Ocean And Beach Trivia Facts Quiz!

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 117

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Ocean And Beach Trivia Facts Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The kind of sediment deposited in shoreline habitats depends on:
    • A. 

      Estuary deposits

    • B. 

      Tidal amplitude

    • C. 

      Water turbulence

    • D. 

      Coastal plain migration

  • 2. 
    What is a berm and where is it found?
    • A. 

      The back dune end of the supratidal zone

    • B. 

      The movement of sand offshore during a storm

    • C. 

      The supratidal ledge of sand at the high tide line

    • D. 

      The edge of the swash (shoreface where waves break) zone

  • 3. 
    What is the average salinity of the ocean?
    • A. 

      35 ppt

    • B. 

      55 ppt

    • C. 

      15 ppt

    • D. 

      25 ppt

  • 4. 
    What kind of sediment settle in the sound?
    • A. 

      Fine silt

    • B. 

      Loam

    • C. 

      Coarse sand

    • D. 

      Clay

  • 5. 
    What kind of sediments settle on the ocean beach?
    • A. 

      Silt

    • B. 

      Gravel

    • C. 

      Coarse sand

    • D. 

      Clay

  • 6. 
    Ocean beach habitats have three distinct zones:
    • A. 

      The subtidal zone of crashing breakers with swirling sand and shallow water; the intertidal zone, alternately covered and exposed by tidal waters; and the dry, sandy supratidal zone extending to the base of the sand dunes.

    • B. 

      The ocean zone of crashing breakers with swirling sand and shallow water; the salt marsh zone, alternately covered and exposed by tidal waters; and the dry, sandy sand dune zone extending to the base of the sand dunes.

    • C. 

      The shoreface zone of crashing breakers with swirling sand and shallow water; the intertidal zone, alternately covered and exposed by tidal waters; and the dry, sandy subtidal zone extending to the base of the sand dunes.

    • D. 

      The supratidal zone of crashing breakers with swirling sand and shallow water; the intertidal zone, alternately covered and exposed by tidal waters; and the dry, sandy subtidal zone extending to the base of the sand dunes.

  • 7. 
    Oxygen is plentiful in the ocean beach habitat because of which three factors:
    • A. 

      Wind coming off the ocean, the presence of water coming in with the tides and in the space between the sand sediment.

    • B. 

      The presence of water coming in with the tides, salt spray and plants.

    • C. 

      The wind coming off the ocean, salt spray and plants.

    • D. 

      The wind coming off the ocean, the presence of water coming in with the tides and plants.

  • 8. 
    Debris and detritus are deposited ___________________
    • A. 

      At the high tide line.

    • B. 

      At the shoreline.

    • C. 

      Along the shoreface.

    • D. 

      In the intertidal zone.

  • 9. 
    Phytoplankton are_______________________
    • A. 

      Free floating microscopic plants that are the basis of the marine food chain.

    • B. 

      Free floating microscopic animals that are the basis of the marine food chain.

    • C. 

      Free floating microscopic scavengers that support the marine food chain.

    • D. 

      Diatoms that cause red tide and are toxic to the marine food chain.

  • 10. 
    What is a gastropod?
    • A. 

      A gastropod is a mollusk that has one shell. It is a marine snail.

    • B. 

      A gastropod is a mollusk that has two shells it is a bivalve or pelecypod with a strong muscular foot.

    • C. 

      A gastropod is a mollusk that attaches itself to hard substrate to survive.

    • D. 

      A gastropod is a mollusk that has an internal shell like a squid.

  • 11. 
    Coarse sand settles in the intertidal zone because:
    • A. 

      Turbulent ocean waves can carry coarse sediment and deposit it on the shoreline.

    • B. 

      Turbulent ocean tides can carry coarse sediment and deposit it on the shoreline.

    • C. 

      Gentle sound waves deposit coarse sediment in the ebb tidal deltas.

    • D. 

      The longshore current carries coarse sediment to the shore.

  • 12. 
    Tides- the daily cycle of 2 high and 2 low tidal flow of water onto and into a low lying shore area caused by the:
    • A. 

      Moon and sun’s gravitational pull on Earth.

    • B. 

      Moon's gravitational pull on Earth.

    • C. 

      Sun’s gravitational pull on Earth.

    • D. 

      The oceans wave energy.

  • 13. 
    The action of ____________________ sweeps larger shell particles and sand across the substrate surface, sometimes causing abrasions or burying plants and animals.
    • A. 

      Waves

    • B. 

      Tides

    • C. 

      Longshore current

    • D. 

      Winds

  • 14. 
    Which organism causes "red tide" scientific name: pfiesteria piscicida?
    • A. 

      Dinoflagellates

    • B. 

      Diatoms

    • C. 

      Gastropods

    • D. 

      Pelecypods

  • 15. 
    Most supratidal animals are______________ that feed____________________
    • A. 

      Most supratidal animals are__scavengers_________ that feed__on debris along the____ strand line____

    • B. 

      Most supratidal animals are__herbivores_________ that feed__on debris along the____high tide line____

    • C. 

      Most supratidal animals are__carnivores_________ that feed__on debris along the____ low tide line____

    • D. 

      Most supratidal animals are__omnivores_________ that feed__on debris along the____ surf zone____

  • 16. 
    What is a mollusk?
    • A. 

      An organism with a hard shell that encases a soft muscle body

    • B. 

      An organism with a soft shell and a hard interior skeleton

    • C. 

      A bottom dwelling organism that breathes water and uses siphons to feed

    • D. 

      A bottom dwelling organism that uses a muscular foot to dig and capture its prey

  • 17. 
    What is a pelecypod?
    • A. 

      A bivalve, two-shelled mollusk

    • B. 

      A univalve, one shelled mollusk

    • C. 

      A phytoplankton producer

    • D. 

      A zooplankton producer

  • 18. 
    What is a gastropod?
    • A. 

      A univalve, one-shelled mollusk

    • B. 

      A bivalve, two-shelled mollusk

    • C. 

      A phytoplankton producer

    • D. 

      A zooplankton consumer

  • 19. 
    Intertidal beach life is nourished by what primary plant material?
    • A. 

      Phytoplankton

    • B. 

      Phytoplankton and zooplankton

    • C. 

      Detritus and debris

    • D. 

      Detritus

  • 20. 
    Using the Beach Profile diagram: Identify beach feature #12
    • A. 

      #12 is the intertidal zone

    • B. 

      #12 is the subtotal zone

    • C. 

      #12 is the foreshore

    • D. 

      #12 is the back shore

  • 21. 
    Using the diagram: Identify beach feature # 7
    • A. 

      #7 is the berm

    • B. 

      #7 is the wrack

    • C. 

      #7 is the swash

    • D. 

      #7 is the shore face

  • 22. 
    Using the diagram: Identify the beach feature # 10
    • A. 

      #10 is the near shore sandbar

    • B. 

      #10 is the berm

    • C. 

      #10 is the wrack

    • D. 

      #10 is the swash

  • 23. 
    What serves as the primary plant material for the ocean beach intertidal zone?
    • A. 

      Phytoplankton

    • B. 

      Phytoplankton and zooplankton

    • C. 

      Detritus and debris

    • D. 

      Detritus

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