Sentence Parts, Phrases, And Misplaced And Dangling Modifiers

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| By Shenitrastokesde
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Shenitrastokesde
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 4,637
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 174

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Phrase Quizzes & Trivia

Objective: To recognize prepositional, appositive phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, and infinitive phrases, and use them in writing. To recognize and correct misplaced and dangling modifiers. Review the parts of a sentence.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Read the question below. Select T for True and F for False on the line provided.A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. The four types of sentences are declarative, imperative, exclamatory, and interrogative.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A sentence is indeed a group of words that expresses a complete thought. It consists of a subject and a predicate, and it conveys a complete idea or statement. The four types of sentences are declarative (making a statement), imperative (giving a command), exclamatory (expressing strong emotion), and interrogative (asking a question). Therefore, the statement "A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. The four types of sentences are declarative, imperative, exclamatory, and interrogative" is true.

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  • 2. 

    The complete subject of a sentence is the noun plus any modifiers.The complete predicate of a sentence is the verb and any objects or complements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the complete subject of a sentence includes the noun, which is the main focus of the sentence, and any words that modify or describe it. On the other hand, the complete predicate of a sentence includes the verb, which is the action or state of being in the sentence, and any objects or complements that complete the meaning of the verb. Therefore, it is true that the complete subject consists of the noun and its modifiers, while the complete predicate consists of the verb and its objects or complements.

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  • 3. 

    Sentences can contain objects and complements. The direct object and indirect object follows an action verb and complements such as predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives follow object complements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer "False" is that the statement is incorrect. Sentences can contain objects and complements, but the direct object and indirect object do not necessarily have to follow an action verb. In some cases, they can come before the verb or be placed in different positions within the sentence. Additionally, while complements such as predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives can follow object complements, they can also be found in other positions within a sentence. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 4. 

    Subjects can not be inverted in sentences.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. Subjects can indeed be inverted in sentences. Inversion occurs when the usual order of subject-verb is reversed, often for emphasis or to create a question. For example, "Never have I seen such a beautiful sunset." In this sentence, the subject "I" is inverted with the verb "have" for emphasis. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 5. 

    Read the sentences below.  Identify each sentence below as DEC for declarative, INT for interrogative, IMP for imperative, or EXC for exclamatory. Add the proper punctuation mark at the end of each sentence.Where is the baseball hall of fame

    • A.

      Interrogative, .

    • B.

      Imperative, .

    • C.

      Declarative, .

    • D.

      Interrogative, ?

    Correct Answer
    D. Interrogative, ?
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because the sentence "Where is the baseball hall of fame?" is asking a question and is therefore an interrogative sentence. It ends with a question mark, which is the proper punctuation mark for interrogative sentences.

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  • 6. 

    In Greek mythology, Mercury was the messenger of the gods

    • A.

      Declarative, !

    • B.

      Imperative, .

    • C.

      Declarative, .

    • D.

      Interrogative, ?

    Correct Answer
    C. Declarative, .
    Explanation
    The given statement "In Greek mythology, Mercury was the messenger of the gods" is a declarative statement because it is making a statement or presenting a fact. The period at the end of the sentence also indicates that it is a declarative sentence.

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  • 7. 

    Look in the card catalog for a book on Amelia Earhart

    • A.

      Imperative, !

    • B.

      Imperative, .

    • C.

      Exclamatory, !

    • D.

      Interrogative. ?

    Correct Answer
    B. Imperative, .
    Explanation
    The given statement "Look in the card catalog for a book on Amelia Earhart" is an imperative sentence because it gives a command or instruction. It does not end with an exclamation mark, which is typically used for exclamatory sentences. It also does not end with a question mark, which is used for interrogative sentences. The period at the end indicates that it is a complete sentence.

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  • 8. 

    How exciting it is to watch trapez artists

    • A.

      Exclamatory, !

    • B.

      Declarative, .

    • C.

      Imperative, .

    • D.

      Imperative, !

    Correct Answer
    A. Exclamatory, !
    Explanation
    The given statement "How exciting it is to watch trapez artists!" expresses a strong emotion or excitement, making it an exclamatory sentence. The exclamation mark at the end further emphasizes this.

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  • 9. 

    Imagine what it would be like to fly in outer space

    • A.

      Exclamatory, !

    • B.

      Imperative, .

    • C.

      Declarative, .

    • D.

      Interrogative, .

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Exclamatory, !
    B. Imperative, .
  • 10. 

    In the following sentences write the simple subject. If the subject is You write the word YOUWrite home as soon as possible.

    Correct Answer(s)
    YOU
    you
    Explanation
    The simple subject in the given sentences is "YOU" and "you". The subject refers to the person being addressed, which is "you" in both cases.

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  • 11. 

    There is an exhibit of Ray's photography at the bank.

    Correct Answer(s)
    exhibit
    Explanation
    The word "exhibit" in this context refers to a display or presentation of Ray's photography at the bank. It implies that there is a collection of Ray's photographs being showcased for people to see and appreciate. This could be a temporary exhibition or a permanent display within the bank premises.

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  • 12. 

    In the following sentences, identify the simple predicate. Does Francine play tennis on the school team?

    Correct Answer(s)
    does play
    Explanation
    The simple predicate in the given sentence is "does play." This is because it represents the action or verb in the sentence. "Does" is the helping verb and "play" is the main verb. Together, they form the simple predicate that shows the action of Francine playing tennis on the school team.

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  • 13. 

    Here are the tickets to the concert.

    Correct Answer(s)
    are
  • 14. 

    On the front door, hung a large wreath.

    Correct Answer(s)
    hung
    Explanation
    The word "hung" is the past tense of the verb "hang," which means to suspend or attach something from above. In this sentence, "hung" is used to describe the action of placing a large wreath on the front door. The past tense form is used because the action of hanging the wreath has already been completed in the past.

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  • 15. 

    In each of the following sentences, identify the underlined word as a predicate nominative, predicate adjective, direct object, indirect object or object complement.Hurricanes are especially dangerous storms.

    • A.

      Predicate adjective

    • B.

      Predicate nominative

    • C.

      Direct object

    • D.

      Indirect object

    Correct Answer
    B. Predicate nominative
    Explanation
    In the given sentence, the underlined word "dangerous" describes the subject "Hurricanes". It is not directly receiving the action of the verb "are", nor is it the object of a preposition. Therefore, it is functioning as a predicate adjective, providing more information about the subject.

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  • 16. 

    Mrs. Dees is a teacher at The Calhoun High School

    • A.

      Predicate nominative

    • B.

      Predicate adjective

    • C.

      Indirect object

    • D.

      Object complement

    Correct Answer
    A. Predicate nominative
    Explanation
    The correct answer is predicate nominative because it renames or identifies the subject of the sentence, "Mrs. Dees." In this case, the phrase "a teacher at The Calhoun High School" is providing additional information about the subject and is functioning as a predicate nominative.

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  • 17. 

    Here earings are very beautiful, but she did not spend a lot of money to purchase them.

    • A.

      Predicate adjective

    • B.

      Predicate nominative

    • C.

      Direct object

    • D.

      Indirect object

    Correct Answer
    A. Predicate adjective
    Explanation
    The given sentence states that the earrings are beautiful, which describes the subject "she". This shows that the adjective "beautiful" is functioning as a predicate adjective, as it follows the linking verb "are" and describes the subject. The sentence does not indicate that the earrings are being purchased or received by someone, so it is not a direct or indirect object. Therefore, the correct answer is predicate adjective.

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  • 18. 

    Michelle gave Micheal a new motorcycle for his 30th birthday

    • A.

      Direct object

    • B.

      Indirect object

    • C.

      Predicate nominative

    • D.

      Object complement

    Correct Answer
    B. Indirect object
    Explanation
    The indirect object in this sentence is "Micheal" because it is the recipient of the action performed by Michelle, who gave him a new motorcycle. The indirect object is usually the person or thing that receives the direct object. In this case, the direct object is "a new motorcycle," which is what Michelle gave to Micheal.

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  • 19. 

    Freewill Babptist Church gave a "Back to School" block party in early August for all the students returning to school.

    • A.

      Direct object

    • B.

      Indirect object

    • C.

      Predicate nominative

    • D.

      Predicate adjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct object
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "direct object." In this sentence, "a 'Back to School' block party" is the direct object because it is the receiver of the action performed by the subject "Freewill Baptist Church." The church gave the block party, making it the direct object of the verb "gave."

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  • 20. 

    Carl Lewis won four gold medals in the 1984 Summer Olympics.

    • A.

      Indirect object

    • B.

      Direct object

    • C.

      Predicate nominative

    • D.

      Predicate adjective

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct object
    Explanation
    In this sentence, the subject "Carl Lewis" is performing the action of winning. The direct object is "four gold medals," as it receives the action of the verb "won." The direct object answers the question "what" or "whom" after the verb.

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  • 21. 

    Choose the sentence that is written correctly.

    • A.

      The chirping of the crickets kept us awake camping by the riverbank.

    • B.

      Looking for a way out of the traffic jam, he spotted an open alley.

    • C.

      Dedicated to completing the job on time, the rain didn't get enough sleep last night.

    • D.

      Preparing for a career in medical research, biology and chemistry are his majors in college.

    Correct Answer
    B. Looking for a way out of the traffic jam, he spotted an open alley.
    Explanation
    The sentence "Looking for a way out of the traffic jam, he spotted an open alley" is written correctly because it has a clear subject ("he") and verb ("spotted") and the phrase "Looking for a way out of the traffic jam" is a participial phrase that modifies the subject.

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  • 22. 

    Choose the sentence that contains an error.

    • A.

      Leaving the dinner dishes in the sink, we went out to a movie.

    • B.

      Working on my paper until 1:00 am, I didn't get enough sleep last night.

    • C.

      Throwing the baton high into the air, the majorette impressed the crowd.

    • D.

      Speeding across the finish line, the sports announcer praised the race car driver.

    Correct Answer
    D. Speeding across the finish line, the sports announcer praised the race car driver.
    Explanation
    The sentence "Speeding across the finish line, the sports announcer praised the race car driver." contains an error. The subject of the sentence is "the sports announcer," but the phrase "speeding across the finish line" is a participle phrase that describes the race car driver, not the sports announcer. This creates a lack of clarity and makes the sentence grammatically incorrect.

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  • 23. 

    Identify the type of phrase that is underlined in the sentence.Walking through the park, the paper was picked up by Molly.

    • A.

      Participial phrase

    • B.

      Gerund phrase

    • C.

      Infinitive phrase

    • D.

      Prepositional phrase

    Correct Answer
    A. Participial phrase
    Explanation
    The underlined phrase "Walking through the park" is a participial phrase. Participial phrases consist of a present participle (in this case, "Walking") and any modifiers or objects that accompany it. In this sentence, "Walking through the park" describes the action of Molly picking up the paper.

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  • 24. 

    The mediator's suggestions appealed to both parties interested in a compromise.

    • A.

      Prepositional phrase

    • B.

      Participial phrase

    • C.

      Gerund phrase

    • D.

      Infinitive phrase

    Correct Answer
    A. Prepositional phrase
    Explanation
    The phrase "to both parties interested in a compromise" functions as a prepositional phrase in this sentence. It begins with the preposition "to" and includes the object "parties" and the modifiers "both" and "interested in a compromise." This phrase shows the direction or destination of the mediator's suggestions and provides additional information about the parties involved.

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  • 25. 

    After trying for many years to locate my birth mother, I found her living in Tucson, Arizona.

    • A.

      Prepositional phrase

    • B.

      Participial phrase

    • C.

      Gerund phrase

    • D.

      Appositive

    Correct Answer
    A. Prepositional phrase
    Explanation
    The phrase "in Tucson, Arizona" functions as a prepositional phrase because it begins with the preposition "in" and provides additional information about the location of the speaker's birth mother. Prepositional phrases typically consist of a preposition followed by a noun or pronoun object and any modifiers. In this case, "in Tucson, Arizona" indicates the specific place where the speaker's birth mother was found.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Shenitrastokesde
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