Police Field Operations Study Guide - Introduction To Patrol

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Study Guide Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following departmental functions is widely recognized as the center of all police activities?

    • A.

      Traffic

    • B.

      Patrol

    • C.

      Investigation

    • D.

      Communication

    • E.

      Administration

    Correct Answer
    B. Patrol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Patrol. Patrol is widely recognized as the center of all police activities because it involves the proactive presence of police officers in the community, maintaining law and order, preventing crime, and responding to emergencies. Patrol officers are the first to arrive at the scene of a crime or incident, gather information, and ensure public safety. They also conduct traffic enforcement, handle minor disputes, and provide assistance to the community. Overall, patrol functions are essential for maintaining peace and security in a jurisdiction.

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  • 2. 

    The Pine Valley Police Department (400 sworn officers) has made a commitment to increase community involvement in public safety issues.  Which of the following actions would be most appropriate to take in meeting the departmental goal?

    • A.

      Invite citizens to ride with officers during their regular tours of duty

    • B.

      Assign officers to specific, small geographical areas of responsibility

    • C.

      Advertise the department's intentions regarding community involvement on billboards throughout the city

    • D.

      Create a public relations department that is staffed by civilians

    Correct Answer
    B. Assign officers to specific, small geographical areas of responsibility
    Explanation
    Assigning officers to specific, small geographical areas of responsibility would be the most appropriate action to take in meeting the departmental goal of increasing community involvement in public safety issues. This approach would allow officers to develop strong relationships with the residents in their assigned areas, fostering trust and communication. By being familiar with the specific needs and concerns of the community, officers can better address and respond to local safety issues. This approach promotes community policing and encourages active engagement between the police department and the residents they serve.

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  • 3. 

    Who is primarily responsible for establishing en effective one-on-one relationship between the police and the public?

    • A.

      Communications Officer

    • B.

      Field Officer

    • C.

      Community relations officer

    • D.

      Public affairs officer

    Correct Answer
    B. Field Officer
    Explanation
    The field officer is primarily responsible for establishing an effective one-on-one relationship between the police and the public. As the field officer is the one who is directly involved in patrolling the community and responding to incidents, they have the most direct contact with the public. They interact with individuals on a daily basis, building trust, addressing concerns, and fostering positive relationships. Their role is crucial in creating a sense of safety and security within the community and promoting cooperation between the police and the public.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following practices is most likely to result in public support of police activities?

    • A.

      Increased visibility of uniformed officers throughout the community

    • B.

      Rigid enforcement of all laws

    • C.

      Development of informal contacts by individual officers throughout the community

    • D.

      Development of formal contacts by individual officers throughout the community

    Correct Answer
    C. Development of informal contacts by individual officers throughout the community
    Explanation
    Informal contacts by individual officers throughout the community are most likely to result in public support of police activities. This is because developing personal relationships and connections with community members helps to build trust and rapport. When officers have informal contacts, they can better understand the needs and concerns of the community, and community members are more likely to feel comfortable approaching and cooperating with the police. This can lead to increased public support for police activities and a stronger sense of partnership between the police and the community.

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  • 5. 

    Of the following, the most effective method of crime prevention is

    • A.

      Arresting as many criminals as possible

    • B.

      Increasing police visibility

    • C.

      Reducing the desire to commit crime

    • D.

      Educating the public on the consequences of crime

    Correct Answer
    C. Reducing the desire to commit crime
    Explanation
    Reducing the desire to commit crime is the most effective method of crime prevention because it tackles the root causes of criminal behavior. By addressing the underlying factors that lead individuals to engage in criminal activities, such as poverty, lack of education, or substance abuse, it is possible to decrease the motivation to commit crimes. This approach focuses on long-term solutions and aims to create a safer society by promoting social and economic development, providing support and opportunities for individuals, and addressing the societal factors that contribute to criminal behavior.

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  • 6. 

    Parole and probation officers are primarily responsible for(1) rehabilitation of criminal offenders(2) redirection of criminal offenders(3) identification of criminal offenders

    • A.

      (1) only

    • B.

      (2) only

    • C.

      (1) and (2) only

    • D.

      (1), (2), and (3)

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) and (2) only
    Explanation
    Parole and probation officers are primarily responsible for the rehabilitation and redirection of criminal offenders. They work with individuals who have been convicted of crimes and are either serving a probation sentence or have been released on parole. These officers aim to help offenders reintegrate into society, address the root causes of their criminal behavior, and provide support and guidance to prevent them from reoffending. They may provide counseling, connect offenders with resources and programs, monitor their compliance with court-ordered conditions, and offer assistance in finding employment and housing. Their focus is on helping offenders make positive changes and become productive members of society.

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  • 7. 

    To effectively prevent juvenile crime, police should

    • A.

      Identify would be offenders before a crime is committed

    • B.

      Establish a well-organized network of informants

    • C.

      Develop a comprehensive crime prevention education program

    • D.

      Diligently patrol those areas that are frequented by youths

    Correct Answer
    A. Identify would be offenders before a crime is committed
    Explanation
    To effectively prevent juvenile crime, it is important for the police to identify potential offenders before they commit a crime. By being proactive and identifying individuals who show signs of potential criminal behavior, law enforcement can intervene early and provide necessary support or intervention to prevent them from engaging in criminal activities. This approach focuses on early intervention and prevention rather than solely relying on reactive measures after a crime has already been committed.

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  • 8. 

    Generally, criminal activity is repressed by(1) maintaining a highly visible police presence(2) rigid enforcement of all laws and codes(3) publicizing highly active undercover operations

    • A.

      (1) and (2) only

    • B.

      (2) and (3) only

    • C.

      (1) and (3) only

    • D.

      (2) only

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) and (3) only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (1) and (3) only. This means that criminal activity is generally repressed by maintaining a highly visible police presence and publicizing highly active undercover operations. By having a visible police presence, potential criminals are deterred from committing crimes due to the increased risk of getting caught. Publicizing highly active undercover operations can also deter criminal activity by creating a sense of uncertainty among potential criminals, as they never know when they might be under surveillance. Rigid enforcement of all laws and codes may not necessarily repress criminal activity, as some laws may not be directly related to criminal behavior.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is the primary advantage of a highly visible police patrol?(1) crime deterrence through intimidation of would be criminals(2) Improved public and community relations(3) Detection of more than 50% of all crimes in progress

    • A.

      (1) only

    • B.

      (2) only

    • C.

      (1) and (2) only

    • D.

      (2) and (3) only

    Correct Answer
    A. (1) only
    Explanation
    A highly visible police patrol can act as a deterrent to potential criminals by intimidating them. The presence of police officers in the community can make criminals think twice before committing a crime, as they are more likely to be caught or observed. This can help in reducing the overall crime rate and creating a safer environment for the public. Improved public and community relations may also be a result of a highly visible police patrol, as it can increase trust and confidence in the police force. However, the detection of crimes in progress is not mentioned as a primary advantage in the given answer.

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  • 10. 

    One of the most effective crime repressive activities is

    • A.

      Staking out likely targets that criminals favor

    • B.

      Conducting field interviews of suspicious persons

    • C.

      Curbside lineups

    • D.

      Arrests by sweeps

    Correct Answer
    B. Conducting field interviews of suspicious persons
    Explanation
    Conducting field interviews of suspicious persons is considered one of the most effective crime repressive activities. This is because it allows law enforcement officers to directly engage with individuals who are behaving suspiciously, gathering information and assessing potential threats. Field interviews can help identify and prevent criminal activity by deterring potential offenders, gathering intelligence, and building relationships with the community. This proactive approach allows officers to gather valuable information that can lead to arrests, disrupt criminal networks, and enhance overall public safety.

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  • 11. 

    With regard to traffic flow, the police objective is to

    • A.

      Issue as many citations as possible to insure maximum compliance

    • B.

      Convict traffic offenders to set a firm example

    • C.

      Determine the causes of congestion in order to improve traffic flow

    • D.

      Show a high visibility of motorcycle officers as a deterrent to traffic violations

    Correct Answer
    C. Determine the causes of congestion in order to improve traffic flow
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to determine the causes of congestion in order to improve traffic flow. This objective focuses on understanding the factors that contribute to traffic congestion and finding ways to alleviate it. By identifying the causes, the police can work towards implementing effective strategies and measures to improve traffic flow and reduce congestion on the roads.

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  • 12. 

    What are the three E's of traffic?

    • A.

      Education, Engineering, and Enforcement

    • B.

      Education, Enforcement, and Effort

    • C.

      Education, Enforcement, and Entrapment

    • D.

      Engineering, Enactment of Laws, and Encouragement of compliance

    Correct Answer
    A. Education, Engineering, and Enforcement
    Explanation
    The three E's of traffic are Education, Engineering, and Enforcement. Education refers to providing information and knowledge to drivers and pedestrians about traffic rules and safety measures. Engineering involves designing and implementing infrastructure and road systems that promote safe and efficient traffic flow. Enforcement is the act of enforcing traffic laws and regulations through the use of police officers and surveillance systems to ensure compliance and maintain order on the roads. These three elements work together to create a safer and more efficient transportation system.

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  • 13. 

    By establishing a pattern or routine schedule for your patrol area, you

    • A.

      Let the criminal element know how effectively you patrol your beat

    • B.

      Virtually eliminate any chance of criminal activity in your sector

    • C.

      Virtually eliminate your effectiveness in repressing crime

    • D.

      Get to know everyone on your beat

    Correct Answer
    C. Virtually eliminate your effectiveness in repressing crime
    Explanation
    By establishing a pattern or routine schedule for your patrol area, you virtually eliminate your effectiveness in repressing crime. This is because criminals can easily predict your movements and take advantage of the gaps in your patrol. They can plan their activities accordingly, avoiding detection and increasing the chances of criminal activity in your sector. In order to effectively combat crime, it is important to maintain an unpredictable and varied patrol schedule.

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  • 14. 

    As a beat officer, if you determine a traffic problem is complicated due to the location of signals, signs, or faulty street design, you should

    • A.

      Focus your citations at that location

    • B.

      Ignore it; it is not in the scope of your job description

    • C.

      Write a report recommending changes that you think may correct the problem

    • D.

      Write a number of written warnings; you would probably lose a citation action in court

    Correct Answer
    C. Write a report recommending changes that you think may correct the problem
    Explanation
    As a beat officer, if you determine a traffic problem is complicated due to the location of signals, signs, or faulty street design, you should write a report recommending changes that you think may correct the problem. This is the most appropriate action because it allows you to document the issue and propose potential solutions to address the problem. It is important to report such problems to the relevant authorities so that they can take appropriate action to improve the traffic situation and ensure the safety of the public.

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  • 15. 

    A free society is characterized by

    • A.

      Many laws or controls

    • B.

      Relatively few laws

    • C.

      Many laws that are purely statutory in nature by have no real affect on people's actions

    • D.

      A strict and rigid enforcement of all laws for the good of the community

    Correct Answer
    B. Relatively few laws
    Explanation
    In a free society, there are relatively few laws. This is because a free society values individual freedoms and limited government intervention. Having fewer laws allows individuals to exercise their personal liberties without excessive restrictions. It promotes a sense of autonomy and self-governance, allowing people to make their own choices and decisions. Additionally, fewer laws can lead to a more efficient legal system, as resources can be focused on enforcing and upholding a smaller set of important laws rather than being spread thin across numerous unnecessary regulations.

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  • 16. 

    Order maintenance process includes such responsibilities as

    • A.

      Directing traffic at emergencies

    • B.

      Crowd control

    • C.

      Providing a stablizing influence in times of emotional upheaval.

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      (a) and (b) only

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above". This means that the order maintenance process includes all of the responsibilities mentioned, which are directing traffic at emergencies, crowd control, and providing a stabilizing influence in times of emotional upheaval.

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  • 17. 

    Most breaches of the peace are settled by

    • A.

      The threat of jail

    • B.

      Public exposure

    • C.

      Firmly suggesting compliance with the law

    • D.

      Arrest and prosecution

    Correct Answer
    C. Firmly suggesting compliance with the law
    Explanation
    In most cases, breaches of the peace are resolved by firmly suggesting compliance with the law. This approach involves making individuals aware of their actions and the potential consequences they may face if they continue to disturb the peace. By firmly suggesting compliance, authorities aim to deter individuals from engaging in disruptive behavior without resorting to more severe measures such as arrest and prosecution. This approach prioritizes resolving the issue peacefully and avoiding unnecessary escalation or harm to both parties involved.

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  • 18. 

    As a police officer, which of the following service calls is not your responsibility?

    • A.

      Providing psychological counseling

    • B.

      Delivering death messages

    • C.

      Helping people who have lost their keys get into their house or car

    • D.

      Providing tourist information as to where to find the best shrimp coctail

    • E.

      You are responsible for all of the above

    • F.

      You are responsible for all of the above except (a)

    Correct Answer
    F. You are responsible for all of the above except (a)
    Explanation
    As a police officer, it is not your responsibility to provide psychological counseling. However, you are responsible for delivering death messages, helping people who have lost their keys get into their house or car, and providing tourist information.

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  • 19. 

    According to the text, using officers to provide transportation for visiting dignitaries and local officials is

    • A.

      A wise deployment of officers

    • B.

      Wise if it is for the protection of those officials

    • C.

      Often a service provided by police departments

    • D.

      Preferred over using a taxi

    • E.

      Only (b) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    E. Only (b) and (c)
    Explanation
    According to the text, using officers to provide transportation for visiting dignitaries and local officials is often a service provided by police departments. This is a wise deployment of officers if it is for the protection of those officials. Therefore, the correct answer is (b) wise if it is for the protection of those officials and (c) often a service provided by police departments.

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  • 20. 

    Security of personal and business property is the responsibility of

    • A.

      The property owner only

    • B.

      The police

    • C.

      Both the property owner and the police

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both the property owner and the police
    Explanation
    The responsibility of ensuring the security of personal and business property lies with both the property owner and the police. While the property owner is expected to take measures such as installing security systems, locks, and surveillance cameras, the police play a crucial role in patrolling the area, responding to emergencies, and investigating crimes. This shared responsibility ensures a collaborative effort in maintaining the safety and security of properties.

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  • 21. 

    It is the police officer's responsibility to advise business or property owners on how they should secure their property?

    • A.

      Never

    • B.

      Only upon request from a supervisor

    • C.

      Only if they request a security survey

    • D.

      Yes, it will make your job easier in the long run

    Correct Answer
    D. Yes, it will make your job easier in the long run
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Yes, it will make your job easier in the long run." This answer suggests that it is indeed the police officer's responsibility to advise business or property owners on how they should secure their property. By doing so, it can help prevent crimes and maintain public safety, ultimately making the officer's job easier in the long term.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following would most effectively reduce the likelihood of criminal activity?

    • A.

      Infrequent, unscheduled visits

    • B.

      Frequent, unscheduled visits

    • C.

      Infrequent, scheduled visits

    • D.

      Frequent, and scheduled visits

    Correct Answer
    B. Frequent, unscheduled visits
    Explanation
    Frequent, unscheduled visits would most effectively reduce the likelihood of criminal activity. Criminals are less likely to engage in illegal activities if they know that there is a higher chance of being caught at any given time. Frequent visits ensure that there is a constant presence and monitoring, making it difficult for criminals to plan and execute criminal acts. Unscheduled visits further increase the element of surprise, making it harder for criminals to anticipate when they might be caught. This combination of frequency and unpredictability creates a strong deterrent against criminal activity.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following inspection services are performed by the police during patrol

    • A.

      Fire hazards

    • B.

      Utilities (water, power, sewage)

    • C.

      Building code violations

    • D.

      Health and safety violations

    • E.

      Business license violations

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the above
    Explanation
    During patrol, the police perform various inspection services to ensure public safety and maintain law and order. These services include checking for fire hazards, monitoring the utilities such as water, power, and sewage systems, inspecting buildings for code violations, identifying health and safety violations, and ensuring businesses have the necessary licenses. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 24. 

    Responding to calls that are considered minor complaints should be handled

    • A.

      With a cursory approach

    • B.

      Briefly, with only minimal intervention

    • C.

      With tact and diplomacy

    • D.

      With a rigid approach to the letter of the law

    Correct Answer
    C. With tact and diplomacy
    Explanation
    When responding to calls that are considered minor complaints, it is important to handle them with tact and diplomacy. This means approaching the situation in a respectful and considerate manner, taking into account the emotions and concerns of the individuals involved. By using tact and diplomacy, responders can help to de-escalate the situation and find a resolution that satisfies all parties involved. This approach promotes effective communication and maintains positive relationships with the community.

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  • 25. 

    When handling problems that develop on the beat, you will be expected to

    • A.

      Take a reactive approach

    • B.

      Take the initiative and apply appropriate action

    • C.

      Wait only until given a radio call to handle it

    • D.

      Get involved only if requested officially

    Correct Answer
    B. Take the initiative and apply appropriate action
    Explanation
    When handling problems that develop on the beat, it is expected that you take the initiative and apply appropriate action. This means that you should not wait for instructions or requests, but instead proactively assess the situation and take necessary steps to address the problem. This approach demonstrates responsibility, quick thinking, and the ability to make decisions independently, which are crucial qualities for handling problems effectively in a dynamic environment like law enforcement.

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  • 26. 

    What is your responsibility as a beat officer regarding traffic control?

    • A.

      Assure the safe and efficient movement of vehicular and pedestrian traffic

    • B.

      None; traffic control belongs to a separate traffic unit, not field officers

    • C.

      Take care of crime, but help out with traffic problems when possible

    Correct Answer
    A. Assure the safe and efficient movement of vehicular and pedestrian traffic
    Explanation
    As a beat officer, it is your responsibility to assure the safe and efficient movement of vehicular and pedestrian traffic. This means that you are expected to actively manage and control traffic in your assigned area, ensuring that traffic flows smoothly and safely. While your primary duty may be to handle crime-related matters, you are also expected to assist with traffic problems whenever possible, ensuring the safety and convenience of the public on the roads.

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  • 27. 

    Of the following, who should be the best source of information in your area?

    • A.

      The local firehouse

    • B.

      The beat (field) officer

    • C.

      The commanding officer of your sector

    • D.

      The chief

    Correct Answer
    B. The beat (field) officer
    Explanation
    The beat (field) officer should be the best source of information in your area because they are the ones who are directly responsible for patrolling and monitoring the local community. They have firsthand knowledge and experience of the area, including any ongoing issues or concerns. They are likely to be familiar with the residents, businesses, and specific challenges of the neighborhood. Therefore, they would be able to provide the most accurate and up-to-date information about the local area.

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  • 28. 

    Developing contacts in the community is

    • A.

      The responsibility of the beat officer only

    • B.

      A department-wide responsibility

    • C.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D.

      Only detectives should develop informants

    Correct Answer
    B. A department-wide responsibility
    Explanation
    Developing contacts in the community is a department-wide responsibility. This means that it is not solely the responsibility of the beat officer, but rather a responsibility that extends to all members of the department. Building relationships and establishing connections with the community is essential for effective policing and maintaining public trust. It allows for better communication, cooperation, and information sharing between law enforcement and the community, leading to a safer and more secure environment for everyone. Therefore, all members of the department should actively participate in developing contacts in the community.

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  • 29. 

    If a community-police partnership is to succeed, there should be

    • A.

      Informants reporting to the department only

    • B.

      Special consideration given to influential groups

    • C.

      Open and free-flowing lines of communication between community and police representatives

    • D.

      No criticism of the department or its policies

    Correct Answer
    C. Open and free-flowing lines of communication between community and police representatives
    Explanation
    For a community-police partnership to succeed, open and free-flowing lines of communication between community and police representatives are essential. This allows for effective collaboration, sharing of information, and building trust between the two parties. It enables community members to report concerns, provide feedback, and actively participate in shaping the department's policies and practices. Without open communication, misunderstandings, mistrust, and lack of cooperation may arise, hindering the effectiveness of the partnership.

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  • 30. 

    In its community relations, the police department should

    • A.

      Show favoritism to those who support the department

    • B.

      Guard against showing favoritism to any individuals or groups

    • C.

      Reject criticism of policies or procedures since the department knows what's best for the community

    • D.

      Plant informants in key areas throughout the city to promote a continuous flow of information

    Correct Answer
    B. Guard against showing favoritism to any individuals or groups
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to guard against showing favoritism to any individuals or groups. This is because favoritism can undermine the integrity and fairness of the police department's community relations. It is important for the police department to treat all individuals and groups equally and without bias in order to maintain trust and confidence within the community. This approach helps to ensure that the department's actions and decisions are based on objective criteria and serve the best interests of the community as a whole.

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  • 31. 

    Informants are accurately described as

    • A.

      Petty criminals who inform for money

    • B.

      Fringe business persons - those who operate just inside or outside the law - who wish to cut down on the competition

    • C.

      Violators who inform to get themselves off the hook or to divert attention from themselves

    • D.

      Patriotic individuals who want to do the right thing

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that informants can be accurately described as petty criminals who inform for money, fringe business persons who want to reduce competition, violators who inform to protect themselves or divert attention, and patriotic individuals who want to do the right thing. This implies that informants come from various backgrounds and motivations, and can include a wide range of individuals.

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  • 32. 

    Among the following, who is generally best positioned to conduct an initial investigation?

    • A.

      Detectives

    • B.

      Undercover agents

    • C.

      Patrol officers

    • D.

      Private investigators

    Correct Answer
    C. Patrol officers
    Explanation
    Patrol officers are generally best positioned to conduct an initial investigation. They are the first responders to a crime scene and are trained to gather initial evidence, secure the area, and interview witnesses. They have a wide range of skills and knowledge to handle various types of incidents, making them suitable for conducting preliminary investigations. Detectives may be involved in more complex cases, undercover agents focus on specific targets, and private investigators are hired by individuals or organizations for specific investigations. However, patrol officers are the frontline personnel who are readily available and equipped to handle initial investigations.

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  • 33. 

    The patrol officer's responsibility at crime scenes is to

    • A.

      Apprehend the suspect

    • B.

      Care for the safety of the victim and witnesses

    • C.

      Protect the crime scene

    • D.

      Immediately broadcast information on wanted suspects

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      All except (b)

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The patrol officer's responsibility at crime scenes includes apprehending the suspect, caring for the safety of the victim and witnesses, protecting the crime scene, and immediately broadcasting information on wanted suspects. This means that the officer is responsible for all of the mentioned tasks, except for caring for the safety of the victim and witnesses, which is not part of their duties.

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  • 34. 

    The key to success of any follow-up investigation is attributed to

    • A.

      Following the suspect at the scene

    • B.

      The development of reliable information

    • C.

      The skill of the one who handles the initial investigation

    • D.

      Speed in broadcasting the APB

    Correct Answer
    C. The skill of the one who handles the initial investigation
    Explanation
    The success of any follow-up investigation depends on the skill of the person conducting the initial investigation. This is because the initial investigation sets the foundation for the entire process. A skilled investigator will gather accurate and reliable information, identify potential suspects, collect evidence properly, and make informed decisions. Their ability to handle the initial investigation effectively will greatly impact the direction and outcome of the follow-up investigation.

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  • 35. 

    The primary factor that determines when an investigation should be transferred to another unit is

    • A.

      Severity of the crime

    • B.

      Time

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Size of the department

    Correct Answer
    B. Time
    Explanation
    The primary factor that determines when an investigation should be transferred to another unit is time. This means that the duration of the investigation plays a crucial role in deciding whether it should be handed over to another unit. This could be due to various reasons such as the need for specialized expertise, the workload of the current unit, or the urgency of the case. Transferring an investigation to another unit ensures that it receives the necessary attention and resources within a reasonable timeframe.

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  • 36. 

    To ensure a fair trial of the accused, it is essential that investigators

    • A.

      Respond to the scene in a timely manner

    • B.

      Obtain a confession

    • C.

      Handle the evidence properly

    • D.

      Advise all suspects of their rights

    Correct Answer
    C. Handle the evidence properly
    Explanation
    To ensure a fair trial of the accused, it is essential that investigators handle the evidence properly. This is crucial because mishandling or tampering with evidence can compromise its integrity and reliability, potentially leading to wrongful convictions or the release of guilty individuals. Properly handling evidence involves following established protocols, such as documenting its collection, storage, and chain of custody. It also includes preventing contamination, preserving its condition, and ensuring that all relevant evidence is collected and properly analyzed. By handling the evidence properly, investigators can maintain its credibility and ensure a fair and just legal process.

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  • 37. 

    You are directly involved in the investigative process until

    • A.

      The preliminary investigation is complete

    • B.

      The evidence is preserved and collected

    • C.

      You testify and present the evidence in court

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that you are directly involved in the investigative process until all the mentioned tasks are completed. This includes being involved until the preliminary investigation is complete, the evidence is preserved and collected, and you testify and present the evidence in court.

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  • 38. 

    The person who should withdraw the evidence from storage and present it to the court is the

    • A.

      Follow-up investigator

    • B.

      Evidence technician

    • C.

      Evidence room clerk

    • D.

      One who found the evidence and impounded it

    Correct Answer
    D. One who found the evidence and impounded it
    Explanation
    The person who found the evidence and impounded it should be the one to withdraw it from storage and present it to the court because they have firsthand knowledge of where the evidence was located and how it was secured. They would be able to testify about the chain of custody and ensure that the evidence is properly handled and presented in court. The follow-up investigator may have limited knowledge of the storage location and may not be familiar with the procedures for handling and presenting evidence. The evidence technician and evidence room clerk may have access to the evidence but may not have the necessary knowledge or authority to present it in court.

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  • 39. 

    What is the secondary responsibility of the field officer when arriving at a crime scene

    • A.

      Caring for the injured or wounded

    • B.

      Locating and arresting the criminal

    • C.

      Preserving the crime scene

    • D.

      Testifying in court

    Correct Answer
    B. Locating and arresting the criminal
    Explanation
    The secondary responsibility of the field officer when arriving at a crime scene is to locate and arrest the criminal. This means that their main focus is on apprehending the individual responsible for the crime, rather than other tasks such as caring for the injured or wounded, preserving the crime scene, or testifying in court. While these other responsibilities may also be important, locating and arresting the criminal takes precedence in order to ensure public safety and bring the perpetrator to justice.

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  • 40. 

    Once you affect an arrest, you

    • A.

      Must take the suspect to jail

    • B.

      May use one of several alternatives to booking and jailing the suspect, such as giving citations

    • C.

      Must handcuff the suspect

    Correct Answer
    B. May use one of several alternatives to booking and jailing the suspect, such as giving citations
    Explanation
    After making an arrest, it is not mandatory to take the suspect directly to jail. Instead, there are various options available to law enforcement officers. One of these alternatives is giving citations, which involves issuing a written notice to the suspect stating the charges and the requirement to appear in court at a later date. This allows officers to handle certain cases without the need for immediate incarceration. Handcuffing the suspect is not a requirement in every arrest situation, as it depends on the circumstances and the level of threat posed by the individual.

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  • 41. 

    Most laws, including laws pertaining to traffic and criminal issues, are classified as(1) felonies.(2) misdemeanors(3) ordinances

    • A.

      (1) only

    • B.

      (2) only

    • C.

      (1) and (2) only

    • D.

      (1), (2), and (3)

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) and (2) only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (1) and (2) only. This means that most laws, including laws pertaining to traffic and criminal issues, are classified as both felonies and misdemeanors. This answer excludes option (3) which states that most laws are classified as ordinances.

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  • 42. 

    Infractions generally are

    • A.

      Minor violations which usually carry no punishment other than a fine

    • B.

      Minor violations that result in no more than six months in county jail

    • C.

      Minor violations that can become a misdemeanor violation for failure to comply

    • D.

      (a) and (c) only

    Correct Answer
    D. (a) and (c) only
    Explanation
    Infractions are generally considered to be minor violations, which means they are not considered serious offenses. These violations usually result in no punishment other than a fine. However, in some cases, if the person fails to comply with the requirements of the infraction, it can escalate to a misdemeanor violation. Therefore, both options (a) and (c) are correct as they both describe the nature of infractions and their potential consequences.

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  • 43. 

    One of the most time consuming and demanding of all police activities is

    • A.

      Walking the beat

    • B.

      Writing reports

    • C.

      Developing informants

    • D.

      Testifying in court

    Correct Answer
    B. Writing reports
    Explanation
    Writing reports is a time-consuming and demanding activity for police officers. It involves documenting all the details of an incident or investigation accurately and comprehensively. Reports are crucial for maintaining an organized record of events, providing information for future reference, and serving as evidence in court proceedings. Police officers must ensure that their reports are clear, concise, and objective, requiring them to spend significant time and effort in writing and reviewing their reports. This task is essential for effective communication within the police department and the criminal justice system as a whole.

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  • 44. 

    Your reports are

    • A.

      The basis of determining whether to charge a person with a crime

    • B.

      What the appropriate charge would be

    • C.

      A tool your supervisor will use to evaluate your performance and decision-making ability

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "all of the above". This means that your reports serve as the basis for determining whether to charge a person with a crime, as well as what the appropriate charge would be. Additionally, your reports are a tool that your supervisor will use to evaluate your performance and decision-making ability. In summary, your reports play a crucial role in the legal process, from determining charges to evaluating your performance.

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  • 45. 

    What is the final step in the investigative process?

    • A.

      Finishing your reports

    • B.

      Testifying in court

    • C.

      Obtaining a written confession

    • D.

      Sentencing of the suspect

    Correct Answer
    B. Testifying in court
    Explanation
    The final step in the investigative process is testifying in court. This is because after conducting a thorough investigation and gathering evidence, the investigator may be required to present their findings and provide testimony in a court of law. Testifying in court allows the investigator to provide their expert opinion, share their findings, and answer any questions from the prosecution or defense. It is a crucial step in the process as it helps to ensure that justice is served and the truth is revealed in a legal setting.

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  • 46. 

    When you testify, you should

    • A.

      Slant your testimony to throw guilt on the suspect

    • B.

      Present only evidence that will make the suspect look guilty

    • C.

      Present evidence and testimony factually and without bias

    • D.

      Leave out testimony that could be favorable to the defenant

    Correct Answer
    C. Present evidence and testimony factually and without bias
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to present evidence and testimony factually and without bias. This is because as a witness, it is important to provide an accurate account of the events without distorting or manipulating the information to make the suspect look guilty. Testifying truthfully and impartially ensures a fair and just legal process, allowing the judge or jury to make an informed decision based on the evidence presented. It is unethical and against the principles of justice to slant testimony or withhold favorable evidence that could potentially benefit the defendant.

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  • 47. 

    Private police may be employed to do which of the following?

    • A.

      Perimeter and access control and disturbance control

    • B.

      Inventory shrinkage

    • C.

      Personal, executive, and celebrity protection

    • D.

      Recovery of stolen children

    • E.

      All except (a) and (d); these are handled only by public agencies

    • F.

      (a) through (d)

    Correct Answer
    F. (a) through (d)
    Explanation
    Private police may be employed to perform perimeter and access control, disturbance control, inventory shrinkage prevention, personal, executive, and celebrity protection, as well as the recovery of stolen children. These responsibilities are not limited to public agencies and can be handled by private police forces.

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  • 48. 

    Police departments are charged with solution of crimes within the framework of

    • A.

      Special interest groups

    • B.

      Public relations

    • C.

      Budget limitations

    • D.

      Political considerations

    Correct Answer
    C. Budget limitations
    Explanation
    Police departments are charged with the solution of crimes within the framework of budget limitations because they have limited financial resources allocated to them. This means that they must prioritize their spending and allocate funds efficiently to ensure they can effectively investigate and solve crimes. Budget limitations may impact various aspects of police work, such as the number of officers available, the equipment and technology they can use, and the resources they can allocate to different investigations. Therefore, police departments must find ways to work within their budget constraints while still fulfilling their duty to solve crimes and maintain public safety.

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  • 49. 

    How many crimes will the patrol force prevent yearly?

    • A.

      One-third of all reported crimes

    • B.

      We can only speculate about the number

    • C.

      All of the reported crimes

    • D.

      Two-thirds of reported crimes and one-third of the unreported crimes

    Correct Answer
    B. We can only speculate about the number
    Explanation
    The question asks about the number of crimes that the patrol force will prevent yearly. However, none of the given answer choices provide a specific number or a clear indication of how many crimes will be prevented. Therefore, the correct answer is that we can only speculate about the number.

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  • 50. 

    A realistic approach to effective distribution of the patrol force is

    • A.

      Staffing one patrol unit for every square block

    • B.

      Staffing two-officer patrol units

    • C.

      Selectively of assignment and referral to other agencies

    • D.

      Using the team policing concept

    Correct Answer
    C. Selectively of assignment and referral to other agencies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is selectively of assignment and referral to other agencies. This approach suggests that instead of staffing one patrol unit for every square block or using two-officer patrol units, the distribution of the patrol force should be based on selective assignment and referral to other agencies. This means that the patrol force should be strategically deployed to areas or situations where their presence is most needed, and they should also collaborate and coordinate with other agencies to ensure effective distribution and utilization of resources. This approach allows for a more efficient and targeted use of the patrol force, maximizing their impact on maintaining public safety.

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