History Of World Civilization! Trivia Facts Quiz

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History Of World Civilization! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A major contribution of the Roman Empire to Western society was the development of

    • A.

      Gunpowder

    • B.

      The principles of revolutionary socialism

    • C.

      Monotheism

    • D.

      An effective legal system

    Correct Answer
    D. An effective legal system
    Explanation
    The Roman Empire made a major contribution to Western society through the development of an effective legal system. This system, known as Roman law, laid the foundation for modern legal principles and institutions. It emphasized the importance of written laws, the concept of equal treatment under the law, and the idea that laws should be based on reason and fairness. Roman law greatly influenced legal systems throughout Europe and continues to shape legal thinking today.

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  • 2. 

    A study of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations of Latin America would show that these civilizations

    • A.

      Developed advanced and complex societies before the arrival of the Europeans

    • B.

      Established extensive trade with Pacific Rim nations

    • C.

      Were strongly influenced by their contact with Asian and African civilizations

    • D.

      Were relatively large, but not well organized

    Correct Answer
    A. Developed advanced and complex societies before the arrival of the Europeans
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "developed advanced and complex societies before the arrival of the Europeans." This is supported by historical evidence that shows the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations had sophisticated political, economic, and cultural systems. They had advanced agricultural practices, built monumental structures, developed writing systems, and had complex social hierarchies. These civilizations thrived and flourished long before the Europeans arrived in the Americas.

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  • 3. 

    John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support

    • A.

      A return to feudalism in Europe

    • B.

      A government ruled by a divine right monarchy

    • C.

      A society ruled by the Catholic Church

    • D.

      The right of citizens to decide the best form of government

    Correct Answer
    D. The right of citizens to decide the best form of government
    Explanation
    John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau were both Enlightenment thinkers who believed in the idea of popular sovereignty, which is the belief that political power should ultimately reside in the hands of the people. They advocated for the right of citizens to determine and shape their own government based on their consent. Therefore, they would be most likely to support the idea of citizens having the right to decide the best form of government.

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  • 4. 

    The French bourgeoisie supported the French Revolution mainly because they

    • A.

      Believed in the theory of divine right of kings

    • B.

      Were not allowed to own property under the Old Regime

    • C.

      Resented their lack of political power under the Old Regime

    • D.

      Wanted a communist form of government

    Correct Answer
    C. Resented their lack of political power under the Old Regime
    Explanation
    The French bourgeoisie supported the French Revolution because they resented their lack of political power under the Old Regime. The bourgeoisie, who were the middle class, were excluded from political decision-making and held limited influence in the government. They saw the revolution as an opportunity to challenge the aristocracy and gain more political rights and power. By supporting the revolution, they hoped to dismantle the Old Regime and establish a new system that would give them a voice in governance.

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  • 5. 

    In Latin America, the Maya and the Aztec civilizations were similar in that they

    • A.

      Showed little evidence of urbanization

    • B.

      Lacked a strong central government

    • C.

      Developed complex mathematical and calendar systems

    • D.

      Used military weapons superior to those of Europeans

    Correct Answer
    C. Developed complex mathematical and calendar systems
    Explanation
    The Maya and Aztec civilizations in Latin America developed complex mathematical and calendar systems. This is evidenced by their advanced understanding of astronomy and their creation of intricate calendars that accurately tracked the movements of celestial bodies. These systems were crucial for agricultural planning, religious rituals, and societal organization. The development of such sophisticated mathematical and calendar systems highlights the intellectual achievements of these civilizations and their ability to comprehend and manipulate abstract concepts.

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  • 6. 

    Which idea was shared by the ancient Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations?

    • A.

      Practicing rituals to please the gods

    • B.

      Equality among the social classes

    • C.

      Direct democracy

    • D.

      Monotheism

    Correct Answer
    A. Practicing rituals to please the gods
    Explanation
    The shared idea among the ancient Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations was the practice of rituals to please the gods. These civilizations believed in the existence of multiple gods and believed that performing rituals and sacrifices would ensure their favor and protection. Rituals were an integral part of their religious beliefs and were performed regularly to maintain harmony and balance in their societies.

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  • 7. 

    Simón Bolívar, Toussaint L'Overture, and Bernardo O'Higgins were Latin American leaders of

    • A.

      Economic development

    • B.

      Educational reforms

    • C.

      Independence movements

    • D.

      Colonial expansion

    Correct Answer
    C. Independence movements
    Explanation
    The Latin American leaders mentioned, Simón Bolívar, Toussaint L'Overture, and Bernardo O'Higgins, were all key figures in the fight for independence in their respective countries. They played crucial roles in leading movements and revolutions against colonial powers, ultimately leading to the independence of their nations. Therefore, the correct answer is independence movements.

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  • 8. 

    "Kings sit upon God's throne and rule according to God's law." This statement would most likely have been made by a person who believed in

    • A.

      Oligarchy

    • B.

      Absolutism

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Glasnost

    Correct Answer
    B. Absolutism
    Explanation
    This statement would most likely have been made by a person who believed in absolutism. Absolutism is a political theory that advocates for a single ruler who has absolute power and authority. The statement suggests that kings sit upon God's throne, implying a divine right to rule, and that they rule according to God's law, indicating a belief in the king's absolute power and authority. This aligns with the principles of absolutism, where the ruler's power is not limited by any other governing body or laws.

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  • 9. 

    The American and French Revolutions were turning points in global history because the results of these revolutions

    • A.

      Led to the abolition of slavery

    • B.

      Inspired other peoples seeking democracy and independence

    • C.

      Marked the end of European influence in the Western Hemisphere

    • D.

      Demonstrated the need for strong international peacekeeping organizations

    Correct Answer
    B. Inspired other peoples seeking democracy and independence
    Explanation
    The American and French Revolutions served as inspirations for other peoples seeking democracy and independence. These revolutions showcased the power of the people to rise against oppressive regimes and fight for their rights and freedoms. The success of these revolutions inspired similar movements in other parts of the world, leading to a wave of revolutions and struggles for independence throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. As a result, the American and French Revolutions are considered turning points in global history, as they sparked a new era of revolutionary movements and aspirations for democracy and independence.

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  • 10. 

    In the 19th century, the independence movements in Latin America were greatly influenced by the

    • A.

      Glorious Revolution

    • B.

      Hundred Years War

    • C.

      Boer War

    • D.

      French Revolution

    Correct Answer
    D. French Revolution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the French Revolution. The independence movements in Latin America were greatly influenced by the French Revolution because it inspired ideas of liberty, equality, and democracy. The French Revolution challenged the power of monarchies and promoted the idea of self-determination, which resonated with the people in Latin America who were seeking independence from Spanish and Portuguese colonial rule. The French Revolution also led to the spread of revolutionary ideas and ideologies, such as nationalism and republicanism, which further fueled the independence movements in Latin America.

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  • 11. 

    A major result of the European Age of Exploration was

    • A.

      A long period of peace and prosperity for the nations of western Europe

    • B.

      Extensive migration of people from the Western Hemisphere to Europe and Asia

    • C.

      The fall of European national monarchies and the end of the power of the Catholic Church

    • D.

      The end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of European global domination

    Correct Answer
    D. The end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of European global domination
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of European global domination. During the European Age of Exploration, European nations embarked on voyages of discovery, which led to the establishment of trade routes and colonies around the world. This expansion of European influence resulted in the end of regional isolation as European nations began to interact and trade with other parts of the world. It also marked the beginning of a period of European global domination as European powers gained control over vast territories and resources, shaping the course of history.

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  • 12. 

    Which statement explains the long-term significance of the travels of Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      His interactions with the indigenous peoples served as a model for fair treatment of minorities.

    • B.

      His ships were the first to complete an around-the world voyage and prove the earth was round.

    • C.

      His calculations of the distance between Europe and Asia became the basis for our modern maps.

    • D.

      His voyages started a vast cultural exchange between the two hemispheres

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages started a vast cultural exchange between the two hemispheres
  • 13. 

    The Incas, the Romans, and the Mongols were similar in that each

    • A.

      Developed systems of writing

    • B.

      Extended control over neighboring peoples

    • C.

      Established industrial economies

    • D.

      Adopted democratic political systems

    Correct Answer
    B. Extended control over neighboring peoples
    Explanation
    The Incas, the Romans, and the Mongols were similar in that they all extended control over neighboring peoples. This means that they conquered and ruled over other territories and peoples, expanding their empires and exerting their influence over a larger area. This is evident in the historical records and accounts of these civilizations, which document their conquests and the territories they controlled.

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  • 14. 

    The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of government is derived from

    • A.

      Divine right rulers

    • B.

      The middle class

    • C.

      A strong military

    • D.

      Those who are governed

    Correct Answer
    D. Those who are governed
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of government is derived from those who are governed. This belief stems from the idea of popular sovereignty, which holds that the authority of the government should come from the consent of the people. According to this perspective, the government exists to serve the interests and protect the rights of the citizens. Therefore, the power of the government is not bestowed by divine right rulers, the middle class, or a strong military, but rather by the people themselves.

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  • 15. 

    During the 1500s, technological advances in navigation, naval engineering, and mapmaking contributed directly to the start of the

    • A.

      Gupta Empire

    • B.

      Mongol Empire

    • C.

      Age of Exploration

    • D.

      Medieval guilds

    Correct Answer
    C. Age of Exploration
    Explanation
    During the 1500s, technological advances in navigation, naval engineering, and mapmaking greatly facilitated long-distance sea travel and exploration. These advancements, such as the invention of the compass, improved shipbuilding techniques, and more accurate maps, directly contributed to the Age of Exploration. This era marked a period of extensive exploration and colonization by European powers, leading to the discovery of new lands, trade routes, and the establishment of global empires. The technological progress made during this time allowed for greater exploration and expansion of European influence around the world.

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  • 16. 

    Which characteristic is common to the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations?

    • A.

      Advancement of scientific knowledge

    • B.

      Origin in the Andes Mountains

    • C.

      Equality of all members of society

    • D.

      Territorial expansion without warfare

    Correct Answer
    A. Advancement of scientific knowledge
    Explanation
    The correct answer is advancement of scientific knowledge. The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations all made significant advancements in various fields of science. The Maya had a complex calendar system and made astronomical observations, the Aztec developed an extensive knowledge of medicine and herbal remedies, and the Inca had advanced agricultural techniques and engineering skills. These civilizations valued and pursued scientific knowledge, leading to significant advancements in their respective societies.

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  • 17. 

    How did the introduction of agriculture affect early peoples?

    • A.

      Societies became nomadic.

    • B.

      Food production declined.

    • C.

      Civilizations developed.

    • D.

      Birthrates decreased rapidly.

    Correct Answer
    C. Civilizations developed.
    Explanation
    The introduction of agriculture affected early peoples by leading to the development of civilizations. Agriculture allowed for a more stable and reliable food supply, which in turn led to the growth of settlements and the formation of complex societies. With agriculture, people could settle in one place, cultivate crops, and domesticate animals, which led to the establishment of permanent settlements and the development of specialized skills and trades. This ultimately laid the foundation for the growth of civilizations with organized social structures, advanced technologies, and cultural advancements.

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  • 18. 

    What was a direct result of the Scientific Revolution in Europe?

    • A.

      A gradual decline in the growth of cities

    • B.

      An increase in the use of the divine right theory of government

    • C.

      The rise of the manorial system

    • D.

      The application of reason and experimentation to political thinking

    Correct Answer
    D. The application of reason and experimentation to political thinking
    Explanation
    The Scientific Revolution in Europe led to the application of reason and experimentation to political thinking. This means that political theories and ideas began to be based on logical reasoning and empirical evidence, rather than relying solely on tradition or religious beliefs. This shift in thinking had a profound impact on the development of political systems and the understanding of government. It allowed for the emergence of new political philosophies, such as liberalism and constitutionalism, which emphasized individual rights, limited government, and the use of rationality in decision-making.

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  • 19. 

    Which list of French leaders is in the correct chronological order?

    • A.

      Louis XVI -> Napoleon -> Robespierre

    • B.

      Robespierre -> Napoleon -> Louis XVI

    • C.

      Louis XVI -> Robespierre -> Napoleon

    • D.

      Napoleon -> Louis XVI -> Robespierre

    Correct Answer
    C. Louis XVI -> Robespierre -> Napoleon
    Explanation
    The correct chronological order of the French leaders is Louis XVI, Robespierre, and then Napoleon. This is because Louis XVI was the last king of France before the French Revolution, which was followed by the Reign of Terror led by Robespierre. After the fall of Robespierre, Napoleon came to power as the First Consul and eventually became Emperor of France.

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  • 20. 

    One similarity between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment is that both historic periods

    • A.

      Produced major cultural changes

    • B.

      Encouraged traditional values

    • C.

      Limited technological advancements

    • D.

      Ignored individual achievements

    Correct Answer
    A. Produced major cultural changes
    Explanation
    Both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment were significant periods in history that brought about major cultural changes. During the Renaissance, there was a revival of interest in art, literature, and learning, leading to a flourishing of creativity and new ideas. Similarly, the Enlightenment was characterized by a focus on reason, science, and individualism, which challenged traditional beliefs and led to advancements in various fields. Therefore, the correct answer is that both periods produced major cultural changes.

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  • 21. 

    Which geographic characteristic is shared by both Greece and Japan?

    • A.

      Abundant mineral resources

    • B.

      Archipelagos

    • C.

      Irregular coastline

    • D.

      Navigable rivers

    Correct Answer
    B. Archipelagos
    Explanation
    Both Greece and Japan share the geographic characteristic of having archipelagos. An archipelago is a group or chain of islands, and both Greece and Japan are made up of multiple islands. Greece is located in the Mediterranean Sea and consists of thousands of islands, including popular ones like Crete and Santorini. Japan, on the other hand, is an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean and is made up of over 6,800 islands, including the main islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku.

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  • 22. 

    In western Europe, the Protestant Reformation brought an end to

    • A.

      The colonial period

    • B.

      Strong central governments

    • C.

      Religious unity

    • D.

      Market economies

    Correct Answer
    C. Religious unity
    Explanation
    The Protestant Reformation in western Europe led to a division within Christianity, with the emergence of various Protestant denominations. This resulted in a lack of religious unity as different groups held different beliefs and practices. This religious division had significant social, political, and economic implications, but it did not bring an end to the colonial period, establish strong central governments, or promote market economies. Therefore, the most plausible explanation is that the Protestant Reformation disrupted religious unity.

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  • 23. 

    Which statement is a valid generalization about the immediate results of the French Revolution of 1789?

    • A.

      The Roman Catholic Church increased its power and wealth.

    • B.

      The Revolution achieved its goal of establishing peace, democracy, and justice for all.

    • C.

      The Revolution had little impact outside France.

    • D.

      The French middle class gained more power.

    Correct Answer
    D. The French middle class gained more power.
    Explanation
    The French Revolution of 1789 resulted in the French middle class gaining more power. This can be inferred from the context of the revolution, which was driven by the grievances of the bourgeoisie (middle class) who sought political and economic reforms. The revolution led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic, which provided opportunities for the middle class to rise to positions of power and influence. Additionally, the revolution brought about social and economic changes that benefited the middle class, such as the abolition of feudal privileges and the promotion of meritocracy.

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  • 24. 

    • Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains. • Everyone has the natural right to life, liberty, and property. • Slavery, torture, and religious persecution are wrong. During which period in European history would the ideas in these statements have been expressed?

    • A.

      Pax Romana

    • B.

      Age of Exploration

    • C.

      Enlightenment

    • D.

      Age of Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Enlightenment
    Explanation
    The ideas expressed in the given statements align with the principles of the Enlightenment. During this period in European history, thinkers and philosophers emphasized individual rights, freedom, and the rejection of oppressive practices such as slavery, torture, and religious persecution. The Enlightenment was characterized by a focus on reason, science, and human rights, and these ideas were prominent during this time.

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  • 25. 

    "The challenges of the Andes helped the Incas develop a thriving civilization." Based on this statement, what does the author believe?

    • A.

      Language and religion are important to national unity.

    • B.

      Cultural diversity flourishes in areas of agricultural prosperity

    • C.

      People can overcome the limitations of their environment.

    • D.

      Natural resources are necessary for economic independence.

    Correct Answer
    C. People can overcome the limitations of their environment.
    Explanation
    The author believes that the challenges of the Andes helped the Incas develop a thriving civilization, implying that people can overcome the limitations of their environment.

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  • 26. 

    One similarity between Axum, Kush, and Nubia was that they were

    • A.

      Military leaders in the Neolithic Age

    • B.

      Rivers along which early trade developed

    • C.

      Writers of epic poems about Greek cities

    • D.

      Early civilizations in Africa

    Correct Answer
    D. Early civilizations in Africa
    Explanation
    Axum, Kush, and Nubia were early civilizations in Africa. These civilizations existed during ancient times and had their own unique cultures, societies, and political systems. They developed advanced agricultural practices, built impressive architectural structures, and engaged in trade with other regions. These civilizations played a significant role in shaping the history and development of Africa.

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  • 27. 

    In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch interest in the islands of Southeast Asia was mainly based on the

    • A.

      Spice trade

    • B.

      Large numbers of Christian converts

    • C.

      Rich deposits of gold and silver

    • D.

      Development of manufacturing sites

    Correct Answer
    A. Spice trade
    Explanation
    During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch had a significant interest in the islands of Southeast Asia due to the spice trade. Spices such as nutmeg, cloves, and pepper were highly sought after in Europe for their culinary and medicinal uses. The Dutch established trading posts and colonies in the region to monopolize the spice trade and gain economic dominance. This trade brought immense wealth to the Dutch Republic and played a crucial role in shaping its colonial empire. The interest in the spice trade was primarily driven by the lucrative nature of the business and the high demand for spices in Europe.

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  • 28. 

    One similarity between the ancient African kingdoms of Egypt, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai is that all of these kingdoms were located

    • A.

      In mountainous terrain

    • B.

      In coastal areas

    • C.

      On major trading routes

    • D.

      In rain forest areas

    Correct Answer
    C. On major trading routes
    Explanation
    The ancient African kingdoms of Egypt, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were all located on major trading routes. This means that they were strategically positioned along important trade routes, allowing them to engage in extensive trade with other civilizations and benefit economically. Being located on major trading routes also facilitated cultural exchange, as goods, ideas, and technologies were exchanged between these kingdoms and other regions. This similarity highlights the significance of trade in shaping the development and prosperity of these ancient African kingdoms.

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  • 29. 

    The Crusades indirectly contributed to the discovery of the New World by

    • A.

      Forcing the religious conversion of the Muslim population

    • B.

      Forcing the Turks to flee from Constantinople

    • C.

      Stimulating European demand for goods from the East

    • D.

      Increasing the power of the feudal lords

    Correct Answer
    C. Stimulating European demand for goods from the East
    Explanation
    The Crusades indirectly contributed to the discovery of the New World by stimulating European demand for goods from the East. During the Crusades, European knights and soldiers came into contact with the rich and exotic goods of the East, such as spices, silk, and precious metals. This exposure to new and desirable products sparked a desire among Europeans to find direct trade routes to the East, leading to the exploration and eventual discovery of the New World.

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  • 30. 

    Before the French Revolution, the people of France were divided into three estates based mainly on their

    • A.

      Education level

    • B.

      Geographic region

    • C.

      Social class

    • D.

      Religious beliefs

    Correct Answer
    C. Social class
    Explanation
    The people of France were divided into three estates before the French Revolution based mainly on their social class. This means that individuals were categorized and grouped together based on their economic and social status. This division played a significant role in shaping the society and political dynamics of pre-revolutionary France, as it created a clear distinction between the privileged nobility and clergy, the middle class, and the lower class. The social class one belonged to determined their rights, privileges, and opportunities in society, and was a major factor in the dissatisfaction and unrest that eventually led to the revolution.

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  • 31. 

    Which belief system is considered monotheistic?

    • A.

      Jainism

    • B.

      Daoism

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Shinto

    Correct Answer
    C. Judaism
    Explanation
    Judaism is considered a monotheistic belief system because it believes in the existence of only one God. Monotheism is the belief in a single, supreme deity, and Judaism's central tenet is the worship of Yahweh, the God of Israel. This belief is emphasized in the Ten Commandments and other foundational texts of Judaism. Unlike polytheistic religions, such as Jainism, Daoism, and Shinto, which believe in multiple gods or deities, Judaism firmly holds to the concept of monotheism.

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  • 32. 

    One principle in the theory of mercantilism is that colonies should be

    • A.

      Granted independence as soon as possible

    • B.

      Considered an economic burden for the colonial power

    • C.

      Encouraged to develop their own industries

    • D.

      Acquired as markets and sources of raw materials

    Correct Answer
    D. Acquired as markets and sources of raw materials
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "acquired as markets and sources of raw materials." This aligns with the principle of mercantilism, which emphasizes the acquisition of colonies to benefit the colonial power economically. Colonies were seen as valuable sources of raw materials for the colonial power's industries and as markets for their finished goods. This approach aimed to maximize the wealth and power of the colonial power by exploiting the resources and markets of its colonies.

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  • 33. 

    The West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai flourished between A.D. 700 and 1600 mainly because they

    • A.

      Controlled the trade routes across the Sahara

    • B.

      Developed self-sufficient economies

    • C.

      Became religious centers considered sacred to Africans

    • D.

      Received support from European colonial governments

    Correct Answer
    A. Controlled the trade routes across the Sahara
    Explanation
    The West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai flourished between A.D. 700 and 1600 because they controlled the trade routes across the Sahara. This allowed them to monopolize and profit from the trans-Saharan trade, which brought valuable goods such as gold, salt, and slaves. Controlling these trade routes gave the kingdoms economic power and allowed them to accumulate wealth and resources. It also facilitated cultural exchange and the spread of Islam throughout the region.

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  • 34. 

    Which feature was typical of Greece during the Golden Age and Italy during the Renaissance?

    • A.

      Universal suffrage

    • B.

      Racial diversity

    • C.

      Social equality

    • D.

      A questioning spirit

    Correct Answer
    D. A questioning spirit
    Explanation
    During the Golden Age of Greece and the Renaissance in Italy, both periods were characterized by a questioning spirit. This refers to the intellectual curiosity and desire to explore new ideas, challenge traditional beliefs, and seek knowledge and understanding. In both Greece and Italy, there was a flourishing of art, literature, philosophy, and science, with individuals such as Socrates, Plato, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo pushing the boundaries of knowledge and thought. This questioning spirit was a driving force behind the advancements and cultural achievements of these periods.

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  • 35. 

    Inca terrace farming and Aztec floating gardens are examples of

    • A.

      The ability of civilizations to adapt to their region’s physical geography

    • B.

      Slash-and-burn farming techniques

    • C.

      Mesoamerican art forms symbolizing the importance of agriculture

    • D.

      Colonial economic policies that harmed Latin American civilizations

    Correct Answer
    A. The ability of civilizations to adapt to their region’s physical geography
    Explanation
    Inca terrace farming and Aztec floating gardens are examples of how civilizations were able to adapt to the physical geography of their region. These agricultural techniques were specifically developed to overcome the challenges posed by the mountainous terrain and limited arable land in the Andes and the swampy areas around Lake Texcoco. By creating terraces and floating gardens, the Incas and Aztecs were able to maximize their agricultural productivity and sustain their populations in these challenging environments. This demonstrates their ability to adapt and thrive in their specific geographical conditions.

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  • 36. 

    A primary cause of the French Revolution in 1789 was the

    • A.

      Increasing dissatisfaction of the Third Estate

    • B.

      Rise to power of Napoleon Bonaparte

    • C.

      Actions of Prince Metternich

    • D.

      Execution of Louis XVI

    Correct Answer
    A. Increasing dissatisfaction of the Third Estate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the increasing dissatisfaction of the Third Estate. The Third Estate, which represented the common people of France, faced numerous economic and social grievances, including high taxes, food shortages, and inequality. These issues led to widespread discontent and resentment towards the monarchy and the privileged classes. The Third Estate's dissatisfaction eventually culminated in the French Revolution, as they sought political and social reforms to address their grievances and gain more rights and representation.

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  • 37. 

    The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would

    • A.

      Adopt the ideas of the Protestant Reformation

    • B.

      Restore Louis XVI to power

    • C.

      Provide stability for the nation

    • D.

      End British control of France

    Correct Answer
    C. Provide stability for the nation
    Explanation
    The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would provide stability for the nation. After years of political turmoil, including the French Revolution, the people were looking for a strong leader who could bring order and security to the country. Napoleon promised to restore law and order, strengthen the economy, and establish a stable government. His military victories and charisma further solidified his popularity among the French people, who saw him as a symbol of stability and hope for the future.

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  • 38. 

    During the Age of Absolutism (1600s and 1700s), European monarchies sought to

    • A.

      Increase human rights for their citizens

    • B.

      Centralize political power in their nation

    • C.

      Develop better relations with Muslim rulers

    • D.

      Encourage the growth of cooperative farms

    Correct Answer
    B. Centralize political power in their nation
    Explanation
    During the Age of Absolutism, European monarchies aimed to centralize political power in their nation. This means that they sought to consolidate and strengthen their control over all aspects of governance, diminishing the influence of other institutions and individuals. This was done through various means such as establishing bureaucracies, creating standing armies, and implementing strict laws and regulations. By centralizing political power, monarchs were able to exert greater control over their territories and maintain stability within their realms.

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  • 39. 

    The divine right theory believed in by several European monarchs is most similar to the concept of

    • A.

      The Mandate of Heaven in imperial China

    • B.

      Humanism during the Enlightenment

    • C.

      Civil disobedience promoted by Mohandas Gandhi

    • D.

      The White Man's Burden

    Correct Answer
    A. The Mandate of Heaven in imperial China
    Explanation
    The divine right theory, believed in by several European monarchs, states that the authority to rule comes directly from a higher power, such as God. Similarly, the concept of the Mandate of Heaven in imperial China also asserts that rulers are granted the right to rule by a divine power. Both theories emphasize the idea that rulers have a legitimate claim to power and that their authority is not to be questioned.

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  • 40. 

    • Invention of the compass and astrolabe • European dependence on spices from Asia • Rise of nation-states in Europe These developments influenced the start of the

    • A.

      Crusades

    • B.

      Renaissance

    • C.

      Reformation

    • D.

      Age of Exploration

    Correct Answer
    D. Age of Exploration
    Explanation
    The invention of the compass and astrolabe allowed for more accurate navigation, which was crucial for long-distance voyages. European dependence on spices from Asia created a strong economic incentive for exploration and trade routes. The rise of nation-states in Europe led to competition among these states to establish colonies and expand their influence, further driving exploration. These developments collectively laid the foundation for the Age of Exploration, during which European explorers set out to discover new lands, establish trade routes, and expand their empires.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 22, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mrokofsky
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