Social Norms And Sanctions

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| By Jbedell
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Jbedell
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 849
Questions: 8 | Attempts: 849

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This quiz on norms and sanctions will deal with quiestions regarding the social rules of behaviour and the forms of punishment against violation of those particular rules. What do you know about them? Let’s find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A Social Sanction is...

    • A.

      A behavior that punishes or rewards a person for following or not following a norm

    • B.

      An approved behavior for a specific social situation

    • C.

      A Value of what is right or wrong, good or bad

    • D.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    A. A behavior that punishes or rewards a person for following or not following a norm
    Explanation
    A social sanction refers to a behavior that punishes or rewards a person based on their adherence or violation of social norms. It acts as a form of social control by either reinforcing desired behaviors or discouraging undesirable ones. This can include various forms of consequences such as praise, criticism, ostracism, or even legal penalties. The purpose of social sanctions is to maintain social order and conformity within a society.

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  • 2. 

    Jane smiles at Stephanie for holding the door open for her. This is an example of a ________ sanction.

    Correct Answer
    Positive
    Explanation
    This is an example of a positive sanction because Jane's smile is a positive response to Stephanie's action of holding the door open for her. A positive sanction is a form of social approval or reward given to someone for conforming to social norms or expectations. In this case, Jane's smile serves as a positive reinforcement for Stephanie's behavior, encouraging her to continue engaging in polite and considerate actions.

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  • 3. 

    Curtis carries the elderly person's groceries to his car for him. The elderly man tips him $1. This is an example of a _______________ sanction.

    Correct Answer
    Informal, Positive
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates an informal, positive sanction. Informal because it is not a formal or official rule or law that Curtis must help the elderly person with his groceries. Positive because the elderly man rewards Curtis with a tip for his kind gesture, showing approval and encouragement for his behavior.

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  • 4. 

    President Obama received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in the Middle East prior to taking office. This is an example of what kind of social sanction?

    • A.

      Positive

    • B.

      Formal

    • C.

      Informal

    • D.

      Informal

    • E.

      Positive, Formal

    Correct Answer
    E. Positive, Formal
    Explanation
    President Obama receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in the Middle East prior to taking office is an example of a positive, formal social sanction. The Nobel Peace Prize is a prestigious international award given to individuals or organizations that have made significant contributions to promoting peace and resolving conflicts. It is a formal recognition of President Obama's efforts in the Middle East and serves as a positive endorsement of his work in the international community.

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  • 5. 

    Thomas went to the bank and stole $500 from the bank teller. He was caught and received a 5 year prison sentence. Which of the four types of sanctions is this?

    Correct Answer
    Negative
    Explanation
    This is an example of a negative sanction because Thomas committed a crime by stealing money from the bank teller, resulting in a negative consequence of receiving a prison sentence.

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  • 6. 

    Mary Ann received a very nice thank you card for the nice gift she gave her Aunt Sarah last year. This is an example of a ___________ sanction.

    • A.

      Positive

    • B.

      Negative

    • C.

      Positive Formal

    • D.

      Negative Informal

    • E.

      Informal

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes Mary Ann receiving a thank you card for the nice gift she gave her Aunt Sarah last year. This indicates that Mary Ann's action of giving a gift was positively received and appreciated by her Aunt Sarah, leading to a positive outcome. Therefore, this is an example of a positive sanction, where Mary Ann's behavior is rewarded and reinforced.

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  • 7. 

    Something that a group of people consider right or wrong, good or bad is called a __________

    Correct Answer
    Value
    Explanation
    A value is something that a group of people consider right or wrong, good or bad. It is a belief or principle that guides individuals or communities in making decisions and judgments about what is important and desirable. Values can vary among different cultures, societies, and individuals, and they influence attitudes, behaviors, and priorities. They provide a framework for moral and ethical choices and help shape personal and collective identities.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is a norm?

    • A.

      Using utensils at the dinner table while eating

    • B.

      Saying "thank you" in response to someone doing something nice for you

    • C.

      Holding the door open for someone who has their hands full

    • D.

      Driving on the right side of the road in the USA

    • E.

      All of these are norms

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these are norms
    Explanation
    All of the options listed in the question are examples of norms. Norms are social expectations or rules that guide behavior in a particular society or group. Using utensils at the dinner table, saying "thank you" in response to kindness, holding the door open for someone, and driving on the right side of the road are all considered appropriate and expected behaviors in their respective contexts.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jbedell
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