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Which of the following shows AB parallel to CD and CD perpendicular to EF?
A.
Figure 5
B.
Figure 6
C.
Figure 7
D.
Figure 8
Correct Answer
C. Figure 7
Explanation Figure 7 shows AB parallel to CD because AB and CD are both horizontal lines. CD is also perpendicular to EF because CD intersects EF at a right angle.
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2.
In the diagram, Line L1 is parallel to Line L2. What is the measure of angle 3?
A.
110 degrees
B.
70 degrees
C.
180 degrees
D.
20 degrees
Correct Answer
A. 110 degrees
Explanation In the diagram, Line L1 is parallel to Line L2, which means that angle 3 is an alternate interior angle with angle 1. Alternate interior angles are congruent when the lines are parallel. Since angle 1 measures 110 degrees, angle 3 also measures 110 degrees.
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3.
In the diagram, Line L1 is parallel to Line L2. What is the measure of angle 1?
A.
110 degrees
B.
70 degrees
C.
180 degrees
D.
20 degrees
Correct Answer
A. 110 degrees
Explanation Since Line L1 is parallel to Line L2, angle 1 is a corresponding angle to the angle formed by the intersection of Line L1 and Line L2. Corresponding angles are congruent when two parallel lines are intersected by a transversal. Therefore, the measure of angle 1 is 110 degrees.
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4.
Which figure below is a polygon?
A.
A
B.
B
C.
C
D.
D
Correct Answer
D. D
Explanation Figure D is a polygon because it is a closed shape with straight sides. A polygon is a 2-dimensional shape that has straight sides and angles, and the sides of a polygon do not intersect. Figure D meets these criteria as it is a closed shape with straight sides and angles, making it a polygon.
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5.
In which figure is angle DEF less than 90 degrees?
A.
Figure 1
B.
Figure 2
C.
Figure 3
D.
Figure 4
Correct Answer
D. Figure 4
Explanation In Figure 4, angle DEF is less than 90 degrees because it appears to be smaller than a right angle.
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6.
Name the polygon below.
A.
Quadrilateral
B.
Pentagon
C.
Hexagon
D.
Octagon
Correct Answer
C. Hexagon
Explanation The given polygon has six sides, which makes it a hexagon.
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7.
Identify the polygon by the number of sides.
A.
Quadrilateral
B.
Pentagon
C.
Hexagon
D.
Octagon
Correct Answer
A. Quadrilateral
Explanation A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides.
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8.
What is a polygon?
A.
A closed shape
B.
A shape with no curved lines
C.
A shape with no intersecting lines
D.
A shape with three or more sides
E.
All of the above
F.
None of the above
Correct Answer
E. All of the above
Explanation A polygon is a closed shape that has no curved lines and no intersecting lines. It is a shape with three or more sides. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" because all of the given options accurately describe what a polygon is.
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9.
What is an acute angle?
A.
An angle that is more than 90 degrees
B.
An angle that is equal to 90 degrees
C.
An angle that is less than 90 degrees
D.
None of these
Correct Answer
C. An angle that is less than 90 degrees
Explanation An acute angle is defined as an angle that measures less than 90 degrees. This means that the angle is smaller than a right angle, which measures exactly 90 degrees. Therefore, the correct answer is "An angle that is less than 90 degrees."
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10.
What is an obtuse angle?
A.
An angle that is more than 90 degrees
B.
An angle that is equal to 90 degrees
C.
An angle that is less than 90 degrees
D.
None of these
Correct Answer
A. An angle that is more than 90 degrees
Explanation An obtuse angle is defined as an angle that is greater than 90 degrees. In other words, it is an angle that is wider or "more open" than a right angle, which measures exactly 90 degrees. An obtuse angle can range from slightly greater than 90 degrees to almost 180 degrees, but it cannot be equal to or less than 90 degrees. Therefore, the correct answer is "An angle that is more than 90 degrees."
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11.
What is another name for a 90 degree angle?
A.
An obtuse angle
B.
An acute angle
C.
A straight angle
D.
A right angle
Correct Answer
D. A right angle
Explanation A right angle is another name for a 90 degree angle. In geometry, a right angle is formed when two lines or line segments intersect at a 90 degree angle, creating a square corner. It is called a right angle because it is the "correct" or "right" angle in terms of its measure.
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12.
What is the measure of the angle labeled x?
A.
65 degrees
B.
90 degrees
C.
180 degrees
D.
75 degrees
Correct Answer
D. 75 degrees
Explanation The measure of the angle labeled x is 75 degrees. This can be determined by observing that the angle is not a right angle (90 degrees) or a straight angle (180 degrees). It is also not stated that the angle is supplementary to any other angle, so it cannot be determined to be 180 degrees. Therefore, the only remaining option is 75 degrees.
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13.
Polygon A is a square. Polygon B has four more sides than Polygon A. What type of polygon is Polygon B?
A.
Octagon
B.
Hexagon
C.
Decagon
D.
Pentagon
Correct Answer
A. Octagon
Explanation Polygon A is a square, which means it has four sides. The question states that Polygon B has four more sides than Polygon A. Since Polygon A has four sides, Polygon B must have four more sides than that, making it an octagon.
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14.
If a and b are parallel lines and angle 4 = 45 degrees, what is the measure of angle 7?
A.
135 degrees
B.
45 degrees
C.
180 degrees
D.
90 degrees
Correct Answer
A. 135 degrees
Explanation Since a and b are parallel lines, angle 4 and angle 7 are corresponding angles. Corresponding angles are congruent when the lines are parallel. Therefore, if angle 4 is 45 degrees, angle 7 must also be 45 degrees.
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15.
A _____________________ is a part of a line containing two endpoints.
Correct Answer segment line segment
Explanation A segment or line segment is a part of a line that is defined by two endpoints. It is a finite portion of a line and does not extend indefinitely in both directions like a line. The two endpoints of a segment determine its length and position on the line.
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16.
A ___________________________ is the unit of measure for angles
Correct Answer degree
Explanation The unit of measure for angles is called a degree.
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17.
There are _____________ degrees in a full turn.
Correct Answer 360
Explanation A full turn consists of 360 degrees. This is a standard measurement used in mathematics and geometry to represent a complete rotation around a point.
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18.
A ______________________ polygon is a polygon in which all sides are the same length and all angles are the same measure.
Correct Answer regular
Explanation A regular polygon is a polygon in which all sides are the same length and all angles are the same measure. This means that all the sides of the polygon have equal lengths and all the angles of the polygon have equal measures. In other words, a regular polygon is a symmetrical shape with uniform sides and angles.
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19.
Lines that are on the same plane and never meet or intersect are called perpendicular lines.
A.
True
B.
False
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation Perpendicular lines are not lines that are on the same plane and never meet or intersect. Perpendicular lines are lines that intersect at a 90-degree angle. Therefore, the statement is false.
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20.
In which figure is angle DEF equal to 90 degrees?
A.
Figure 1
B.
Figure 2
C.
Figure 3
D.
Figure 4
Correct Answer
C. Figure 3
Explanation In Figure 3, angle DEF is equal to 90 degrees because it forms a right angle. A right angle is a 90-degree angle, formed when two lines or line segments intersect. The other figures do not show a right angle at angle DEF, making Figure 3 the correct answer.
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21.
In which figure is angle DEF equal to 180 degrees?
A.
Figure 1
B.
Figure 2
C.
Figure 3
D.
Figure 4
Correct Answer
B. Figure 2
Explanation In Figure 2, angle DEF is equal to 180 degrees because it is a straight line. In geometry, a straight line forms an angle of 180 degrees, which means that the angle spans the entire length of the line. Therefore, Figure 2 is the correct answer as it shows angle DEF as a straight line.
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22.
In the quadrilateral below, find the measure of the missing angle.
A.
75
B.
100
C.
110
D.
90
Correct Answer
A. 75
23.
A shape that has two halves that are mirror images of each other has _________________________________.
A.
Rotation symmetry
B.
Reflection symmetry
Correct Answer
B. Reflection symmetry
Explanation A shape that has two halves that are mirror images of each other has reflection symmetry. This means that if you were to draw a line down the center of the shape, the two halves would be identical when reflected across that line.
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24.
A shapre that looks the same when it is rotated less than a full turn has ___________________________________.
A.
Rotation symmetry
B.
Reflection symmetry
Correct Answer
A. Rotation symmetry
Explanation A shape that looks the same when it is rotated less than a full turn has rotation symmetry. This means that the shape can be rotated by a certain angle (less than 360 degrees) and still maintain its original appearance. The presence of rotation symmetry indicates that the shape has a balanced and harmonious design, allowing it to be visually appealing from different angles of rotation.
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25.
Find the measure of angle y.
A.
74
B.
68
C.
112
D.
117
Correct Answer
B. 68
Explanation The measure of angle y is 68 degrees.
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26.
The angle sum of any triangle is _______________ degrees.
Correct Answer 180
Explanation The angle sum of any triangle is always 180 degrees. This is a fundamental property of triangles in Euclidean geometry. The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is always equal to 180 degrees, regardless of the size or shape of the triangle. This property can be proven using various geometric theorems and principles.
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27.
The angle sum of any quadrilateral is _______________ degrees.
Correct Answer 360
Explanation The angle sum of any quadrilateral is always 360 degrees. This is because a quadrilateral has four sides, and the sum of the interior angles of any polygon is given by the formula (n-2) * 180 degrees, where n is the number of sides. Therefore, for a quadrilateral with four sides, the sum of the interior angles is (4-2) * 180 = 360 degrees.
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28.
Which is the correct formula for finding the angle sum of any polygon?
A.
(# of sides - 1) x 180 = angle sum
B.
(# of sides - 2) x 360 = angle sum
C.
(# of sides - 2) x 180 = angle sum
D.
(# of sides + 2) -180 = angle sum
Correct Answer
C. (# of sides - 2) x 180 = angle sum
Explanation The correct formula for finding the angle sum of any polygon is (# of sides - 2) x 180 = angle sum. This formula is derived from the fact that the sum of the interior angles of a polygon is equal to (n-2) times 180 degrees, where n is the number of sides of the polygon. By subtracting 2 from the number of sides and multiplying by 180, we can find the total angle sum of the polygon.
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