Landforms Quiz Questions And Answers

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Landforms Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Hey, check out this awesome 'landforms quiz' that is given below. A landform is a natural or artificial formation of the solid surface of Earth. There are various types of landforms, each having a different structure and effects on the life of living organisms. This quiz will demonstrate the students' understanding of the landforms unit. Read each question carefully and answer the best choice that is correct. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Deep valley with very steep sides is called a 

    • A.

      Mountain

    • B.

      Canyon

    • C.

      Valley

    • D.

      Hill

    Correct Answer
    B. Canyon
    Explanation
    A deep valley with very steep sides is called a canyon. Canyons are formed by erosion, typically by a river or other water sources, gradually cutting through layers of rock over a long period of time. The steep sides of a canyon are often characterized by rugged cliffs or walls, creating a dramatic and picturesque landscape. Canyons can be found in various parts of the world, and they are often popular tourist destinations due to their natural beauty and geological significance.

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  • 2. 

    A piece of land having all sides surrounded by water is called __________.

    • A.

      Island

    • B.

      Lake

    • C.

      Peninsula

    • D.

      Plateau

    Correct Answer
    A. Island
    Explanation
    A piece of land surrounded by water on all sides is called an island.

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  • 3. 

    A raised area or mound of land:

    • A.

      Hill

    • B.

      Canyon

    • C.

      Mountain

    • D.

      Valley

    Correct Answer
    A. Hill
    Explanation
    A raised area or mound of land is commonly referred to as a hill. It is smaller in size compared to a mountain and usually has a gentle slope. Hills are formed through various geological processes such as erosion, tectonic activity, or volcanic activity. They are often found in landscapes and can provide scenic views.

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  • 4. 

    A large flowing body of water usually empties into a sea or ocean:

    • A.

      Lake

    • B.

      Island

    • C.

      River

    • D.

      Mountain

    Correct Answer
    C. River
    Explanation
    A river is a large flowing body of water that typically flows towards a sea or ocean. It is characterized by a continuous movement of water, usually originating from a source such as a spring or glacier, and eventually emptying into a larger body of water. Rivers are an important part of the Earth's hydrological cycle and play a crucial role in shaping the landscape, providing habitats for various plants and animals, and serving as a vital water source for human activities.

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  • 5. 

    A treeless, flat land:

    • A.

      Peninsula

    • B.

      Desert

    • C.

      Plains

    • D.

      Plateau

    Correct Answer
    C. Plains
    Explanation
    Plains are a type of landform characterized by being treeless and flat. They are typically low-lying areas with gentle slopes and are often found in regions with low rainfall. Plains are formed by the deposition of sediments over time, creating a flat surface. They are usually fertile and suitable for agriculture due to the accumulation of nutrient-rich soil. Unlike plateaus, which are elevated and have steep edges, plains are relatively level and lack significant variations in elevation. Deserts, on the other hand, are characterized by arid conditions and lack of vegetation, while peninsulas refer to land surrounded by water on three sides.

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  • 6. 

    A low place between mountain:

    • A.

      Desert

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Hill

    • D.

      Mountain

    Correct Answer
    B. Valley
    Explanation
    A valley is a low place between mountains. It is typically characterized by its elongated shape and surrounded by higher landforms. Valleys are formed through various geological processes such as erosion by rivers or glaciers. They often have a V-shaped cross-section and may contain a river or stream flowing through them. Valleys provide fertile land for agriculture and are often inhabited by human settlements due to their favorable conditions.

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  • 7. 

    A large body of saltwater:

    • A.

      Ocean

    • B.

      Lake

    • C.

      River

    • D.

      Valley

    Correct Answer
    A. Ocean
    Explanation
    An ocean is a large body of saltwater, covering a significant portion of the Earth's surface. It is much larger than a lake, river, or valley, making it the correct answer. Oceans are vast and deep, containing diverse marine life and playing a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate. They are also important for transportation, trade, and as a source of food and resources for humans.

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  • 8. 

    A body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides:

    • A.

      Peninsula

    • B.

      Island

    • C.

      Lake

    • D.

      Sea

    Correct Answer
    A. Peninsula
    Explanation
    A peninsula is a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides. It is connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land called an isthmus. This geographical feature is often found along coastlines and can create unique ecosystems and habitats. Examples of famous peninsulas include the Iberian Peninsula in Europe and the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East.

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  • 9. 

    A land that is higher than a hill:

    • A.

      Canyon

    • B.

      Mountain

    • C.

      Volcano

    • D.

      Hill

    Correct Answer
    B. Mountain
    Explanation
    A mountain is a landform that is higher than a hill. It typically has a peak or summit and is characterized by steep slopes and rugged terrain. Mountains are formed through tectonic activity, such as the collision of continental plates or volcanic eruptions. They are usually larger and more imposing than hills, and they often have a significant impact on the surrounding landscape and climate.

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  • 10. 

    A large body of water surrounded by land:

    • A.

      River

    • B.

      Ocean

    • C.

      Lake

    • D.

      Sea

    Correct Answer
    C. Lake
    Explanation
    A large body of water surrounded by land is commonly referred to as a lake. Unlike rivers, which are flowing bodies of water, lakes are stationary and do not have a current. While oceans and seas are also large bodies of water, they are typically surrounded by other bodies of water rather than land. Therefore, the most appropriate answer in this context is lake.

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