Software Fundamentals Hardest Quiz! Trivia

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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 7,433
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Software Fundamentals Hardest Quiz! Trivia - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Arrange the various activities of an application lifecycle in the order in which they are likely to occur.

    • A.

      Requirements analysis, design, coding, testing, and release

    • B.

      Design, requirements analysis, coding, testing, and release

    • C.

      Release, requirements analysis, coding, testing, and design

    • D.

      Requirements analysis, design, release, coding, and testing

    Correct Answer
    A. Requirements analysis, design, coding, testing, and release
    Explanation
    The activities of an application lifecycle are likely to take place in the following order: requirements analysis, design, coding, testing, and release.

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  • 2. 

    You are planning to develop a new software system for your organization. You need to review the plans, models, and architecture for how the software will be implemented. Of which of the following activities should you review the output?

    • A.

      Requirements analysis

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Coding

    • D.

      Testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Design
    Explanation
    The design activity is used to create plans, models, and architecture for how the software will be implemented.

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  • 3. 

    You are planning to develop a new software system for your organization. You need to review the system’s technical blueprint. Which of the following participants is responsible for providing the technical blueprint?

    • A.

      User interface designer

    • B.

      Developer

    • C.

      Architect

    • D.

      Technical writer

    Correct Answer
    C. Architect
    Explanation
    An architect designs the technical blueprint of the system. This includes identifying components and services, their behavior, and how they interact with each other and with the external world.

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  • 4. 

    You are planning to develop a new software system for your organization. Someone needs to be responsible for developing system manuals and help files. Which of the following participants should you identify for this task?

    • A.

      User interface designer

    • B.

      Content developer

    • C.

      User interface designer

    • D.

      Technical writer

    Correct Answer
    D. Technical writer
    Explanation
    Identify a technical writer for this task. Technical writers develop the system manuals and help files that will be delivered with the application.

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  • 5. 

    You are planning to develop a new software system for your organization. You need to verify that the implementation of the system matches the requirements of the system. Which of the following activities would accomplish this requirement?

    • A.

      Testing

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Release

    • D.

      Requirements analysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Testing
    Explanation
    Use the testing activity to assure the quality of the final product. Testing can identify possible gaps between the system expectations described in the requirements document and actual system behavior.

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  • 6. 

    You are planning to develop a new software system for your organization. You need to review the plan for packaging, deployment, delivery, and support for the software. Which of the following should you contact?

    • A.

      Quality assurance manager

    • B.

      Release manager

    • C.

      Technical architect

    • D.

      Database administrator

    Correct Answer
    B. Release manager
    Explanation
    Release management includes activities such as packaging and deploying the software, managing software defects, and managing software change requests. The release manager coordinates various teams and business units to ensure the timely release of a software product.

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  • 7. 

    You are in the process of developing a new software application. As defects are reported, you take the necessary steps to fix them. You need to make sure that each new fix doesn’t break anything that was previously working. Which type of testing should you use?

    • A.

      Integration testing

    • B.

      System testing

    • C.

      Acceptance testing

    • D.

      Regression testing

    Correct Answer
    D. Regression testing
    Explanation
    As the defects in a software application are reported and fixed, you need to make sure that each new fix doesn’t break anything that was previously working. This is where regression testing comes in handy. With every new fix, software testers usually run a battery of regression tests to make sure that every function that was already known to work correctly is still working.

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  • 8. 

    You have completed developing a new software application. To ensure the quality of the software, you need to verify that each method or function has proper test cases available. Which testing approach should you use?

    • A.

      White-box testing

    • B.

      Black-box testing

    • C.

      Alpha testing

    • D.

      Beta testing

    Correct Answer
    A. White-box testing
    Explanation
    Black-box testing treats the software as a “black box,” focusing solely on inputs and outputs. On the other hand, white-box testing is used to make sure that each method or function has proper test cases available. Alpha and beta testing are both black-box types of testing.

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  • 9. 

    You have completed developing several major features of a new software application. You plan to provide an early look at the product to important customers to gather some early feedback. Your application still misses features and you haven’t yet optimized the application for perforce and security. Which kind of testing should you perform with a limited number of important customers?  

    • A.

      White-box testing

    • B.

      Black-box testing

    • C.

      Alpha testing

    • D.

      Beta testing

    Correct Answer
    C. Alpha testing
    Explanation
    Alpha testing—performed by a limited group of users—provides opportunities to give the most important customers an early look at the product and to gather feedback. Alpha releases may miss some features and generally lack many nonfunctional attributes such as performance. In the next level of testing, beta testing, you release the product to a wider audience of customers and solicit feedback. In terms of functionality, the beta release of the software is very close to the final release. However, the development teams might still be working on improving performance and fixing known defects.

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  • 10. 

    You are developing a new application that optimizes the processing of a manufacturing plant’s operations. You need to implement a data structure that works as a “buffer” for overflow capacity. When the manufacturing capacity is available, the items in the buffer need to be processed in the order in which they were added to the buffer. Which data structure should you use to implement such a buffer?  

    • A.

      Array

    • B.

      Linked list

    • C.

      Stack

    • D.

      Queue

    Correct Answer
    D. Queue
    Explanation
    In a queue, items are processed in the order in which they were added to the queue. In particular, items are always added at the end of the queue and removed from the front of the queue. This is also commonly known as first-in, first-out (FIFO) processing.

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  • 11. 

    You are developing a new application that optimizes the processing of a warehouse’s operations. When the products arrive, they are stored on warehouse racks. To minimize the time it takes to retrieve an item, the items that arrive last are the first to go out. You need to represent the items that arrive and leave the warehouse in a data structure. Which data structure should you use to represent this situation?  

    • A.

      Array

    • B.

      Linked list

    • C.

      Stack

    • D.

      Queue

    Correct Answer
    C. Stack
    Explanation
    A stack is a collection of items in which the last item added to the collection is the first one to be removed.

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  • 12. 

    You are developing an application that uses a double dimensional array. You use the following code to declare the array:   int[,] numbers = new int[,] { { 11, 7, 50, 45, 27 }, { 18, 35, 47, 24, 12 }, { 89, 67, 84, 34, 24 }, { 67, 32, 79, 65, 10 } };   Next, you refer to an array element by using the expression numbers[2, 3]. What will be the return value of this expression?  

    • A.

      47

    • B.

      84

    • C.

      24

    • D.

      34

    Correct Answer
    D. 34
    Explanation
    In the .NET Framework, all arrays are zero-based. A two-dimensional array can be thought of as a table in which each cell is an array element and can be addressed using the numbers of the row and column to which it belongs. Both the row number and column number are indexed by zero. For example, the expression number[2, 3] would refer to an item in the third row and fourth column of an array, which in this case is 34.

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  • 13. 

    In your application, you are using a queue data structure to manipulate information. You need to find whether a data item exists in the queue, but you don’t want to actually process that data item yet. Which of the following queue operations will you use?  

    • A.

      Enqueue

    • B.

      Dequeue

    • C.

      Peek

    • D.

      Contains

    Correct Answer
    D. Contains
    Explanation
    The contains operation allows you to determine whether a particular item exists in the queue.

    The peek operation allows you to look at the current item at the head position without actually removing it from the queue.

    The enqueue operation adds an item to the tail end of the queue.

    The dequeue operation removes the current element at the head of the queue.

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  • 14. 

    You are developing an application that uses the Stack data structure. You write the following code:   Stack first = new Stack(); first.Push(50); first.Push(45); first.Pop(); first.Push(11); first.Pop(); first.Push(7);   What are the contents of the stack, from top to bottom, after these statements are executed?  

    • A.

      7, 11, 50

    • B.

      7, 45

    • C.

      7, 50

    • D.

      7, 11, 45

    Correct Answer
    C. 7, 50
    Explanation
    After the first statement, the content of the stack is (50). After the second statement, the stack contents from top to bottom are (45, 50). After the third statement, the top element is popped, resulting to (50). After the fourth statement, another element is added to the top, resulting to (11, 50). After the fifth statement, the top element is popped, resulting to (50). Finally, the sixth statement is executed and the result of stack is (7, 50).

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  • 15. 

    In your application, you are using a stack data structure to manipulate information. You need to find which data item will be processed next, but you don’t want to actually process that data item yet. Which of the following queue operations will you use?  

    • A.

      Pop

    • B.

      Push

    • C.

      Peek

    • D.

      Contains

    Correct Answer
    C. Peek
    Explanation
    The peek operation allows you to look at the current item at the top of the stack without actually removing it. The contains operation allows you to determine whether a particular item exists in the stack. The push operation adds an item to the top of the stack. The pop operation removes the element at the top of the stack.

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  • 16. 

    You are developing a sorting algorithm that uses partitioning and comparison to arrange an array of numbers in the correct order. You write a method that partitions the array so that the items less than pivot go to the left side, whereas the items greater than pivot go to the right side. The partitioning method has the following signature:   static int Partition (int[] numbers, int left, int right, int pivotIndex)   Which of the following algorithms should you use to sort the array using the Partition method?  

    • A.

      Static int[] QuickSort(int[] numbers, int left, int right) { if (right > left) { int pivotIndex = left + (right - left) / 2; pivotIndex = Partition( numbers, left, right, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex - 1); QuickSort( numbers, pivotIndex + 1, right); } return numbers; }

    • B.

      Static int[] QuickSort(int[] numbers, int left, int right) { if (right > left) { int pivotIndex = left + (right - left) / 2; pivotIndex = Partition( numbers, left, right, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, pivotIndex + 1, right); } return numbers; }

    • C.

      Static int[] QuickSort(int[] numbers, int left, int right) { if (right > left) { int pivotIndex = left + (right - left) / 2; pivotIndex = Partition( numbers, left, right, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex - 1); QuickSort( numbers, pivotIndex, right); } return numbers; }

    • D.

      Static int[] QuickSort(int[] numbers, int left, int right) { if (right > left) { int pivotIndex = left + (right - left) / 2; pivotIndex = Partition( numbers, left, right, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex + 1); QuickSort( numbers, pivotIndex + 1, right); } return numbers; }

    Correct Answer
    A. Static int[] QuickSort(int[] numbers, int left, int right) { if (right > left) { int pivotIndex = left + (right - left) / 2; pivotIndex = Partition( numbers, left, right, pivotIndex); QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex - 1); QuickSort( numbers, pivotIndex + 1, right); } return numbers; }
    Explanation
    After you partition the array, you need only to sort the left and right sides of the array. The middle element is automatically sorted.

    To sort the left array, use the expression QuickSort( numbers, left, pivotIndex - 1); to sort the right array, you should use the expression QuickSort(numbers, left, pivotIndex + 1).

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  • 17. 

    You are studying various sorting algorithms to understand, analyze, and compare the various sorting techniques. Which of the following techniques should you utilize when using the BubbleSort algorithm?  

    • A.

      Comparison

    • B.

      Comparison and swap

    • C.

      Comparison and partition

    • D.

      Partition and swap

    Correct Answer
    B. Comparison and swap
    Explanation
    The BubbleSort algorithm uses a series of comparison and swap operations to arrange list elements in the correct order.

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  • 18. 

    You are developing a C# program that makes use of a singly linked list. You need to traverse all nodes of the list. Which of the following items will you need to accomplish this requirement?  

    • A.

      Link to the head node

    • B.

      Link to the tail node

    • C.

      Data in the head node

    • D.

      Data in the tail node

    Correct Answer
    A. Link to the head node
    Explanation
    Each node in a linked list contains of two pieces of information: the data corresponding to the node, and the link to the next node.

    The first node of the list is called the head node. Using this link, you can get to the next node and continue traversing nodes until the final link is a null value.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not true about linked lists?  

    • A.

      A linked list does not allow random access to its items.

    • B.

      A link to the head node can help you locate all the nodes in a linked list.

    • C.

      The items in a linked list must be stored in contiguous memory locations.

    • D.

      Linked lists are extremely fast in performing insert and delete operations.

    Correct Answer
    C. The items in a linked list must be stored in contiguous memory locations.
    Explanation
    A linked list is a collection of nodes in which each node contains a reference (or link) to the next node in the sequence.

    Unlike in an array, items in a linked list need not be contiguous; therefore, a linked list does not require reallocation of memory space for the entire list when more items must be added.

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  • 20. 

    You are developing a program that performs frequent insert and delete operations on the data. Your requirement also dictates the capability to access previous and next records when the user clicks the previous or next button.   Which of the following data structures will best suit your requirements?  

    • A.

      Array

    • B.

      Circular linked list

    • C.

      Linked list

    • D.

      Doubly linked list

    Correct Answer
    D. Doubly linked list
    Explanation
    Because you need to perform frequent insert and delete operations, using a linked list is better than using arrays.

    Also, because you need access to both previous and next records, you must use a doubly linked list.

    The linked list and circular linked list let you traverse in only one direction.

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  • 21. 

    You are developing a Web page for a medium-sized business. You want to separate the formatting and layout of the page from its content. Which of the following technologies should you use to define the formatting and layout of the page content?  

    • A.

      Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

    • B.

      Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

    • C.

      JavaScript

    • D.

      Hypertext Transmission Protocol (HTTP)

    Correct Answer
    A. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
    Explanation
    Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) help you define the formatting and layout of a page’s content and store that separately from the content.

    HTML is a text-based language that uses various markup tags that describe how content is displayed.

    JavaScript is scripting language that you use to add functionality and behavior to a Web page.

    HTTP is the underlying communication protocol used by the World Wide Web.

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  • 22. 

    You want to display an image on your Web page. The image is stored on a separate Web server but can be accessed with a public URL. Which of the following HTML tags should you use to ensure that the image is displayed when the user navigates to your Web page?  

    • A.

      LINK

    • B.

      IMG

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      HTML

    Correct Answer
    B. IMG
    Explanation
    The HTML IMG tag is used to display the images on a Web page. The source of the image can be on the same or a different Web server.

    The LINK tag is used to link a CSS file with the HTML page.

    The A tag is used to create anchor links.

    The HTML tag is used to specify the contents of a Web page.

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  • 23. 

    You are developing a new Web page. You need to create hyperlinks that point to other pages on the World Wide Web. Which of the following methods should you use to create these hyperlinks on your Web page?  

    • A.

      The SRC attribute of the <IMG> tag

    • B.

      The HREF attribute of the tag

    • C.

      The HREF attribute of the tag

    • D.

      The XMLNS attribute of the tag

    Correct Answer
    B. The HREF attribute of the tag
    Explanation
    To create a hyperlink to another Web page, use the HREF attribute of the tag.

    The IMG tag is used to specify the location of an image.

    The LINK tag is used to link to a CSS resource.

    The HTML tag is used to specify the contents of a Web page.

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  • 24. 

    You need to perform data validation to ensure that the input fields are not empty and the user’s email address and phone numbers have been provided in the required format. You need to minimize the transmission of information across the networks. Which of the following coding approaches should you follow?  

    • A.

      Use JavaScript code that executes on the Web server.

    • B.

      Use C# code that executes on the Web server.

    • C.

      Use JavaScript code that executes in the browser.

    • D.

      User C# code that executes in the browser.

    Correct Answer
    C. Use JavaScript code that executes in the browser.
    Explanation
    JavaScript is a client-side scripting language that runs inside Web browsers to help create far more interactive Web pages than are possible with only HTML.

    C# code does not run within Web browsers.

    Writing code that runs on a Web server increases transmission of information across networks and provides slow response to the users.

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  • 25. 

    You write large amount of JavaScript code for your Web site. You need to take advantage of caching techniques to make sure that Web pages load as quickly as possible. You also need to ensure that you can modify the JavaScript code with the least amount of effort. What should you do?  

    • A.

      Write JavaScript code inside the SCRIPT tag. Include the SCRIPT within the HEAD tag of the HTML page.

    • B.

      Write JavaScript code inside the SCRIPT tag. Include the SCRIPT within the BODY tag of the HTML page.

    • C.

      Write JavaScript code in a separate file. Use the SRC attribute of the SCRIPT tag to link to the JavaScript file.

    • D.

      Write JavaScript code in a separate file. Use the HREF attribute of the LINK tag to link to the JavaScript file.

    Correct Answer
    C. Write JavaScript code in a separate file. Use the SRC attribute of the SCRIPT tag to link to the JavaScript file.
    Explanation
    You should write JavaScript code in a separate file and then use the SRC attribute of the SCRIPT tag to link to the JavaScript file. When the JavaScript code is in an external file, it can be cached on the client side and doesn’t need to be downloaded with every page.

    Writing the JavaScript code inside the SCRIPT code and including the SCRIPT tag within HEAD or BODY increases the Web page’s size and causes the JavaScript code to be downloaded with each page request, thereby slowing down page loads.

    Using the LINK tag will not work because it is used to link to the external CSS file.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following processes is responsible for providing the ASP.NET functionality?

    • A.

      Inetinfo.exe

    • B.

      Iexplore.exe

    • C.

      Aspnet_isapi.dll

    • D.

      Aspnet_wp.exe

    Correct Answer
    D. Aspnet_wp.exe
    Explanation
    The aspnet_wp.exe (ASP.NET Worker Process) file handles the Web requests for ASP.NET resources. The ASP.NET ISAPI extension (aspnet_isapi.dll) is responsible for invoking the ASP.NET worker process (aspnet_wp.exe), which, in turn, controls the execution of the request.

    The inetinfo.exe is the Internet Information Services process.

    The iexplore.exe process is for the Internet Explorer Web browser.

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  • 27. 

    You are developing an ASP.NET Web page that displays status of a shipment. You need to write some code that will change the Web page’s appearance and assign values to some controls. Where should you put this code?

    • A.

      In the InitializeComponent method

    • B.

      In a method that handles the Load event

    • C.

      In a method that handles the Init event

    • D.

      In a method that handles the PreRender event

    Correct Answer
    B. In a method that handles the Load event
    Explanation
    The method that handles the Load event is the most appropriate place for writing initialization code such as this.

    You should not be including the Visual Studio InitializeComponent method in your code. The method that handles the Init event does not have access to the controls because they are available only after the page is initialized.

    If you write the code in the method that handles the PreRender event, any changes to the control’s properties do not have a visible effect because the page is already ready to be rendered.

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  • 28. 

    You write the following code in your Web page:   protected void Page_Load (object sender, EventArgs e) { /* additional code here */ }   You expect this code to be executed in response to the Load event of the ASP.NET page. However, when you request the page, you notice that the method is not executed. What should you do to make sure that the Page_Load method is executed when the Load event of the Web page is fired?  

    • A.

      Set the AutoEventWireup attribute of the @Page directive to true.

    • B.

      Set the AutoEventWireup attribute of the @Page directive to false.

    • C.

      Set the IsCallBack property of the Page class to true.

    • D.

      Set the IsPostBack property of the Page class to true.

    Correct Answer
    A. Set the AutoEventWireup attribute of the @Page directive to true.
    Explanation
    When the AutoEventWireup attribute of the @Page directive is set to true, specially named methods such as Page_Load are automatically wired up with their corresponding events. When the AutoEventWireup attribute of the @Page directive is set to false, the Page_Load method is not associated with the Load event of the Page class. The IsCallBack property of the Page class indicates whether the page request is the result of a callback.

    The IsPostBack property of the Page class indicates whether the page request is the result of a post-back operation.

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  • 29. 

    You need to display specific messages to the users when their browser is not running JavaScript. Which of the following code segment should you use?  

    • A.

      Script runat="server" … /script

    • B.

      Script ... /script

    • C.

      % … %

    • D.

      Noscript ... /noscript

    Correct Answer
    D. Noscript ... /noscript
    Explanation
    Use noscript element to display a specific message to users when their browser is not running JavaScript.

    The script tag is ignored when JavaScript is not enabled.

    The % ... % and script runat="server" … /script tags are used only for server-side programming.

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  • 30. 

    You are developing an ASP.NET application using C#. On your Web page, you want to display the results returned by a C# method named GetShipmentStatus when the page is rendered to the client. Which of the following code segments should you use to call the GetShipmentStatus method?  

    • A.

      Script language="c#" runat="server" Response.Write(GetShipmentStatus()); /script

    • B.

      Script language="c#" runat="client" Response.Write(GetShipmentStatus()); /script

    • C.

      Script language="c#" Response.Write(GetShipmentStatus()); /script

    • D.

      %= GetShipmentStatus() %

    Correct Answer
    D. %= GetShipmentStatus() %
    Explanation
    The %= ... % construct is used to display values from ASP.NET code, such as a method call. Using the script tag is incorrect because this tag is used for defining class-level methods, properties, and variables.

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  • 31. 

    You are developing an ASP.NET application using C#. You create a code-behind class named Status that contains the business logic. This class is under the namespace Northwind and is stored in a file named status.aspx.cs. You need write the user interface code that uses this class. Which of the following code segments should you use?  

    • A.

      % Page Language="c#" Codebehind="status.aspx.cs" ClassName="Northwind.Status" %

    • B.

      % Page Language="c#" Codebehind="status.aspx.cs" Inherits="Northwind.Status" %

    • C.

      % Page Language="c#" Src="status.aspx.cs" Inherits="Northwind.Status" %

    • D.

      % Page Language="c#" Src="status.aspx.cs" ClassName="Northwind.Status" %

    Correct Answer
    C. % Page Language="c#" Src="status.aspx.cs" Inherits="Northwind.Status" %
    Explanation
    The Inherits attribute in the @Page directive specifies a fully qualified name of the code-behind class from which the code should inherit. The Src attribute specifies the name of the source code file. The Codebehind attribute is used only by Visual Studio and is not used at runtime. The Classname attribute does not link ASP.Net pages with the code-behind class or file.

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  • 32. 

    You are developing a restaurant locator Web site in ASP.NET and C#. As users browse through the Web site, each of the Web pages must display a list of the recently viewed restaurant in the lower left corner. You want this information to be available across Web pages and browser restarts but do not want to use server-side resources to accomplish this. Which of the following state management techniques will help you accomplish this requirement with minimum effort?  

    • A.

      Hidden fields

    • B.

      View state

    • C.

      Cookies

    • D.

      Sessions

    Correct Answer
    C. Cookies
    Explanation
    Use cookies because they allow you to store a small amount of information on the user’s computer. Hidden fields, view state, and sessions are not correct because these options cannot store information across browser restarts.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 15, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Philanderson888
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