# Simple Machines And Energy-test B

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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 3,296
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Questions and Answers
• 1.

### A simple machine that enables you to pull down while lifting an object

• A.

Pulley

• B.

Wheel-and axle

• C.

Inclined plane

Correct Answer
A. Pulley
Explanation
A pulley is a simple machine that allows you to pull down on a rope or chain while lifting an object. It consists of a wheel with a groove in it, which the rope or chain is threaded through. By pulling down on one end of the rope, you can lift the object attached to the other end. This makes it easier to lift heavy objects by using the force of gravity to your advantage.

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• 2.

### A simple machine with two different-size wheels that move together is a

• A.

Wheel-and-axle

• B.

Inclined plane

• C.

Wedge

Correct Answer
A. Wheel-and-axle
Explanation
A wheel-and-axle is a simple machine that consists of two different-sized wheels that move together. The larger wheel is called the wheel, while the smaller wheel is called the axle. When force is applied to the wheel, it causes the axle to rotate, allowing for the transfer of force and the movement of objects. This type of simple machine is commonly used in vehicles, such as cars and bicycles, as well as in various mechanical devices.

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• 3.

### The result of a force causing an object to move through a distance is

• A.

Work

• B.

Lever

• C.

Fulcrum

Correct Answer
A. Work
Explanation
When a force is applied to an object and it causes the object to move through a distance, the result is called work. Work is defined as the product of the force applied on an object and the distance over which the force is applied. In this scenario, the force is causing the object to move, and therefore, work is being done on the object. The other options, lever and fulcrum, do not accurately describe the result of a force causing an object to move through a distance.

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• 4.

### Which energy source uses the sun's radiation?

• A.

Geothermal

• B.

Hydroelectric

• C.

Solar

Correct Answer
C. Solar
Explanation
Solar energy uses the sun's radiation to generate electricity or heat. Solar panels or photovoltaic cells capture the sunlight and convert it into usable energy. This renewable energy source is abundant and environmentally friendly, making it a popular choice for sustainable power generation. Geothermal energy utilizes heat from the Earth's core, while hydroelectric energy harnesses the power of flowing water. Therefore, the correct answer is solar.

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• 5.

### A substance that conducts thermal energy poorly

• A.

Insulation

• B.

Thermal energy

• C.

Conduction

Correct Answer
A. Insulation
Explanation
Insulation is a material that conducts thermal energy poorly. It is used to prevent the transfer of heat between two objects or areas, providing resistance to the flow of thermal energy. Insulation materials have low thermal conductivity, meaning they do not easily allow heat to pass through them. This property makes insulation effective in maintaining desired temperatures, reducing energy consumption, and preventing heat loss or gain.

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• 6.

### Energy of motion

• A.

Kinetic energy

• B.

Potential energy

• C.

Work

Correct Answer
A. Kinetic energy
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It depends on the mass and velocity of the object. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work and can transfer its energy to other objects. Therefore, kinetic energy is the correct answer as it represents the energy of motion. Potential energy, on the other hand, is the energy stored in an object due to its position or state, while work is the transfer of energy from one object to another.

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• 7.

### Which object has kinetic energy?

• A.

A rolling ball

• B.

A rock on the ground

• C.

A concrete floor

Correct Answer
A. A rolling ball
Explanation
A rolling ball has kinetic energy because it is in motion. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion, and it depends on both the mass and velocity of the object. Since the ball is rolling, it has both mass and velocity, which means it has kinetic energy. The rock on the ground and the concrete floor are stationary objects and do not have any motion, so they do not possess kinetic energy.

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• 8.

### The transfer of thermal energy when two object touch

• A.

Heat

• B.

Thermal energy

• C.

Conduction

Correct Answer
C. Conduction
Explanation
Conduction is the correct answer because it refers to the transfer of thermal energy when two objects are in direct contact. In this process, heat is transferred from the object with a higher temperature to the object with a lower temperature through molecular collisions. Conduction occurs in solids, where the particles are closely packed, allowing for efficient transfer of heat energy.

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• 9.

### Energy related to the position of an object

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Work

Correct Answer
A. Potential energy
Explanation
Potential energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its position or state. It is the stored energy that can be converted into other forms of energy. When an object is in a certain position, it has the potential to do work or move if acted upon by an external force. Potential energy can be gravitational, elastic, or chemical, depending on the forces involved. It is a form of energy that can be released or transformed into kinetic energy when the object's position or state changes.

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• 10.

### In a seesaw, what part is located between the effort arm and the resistance arm?

• A.

Effort force

• B.

Fulcrum

• C.

Resistance force

Correct Answer
B. Fulcrum
Explanation
The fulcrum is the part located between the effort arm and the resistance arm in a seesaw. It is the pivot point around which the seesaw moves. The effort force is applied on one side of the fulcrum, while the resistance force is applied on the other side. The fulcrum acts as a balance point, allowing the seesaw to tilt and move based on the relative forces applied on each side.

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• 11.

### Which simple machine does a log splitter use to split wood?

• A.

Lever

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wedge

Correct Answer
C. Wedge
Explanation
A log splitter uses a wedge as a simple machine to split wood. A wedge is a triangular-shaped object with a sharp edge that is forced into a material, in this case, wood, to separate it into two pieces. The log splitter uses the force applied to the wedge to drive it into the log, causing the wood to split apart. This is an efficient and effective method for splitting logs and is commonly used in various log splitting machines.

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• 12.

### The transfer of thermal energy as waves

• A.

Radiation

• B.

Heat

• C.

Thermal energy

Correct Answer
A. Radiation
Explanation
Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy as waves. It occurs through electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation, which can travel through empty space. Unlike conduction and convection, radiation does not require a medium to transfer heat. Instead, it can occur through a vacuum or a transparent medium. This process is responsible for the transfer of heat from the Sun to the Earth, as well as the emission of heat from objects in the form of infrared radiation.

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• 13.

### What is the primary source of electric energy in the United States?

• A.

Sun

• B.

Wind

• C.

Fossil fuels

Correct Answer
C. Fossil fuels
Explanation
Fossil fuels are the primary source of electric energy in the United States. Fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil are burned to generate electricity in power plants. These power plants convert the energy released from burning fossil fuels into electrical energy, which is then distributed to homes, businesses, and industries. Fossil fuels have been the dominant source of electric energy due to their abundance and relatively low cost, although there has been a growing shift towards renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power in recent years.

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• 14.

### Which of these is a unit of work?

• A.

Joule

• B.

Kilogram

• C.

Meter

Correct Answer
A. Joule
Explanation
A joule is a unit of work. Work is defined as the transfer of energy that occurs when a force is applied over a distance. The joule measures the amount of work done when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. Therefore, the joule is the correct answer as it is the unit used to quantify work.

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• 15.

### If you had to lift a heavy object straight up, which would be the simple machine to use?

• A.

Inclined plane

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wedge

Correct Answer
B. Pulley
Explanation
A pulley would be the simple machine to use when lifting a heavy object straight up. A pulley is a wheel with a grooved rim that can be used to change the direction of a force. By attaching a rope or cable to the object and running it through the pulley, it becomes easier to lift the object as the pulley reduces the amount of force required. This makes it an efficient and effective tool for lifting heavy objects vertically.

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• 16.

### An inclined plane that is wrapped around a cylinder or a cone is

• A.

Screw

• B.

Work

• C.

Lever

Correct Answer
A. Screw
Explanation
An inclined plane that is wrapped around a cylinder or a cone is called a screw. This is because the shape of the inclined plane resembles the shape of a screw, with a spiral groove wrapping around the cylinder or cone. The screw is a simple machine that allows rotational motion to be converted into linear motion or vice versa. It is commonly used in various applications such as lifting heavy objects or fastening materials together.

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• 17.

### If a simple machine reduces the force required to do a job, how is the distance affected?

• A.

It decreases.

• B.

It doubles.

• C.

It increases.

Correct Answer
C. It increases.
Explanation
When a simple machine reduces the force required to do a job, the distance is affected by increasing. This is because the work done remains constant, and work is defined as the force applied multiplied by the distance traveled. Therefore, if the force required is reduced, the distance must increase in order to maintain the same amount of work.

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• 18.

### How is sunlight transferred to Earth?

• A.

By conduction

• B.

By convection

• C.

By radiation

Correct Answer
C. By radiation
Explanation
Sunlight is transferred to Earth by radiation. Radiation is the process of energy transfer through electromagnetic waves. In this case, the Sun emits electromagnetic waves, including visible light, which travel through space and reach Earth. These waves of energy are then absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere and surface, warming the planet and providing light. Conduction and convection are not involved in the transfer of sunlight to Earth as they require a medium, such as solid or fluid, for energy transfer.

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• 19.

### A student is cooking pasta in a pot on the stove.  When he drains the hot water, he uses potholders to hold the pot.  Which pair of terms applies to this example?

• A.

Convection; magnetism

• B.

Conduction; insulation

• C.

Convection; closed circuit

Correct Answer
B. Conduction; insulation
Explanation
In this example, the student is using potholders to hold the pot while draining the hot water. This demonstrates the process of conduction, as the heat from the pot is being transferred to the potholders through direct contact. The potholders act as insulation, preventing the heat from transferring to the student's hands and protecting them from burns. Therefore, the pair of terms that applies to this example is conduction; insulation.

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• 20.

### A simple machine that consists of an effort arm, a resistance arm, and a fulcrum is a

• A.

Lever

• B.

Fulcrum

• C.

Pulley

Correct Answer
A. Lever
Explanation
A lever is a simple machine that consists of an effort arm, a resistance arm, and a fulcrum. The fulcrum is the point on which the lever pivots, while the effort arm is where the force is applied to move the lever, and the resistance arm is where the load or object being moved is located. Levers are commonly used to amplify or redirect force, making it easier to lift heavy objects or perform tasks with less effort. Therefore, a lever is the correct answer in this case.

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• 21.

### The electric charge that builds up on an object that has gained or lost electrons is

• A.

Static electricity

• B.

Potential energy

• C.

Kinetic energy

Correct Answer
A. Static electricity
Explanation
Static electricity refers to the electric charge that builds up on an object when it gains or loses electrons. This charge remains stationary, or static, on the object and can cause various effects such as attraction or repulsion between objects, sparks, or shocks. Unlike potential energy and kinetic energy, which are forms of energy, static electricity is specifically related to the accumulation of electric charge on an object.

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• 22.

### On a lever, the fixed point around which the effort arm moves is the

• A.

Fulcrum

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wheel-and-axle

Correct Answer
A. Fulcrum
Explanation
The fixed point around which the effort arm moves on a lever is called the fulcrum. The fulcrum is the point of support or pivot that allows the lever to rotate. It is usually located in the middle of the lever, between the load and the effort. The position of the fulcrum determines the mechanical advantage and the effectiveness of the lever in lifting or moving objects.

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• 23.

### Why does a generator work?

• A.

A current traveling through a coil of wire produces a magnetic field.

• B.

Steam turns a turbine.

• C.

Spinning a coil of wire in a magnetic field produces a current.

Correct Answer
C. Spinning a coil of wire in a magnetic field produces a current.
Explanation
When a coil of wire spins in a magnetic field, it cuts through the magnetic field lines, which induces an electric current in the wire. This is known as electromagnetic induction. The spinning motion of the coil causes a change in the magnetic flux, resulting in the generation of an electric current. This current can then be harnessed and used as a source of electrical energy, which is why a generator works.

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• 24.

### A flat, sloping surface is a simple machine called an

• A.

Inclined plane

• B.

Wedge

• C.

Screw

Correct Answer
A. Inclined plane
Explanation
An inclined plane is a simple machine that consists of a flat, sloping surface. It is used to reduce the amount of force needed to move an object vertically by increasing the distance over which the force is applied. This allows for easier lifting or moving of heavy objects. The other options, wedge and screw, are also simple machines but have different shapes and functions.

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• 25.

### Which of the following energy sources does NOT require a generator to produce electricity?

• A.

Geothermal

• B.

Hydroelectric

• C.

Solar

Correct Answer
C. Solar
Explanation
Solar energy does not require a generator to produce electricity. Solar panels directly convert sunlight into electricity using photovoltaic cells, eliminating the need for a generator.

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• 26.

### Which  form of energy is NOT produced when chemical energy stored in fireworks is transformed?

• A.

Electrical energy

• B.

Light energy

• C.

Sound energy

Correct Answer
A. Electrical energy
Explanation
When the chemical energy stored in fireworks is transformed, it primarily produces light energy and sound energy. However, electrical energy is not produced during this transformation. Therefore, the correct answer is electrical energy.

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• 27.

### Stored energy is called

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

Correct Answer
A. Potential energy
Explanation
Stored energy refers to the energy that is stored in an object or system and can be released or converted into other forms of energy. This type of energy is known as potential energy. It is called potential energy because it has the potential to do work or cause a change in the system when it is released or converted into kinetic energy. Examples of potential energy include gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, and chemical potential energy.

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• 28.

### Which energy transformation occurs as a boulder rolls down a hill?

• A.

Potential energy to chemical energy

• B.

Chemical energy to thermal energy

• C.

Potential energy to kinetic energy

Correct Answer
C. Potential energy to kinetic energy
Explanation
As the boulder rolls down a hill, it loses potential energy due to its position at a higher elevation and gains kinetic energy as it gains speed and motion. This is an example of potential energy being transformed into kinetic energy.

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• 29.

### Light and other waves like it  make up the

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

Correct Answer
C. Electromagnetic spectrum
Explanation
The given correct answer is "electromagnetic spectrum". This is because light and other waves, such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays, are all part of the electromagnetic spectrum. The electromagnetic spectrum encompasses a range of wavelengths and frequencies, and each type of wave within this spectrum carries energy and exhibits both wave-like and particle-like properties.

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• 30.

### The energy of motion is

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

Correct Answer
B. Kinetic energy
Explanation
Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is directly proportional to the mass and square of the velocity of the object. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work or transfer energy to another object. Therefore, the correct answer is kinetic energy.

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• 31.

### A material that is a poor conductor of thermal energy is

• A.

Insulation

• B.

Static electricity

• C.

Potential energy

Correct Answer
A. Insulation
Explanation
Insulation is a material that is a poor conductor of thermal energy. It is used to prevent the transfer of heat between two objects or areas. Insulation works by trapping air in small pockets, which reduces the movement of heat through conduction and convection. This property makes insulation an effective way to conserve energy and maintain comfortable temperatures in buildings.

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• 32.

### The transfer of thermal energy is

• A.

Heat

• B.

Convection

• C.

Insulation

Correct Answer
A. Heat
Explanation
Heat is the correct answer because it refers to the transfer of thermal energy. Heat can be transferred through conduction, convection, or radiation. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between objects, while convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids or gases. Insulation, on the other hand, is a material or substance used to prevent or reduce the transfer of heat. Therefore, while convection and insulation are related to the transfer of thermal energy, heat is the most accurate and general term for this process.

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• 33.

### Inclined planes that are joined and used for splitting make up a

• A.

Wedge

• B.

Screw

• C.

Work

Correct Answer
A. Wedge
Explanation
Inclined planes that are joined and used for splitting make up a wedge. A wedge is a simple machine that consists of two inclined planes placed back to back. It is used to separate or split objects by applying force to the wide end, which creates a mechanical advantage and allows the object to be split apart. A screw is a different type of simple machine that consists of an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder. Work is a general term that refers to the application of force to move an object.

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• 34.

### The transfer of thermal energy through a current in a fluid is

• A.

Convection

• B.

Insulation

• C.

Static electricity

Correct Answer
A. Convection
Explanation
Convection is the transfer of thermal energy through a current in a fluid. This process occurs when warmer particles in a fluid move to a cooler region, carrying their thermal energy with them. As the warm particles rise, they create a flow or current, allowing the transfer of heat. This is commonly observed in everyday life, such as when hot air rises and cooler air replaces it, creating a convection current. Insulation refers to the prevention of heat transfer, while static electricity is a different phenomenon unrelated to the transfer of thermal energy through a fluid.

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• Current Version
• Jun 30, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Nov 09, 2011
Quiz Created by
Jhuneycutt

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