# Soal Semester Kelas Xii Tkj

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Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat, a, b, c dan dBatas mengerjakan soal, Hari sabtu tanggal 20 Desember 2014, Jam 00.00jumlah soal 45 dalam durasi waktu 45 menit. jangan terburu-buru dan ingat ...! jangan lupa berdoa sebelum mengerjakan soal. GOOD LUCK ! By Herman, S.Pd.I

• 1.

### Untuk melakukan perbaikan konektifitas jaringan yang bermasalah, maka perlu diadakan persiapan, yaitu kita harus mengenal jenis topologi yang digunakan oleh jaringan tersebut, topologi jaringan di bawah ini merupakan toplologi…

• A.

BUS

• B.

MESH

• C.

RING

• D.

STAR

• E.

TREE

D. STAR
Explanation
The correct answer is STAR because the star topology is a network configuration where all devices are connected to a central hub or switch. In this topology, each device has its own dedicated connection to the central hub, allowing for efficient communication and easy troubleshooting. This topology is commonly used in Ethernet networks and is known for its reliability and scalability.

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• 2.

### Persiapan-persiapan yang dilakukan untuk melakukan perbaikan atau setting ulang pada topologi star yaitu dengan mepersiapkan peralatannya, yang bukan peralatan atau bahan yang dibutuhkan untuk jaringan dengan topologi bus adalah..

• A.

Kartu Jaringan

• B.

Kabel Coaxial

• C.

Switch

• D.

Konektor BNC

• E.

T-Connector

C. Switch
Explanation
The correct answer is "Switch" because a switch is not needed for a network with a bus topology. In a bus topology, all devices are connected to a single cable, and there is no need for a switch to manage the connections. Switches are typically used in a star topology, where each device is connected to a central switch.

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• 3.

### Yang merupakan alat vital dari topologi STAR adalah…

• A.

Switch/HUB

• B.

Konektor RJ-45

• C.

Kabel UTP

• D.

Workstation

• E.

NIC

A. Switch/HUB
Explanation
A switch or hub is an essential component of a star topology. In a star topology, all devices are connected to a central switch or hub, which acts as a central point of communication. It allows multiple devices, such as workstations, to connect to the network and communicate with each other. The switch or hub manages the flow of data between the devices, ensuring efficient and reliable communication within the network.

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• 4.

### Tindakan perbaikan konketifitas jaringan melalui beberapa tahap yaitu pemasangan kartu jaringan pada motherboard, pemasangan kartu jaringan pada motherboard disesuaikan dengan model kartu jaringan, model kartu jaringan di bawah adalah…

• A.

NIC PCI

• B.

NIC ISA

• C.

NIC AGP

• D.

NIC ONBOARD

• E.

NIC USB

A. NIC PCI
Explanation
The correct answer is NIC PCI because the given options are different types of network interface cards (NIC). NIC PCI refers to a network interface card that is installed on the motherboard using a PCI slot. The other options, such as NIC ISA, NIC AGP, NIC ONBOARD, and NIC USB, refer to different types of network interface cards that are installed using different methods or interfaces.

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• 5.

### Terminator adalah konektor yang digunakan dalam sistem jaringan dengan topologi Bus. Merupakan tanda ujung dari sebuah jaringan dengan topologi Bus. Terminator mempunyai nilai tahanan ….

• A.

30 ohm

• B.

40 ohm

• C.

50 ohm

• D.

60 ohm

• E.

70 ohm

C. 50 ohm
Explanation
Terminator adalah konektor yang digunakan dalam sistem jaringan dengan topologi Bus. Konektor ini berfungsi sebagai tanda ujung dari jaringan dengan topologi Bus. Terminator juga memiliki nilai tahanan. Dalam hal ini, nilai tahanan terminator adalah 50 ohm.

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• 6.

### Berikut ini adalah karakteristik topologi star, kecuali…

• A.

Setiap node berkomunikasi langsung dengan central node, traffic data mengalir dari node ke central node dan kembali lagi

• B.

Mudah dikembangkan karena setiap node hanya memiliki kabel yang langsung terhubung ke central node

• C.

Permasalahan terbesar jika terjadi putus atau longgar pada salah satu konektor maka seluruh jaringan akan berhenti

• D.

Keunggulan jika terjadi kerusakan pada salah satu node maka hanya pada node tersebut yang terganggu tanpa mengganggu jaringan lain

• E.

Dapat digunakan kabel lower karena hanya menghandle satu traffic node dan biasanya menggunakan kabel UTP

C. Permasalahan terbesar jika terjadi putus atau longgar pada salah satu konektor maka seluruh jaringan akan berhenti
Explanation
The given answer states that the biggest problem in a star topology is when there is a break or loose connection in one of the connectors, the entire network will stop functioning. This is because in a star topology, all nodes are connected directly to a central node, and if there is a disruption in the connection between any node and the central node, it will affect the entire network. Therefore, this answer is correct as it accurately describes one of the main drawbacks of a star topology.

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• 7.

### Pengkabelan menggunakan kabel UTP terdapat dua metode , system pengkabelan antara ujung satu dengan yang lainnya adalah sama yaitu…

• A.

Crossover

• B.

Rollover

• C.

Serial

• D.

Straight

• E.

Pararel

D. Straight
Explanation
The correct answer is "Straight." In UTP cabling, the straight method is used to connect one end of the cable to another. This means that the wires on one end of the cable are connected to the same corresponding wires on the other end. This method is commonly used for connecting devices such as computers to switches or routers.

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• 8.

### Berikut ini adalah karakteristik topologi bus, kecuali…

• A.

Merupakan satu kabel yang kedua ujungnya ditutup dimana sepanjang kabel terdapat node-node

• B.

Paling prevevalent karena sederhana dalam instalasi

• C.

Signal merewati 2 arah dengan satu kabel kemungkinan terjadi collision (tabrakan data atau tercampurnya data)

• D.

Mudah dikembangkan karena setiap node hanya memiliki kabel yang langsung terhubung ke central node

• E.

Permasalahan terbesar jika terjadi putus atau longgar pada salah satu konektor maka seluruh jaringan akan berhenti

D. Mudah dikembangkan karena setiap node hanya memiliki kabel yang langsung terhubung ke central node
Explanation
The given answer states that the characteristic of a bus topology that is not true is that every node only has a cable directly connected to the central node. In a bus topology, every node is connected to a single cable, and there is no central node. Each node is connected to the main cable, and if there is a break or loose connection in one connector, the entire network will be affected. Therefore, the statement that each node only has a cable directly connected to the central node is incorrect.

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• 9.

### Jenis kabel serat optik menggunakan konektor..

• A.

BNC dan RJ45

• B.

BNC

• C.

RJ45

• D.

SC dan ST

• E.

RJ11

D. SC dan ST
Explanation
The correct answer is SC and ST. SC and ST are types of connectors commonly used with fiber optic cables. BNC and RJ45 are connectors used with coaxial and Ethernet cables respectively, while RJ11 is used with telephone cables. Therefore, the correct answer is SC and ST.

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• 10.

### Agar Jaringan dapat terhubung dengan jaringan lain yang menggunakan topologi berbeda maka diperlukan...

• A.

Switch

• B.

Router

• C.

Repeater

• D.

Hub

• E.

Root

B. Router
Explanation
To connect networks with different topologies, a router is needed. A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks. It determines the best path for data transmission and can connect networks with different protocols or topologies. Unlike switches or hubs, routers operate at the network layer of the OSI model and can handle multiple network connections. Therefore, a router is the most suitable device for connecting networks with different topologies.

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• 11.

### Alamat komputer yang unik dalam system jaringan adalah…

• A.

• B.

Protocol Jaringan

• C.

• D.

Host Name

• E.

Workgroup

Explanation
The correct answer is MAC Address. A MAC Address is a unique identifier assigned to network interfaces for communications on a network. It is a hardware address that is assigned to the network adapter by the manufacturer. It is used to identify devices within a local network, allowing them to communicate with each other.

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• 12.

### Jumlah host maksimum untuk setiap jaringan pada kelas C adalah ….

• A.

254 host

• B.

65,534 host

• C.

16,777,214 host

• D.

256 host

• E.

255 host

D. 256 host
Explanation
The correct answer is 256 host. In a class C network, the first 3 octets are used for network identification, leaving only 1 octet for host identification. In this octet, the first address is reserved for network identification and the last address is reserved for broadcast, leaving 256 possible host addresses.

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• 13.

### Tindakan-tindakan yang harus dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah konektifitas yang telah dilakukan berhasil dapat dilakukan dengan cara kecuali..

• A.

Memeriksa pemasangan kartu jaringan

• B.

Memeriksa pemasangan konektor kabel pada HUB dan NIC

• C.

Memeriksa kondisi HUB

• D.

Memeriksa pemasangan Mouse

• E.

D. Memeriksa pemasangan Mouse
• 14.

### Perintah di Command Prompt untuk melihat berapa MAC Address yg dipakai oleh computer kita adalah….

• A.

Ping

• B.

CD..

• C.

Cls

• D.

Ipconfig

• E.

Ipconfig/all

E. Ipconfig/all
Explanation
The correct answer is "Ipconfig/all". This command is used in the Command Prompt to display detailed information about the network configuration of a computer, including the MAC address. By using this command, users can see how many MAC addresses are being used by their computer.

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• 15.

### Apakah fungsi perintah di Command Prompt “nslookup” ….

• A.

Untuk mengetahui nomor DNS dari IP

• B.

Untuk mengetahui nomor komputer

• C.

Untuk mengetahui nomor default gateway

• D.

Untuk mengetahui nomor IP dari DNS suatu website

• E.

Untuk mengetahui nama user

D. Untuk mengetahui nomor IP dari DNS suatu website
Explanation
The correct answer is "Untuk mengetahui nomor IP dari DNS suatu website". The nslookup command in Command Prompt is used to query the DNS (Domain Name System) information for a specific website. By entering the website's domain name, nslookup retrieves and displays the corresponding IP address associated with that domain name.

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• 16.

### Tabrakan data pada system jaringan biasa disebut dengan…

• A.

Kongesti

• B.

Throughput

• C.

Collision

• D.

Hipostatik

• E.

Transudasi

C. Collision
Explanation
Collision is the correct answer because in a computer network, collision refers to the situation when two or more devices try to transmit data at the same time, resulting in a collision of their signals. This can cause data loss or corruption, and it is a common issue in networks that use shared media, such as Ethernet. Collision detection and collision avoidance mechanisms are used to manage and minimize collisions in network communication.

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• 17.

### Kemacetan lalu lintas jaringan karena disebabkan oleh jumlah pengiriman data yang melebihi kapasitas biasa disebut…

• A.

Kongesti

• B.

Throughput

• C.

Collision

• D.

Hipostatik

• E.

Transudasi

A. Kongesti
Explanation
Kemacetan lalu lintas jaringan disebabkan oleh jumlah pengiriman data yang melebihi kapasitas biasa. Istilah yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan kondisi ini adalah "kongesti".

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• 18.

### Berapa jarak maksimum 100BaseT…

• A.

100 feet

• B.

1000 feet

• C.

100 meters

• D.

1000 meters

• E.

500 meters

C. 100 meters
Explanation
The correct answer is 100 meters because 100BaseT refers to the Ethernet standard that supports a maximum cable length of 100 meters. This standard uses twisted pair cables for data transmission and has a data rate of 100 Mbps. The other options, such as 1000 feet or 500 meters, exceed the maximum length allowed by the 100BaseT standard.

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• 19.

### Anda adalah seorang administrator jaringan. Seorang pengguna (user) tidak dapat mencapai server perusahaan dari kantor jauh mereka. Alamat IP host-nya adalah  192.168.254.10/24, default gateway-nya 192.168.254.1, dan server 192.168.10.10/24. User tersebut mengetik di Command Prompt: ping 127.0.0.1, ini berhasil. Anda kemudian ketik  ping 192.168.254.10, ini juga sukses, dan ping ke default gateway pun berhasil. Masalah apakah yg terjadi...?

• A.

Komputernya sedang down

• B.

Server sedang down

• C.

TCP / IP tidak diinisialisasi pada host

• D.

Kabel ethernet tercabut dari computer host

• E.

B. Server sedang down
Explanation
The correct answer is "Server sedang down". This is because the user is able to ping the loopback address (127.0.0.1) successfully, indicating that the network stack on their computer is working properly. However, they are unable to ping the server (192.168.254.10), which suggests that the server is not responding. Additionally, since the user is able to ping the default gateway successfully, it indicates that their network connection is functioning properly. Therefore, the most likely issue is that the server is currently down.

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• 20.

### Topologi yang menggunakan sebuah kabel tunggal atau kabel pusat di mana seluruh workstation dan server dihubungkan....

• A.

Token Ring

• B.

Star

• C.

Bus

• D.

Ring

• E.

Mesh

C. Bus
Explanation
The correct answer is Bus. Bus topology uses a single cable or central cable where all workstations and servers are connected. In this topology, data is transmitted in a linear fashion, with each device receiving the data and passing it along to the next device in the network. This topology is simple to set up and cost-effective, but it can be prone to congestion and single point of failure if the main cable is damaged.

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• 21.

### Topologi yang masing-masing workstationnya dihubungkan secara langsung ke server atau HUB....

• A.

Star

• B.

Token Ring

• C.

Bus

• D.

Ring

• E.

Mesh

A. Star
Explanation
The correct answer is Star. In a star topology, each workstation is directly connected to a central server or hub. This means that all communication between workstations goes through the central server or hub. This topology is popular because it is easy to install and manage, and if one workstation fails, it does not affect the rest of the network.

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• 22.

### Sebutkan dua macam kabel twisted pair....

• A.

UTP dan STP

• B.

Fiber optic

• C.

Coaxial

• D.

UTP dan Fiber Optic

• E.

Coaxial dan STP

A. UTP dan STP
Explanation
The question asks for two types of twisted pair cables. The correct answer is UTP and STP. UTP stands for Unshielded Twisted Pair, which is a type of cable commonly used for Ethernet networks. It consists of pairs of wires twisted together without any additional shielding. STP stands for Shielded Twisted Pair, which is similar to UTP but has an additional layer of shielding to protect against electromagnetic interference. Both UTP and STP are widely used in networking applications.

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• 23.

### Konektor yang digunakan kabel UTP CAT5 adalah....

• A.

RJ45

• B.

RJ11

• C.

RJ8

• D.

RJ13

• E.

RJ54

A. RJ45
Explanation
The correct answer is RJ45. RJ45 is the connector used for UTP CAT5 cables. It is a standardized connector that is commonly used for Ethernet connections. RJ45 connectors have 8 pins and are designed to connect twisted pair cables, such as CAT5, to network devices such as computers, routers, and switches. RJ11, RJ8, RJ13, and RJ54 are not the correct connectors for UTP CAT5 cables.

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• 24.

### Berikut ini merupakan Skala jaringan Komputer,kecuali....

• A.

LAN

• B.

MAN

• C.

WAN

• D.

Internet

• E.

Client-server

E. Client-server
Explanation
The given options are all examples of computer network scales, except for the client-server model. The client-server model is not a scale of computer networks but rather a type of network architecture where clients (user devices) request services or resources from servers (centralized systems). LAN, MAN, and WAN are all scales of computer networks that refer to the geographical area they cover, while the internet is a worldwide network that connects multiple networks.

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• 25.

### Berikut ini jenis-jenis topologi jaringan,kecuali....

• A.

Topologi BUS

• B.

Topologi Star

• C.

Topologi Cincin

• D.

Topologi Mesh

• E.

Topologi node

E. Topologi node
Explanation
The given options represent different types of network topologies. The correct answer is "Topologi node" because it is not a recognized type of network topology. The other options, such as Bus, Star, Ring, and Mesh, are well-known network topologies that describe the physical or logical arrangement of devices in a network. "Topologi node" is not a commonly used term in the context of network topologies, making it the exception in this list.

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• 26.

• A.

Bebas Hambatan

• B.

Pengembangan jaringan baru lebih mudah

• C.

Mudah terkena gangguan

• D.

Bila salah satu node rusak akan berdampak kepada node lain

• E.

Pengembangan jaringan baru lebih sulit

B. Pengembangan jaringan baru lebih mudah
Explanation
Topologi Bus memiliki keunggulan pengembangan jaringan baru yang lebih mudah. Dalam topologi ini, setiap node terhubung ke kabel tunggal yang berfungsi sebagai jalur komunikasi utama. Jika ingin menambahkan node baru, hanya perlu menghubungkannya ke kabel tersebut tanpa perlu melakukan perubahan pada node lainnya. Hal ini membuat proses pengembangan jaringan menjadi lebih sederhana dan efisien.

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• 27.

### Modem singkatan dari....

• A.

Modulator Demodulator

• B.

Modul de Modul

• C.

Model to modul

• D.

Modul to Model

• E.

Modulator to Demodulaor

A. Modulator Demodulator
Explanation
Modem is an abbreviation for "Modulator Demodulator." A modem is a device that modulates analog signals into digital signals for transmission over a communication channel and demodulates them back into analog signals at the receiving end. It is commonly used to connect computers to the internet via telephone lines or cable lines. Therefore, the correct answer is "Modulator Demodulator."

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• 28.

### Termasuk perangkat jaringan LAN, Kecuali

• A.

Router

• B.

HUB

• C.

Switch

• D.

Thick Ethernet

• E.

Bus

E. Bus
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bus." A bus is not considered a LAN network device. A bus is a type of network topology where all devices are connected to a single cable, whereas LAN devices like routers, hubs, and switches are used to connect multiple devices and facilitate communication within a local area network.

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• 29.

### Linux Pertama kali dibuat oleh seorang mahasiswa finlandia yang bernama...

• A.

Linux Torvald

• B.

Linus Torvald

• C.

Linuz Torvald

• D.

Unix Torvald

• E.

. Linux Mandrake

B. Linus Torvald
Explanation
The correct answer is Linus Torvald. Linux was initially created by a Finnish student named Linus Torvald.

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• 30.

### Jenis-jenis system operasi yang banyak digunakan yaitu kecuali...

• A.

Windows

• B.

Linux

• C.

Mac OS

• D.

Star Office

• E.

POSIX

D. Star Office
Explanation
Star Office is not a widely used operating system. It is actually a suite of office productivity software developed by Sun Microsystems. The other options mentioned in the question, such as Windows, Linux, Mac OS, and POSIX, are all well-known operating systems that are widely used by individuals and organizations.

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• 31.

### Sistem computer pada dasarnya terdiri dari empat komponen utama yaitu kecuali..

• A.

Perangkat Keras

• B.

Program Aplikasi

• C.

Sistem Operasi

• D.

Pengguna

• E.

Bahasa Pemrograman

E. Bahasa Pemrograman
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bahasa Pemrograman". The question is asking for the component that is not part of the basic computer system. The other options - Perangkat Keras (Hardware), Program Aplikasi (Application Programs), Sistem Operasi (Operating System), and Pengguna (User) - are all essential components of a computer system. However, Bahasa Pemrograman (Programming Language) is not a physical component of the computer system but rather a tool used by programmers to write code and create software.

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• 32.

### Istilah bagi keadaan komputer yang tidak terhubung dengan komputer lain adalahâ€¦.

• A.

WAN

• B.

Network

• C.

Internet

• D.

Stand alone

• E.

LAN

D. Stand alone
Explanation
The term "stand alone" refers to a computer that is not connected to any other computer. In this context, it means that the computer is not connected to a network or the internet. This term is used to describe a computer that operates independently and does not rely on any other devices for its functionality.

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• 33.

### Kecepatan processor dipengaruhi oleh ....

• A.

Kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus), dan kapasitas harddisk

• B.

Kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus), dan Cache Memory

• C.

Kapasitas Random Access Memory, kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus)

• D.

Kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus), dan ROM

• E.

Kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus), dan BIOS

B. Kecepatan internal (internal bus), kecepatan eksternal (external bus), dan Cache Memory
Explanation
The speed of a processor is influenced by the internal bus speed, external bus speed, and the presence of a cache memory. These factors determine how quickly data can be transferred between the processor and other components of the computer system. The internal bus speed refers to the speed at which data is transferred within the processor itself, while the external bus speed refers to the speed at which data is transferred between the processor and other devices, such as memory or storage. The presence of a cache memory allows the processor to store frequently accessed data for faster retrieval, further enhancing its speed.

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• 34.

### Di bawah ini adalah satuan kecepatan / CPU speed sebuah processor ....

• A.

GHz

• B.

GB

• C.

MBps

• D.

KBps

• E.

MB

A. GHz
Explanation
The correct answer is GHz, which stands for gigahertz. GHz is a unit of measurement used to quantify the speed of a computer processor. It represents one billion cycles per second, indicating how many instructions the processor can execute in a given time period. This unit is commonly used to compare and differentiate the performance of different processors, with higher GHz values generally indicating faster processing speeds.

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• 35.

### Berikut adalah beberapa contoh processor intel kecuali ....

• A.

Dual core, core i7, core i3

• B.

Pentium D, core 2 duo, PIV hyper treading

• C.

Core i7, core i3, AMD Opteron

• D.

AMD Opteron, core i3, AMD Athlon

• E.

AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron, AMD Athlon

E. AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron, AMD Athlon
Explanation
The correct answer is AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron, AMD Athlon. The other options all include Intel processors, such as dual core, core i7, core i3, pentium D, core 2 duo, and PIV hyper threading. AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron, and AMD Athlon are all AMD processors, not Intel.

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• 36.

### Contoh besaran kapasitas RAM ....

• A.

32 MB, 64 MB - 3,0 GHz

• B.

128 MB - 512 MBps

• C.

256 MB, 512 MB, 1 GB

• D.

3,1 MBps

• E.

153 KBps

C. 256 MB, 512 MB, 1 GB
Explanation
The given answer suggests that the capacity of RAM can be either 256 MB, 512 MB, or 1 GB. This means that the RAM can have different storage capacities depending on the device or system.

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• 37.

• A.

Media penyimpanan data dengan media penyimpanan berupa keping CD/DVD dan menggunakan teknologi optik.

• B.

Media penyimpanan data sekunder yang bersifat permanen dengan kapasitas yang lebih besar

• C.

Media penyimpanan data yang terdapat di dalam komputer

• D.

Media penyimpanan data primer yang bersifat permanen dengan kapasitas yang lebih besar

• E.

Media penyimpanan data sekunder yang bersifat sementara dengan kapasitas yang lebih besar

A. Media penyimpanan data dengan media penyimpanan berupa keping CD/DVD dan menggunakan teknologi optik.
Explanation
Optical Drive adalah media penyimpanan data dengan media penyimpanan berupa keping CD/DVD dan menggunakan teknologi optik. Ini berarti Optical Drive adalah perangkat yang dapat membaca dan menulis data pada keping CD/DVD menggunakan sinar laser. Keuntungan dari menggunakan Optical Drive adalah kapasitas penyimpanan yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan media penyimpanan lainnya seperti floppy disk atau flash drive.

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• 38.

### Berikut adalah software dan driver yang dibutuhkan untuk merakit PC, kecuali ....

• A.

CD software visual basic

• B.

CD driver Motherboard,

• C.

CD sistem operasi, dan CD software aplikasi

• D.

CD driver VGA card, dan CD driver Sound Card

• E.

CD driver LAN card,

A. CD software visual basic
Explanation
The given options list various software and drivers required to assemble a PC. The CD software visual basic is not necessary for assembling a PC as it is a programming language and development environment. The other options, such as CD driver Motherboard, CD sistem operasi (operating system), CD software aplikasi (application software), CD driver VGA card, CD driver Sound Card, and CD driver LAN card, are all essential components for assembling a PC.

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• 39.

### Bagian untuk menerima ataupun mengirim data ke luar sistem disebut ....

• A.

Basic Input Output System

• B.

I/O Port

• C.

Hardcopy device

• D.

Softcopy device

• E.

CMOS

B. I/O Port
Explanation
The correct answer is I/O Port. An I/O port is a hardware port that allows the computer to communicate with external devices, such as printers, scanners, and keyboards. It serves as a pathway for data to be sent from the computer to these devices, or vice versa. This is an essential component for transferring data in and out of the system.

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• 40.

### Setting BIOS disimpan di dalam ....

• A.

CMOS

• B.

CPU

• C.

RAM

• D.

ROM

• E.

Harddisk

A. CMOS
Explanation
The correct answer is CMOS. CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) is a small amount of memory that stores the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) settings. It is a battery-powered semiconductor chip located on the motherboard. The BIOS settings include information about the hardware configuration of the computer, such as the boot order, system date and time, and various other settings. The CMOS memory is non-volatile, meaning it retains the settings even when the computer is powered off.

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• 41.

### Dibawah ini merupakan fungsi Sistem Operasi, kecuali ...

• A.

Membentuk dan mengelola sistem file

• B.

Alat penyimpan instruksi dan data

• C.

Menjalankan program

• D.

Mengatur penggunaan peralatan yang berhubungan dengan sistem komputer

• E.

Sistem Operasi membuat komputer menjadi lebih nyaman

E. Sistem Operasi membuat komputer menjadi lebih nyaman
Explanation
The given options list various functions of an operating system, such as managing the file system, serving as a storage for instructions and data, running programs, and managing computer-related equipment. However, the statement "Sistem Operasi membuat komputer menjadi lebih nyaman" does not describe a specific function of an operating system. It is more of a general statement indicating that an operating system enhances the user experience or makes the computer more comfortable to use.

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• 42.

### Bagan prinsip kerja komputer adalah seperti di bawah ini…

• A.

Input-output-proses

• B.

Proses-input-output

• C.

Input-proses-output

• D.

Proses-output-input

• E.

Output-input-proses

C. Input-proses-output
Explanation
The correct answer is "Input-proses-output." This principle of computer operation states that the input is received by the computer, then processed, and finally produces an output. This sequence is essential for the functioning of a computer system as it allows for the manipulation and transformation of data to generate meaningful results. Without proper input, processing, and output stages, the computer would not be able to perform tasks or provide information to the user.

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• 43.

### ROM dalam storage dapat ditemui dalam bentuk…

• A.

Bateray

• B.

Transformator

• C.

Tabung udara

• D.

Transistor

• E.

Integrated circuit

E. Integrated circuit
Explanation
ROM (Read-Only Memory) is a type of storage that contains pre-programmed data that cannot be modified. It can be found in the form of an integrated circuit, which is a small electronic device that contains multiple electronic components such as transistors, resistors, and capacitors integrated onto a single chip. This allows for a compact and efficient way to store data in electronic devices. The other options listed (battery, transformer, air tube, and transistor) are not typically associated with ROM storage.

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• 44.

### Bagian dari CPU yang berfungsi untuk menangani masalah perhitungan aritmetik dan proses logika adalah...

• A.

CPU

• B.

ALU

• C.

Harddisk

• D.

RAM

• E.

ROM

B. ALU
Explanation
The ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit) is a component of the CPU that is responsible for performing arithmetic and logical operations. It is designed to handle calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as logical operations like AND, OR, and NOT. The ALU plays a crucial role in executing instructions and processing data within the CPU.

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• 45.

### Perangkat komputer yang berfungsi mengatur hardware komputer yang berupa program disebut…

• A.

Printer

• B.

Brainware

• C.

Tehnisi

• D.

Software

• E.

Programmer

D. Software
Explanation
Software adalah perangkat komputer yang berfungsi mengatur hardware komputer melalui program-program yang ada di dalamnya. Software dapat berupa sistem operasi, aplikasi, atau program-program lain yang digunakan untuk mengendalikan dan mengatur berbagai fungsi dan operasi pada komputer.

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• 46.

• A.

Option 1

• B.

Option 2

• C.

Option 3

• D.

Option 4