Police Field Operations Study Guide - Basic Field Operations

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Study Guide Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The most important outcome of any type of patrol is

    • A.

      A reminder for people to obey the law

    • B.

      The department's actual field contact with all people on a one-to-one basis

    • C.

      A deterrent to criminal activity

    • D.

      Swift punishment for offenders

    Correct Answer
    B. The department's actual field contact with all people on a one-to-one basis
    Explanation
    The most important outcome of any type of patrol is the department's actual field contact with all people on a one-to-one basis. This means that during patrols, law enforcement officers have direct interaction with individuals in the community, which allows them to establish a presence, build trust, gather information, and address any concerns or issues that may arise. This contact helps to maintain a positive relationship between law enforcement and the community, which is crucial for effective crime prevention and maintaining public safety.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a type of Foot patrol?

    • A.

      Fixed post

    • B.

      Line beat

    • C.

      Random patrol

    • D.

      Circular zone

    Correct Answer
    D. Circular zone
    Explanation
    A circular zone is not a type of foot patrol. Foot patrols typically involve officers walking or patrolling a specific area to maintain security and deter crime. Fixed post, line beat, and random patrol are all common types of foot patrols where officers have specific routes or areas to cover. However, a circular zone does not refer to a specific type of foot patrol and is not commonly used in law enforcement terminology.

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  • 3. 

    WWhich patrol type would be most effective for a business center, bars and taverns, a high crime area, and special hazard areas as well as many multiple-family dwellings?

    • A.

      Moving foot patrol

    • B.

      Fixed foot patrol

    • C.

      Random patrol

    • D.

      Circular zone

    Correct Answer
    A. Moving foot patrol
    Explanation
    A moving foot patrol would be the most effective patrol type for the given areas. This is because a moving foot patrol allows for increased visibility and presence in various locations, making it easier to respond to incidents quickly and deter criminal activity. Additionally, the ability to move around allows for better coverage of multiple-family dwellings and special hazard areas. In high crime areas, a moving foot patrol can help establish a sense of security and build trust with the community. Overall, a moving foot patrol would provide the necessary flexibility and responsiveness needed for these diverse areas.

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  • 4. 

    Which method of transportation would not be feasible for patrol purposes?

    • A.

      Helicopters and fixed wing aircraft

    • B.

      Horse patrol

    • C.

      Motorcycles

    • D.

      Bicycles and other small vehicles

    • E.

      None: All are valid patrol vehicles

    Correct Answer
    E. None: All are valid patrol vehicles
    Explanation
    All of the given options, including helicopters and fixed wing aircraft, horse patrol, motorcycles, and bicycles and other small vehicles, are considered valid patrol vehicles. Therefore, none of the methods of transportation would be infeasible for patrol purposes.

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  • 5. 

    Which type of patrol would have little flexibility in a congested metropolitan area?

    • A.

      Motorcycles

    • B.

      Horses

    • C.

      Fixed-wing aircraft

    • D.

      Helicopters

    Correct Answer
    C. Fixed-wing aircraft
    Explanation
    Fixed-wing aircraft would have little flexibility in a congested metropolitan area because they require longer runways for takeoff and landing. In a congested area with limited space, it would be difficult for fixed-wing aircraft to maneuver and land safely. Additionally, their speed and altitude capabilities may not be suitable for low-level surveillance or quick response in a densely populated area. On the other hand, motorcycles, horses, and helicopters can navigate through traffic and tight spaces more easily, making them more flexible for patrolling in a congested metropolitan area.

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  • 6. 

    What was the reason for the creation of the first airborne police unit?

    • A.

      Monitor traffic congestion

    • B.

      Watch escape routes

    • C.

      Control reckless flying

    • D.

      Aid in search and rescues

    Correct Answer
    C. Control reckless flying
    Explanation
    The reason for the creation of the first airborne police unit was to control reckless flying. This unit was established to monitor and regulate aviation activities, ensuring that pilots followed safety protocols and flew responsibly. By having a dedicated airborne police unit, authorities could enforce regulations, prevent accidents caused by reckless flying, and maintain overall aviation safety.

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  • 7. 

    Fixed posts or surveillance (stakeout) is

    • A.

      Not considered a valid type of patrol

    • B.

      In line with the proactive patrol concept

    • C.

      Not in line with the proactive patrol concept

    • D.

      Used only to watch known criminals

    Correct Answer
    B. In line with the proactive patrol concept
    Explanation
    Fixed posts or surveillance (stakeout) is considered a valid type of patrol in line with the proactive patrol concept. Proactive patrol involves actively seeking out and preventing crime rather than simply responding to incidents. Fixed posts or surveillance allows law enforcement to monitor specific areas or individuals, gather information, and potentially prevent criminal activity before it occurs. This aligns with the proactive approach of being proactive and taking preventative measures to maintain public safety.

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  • 8. 

    The three words that most comprehensively explain the function of the field officer are patrol,

    • A.

      Observe and report

    • B.

      React and protect

    • C.

      React and report

    • D.

      Observe and participate

    Correct Answer
    D. Observe and participate
    Explanation
    The function of a field officer is best explained by the words "observe and participate." This suggests that the officer's role involves actively observing their surroundings and being actively involved in the situations they encounter. By participating, the officer can gather information, assess the situation, and make informed decisions. This combination of observation and participation allows the officer to effectively carry out their duties and contribute to the overall safety and security of their assigned area.

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  • 9. 

    One of the first and most critical factors an officer must consider when preparing for patrol duty is his/her(1) skill in using firearms(2) attitude(3) knowledge of criminal codes

    • A.

      (1) and (3) only

    • B.

      (2) and (3) only

    • C.

      (2) only

    • D.

      (3) only

    Correct Answer
    C. (2) only
    Explanation
    When preparing for patrol duty, an officer must consider their attitude. This is because a positive and professional attitude is essential for effective communication and problem-solving while on duty. It helps in maintaining calmness and making rational decisions in high-pressure situations. On the other hand, skill in using firearms and knowledge of criminal codes are important factors, but they are not the only considerations an officer must have when preparing for patrol duty.

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  • 10. 

    To counter feelings that everyone is a thief, you should get involved in your off-duty hours

    • A.

      In civilian reports

    • B.

      In civic clubs

    • C.

      With other people like yourself who don't violate the law

    • D.

      Fund raising activities

    Correct Answer
    C. With other people like yourself who don't violate the law
    Explanation
    Getting involved with other law-abiding individuals can help counter the perception that everyone is a thief. By associating with people who follow the law, one can demonstrate their own commitment to honesty and integrity. This involvement can include participating in community organizations, joining civic clubs, or engaging in activities with like-minded individuals. By actively demonstrating one's own adherence to the law, it becomes easier to challenge the notion that everyone is a thief.

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  • 11. 

    The text states that formal inspections are

    • A.

      Morale builders

    • B.

      Unnecessary in modern law enforcement

    • C.

      Responsible for poor morale

    • D.

      Required by law

    Correct Answer
    A. Morale builders
    Explanation
    The given answer, "morale builders," is the most suitable explanation for the statement. The text implies that formal inspections have a positive impact on morale. This suggests that these inspections help to boost the spirits and motivation of individuals in the law enforcement field. The other options, such as being unnecessary or responsible for poor morale, contradict the idea that formal inspections have a positive effect. Additionally, there is no mention of formal inspections being required by law in the given text.

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  • 12. 

    Although you deal directly with individuals on a personal basis, your responsibility is to

    • A.

      Treat people with obsequious servitude

    • B.

      Handle each situation for the overall good of the community

    • C.

      React defensively to all situations

    • D.

      Strictly interpret the law

    Correct Answer
    B. Handle each situation for the overall good of the community
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to handle each situation for the overall good of the community. This means that even though you may interact with individuals on a personal basis, your primary responsibility is to make decisions and take actions that benefit the entire community or group of people involved. This approach requires considering the larger impact and consequences of your actions, rather than solely focusing on individual needs or desires.

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  • 13. 

    Prior to going on patrol, you must arm yourself with

    • A.

      Knowledge and equipment

    • B.

      A copy of the department rules and regulations

    • C.

      A righteous attitude

    • D.

      The knowledge that you are serving your community

    Correct Answer
    A. Knowledge and equipment
    Explanation
    Before going on patrol, it is important to arm oneself with knowledge and equipment. Knowledge is crucial as it allows the individual to understand and apply the necessary protocols and procedures while on duty. This includes being aware of the department rules and regulations, which serve as a guide for appropriate conduct. Additionally, having the right equipment ensures the officer's safety and ability to effectively carry out their responsibilities. By being well-prepared in terms of knowledge and equipment, the officer can serve their community efficiently and responsibly.

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  • 14. 

    Roll-call will provide you with

    • A.

      Your assignment

    • B.

      Your partner (if any)

    • C.

      District in which you will be working

    • D.

      Legal updates

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because roll-call provides all the mentioned information. It gives you your assignment, informs you about your partner (if any), tells you the district in which you will be working, and provides legal updates. Therefore, all the options mentioned in the question are correct.

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  • 15. 

    A hot-sheet is a listing of

    • A.

      Known burglars who commit hot prowls

    • B.

      Stolen vehicles, wanted criminals, and other pertinent patrol information

    • C.

      Reliable informants who have current information on criminal activities

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Stolen vehicles, wanted criminals, and other pertinent patrol information
    Explanation
    A hot-sheet is a listing that includes stolen vehicles, wanted criminals, and other pertinent patrol information. This information is crucial for law enforcement agencies as it helps them stay updated on ongoing criminal activities and assists in identifying potential threats. The hot-sheet serves as a valuable resource for officers on patrol, enabling them to quickly access information about stolen vehicles and wanted criminals, aiding in crime prevention and apprehension of suspects.

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  • 16. 

    When new laws and ordinances are passed

    • A.

      Officers are to follow them to the letter

    • B.

      Officers usually are instructed as to the intent or spirit of the law

    • C.

      Officers are not allowed to interpret them, rather, they must enforce them

    • D.

      Officers receive training in enforcing them

    Correct Answer
    B. Officers usually are instructed as to the intent or spirit of the law
    Explanation
    When new laws and ordinances are passed, officers usually are instructed as to the intent or spirit of the law. This means that they are given guidance on the purpose and underlying principles of the law, rather than being allowed to interpret it based on their own discretion. This ensures that officers have a clear understanding of the law's objective and can enforce it consistently. Additionally, officers receive training in enforcing these laws, which further enhances their ability to carry out their duties effectively and in accordance with the law.

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  • 17. 

    Whenever possible, one of your first responsibilities when you go on patrol is

    • A.

      Complete all your reports from the previous shift

    • B.

      Read the days current events

    • C.

      Have a debriefing with the officer you are relieving

    • D.

      Get to the end of your beat quickly, and work your way back to the station slowly

    Correct Answer
    C. Have a debriefing with the officer you are relieving
    Explanation
    One of the first responsibilities when going on patrol is to have a debriefing with the officer you are relieving. This is important because it allows for a smooth transition of responsibilities and ensures that important information is passed on. The debriefing provides an opportunity to discuss any ongoing investigations, incidents, or concerns that the relieving officer should be aware of. It also allows for the exchange of important information such as updates on suspects or potential threats in the area. By having a debriefing, the incoming officer can be properly informed and prepared to continue the patrol effectively.

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  • 18. 

    If you want to know what is happening on your beat, the best source of information is the

    • A.

      Local news vendor

    • B.

      Local barber shop

    • C.

      Mailman

    • D.

      Officer who has worked the previous shift

    Correct Answer
    D. Officer who has worked the previous shift
    Explanation
    The best source of information about what is happening on your beat would be the officer who has worked the previous shift. This is because they would have firsthand knowledge and experience of the events and incidents that have occurred during their shift. They would be able to provide accurate and up-to-date information about any ongoing investigations, potential risks or threats, and any other relevant details that could be important for someone wanting to know what is happening in the area.

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  • 19. 

    If an officer has a feeling or a hunch about activities, he or she should

    • A.

      Write out a formalized report

    • B.

      Orally pass that information on to other officers for the follow-up

    • C.

      Ignore those feelings since all action must be based on facts

    • D.

      A and b

    • E.

      B and c

    Correct Answer
    B. Orally pass that information on to other officers for the follow-up
    Explanation
    When an officer has a feeling or a hunch about activities, they should orally pass that information on to other officers for follow-up. This is because sharing the information with other officers allows for collaboration and further investigation into the matter. Ignoring these feelings is not recommended as they may be based on intuition or experience that could be valuable in identifying potential threats or criminal activities. Writing out a formalized report may be necessary later on, but initially sharing the information verbally allows for immediate action to be taken. Therefore, the correct course of action is to orally pass the information on to other officers for follow-up.

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  • 20. 

    When you check out a vehicle for patrol, you should

    • A.

      Check it carefully for damage

    • B.

      Check the status of brakes, oil, fuel, and tires

    • C.

      Inspect it for clean windows and windshield

    • D.

      Check for structural damage

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    When checking out a vehicle for patrol, it is important to ensure that it is in good condition and ready for use. This includes checking it carefully for any damage, inspecting the status of important components such as brakes, oil, fuel, and tires, and making sure that the windows and windshield are clean for clear visibility. Additionally, it is also necessary to check for any structural damage that may affect the vehicle's performance or safety. Therefore, all of the given options are correct and should be followed when checking out a vehicle for patrol.

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  • 21. 

    If you find your assigned patrol unit is not adequate for the demands of both routine and pursuit driving, you should

    • A.

      Let your sergeant know and take it out on patrol as is

    • B.

      Take it out on patrol and write it up and the end of shift

    • C.

      Not accept it unless absolutely necessary

    • D.

      Just drive it slowly and do extra foot patrol

    Correct Answer
    C. Not accept it unless absolutely necessary
  • 22. 

    Once in the field you should

    • A.

      Take a general familiarization and inspection tour of the beat

    • B.

      Visit the local gathering spot for the latest news

    • C.

      Meet with your adjoining beat partner to discuss the days strategy over coffee

    • D.

      Meet with the sergeant to see what he wants you to do

    Correct Answer
    A. Take a general familiarization and inspection tour of the beat
    Explanation
    Upon entering the field, it is important to take a general familiarization and inspection tour of the beat. This allows the individual to become acquainted with the area, understand the layout, and identify any potential risks or hazards. By conducting this tour, one can gather valuable information about the beat, such as its geographical features, landmarks, and potential areas of concern. This knowledge will enable the individual to navigate the beat effectively and perform their duties efficiently. Additionally, it demonstrates a proactive approach to understanding the surroundings and ensuring the safety and security of the area.

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  • 23. 

    When on patrol,  you should

    • A.

      Use a different route each time you cross your beat

    • B.

      Vary your time schedule

    • C.

      Check for street closures, large ruts, or holes

    • D.

      Orient yourself to the normal beat patterns

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." When on patrol, it is important to use a different route each time you cross your beat to avoid predictability and potential dangers. Varying your time schedule helps to prevent criminals from anticipating your presence. Checking for street closures, large ruts, or holes ensures your safety while navigating the area. Orienting yourself to the normal beat patterns helps you to detect any abnormalities or potential threats. Therefore, all of these actions are important for effective patrol.

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  • 24. 

    While on patrol, should you write down license numbers and descriptions of objects, people, and vehicles that arouse your curiosity, but not suspicion?

    • A.

      Not unless you have probable cause

    • B.

      No; it is more efficient to radio everything in to dispatch

    • C.

      Yes; they may later prove worthwhile

    • D.

      Yes; but only if a crime has occurred in the area

    Correct Answer
    C. Yes; they may later prove worthwhile
    Explanation
    Writing down license numbers and descriptions of objects, people, and vehicles that arouse curiosity can prove to be worthwhile later on. Even though there may not be immediate suspicion or a crime occurring at the moment, these details can be valuable for future reference or investigations. It is always better to have a record of potentially relevant information that may assist in solving crimes or identifying individuals or vehicles in the future.

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  • 25. 

    If you are touring your area and observe things that you feel are important, you should

    • A.

      Commit them to memory

    • B.

      Either write them on your log or in your notebook

    • C.

      Just keep an eye on things; you don't have to write anything down

    • D.

      Radio the information in; dispatch will record all of your observations

    Correct Answer
    B. Either write them on your log or in your notebook
    Explanation
    When touring your area and observing important things, it is advisable to either write them on your log or in your notebook. This ensures that you have a record of the observations and can refer back to them later if needed. Keeping a written record helps in retaining the information accurately and prevents any potential loss or forgetting of important details.

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  • 26. 

    With regard to foot patrol, most departments have

    • A.

      Increased foot patrol because it is cost effective

    • B.

      Discontinued foot patrol because it is not cost effective

    • C.

      Discontinued foot patrol because it leads to many injuries and disability retirements

    • D.

      Increased foot patrol because it is good public relations

    Correct Answer
    B. Discontinued foot patrol because it is not cost effective
    Explanation
    The correct answer is discontinued foot patrol because it is not cost effective. This means that most departments have stopped using foot patrol as a method of policing because it is not efficient in terms of cost. This suggests that foot patrol may require a significant amount of resources, such as personnel and time, without providing enough benefits or results to justify its continuation.

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  • 27. 

    What should you avoid when you are assigned to a foot beat?

    • A.

      Getting to know the beat

    • B.

      Getting to know the people

    • C.

      Giving it personalized service

    • D.

      Remaining aloof and not getting friendly to avoid becoming biased

    Correct Answer
    D. Remaining aloof and not getting friendly to avoid becoming biased
    Explanation
    When assigned to a foot beat, it is important to avoid remaining aloof and not getting friendly in order to avoid becoming biased. By interacting with the people and getting to know the beat, officers can gain a better understanding of the community and build trust. This allows them to provide personalized service and effectively address the needs of the community. Remaining aloof can create a barrier between the officer and the community, leading to a lack of understanding and potential biases in their actions and decision-making.

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  • 28. 

    When on foot patrol, most experts recommend you walk(1) close to the curb during the day(2) close to the buildings at night(3) in areas providing high visibility

    • A.

      (1) only)

    • B.

      (2) only

    • C.

      (1) and (2) only

    • D.

      (1), (2), and (3)

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) and (2) only
    Explanation
    When on foot patrol, it is recommended to walk close to the curb during the day and close to the buildings at night. Walking close to the curb during the day allows for better visibility and awareness of the surroundings, as it provides a clear line of sight and reduces the chances of being surprised by someone coming from behind. On the other hand, walking close to the buildings at night provides better cover and reduces the chances of being seen by potential threats. This strategy allows for a more cautious and secure patrol, taking into consideration the different conditions and potential risks during the day and at night.

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  • 29. 

    At night, when you are patrolling for burglars, you should not

    • A.

      Make enough noise to let anyone in the area know you are a police officer

    • B.

      Approach each building with caution

    • C.

      Assume the possibility that someone may be inside or hiding in a doorway

    • D.

      Stop momentarily in a darkened area and listen

    Correct Answer
    A. Make enough noise to let anyone in the area know you are a police officer
    Explanation
    When patrolling for burglars at night, it is important for police officers not to make enough noise to let anyone in the area know they are police officers. This is because burglars may be alerted to their presence and can escape or hide. By remaining silent, officers can maintain the element of surprise and increase their chances of apprehending any potential suspects.

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  • 30. 

    A good way to check for fire is to

    • A.

      Sniff the air by the keyhole

    • B.

      Look for wisps of smoke coming out from the bottom of the door

    • C.

      Feel the back of a door or window with your hand

    • D.

      Listen for crackling sounds

    Correct Answer
    C. Feel the back of a door or window with your hand
    Explanation
    Feeling the back of a door or window with your hand is a good way to check for fire because heat rises, so if there is a fire on the other side, the back of the door or window will be hot. By touching it, you can determine if there is a fire and take appropriate actions to ensure your safety. This method allows you to physically sense the presence of fire without directly exposing yourself to potential danger.

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  • 31. 

    With regard to sound, it

    • A.

      Is possible to hear sounds like breaking glass up to hundreds of yards away at night

    • B.

      Is impossible to hear breaking glass more than a few yards away

    • C.

      Is harder to hear distant sounds at night

    • D.

      Makes no difference whether it is day or night

    Correct Answer
    A. Is possible to hear sounds like breaking glass up to hundreds of yards away at night
    Explanation
    At night, the surrounding environment is generally quieter and there is less ambient noise. This allows sound waves to travel further without being obstructed or drowned out by other sounds. As a result, it is possible to hear sounds like breaking glass up to hundreds of yards away at night. During the day, there is typically more background noise, such as traffic or people talking, which can make it harder to hear distant sounds. Therefore, the ability to hear sounds like breaking glass is more pronounced at night compared to during the day.

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  • 32. 

    When you are on a vehicle patrol, you should

    • A.

      Only get out of the car to take a report

    • B.

      Get out of the car frequently

    • C.

      Get out of the car only when contacting people

    • D.

      Never get out of the car

    Correct Answer
    B. Get out of the car frequently
    Explanation
    When on a vehicle patrol, it is recommended to get out of the car frequently. This allows the officer to have a better view of their surroundings, interact with the community, and deter potential criminal activity. Getting out of the car frequently also helps establish a visible presence and fosters positive relationships with the community. By being proactive and engaging with the environment, officers can gather valuable information, address concerns, and provide assistance when needed.

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  • 33. 

    There is a greater need for closer communication between the officer and dispatch when you are

    • A.

      Working a two-officer car

    • B.

      Working foot patrol

    • C.

      Working solo

    • D.

      On a statekout

    Correct Answer
    C. Working solo
    Explanation
    When working solo, there is a greater need for closer communication between the officer and dispatch. This is because the officer does not have the support or backup of a partner, and may face higher risks or challenges alone. Closer communication with dispatch ensures that the officer can quickly relay information, request assistance if needed, and stay updated on any potential dangers or developments in the area. It helps to enhance the officer's safety and effectiveness while working alone.

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  • 34. 

    While on patrol, if traffic is moving fast, you should

    • A.

      Keep up with the flow

    • B.

      Stop and set the traffic signals to a slower speed

    • C.

      Stop frequently, wait and move on

    • D.

      Write more tickets for speeding

    Correct Answer
    C. Stop frequently, wait and move on
  • 35. 

    Generally, you should keep the windows of your patrol vehicle

    • A.

      Up to block out the road noise so that you can hear the radio

    • B.

      Open consistent with the weather, and turn the radio down low

    • C.

      Halfway open

    • D.

      Open on the driver's side but closed on the passenger side

    Correct Answer
    B. Open consistent with the weather, and turn the radio down low
    Explanation
    Keeping the windows of the patrol vehicle open consistent with the weather allows for better communication and situational awareness. It ensures that the road noise is blocked out to a certain extent, allowing the officer to hear the radio clearly. Turning the radio down low helps to minimize distractions and allows the officer to focus on their surroundings while still being able to hear important radio communications. By following these practices, the officer can maintain a balance between staying connected through the radio and being aware of their environment.

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  • 36. 

    When should officers not work in teams?

    • A.

      When making field contacts

    • B.

      When checking open doors

    • C.

      When responding to most calls

    • D.

      When patrolling

    Correct Answer
    D. When patrolling
    Explanation
    Officers should not work in teams when patrolling because patrolling typically involves covering a larger area and maintaining a visible presence. Working in teams during patrolling may draw unnecessary attention and create an intimidating atmosphere. It is more effective for officers to patrol individually as they can cover more ground, observe their surroundings more closely, and respond quickly to any suspicious activities or incidents that may require immediate attention.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following terms do not describe patrol techniques?

    • A.

      Zigzag

    • B.

      Quadrant

    • C.

      Clover Leaf

    • D.

      Henry System

    Correct Answer
    D. Henry System
    Explanation
    The Henry System is not a term that describes patrol techniques. Zigzag, quadrant, and clover leaf are all patrol techniques that involve specific patterns or methods of patrolling an area. However, the Henry System is not a term commonly used to describe patrol techniques.

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  • 38. 

    Most police accidents occur during which of the following activities?

    • A.

      High speed pursuits

    • B.

      Fast, methodical patrol

    • C.

      Stop-and-start, slow-speed driving with frequent backing

    • D.

      Responding to Code Three radio calls

    Correct Answer
    C. Stop-and-start, slow-speed driving with frequent backing
    Explanation
    Police officers often engage in stop-and-start, slow-speed driving with frequent backing while patrolling or responding to calls. This type of driving requires constant attention and maneuvering, increasing the chances of accidents. High-speed pursuits and responding to Code Three radio calls may also be dangerous, but the question specifically asks about the most common activity for police accidents. Fast, methodical patrol may involve higher speeds, but it does not involve the same level of frequent stopping and backing as the correct answer.

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  • 39. 

    Studies have shown that, when driving across rain, snow, or slush,

    • A.

      Your vehicle will grip the surface better over 30mph

    • B.

      You should keep one foot lightly on the brake pedal

    • C.

      The tires begin to lose contact with the road above 30 mph

    • D.

      The tires begin to lose contact with the road above 50 mph

    Correct Answer
    C. The tires begin to lose contact with the road above 30 mph
    Explanation
    According to the given information, studies have shown that when driving across rain, snow, or slush, the tires begin to lose contact with the road above 30 mph. This means that as the speed increases beyond 30 mph, the grip of the tires on the surface decreases, potentially leading to a loss of control or traction. Therefore, it is important to be cautious and maintain a speed below 30 mph in such conditions to ensure better grip and control of the vehicle.

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  • 40. 

    One study suggests that, in addition to driving more slowly,

    • A.

      Decreasing the air pressure in the tires may improve maneuverability

    • B.

      Increasing the air pressure in the tires may improve maneuverability

    • C.

      Increasing only the front tire air pressure will improve maneuverability

    • D.

      Decreasing only the front tire air pressure will improve maneuverability

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing the air pressure in the tires may improve maneuverability
    Explanation
    Increasing the air pressure in the tires may improve maneuverability because higher tire pressure helps to maintain the shape of the tire, resulting in a larger contact patch with the road. This increased contact patch provides better traction and stability, allowing the vehicle to respond more effectively to steering inputs and maneuver more easily. Additionally, higher tire pressure can also improve fuel efficiency and reduce the risk of tire damage or blowouts.

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  • 41. 

    According to the text, if you go into a skid, you should

    • A.

      Step on the brakes as hard as you can

    • B.

      Brake with short, rapid braking motions

    • C.

      Push the emergency brake

    • D.

      Accelerate rather than brake

    Correct Answer
    B. Brake with short, rapid braking motions
    Explanation
    When going into a skid, the correct approach is to brake with short, rapid braking motions. This technique is known as "pumping the brakes" and helps to regain traction by preventing the wheels from locking up. By applying and releasing the brakes quickly, the driver can maintain control over the vehicle and steer it in the desired direction. This method allows the tires to grip the road surface better, increasing the chances of recovering from the skid and avoiding a potential accident.

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  • 42. 

    Plain clothes patrol is an effective approach to saturation coverage of high crime areas because it

    • A.

      Provides extra coverage of such areas without alerting potential and actual criminals to an increased police presence

    • B.

      Allows individual officers to interact with criminal and non-criminal residents as peers rather than police

    • C.

      Provides non-criminal residents of such areas with a sense of security

    • D.

      Provides plainclothes officers with an excellent means by which to develop and increased network of informants

    Correct Answer
    A. Provides extra coverage of such areas without alerting potential and actual criminals to an increased police presence
    Explanation
    Plain clothes patrol is an effective approach to saturation coverage of high crime areas because it allows officers to provide extra coverage without alerting potential and actual criminals to an increased police presence. By blending in with the community, officers can observe and gather information without raising suspicion, increasing the chances of detecting and preventing criminal activity. This approach also allows officers to interact with residents as peers, fostering trust and cooperation, which can lead to valuable information and intelligence gathering. Additionally, the presence of plainclothes officers provides a sense of security to non-criminal residents, reassuring them that law enforcement is actively working to keep their neighborhood safe.

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  • 43. 

    According to the text, one of the many problems associated with plainclothes assignment is

    • A.

      Positively identifying yourself as a police officer when necessary

    • B.

      Becoming overly involved with criminals you may later arrest

    • C.

      Overcoming loneliness and alienation

    • D.

      Maintaining your undercover identity

    Correct Answer
    A. Positively identifying yourself as a police officer when necessary
    Explanation
    One of the many problems associated with plainclothes assignment is the difficulty of positively identifying yourself as a police officer when necessary. This can be challenging as plainclothes officers do not wear a uniform or display any obvious signs of their profession. In situations where it is crucial to establish their authority and gain compliance, such as during arrests or confrontations, the lack of a visible police presence can create confusion and potentially dangerous situations.

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  • 44. 

    When you are working a uniformed assignment, and you meet another officer who is not wearing a uniform, you should

    • A.

      Greet the plainclothes officer as you would greet any officer

    • B.

      Greet the plainclothes officer as you would greet a citizen

    • C.

      Wait for him or her to initiate a conversation

    • D.

      Act as though you do not know the plainclothes officer

    Correct Answer
    C. Wait for him or her to initiate a conversation
    Explanation
    When working a uniformed assignment and encountering another officer who is not wearing a uniform, it is appropriate to wait for them to initiate a conversation. This is because plainclothes officers may be working undercover or on a specific assignment that requires them to maintain a low profile. By waiting for them to initiate a conversation, you respect their operational needs and ensure that their identity and purpose are not compromised. Treating the plainclothes officer as you would greet any officer acknowledges their status and maintains professionalism.

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  • 45. 

    What is the reason for assigning specific units to designated districts?

    • A.

      To evenly distribute the patrol force

    • B.

      To provide minimum patrol coverage for each district

    • C.

      To make sure the radio calls are spread evenly among the shift

    • D.

      To provide maximum patrol coverage of each district

    Correct Answer
    B. To provide minimum patrol coverage for each district
    Explanation
    The reason for assigning specific units to designated districts is to provide minimum patrol coverage for each district. This ensures that every district has a sufficient number of patrol units assigned to it, allowing for effective and timely response to incidents or emergencies. By providing minimum patrol coverage, the goal is to ensure that no district is left without adequate police presence and that public safety is maintained across all districts.

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  • 46. 

    Why are building inspections performed?

    • A.

      For building security

    • B.

      Fore fire prevention or early discovery of fire

    • C.

      As a crime prevention tool

    • D.

      To benefit other building and safety departments, such as the health department, licensing, or utilities

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Building inspections are performed for various reasons. They help ensure building security by checking for any vulnerabilities or weaknesses that could be exploited. They also serve as a preventative measure against fires, allowing for early detection and prevention. Building inspections can also act as a crime prevention tool, identifying any potential illegal activities or safety hazards. Additionally, these inspections benefit other building and safety departments, such as the health department, licensing, or utilities, by ensuring compliance with regulations and standards. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 47. 

    When making a building inspection, you should

    • A.

      Drive directly to the front door

    • B.

      Park your unit some distance away and approach the building on foot

    • C.

      Put your outside speaking on PA so you can hear it while checking the building

    • D.

      Park behind the building but approach the front of the building on foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Park your unit some distance away and approach the building on foot
    Explanation
    When making a building inspection, it is recommended to park your unit some distance away and approach the building on foot. This allows for a better view of the exterior of the building and the surrounding area. It also allows for a more thorough inspection of any potential issues or concerns. Parking behind the building or driving directly to the front door may limit visibility and hinder the inspection process. Additionally, putting the outside speaking on PA is not necessary as it does not contribute to the effectiveness of the inspection.

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  • 48. 

    When approaching a dark building at night, you should hold your flashlight

    • A.

      Directly in front of your body, arm extended above your waist

    • B.

      Directly in front of your body, arm lowered below your waist

    • C.

      To one side, away from your body

    • D.

      In the position that is most comfortable for you

    Correct Answer
    C. To one side, away from your body
    Explanation
    When approaching a dark building at night, it is recommended to hold your flashlight to one side, away from your body. This position allows you to have a wider range of vision and prevents your body from casting a shadow on the area you are trying to illuminate. By holding the flashlight to one side, you can also use your peripheral vision to be aware of any potential threats or obstacles that may be present. Additionally, holding the flashlight away from your body reduces the risk of accidentally shining the light into your own eyes, which can temporarily impair your vision.

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  • 49. 

    If you are approaching a building on foot at night, you should(1) walk close to the building(2) silhouette yourself in doorways or windows(3) avoid casting a shadow

    • A.

      (1) only

    • B.

      (1) and (2) only

    • C.

      (1) and (3) only

    • D.

      (2) only

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) and (3) only
    Explanation
    When approaching a building on foot at night, it is recommended to walk close to the building to ensure better visibility and to avoid potential hazards that may be present further away from the building. Additionally, it is advised to avoid casting a shadow as it can make you more visible to others, potentially compromising your safety. Therefore, the correct answer is (1) and (3) only.

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  • 50. 

    If you are trying to communicate with your partner, you should

    • A.

      Know his or her location

    • B.

      Use a simple tap code with your baton on the pavement

    • C.

      Use a pinhole of light from your flashlight

    • D.

      All of the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are correct
    Explanation
    All of the above options are correct because they provide different ways to communicate with your partner. Knowing their location is important for coordinating meet-up points or giving directions. Using a tap code with a baton on the pavement can be a silent way to communicate messages. Using a pinhole of light from a flashlight can be used as a signal in the dark. Therefore, all of these methods can be effective in communicating with your partner.

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