Junir Sheep & Goat Skillathon Test Bank

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 245

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Junir Sheep & Goat Skillathon Test Bank

This is a test bank for the Junior Sheep & Goat Skillathon at the Maryland Sheep & Wool Festival.   Questions for the written test portion of the skillathon will be drawn from this test bank.   The bank includes questions with varying degrees of difficulty.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Southdown

    • B. 

      Leicester Longwool

    • C. 

      Tunis

    • D. 

      Navajo Churro

  • 2. 
    From which wild sheep did domestic (tame) sheep evolve (develop from)?
    • A. 

      Rocky Mountain Big Horn

    • B. 

      Merino

    • C. 

      Mouflon

    • D. 

      Woolly Mammoth

  • 3. 
    How many parts does a ruminant's stomach have?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 4. 
    What is a castrated male sheep or goat called?
    • A. 

      Gelding

    • B. 

      Stag

    • C. 

      Wether

    • D. 

      Steer

  • 5. 
    What is the approximate gestation length of a ewe or doe?
    • A. 

      3 months

    • B. 

      5 months

    • C. 

      7 months

    • D. 

      9 months

  • 6. 
    What is the average fleece weight for sheep shorn in the US?
    • A. 

      2 lbs.

    • B. 

      8 lbs.

    • C. 

      12 lbs.

    • D. 

      30 lbs.

  • 7. 
    Pregnancy toxemia (ketotis) is caused by a deficiency of which nutrient during late pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Energy

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Selenium

  • 8. 
    Urinary calculi (kidney stones) is usually caused by an imbalance of which two nutrients?
    • A. 

      Sodium and chloride

    • B. 

      Selenium and vitamin E

    • C. 

      Protein and energy

    • D. 

      Calcium and phosphorus

  • 9. 
    Which breed of dairy goat produces milk with the highest percentage of butter fat?
    • A. 

      Toggenburg

    • B. 

      Alpine

    • C. 

      Nubian

    • D. 

      Nigerian Dwarf

  • 10. 
    Which of the following contributes to the incidence of rectal prolapse?  Check all that appy.
    • A. 

      Heredity

    • B. 

      Sex

    • C. 

      Diet

    • D. 

      Length of tail dock

    • E. 

      Scours (diarrhea)

    • F. 

      Exercise

  • 11. 
    Which breed of goat produces mohair?
    • A. 

      Angora

    • B. 

      Cashmere

    • C. 

      Kiko

    • D. 

      Nigerian Dwarf

  • 12. 
    Which feedstuff is highest in energy (TDN)?
    • A. 

      Oats

    • B. 

      Alfalfa hay

    • C. 

      Alfalfa pellets

    • D. 

      Corn

  • 13. 
    Which breed of sheep is not a dairy breed?
    • A. 

      Lacaune

    • B. 

      Tunis

    • C. 

      East Friesian

    • D. 

      Awassi

  • 14. 
    Which statement is UNTRUE about scrapie?
    • A. 

      Scrapie is always fatal.

    • B. 

      Goats can't get scrapie.

    • C. 

      An animal's genetics affect its susceptibility to scrapie.

    • D. 

      Scrapie incidence has been higher in black face (Suffolk type) sheep.

  • 15. 
    Which is the TRUE stomach of the ruminant?
    • A. 

      Omasum

    • B. 

      Abomasum

    • C. 

      Rumen

    • D. 

      Reticulum

  • 16. 
    What is the scientific name for the barber pole worm?
    • A. 

      Teladorsagia

    • B. 

      Oesophagastomum

    • C. 

      Pasterella hemolytica

    • D. 

      Haemonchus contortus

  • 17. 
    Which breed of goat produces the most milk?
    • A. 

      Alpine

    • B. 

      Nubian

    • C. 

      Boer

    • D. 

      Oberhasli

  • 18. 
    Which feedstuff is highest in protein?
    • A. 

      Corn

    • B. 

      Alfalfa pellets

    • C. 

      Beet pulp

    • D. 

      Soybean meal

  • 19. 
    It is better to feed sheep and goats loose minerals than mineral blocks.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Which disease is caused by a deficiency of selenium and/or vitamin E?
    • A. 

      Polioencephalomalacia

    • B. 

      White muscle disease

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Urinary calculi

  • 21. 
    Sheep and goats do not have teeth on their upper front jaw.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    How many teeth do sheep and goats have?
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      16

    • C. 

      24

    • D. 

      32

  • 23. 
    What is the normal body temperature of a healthy sheep or goat? In degrees fahrenheit.
    • A. 

      98

    • B. 

      98-100

    • C. 

      100-102

    • D. 

      102-104

  • 24. 
    Which breed of sheep produces the finest wool?
    • A. 

      Cheviot

    • B. 

      Dorset

    • C. 

      Rambouilllet

    • D. 

      Polypay

  • 25. 
    Where is the semen deposited in laparoscopic AI?
    • A. 

      Cervix

    • B. 

      Vagina

    • C. 

      Ovary

    • D. 

      Uterine horns

  • 26. 
    The sex of the offspring is determined by the male.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Which breed of sheep is most popular as detemined by the number of annual registrations?
    • A. 

      Southdown

    • B. 

      Suffolk

    • C. 

      Katahdin

    • D. 

      Rambouillet

  • 28. 
    The number of offspring born to a female is determined by the male.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    At which holiday is the demand for lamb usually the highest?
    • A. 

      4th of July

    • B. 

      Eid ul Adha (Muslim Festival of Sacrifice)

    • C. 

      Chinese New Year

    • D. 

      Labor Day

  • 30. 
    Lighter weight animals usually sell for a higher price per pound than heavier animals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    What is the average length of the ewe's estrus cycle?
    • A. 

      14 days

    • B. 

      17 days

    • C. 

      21 days

    • D. 

      5 months

  • 32. 
    Which diet helps to develop a young ruminant's rumen quicker?
    • A. 

      Milk

    • B. 

      Grass

    • C. 

      Hay

    • D. 

      Grain

  • 33. 
    Which is the largest part of a mature ruminant's digestive system?
    • A. 

      Abomasum

    • B. 

      Omasum

    • C. 

      Reticulum

    • D. 

      Rumen

  • 34. 
    Which disease results in either internal or external abscesses?
    • A. 

      Caprine arthritic encephalitis

    • B. 

      Caseous lymphadentitis

    • C. 

      Johne's disease

    • D. 

      Scrapie

  • 35. 
    Which volatile fatty acid (VFA) is the end product of fiber digestion?
    • A. 

      Acetate

    • B. 

      Proprionate

    • C. 

      Butyrate

    • D. 

      Caltrate

  • 36. 
    Consumption of which feedstuff is most likely to lower rumen pH and make it more acidic?
    • A. 

      Hay

    • B. 

      Grain

    • C. 

      Silage

    • D. 

      Grass

  • 37. 
    How often should you deworm sheep and goats?
    • A. 

      Never

    • B. 

      Once per month

    • C. 

      Three times per year

    • D. 

      Only when they need it, based on clinical signs

  • 38. 
    What is the best way to deworm sheep and goats?
    • A. 

      Orally - drench

    • B. 

      Injection

    • C. 

      In the feed

    • D. 

      Pour-on

  • 39. 
    Though it varies by farm, worms have developed resistance to all dewormers and dewormer classes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    What is the primary symptom of barber pole worm infection?
    • A. 

      Lameness

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Diarrhea

    • D. 

      Snotty nose

  • 41. 
    For how long is colostrum available to the newborn lamb or kid?
    • A. 

      2 hours

    • B. 

      12 hours

    • C. 

      24 hours

    • D. 

      3 days

  • 42. 
    Which sheep disease causes hard bag?
    • A. 

      Johne's disease

    • B. 

      Scrapie

    • C. 

      Pregnancy toxemia

    • D. 

      Ovine progressive pneumonia

  • 43. 
    Which trait is the most highly heritable?
    • A. 

      Loin eye size

    • B. 

      Survival

    • C. 

      Litter size

    • D. 

      Parasite resistance

  • 44. 
    Goats have higher dressing percentages than sheep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Goat is the most consumed meat in the world.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    What is the appropriate treatment for polio?
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Selenium

    • C. 

      Sodium bicarbonate

    • D. 

      Penicillin

  • 47. 
    People can get soremouth (orf) from sheep and goats.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False