    Correct Answer
    A. Elliptical
    Explanation
    Get this answer from the "minor bodies, galaxies, and stars" tab

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  • 4. 

    What type of galaxy has only a few, young stars, and an undefined shape?

    • A.

      Elliptical

    • B.

      Spiral

    • C.

      Irregular

    • D.

      Amorphous

    Correct Answer
    C. Irregular
    Explanation
    Get this answer from the "minor bodies, galaxies, and stars" tab

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  • 5. 

    What type of galaxy is the Milky Way?

    • A.

      Elliptical

    • B.

      Spiral

    • C.

      Irregular

    • D.

      Amorphous

    Correct Answer
    B. Spiral
    Explanation
    Get this answer from the "minor bodies, galaxies, and stars" tab

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  • 6. 

    All galaxies...

    • A.

      Are the same size

    • B.

      Are the same shape

    • C.

      Are made up of stars, gas, and dust ONLY

    • D.

      Are made up of star, gas, dust, and AND OTHER STUFF

    Correct Answer
    D. Are made up of star, gas, dust, and AND OTHER STUFF
    Explanation
    Get this answer from the "additional notes" page OP 22

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  • 7. 

    Planets an moons appear bright. Why?

    • A.

      Nuclear fusion occuring in their core

    • B.

      Sunspots on their surface

    • C.

      Reflcecting sunlight

    • D.

      Nuclear fusion occuring on their surface

    Correct Answer
    C. Reflcecting sunlight
    Explanation
    Find this answer on the "moon phases, distances in space, and solar system" tab

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  • 8. 

    How do stars make their own energy? ___________ ___________

    Correct Answer
    nuclear fusion
    Explanation
    Find the answer in the "minor bodies, stars, and galaxies"tab

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  • 9. 

    What does star color depend on? _______

    Correct Answer
    temperature
    Explanation
    Find the answer in the "minor bodies, stars, and galaxies" tab

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  • 10. 

    Why does the moon appear to have different phases? Check all answers that are true.

    • A.

      The moon reflects light from the Sun

    • B.

      We can only see the side of the moon that faces towards Venus

    • C.

      We can only see the sunlit side of the moon as it orbits earth

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The moon reflects light from the Sun
    C. We can only see the sunlit side of the moon as it orbits earth
    Explanation
    Find this answer on the "moon phases, distances in space, and solar system" tab

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  • 11. 

    Refer to "Additional notes" , the HR diagram, for this question. Our Sun is a main sequence yellow star. Based on that information, which of the following statements are true?

    • A.

      Our sun is probably hotter than 25,000 degrees

    • B.

      Our sun is probably between 10,000 and 4,000 degrees

    • C.

      Our sun is brighter than betelgeuse

    • D.

      Our sun is brighter than sirius b

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Our sun is probably between 10,000 and 4,000 degrees
    C. Our sun is brighter than betelgeuse
    Explanation
    The HR diagram shows that main sequence yellow stars fall within the temperature range of 10,000 to 4,000 degrees. Therefore, the statement "our sun is probably between 10,000 and 4,000 degrees" is true. Additionally, the HR diagram also shows that main sequence yellow stars are generally brighter than red giants like Betelgeuse. Therefore, the statement "our sun is brighter than Betelgeuse" is also true. However, the brightness of Sirius B cannot be determined based on the given information, so the statement "our sun is brighter than Sirius B" cannot be confirmed.

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  • 12. 

    What is the difference between astronomical units and light years? Check all that are true.

    • A.

      Light years are used to measure distances between stars and galaxies, but astronomical units are used to measure the distances in our galaxy

    • B.

      Light years are used to measure distances between stars and galaxies, but astronomical units are used to measure the distances in our solar system

    • C.

      The distance from the earth to the sun is about one astronomical unit, and we don't use light years to measure the distance from the earth to the sun

    • D.

      A light year is the distance that light travels in one year, but an astronomical unit is the distance that light travels in one month

    • E.

      An astronomical unit is much larger than a light year

    • F.

      A light year is must larger than an astronomical unit

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Light years are used to measure distances between stars and galaxies, but astronomical units are used to measure the distances in our solar system
    C. The distance from the earth to the sun is about one astronomical unit, and we don't use light years to measure the distance from the earth to the sun
    F. A light year is must larger than an astronomical unit
    Explanation
    Find this answer on the "moon phases, distances in space, and solar system" tab

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  • 13. 

    The only star in our ____________ ____________ is the Sun

    Correct Answer(s)
    solar system
    Explanation
    The phrase "The only star in our solar system is the Sun" suggests that the Sun is the only star in our solar system. This statement is correct because our solar system consists of the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, and other celestial bodies, but it only has one star, which is the Sun. Other stars are located outside of our solar system in the vast expanse of the universe.

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  • 14. 

    Where is the asteroid belt located? Give the BEST answer that gives the most information.

    • A.

      Between Jupiter and Saturn

    • B.

      In the universe

    • C.

      Between Mars and Jupiter

    • D.

      In an irregular galaxy

    Correct Answer
    C. Between Mars and Jupiter
    Explanation
    Find the answer in the "minor bodies, stars, and galaxies"tab

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  • 15. 

    What causes seasons? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Earth's rotation on its axis

    • B.

      Earth's tilt on its axis

    • C.

      Ocean currents

    • D.

      Earth's orbit around the Sun

    • E.

      The moon's rotation on its axis

    • F.

      Earth's revolution around the Sun

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Earth's tilt on its axis
    D. Earth's orbit around the Sun
    F. Earth's revolution around the Sun
    Explanation
    Find this answer under the tab "arrangement of the universe, distances in space, and motion of celestial bodies"

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  • 16. 

    What causes day and night? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Earth spinning on it axis

    • B.

      The tilt of the earth on its axis

    • C.

      When the earth is facing the Sun

    • D.

      When the earth is facing away from the Sun

    • E.

      The current moon phase

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Earth spinning on it axis
    C. When the earth is facing the Sun
    D. When the earth is facing away from the Sun
    Explanation
    Find this answer under the tab "arrangement of the universe, distances in space, and motion of celestial bodies"

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  • 17. 

    Because of their distance from the Sun, which of the following are most likely true?

    • A.

      Earth has a longer year than Mars

    • B.

      Mars has a longer year than Mercury

    • C.

      Mercury has a longer year than Jupiter

    • D.

      Neptune has the longest year of all planets

    • E.

      The inner planets revolve around the sun faster than the outer planets

    • F.

      Venus revolves around the Sun more slowly than Uranus

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Mars has a longer year than Mercury
    D. Neptune has the longest year of all planets
    E. The inner planets revolve around the sun faster than the outer planets
    Explanation
    Get this answer from the "additional notes" page OP 22

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  • 18. 

    What facts are true of the outer planets? Chck all that apply.

    • A.

      They are made of gas

    • B.

      They are made of dust and rock

    • C.

      They are made of fire

    • D.

      They reflect light from the Sun

    • E.

      They make their own light by nuclear fusion

    • F.

      They are far from the Sun

    • G.

      They are close to the Sun

    • H.

      They are nicknamed "gas giants"

    • I.

      They are nicknamed "terrestrial planets"

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. They are made of gas
    D. They reflect light from the Sun
    F. They are far from the Sun
    H. They are nicknamed "gas giants"
    Explanation
    Find this answer on the "moon phases, distances in space, and solar system" tab

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  • 19. 

    What facts are true of the inner planets?

    • A.

      They are made of gas

    • B.

      They are made of dust and rock

    • C.

      They are made of fire

    • D.

      They reflect light from the Sun

    • E.

      They make their own light by nuclear fusion

    • F.

      They are far from the Sun

    • G.

      They are close to the Sun

    • H.

      They are nicknamed "gas giants"

    • I.

      They are nicknamed "terrestrial planets"

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. They are made of dust and rock
    D. They reflect light from the Sun
    G. They are close to the Sun
    I. They are nicknamed "terrestrial planets"
    Explanation
    Find this answer on the "moon phases, distances in space, and solar system" tab

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  • 20. 

    What facts are true of stars? Chck all that apply.

    • A.

      They are held together by gravity

    • B.

      They are made of dust and rock

    • C.

      They make their own light by nuclear fusion

    • D.

      They undergo a process at their core which turns hydrogen into helium

    • E.

      There are billions in our solar system

    • F.

      There are billions in our galaxy

    • G.

      The Sun is the only one in our solar system

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. They are held together by gravity
    C. They make their own light by nuclear fusion
    D. They undergo a process at their core which turns hydrogen into helium
    F. There are billions in our galaxy
    G. The Sun is the only one in our solar system
    Explanation
    Find the answer in the "minor bodies, stars, and galaxies" tab

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  • 21. 

    List, in order from smallest to largest, the 4 levels of the Universe.

    • A.

      Solar system, earth, milky way, universe

    • B.

      Solar system, milky way, earth, univese

    • C.

      Earth, solar system, milky way, universe

    • D.

      Universe, milky way, solar system, earth

    Correct Answer
    C. Earth, solar system, milky way, universe
    Explanation
    Find this answer under the tab "arrangement of the universe, distanes in space, and solar system"

    Rate this question:

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 28, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Missphe
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