Social Studies Unit -3

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Social Studies Unit -3 - Quiz


Social Studies Unit 3 Study GuideLessons 1-3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The descriptive science dealing with the surface of the earth

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Globe

    • C.

      Geography

    • D.

      Island

    • E.

      Gulf

    Correct Answer
    C. Geography
    Explanation
    Geography is the correct answer because it is the descriptive science that deals with the surface of the earth. It involves studying the physical features, climate, population, and various other aspects of the earth's surface. Geography helps us understand the relationships between people and their environment, and how human activities impact the earth. It encompasses the study of landscapes, ecosystems, and the distribution of resources. By studying geography, we gain knowledge about different regions, cultures, and the interconnectedness of the world.

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  • 2. 

    A dry, sandy region, often extremely hot

    • A.

      Ocean

    • B.

      Desert

    • C.

      River

    • D.

      Lake

    • E.

      Globe

    Correct Answer
    B. Desert
    Explanation
    A dry, sandy region, often extremely hot, is commonly referred to as a desert. Deserts are characterized by their lack of precipitation and sparse vegetation, making them harsh and inhospitable environments. These regions typically have high temperatures during the day and cool down significantly at night. Deserts can be found in various parts of the world, such as the Sahara in Africa, the Mojave in North America, and the Arabian Desert in the Middle East.

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  • 3. 

    A great body of salt water 

    • A.

      River

    • B.

      Equator

    • C.

      Hill

    • D.

      Ocean

    • E.

      Lake

    Correct Answer
    D. Ocean
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ocean. An ocean is a large body of saltwater that covers a significant portion of the Earth's surface. It is much larger than a lake or a river and is typically found near the equator. Oceans are home to a diverse range of marine life and play a crucial role in regulating the Earth's climate.

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  • 4. 

    Each Kind of land with a special shape is called a ?

    • A.

      Globe

    • B.

      Landform

    • C.

      Peninsula

    • D.

      Desert

    • E.

      Ocean

    Correct Answer
    B. Landform
    Explanation
    The term "landform" refers to any natural feature or shape that is found on the Earth's surface. This can include mountains, valleys, plateaus, plains, and other formations. Therefore, landforms are the correct term to describe each kind of land with a special shape.

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  • 5. 

    A natural raised part of the earth's surface

    • A.

      Island

    • B.

      Globe

    • C.

      Hill

    • D.

      Gulf

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    C. Hill
    Explanation
    A hill is a natural raised part of the earth's surface. It is typically lower and less steep than a mountain. Hills are formed through various geological processes such as erosion, tectonic activity, or volcanic activity. They can be found in different landscapes and are often covered with vegetation. Hills provide scenic views, recreational opportunities, and can also have cultural or historical significance.

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  • 6. 

    A flat level surface

    • A.

      Valley

    • B.

      Hill

    • C.

      Plain

    • D.

      Gulf

    • E.

      Globe

    Correct Answer
    C. Plain
    Explanation
    A flat level surface refers to an area of land that is relatively even and without any significant changes in elevation. This type of terrain is commonly known as a plain. Plains are characterized by their low relief and lack of hills, valleys, or other prominent features. They are usually found in areas with gentle slopes and are often covered with grass or agricultural crops. Plains are important for agriculture and human settlements due to their fertile soil and ease of development.

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  • 7. 

    A natural raised part of the earth's surface, Larger than a hill

    • A.

      Valley

    • B.

      Hill

    • C.

      Plain

    • D.

      Mountain

    Correct Answer
    D. Mountain
    Explanation
    A mountain is a natural raised part of the earth's surface that is larger than a hill. It is typically characterized by steep slopes and a peak or summit. Mountains are formed through geological processes such as tectonic plate movements or volcanic activity. They are usually much larger and more rugged than hills, and they often have a significant impact on the surrounding landscape and climate.

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  • 8. 

    A stretch of low land lying between hills or mountains

    • A.

      Mountain

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Hill

    • D.

      Plain

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    B. Valley
    Explanation
    A valley is a stretch of low land that is located between hills or mountains. It is usually formed by the erosion of water or glaciers over time. Valleys are characterized by their low elevation and often have a river or stream flowing through them. They are typically surrounded by higher landforms such as hills or mountains, creating a scenic and enclosed landscape.

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  • 9. 

    A land surrounded by water

    • A.

      Gulf

    • B.

      Globe

    • C.

      Hill

    • D.

      River

    • E.

      Island

    Correct Answer
    E. Island
    Explanation
    An island is a landmass that is completely surrounded by water. It is separate from a mainland and is typically smaller in size. Islands can be found in oceans, seas, lakes, or rivers. They are formed through various geological processes such as volcanic activity or erosion. Islands are often sought after for their natural beauty and unique ecosystems. They can also serve as popular tourist destinations.

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  • 10. 

    A land area almost entirely surrounded by water and connected with the mainland

    • A.

      Landform

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Peninsula

    • D.

      Gulf

    • E.

      Globe

    Correct Answer
    C. Peninsula
    Explanation
    A peninsula is a land area that is almost entirely surrounded by water but connected to the mainland. It is characterized by water on three sides, with only one side connected to the mainland. This landform is different from a valley, which is a low area between mountains or hills, a gulf, which is a large inlet of the sea surrounded by land, and a globe, which is a spherical representation of the Earth. Therefore, the correct answer is peninsula.

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  • 11. 

    A natural stream of water larger than a creek and emptying into an ocean, a lake, or another river

    • A.

      Lake

    • B.

      River

    • C.

      Valley

    • D.

      Hill

    Correct Answer
    B. River
    Explanation
    A river is a natural stream of water that is larger than a creek and flows into an ocean, lake, or another river. It is a continuous flow of water that usually has a significant amount of water volume and can span over long distances. Rivers play a crucial role in the water cycle, transporting water and nutrients, shaping the landscape, and providing habitats for various plants and animals. They are vital sources of freshwater for human consumption, irrigation, and industrial use.

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  • 12. 

    A body of usually fresh water, larger than a pool or pond

    • A.

      Lake

    • B.

      Island

    • C.

      Valley

    • D.

      River

    • E.

      Gulf

    Correct Answer
    A. Lake
    Explanation
    A lake is a body of water that is larger than a pool or pond. It is usually found on land and contains fresh water. Unlike a pool or pond, a lake is typically larger in size and can support a variety of plant and animal life. Lakes can be formed by various geological processes such as tectonic activity, glacial erosion, or volcanic activity. They play an important role in the ecosystem by providing habitats for aquatic organisms and serving as a source of drinking water for human populations.

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  • 13. 

    A symbol on a map that tells the cardinal direction on that map. The directions are north, south, east, and west.

    • A.

      Rose

    • B.

      Compass

    • C.

      Compass Rose

    • D.

      North

    • E.

      South

    Correct Answer
    C. Compass Rose
    Explanation
    A compass rose is a symbol on a map that indicates the cardinal directions, which are north, south, east, and west. It helps users orient themselves and understand the spatial relationships between different locations on the map. By using the compass rose, individuals can easily determine which way is north, south, east, or west, allowing them to navigate and interpret the map accurately.

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  • 14. 

    A land mass of the earth.

    • A.

      River

    • B.

      Lake

    • C.

      Desert

    • D.

      Landform

    • E.

      Continent

    Correct Answer
    E. Continent
    Explanation
    A continent is a large, continuous landmass on the Earth. It is distinct from other landforms such as rivers, lakes, deserts, and landforms in general. Continents are typically made up of multiple countries and have their own unique characteristics, including diverse ecosystems, climates, and cultures. They are the largest subdivisions of the Earth's surface and play a significant role in shaping the planet's geography and human history.

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  • 15. 

    A large body of sea or ocean water

    • A.

      River

    • B.

      Island

    • C.

      Gulf

    • D.

      Lake

    Correct Answer
    C. Gulf
    Explanation
    A gulf is a large body of sea or ocean water that is partially enclosed by land, usually with a narrow opening to the open sea. It is larger than a bay but smaller than a sea. Gulfs are often formed by the movement of tectonic plates or by the erosion of rivers and glaciers. They can be found along coastlines all over the world and are important habitats for marine life.

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  • 16. 

    A model of the earth showing the continents, seas, etc.

    • A.

      Valley

    • B.

      Equator

    • C.

      Globe

    • D.

      Island

    Correct Answer
    C. Globe
    Explanation
    A globe is a model of the earth that accurately represents the continents, seas, and other geographical features. It is a three-dimensional representation that provides a realistic depiction of the earth's surface. Unlike maps, which are flat and distorted, a globe provides a more accurate representation of the earth's shape and geography. Therefore, a globe is the best answer to the given description.

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  • 17. 

    North, South, East, West

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Cardinal Direction

    • C.

      Lake

    • D.

      Hill

    • E.

      Plain

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardinal Direction
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Cardinal Direction," is correct because it is the only term that is related to the other terms in the list. North, South, East, and West are all cardinal directions, while Equator, Lake, Hill, and Plain are not. Therefore, "Cardinal Direction" is the most logical choice as the answer.

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  • 18. 

    The Land in our Country has one shape and one size

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The Land in our Country has one shape and one size" is false. This is because land in any country can have various shapes and sizes, including mountains, plains, valleys, and coastlines. The geography and topography of a country determine the shape and size of its land. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 19. 

    The Land in our country has many shapes and sizes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "The Land in our country has many shapes and sizes" is true. This is because landforms in any country can vary greatly, including mountains, hills, valleys, plains, plateaus, and coastlines. These different landforms result in diverse shapes and sizes of land across the country.

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  • 20. 

    Each kind of land with a special shape is called a landform.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true because landforms refer to the various physical features found on the Earth's surface, such as mountains, valleys, plateaus, and plains. These landforms are characterized by their distinct shapes and are formed by natural processes like erosion, deposition, and tectonic activity. Therefore, it is accurate to say that each kind of land with a special shape is called a landform.

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  • 21. 

    The  Great Plains Spread from Texas to Hawaii.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. The Great Plains do not spread from Texas to Hawaii. The Great Plains are a vast expanse of flat land that stretches across the central part of the United States, from Texas to Canada. Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean, far away from the Great Plains region. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 22. 

    The Great Plans spread from Texas to Montana. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Great Plains region does indeed stretch from Texas to Montana. The Great Plains is a vast expanse of flat land that covers parts of the central United States, including portions of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado, and Montana. This region is known for its grasslands, agricultural productivity, and iconic landscapes such as the Badlands and the Black Hills.

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  • 23. 

    Many farms and cities are in the plains.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because many farms and cities are indeed located in the plains. Plains are flat, low-lying areas that are ideal for agriculture and urban development. The fertile soil and access to water make plains suitable for farming, while the flat terrain makes it easier to build cities and infrastructure. Therefore, it is accurate to say that many farms and cities are found in the plains.

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  • 24. 

    Bodies of water in our country have many shapes and sizes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "Bodies of water in our country have many shapes and sizes" is a general statement that can be observed in most countries. This is because bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans can vary greatly in terms of their shape and size. Some bodies of water may be small and circular, while others may be large and irregularly shaped. Therefore, it is true that bodies of water in our country have many shapes and sizes.

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  • 25. 

    The United States is between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the United States is indeed located between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast and the Pacific Ocean on the west coast. This geographical positioning gives the United States access to both major bodies of water, allowing for extensive maritime trade and strategic military advantages.

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  • 26. 

    The Mississippi River is the Longest river in our country.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Mississippi River is indeed the longest river in the United States. It stretches approximately 2,320 miles from its source in Minnesota to its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico. The river passes through or borders 10 states, including Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Its length and the number of states it traverses make it the longest and one of the most significant rivers in the country.

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  • 27. 

    There are five very large lakes called. Great Lakes.  They are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because there are indeed five very large lakes called the Great Lakes. These lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario.

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  • 28. 

    Maps and Globes help us locate Places out of space. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Maps and globes do not help us locate places out of space. They are tools used to locate places on Earth's surface. Space is beyond the Earth's atmosphere and cannot be accurately depicted on maps or globes. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 29. 

    Maps and Globes help us locate on Earth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Maps and globes are tools that assist us in locating places on Earth. They provide a visual representation of the Earth's surface, including its landforms, bodies of water, and other geographical features. By using maps and globes, we can determine the exact location of a particular place, navigate through unfamiliar areas, and understand the spatial relationships between different locations. Therefore, the statement "Maps and Globes help us locate on Earth" is true.

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  • 30. 

    There are seven Main Land areas on earth called? 

    • A.

      Peninsula

    • B.

      Gulf

    • C.

      River

    • D.

      Continent

    Correct Answer
    D. Continent
    Explanation
    Continents are the correct answer because they are the main land areas on Earth. A continent is a large, continuous mass of land surrounded by water. There are seven continents on Earth: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, Australia, and South America. Each continent has its own unique characteristics, including geography, climate, and biodiversity. Continents play a crucial role in shaping the Earth's ecosystems and are home to diverse cultures and civilizations.

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  • 31. 

    The seven continents are North America, South America, Africa, China, Asia, Europe Australia, Antarctica.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 32. 

    The Seven continents are North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia and Antarctica.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the seven continents listed - North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and Antarctica - are widely recognized and accepted as the major land masses on Earth. These continents are distinct in terms of their geographical boundaries, landmass, and cultural diversity.

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  • 33. 

    Do oceans cover most of the earth?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Oceans cover about 71% of the Earth's surface, making them the largest continuous bodies of water on the planet. They play a crucial role in regulating the Earth's climate, storing heat, and distributing it around the globe through ocean currents. Oceans are also home to a vast array of marine life, providing habitats for countless species. Therefore, it is correct to say that oceans cover most of the Earth.

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  • 34. 

    The four oceans are the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian & Arctic Ocean.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. The four oceans are indeed the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic Ocean. These are the major bodies of saltwater that cover a large portion of the Earth's surface. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean, followed by the Atlantic Ocean, while the Indian Ocean is the third-largest and the Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest.

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  • 35. 

    Maps are flat and do not show the true size and shape of the land and water on earth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Maps are flat representations of the Earth's surface, which means they cannot accurately depict the true size and shape of land and water. Due to the distortion caused by projecting a spherical object onto a flat surface, maps often have distortions in size, shape, or both. This is particularly evident in maps that use the Mercator projection, which exaggerates the size of landmasses near the poles. Therefore, it is true that maps do not show the true size and shape of the land and water on Earth.

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  • 36. 

    North is the direction of the North Pole

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the North Pole is located at the most northern point on Earth, and therefore, any direction towards the North Pole is considered north.

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  • 37. 

    The equator is an imaginary line that divides Earth in Half. Is is halfway between North and South Pole.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the equator is indeed an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two equal halves. It is located exactly halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.

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  • Dec 08, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Pegcourt
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