Sociology -- Chapter Two

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 104

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Final 05. 02. 12


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The total lifestyle of a people, including all of the ideas, knowledge, behaviors, and material that they share, is termed a 
    • A. 

      Society

    • B. 

      Social structure

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Belief system

    • E. 

      Heritage

  • 2. 
    All of the following would be considered a part of material culture EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Physical objects

    • B. 

      Language

    • C. 

      Physical artifacts

    • D. 

      Televisions

    • E. 

      Home appliances

  • 3. 
    Which of the following exemplifies "sanctions" ?
    • A. 

      A person is rewarded for conforming to a norm

    • B. 

      People are given rule of conduct to guide their behavior

    • C. 

      People control their own behavior

    • D. 

      Language shapes people's perceptions of reality

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    In most societies, the prohibitions against murder and incest would be considered to be
    • A. 

      Folkways

    • B. 

      Material culture

    • C. 

      Social roles

    • D. 

      Mores

    • E. 

      Role strain

  • 5. 
    The spread of cultural elements from one culture to another is referred to as 
    • A. 

      Innovation

    • B. 

      Invention

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Discovery

    • E. 

      Sanctions

  • 6. 
    The tendency to view one's own culture as the best and to judge other cultures in comparison to it is called
    • A. 

      Innovation

    • B. 

      Cultural relativity

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Racism

    • E. 

      Ethnocentrism

  • 7. 
    Which of the following are functions that can be served by an argot?
    • A. 

      It separates group members from nonmembers

    • B. 

      It reinforces group identity

    • C. 

      It offers concise ways to refer to roles and statuses not generally found in the mainstream of society

    • D. 

      It reinforces a subculture's values and priorities

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following would be best example of an ascribed status?
    • A. 

      Being born male

    • B. 

      Graduating from college

    • C. 

      Getting married

    • D. 

      Selling drugs

    • E. 

      Joining a religion

  • 9. 
    Occupation, marital status, parenthood, and bank robber are all examples of 
    • A. 

      Ascribed statuses

    • B. 

      Norms

    • C. 

      Achieved statuses

    • D. 

      Role sets

    • E. 

      Role strain

  • 10. 
    The subsistence pattern that involves raising herds of domestic animals is known as
    • A. 

      Hunting and gathering

    • B. 

      Pastoralism

    • C. 

      Horticulturalism

    • D. 

      Agriculture

    • E. 

      Industrialism

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