# Science Sol 4.8 Test

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• 1.

### The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes --

• A.

Seasons

• B.

Years

• C.

Months

• D.

Days

D. Days
Explanation
The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes days. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the planet are exposed to sunlight, creating the cycle of day and night. This rotation takes approximately 24 hours, resulting in a full day. The rotation of the Earth is responsible for the regular pattern of daylight and darkness that we experience.

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• 2.

### Earth’s _____ is involved in determining the length of a year.

• A.

Revolution

• B.

Rotation

• C.

Axis

• D.

Temperature

A. Revolution
Explanation
The Earth's revolution around the Sun is involved in determining the length of a year. The Earth takes approximately 365.25 days to complete one revolution around the Sun, which is why we have leap years every four years to account for the extra time. This revolution causes the changing of seasons and the variation in the amount of daylight throughout the year.

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• 3.

### The moon revolves around--

• A.

Itself

• B.

The Earth

• C.

The sun

• D.

The solar system

B. The Earth
Explanation
The moon revolves around the Earth. This is known as lunar revolution. The gravitational pull of the Earth keeps the moon in its orbit, causing it to continuously revolve around the Earth. The moon takes approximately 27.3 days to complete one revolution around the Earth.

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• 4.

### Which of these statements is NOT true?

• A.

Earth spins on its axis.

• B.

Earth revolves around the sun.

• C.

Earth is a planet.

• D.

Earth rotates around the moon

D. Earth rotates around the moon
Explanation
The statement "Earth rotates around the moon" is not true. Earth does not rotate around the moon; rather, it revolves around the sun. The rotation of Earth on its axis causes day and night, while its revolution around the sun causes the change of seasons. The moon, on the other hand, revolves around Earth, causing the phases of the moon and tides on Earth.

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• 5.

### Earth revolves around the sun in a/an:

• A.

Eclipse

• B.

Axis.

• C.

Ellipse.

• D.

Circle.

D. Circle.
Explanation
The correct answer is "circle" because the Earth's orbit around the sun is not a perfect circle, but it is very close to being one. The shape of the Earth's orbit is actually an ellipse, but the difference between a circle and an ellipse is minimal when considering the vastness of the solar system. Therefore, it is commonly stated that the Earth revolves around the sun in a circle.

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• 6.

### As Earth revolves around the sun, what causes the seasons?

• A.

The shape of Earthâ€™s orbit

• B.

The tilt of Earthâ€™s axis

• C.

The position of the moon

• D.

The temperature of the sunâ€™s heat

B. The tilt of Earthâ€™s axis
Explanation
The tilt of Earth's axis is what causes the seasons. As Earth orbits around the sun, the axis remains tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees. This means that different parts of the Earth receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. When one hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, it experiences summer because the sunlight is more direct and concentrated. Conversely, when that hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, it experiences winter because the sunlight is more indirect and spread out. The shape of Earth's orbit, the position of the moon, and the temperature of the sun's heat do not directly cause the seasons.

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• 7.

### If it is hot year-round where you live, then where do you live?

• A.

In the Northern Hemisphere

• B.

In the Southern Hemisphere

• C.

Near the equator

• D.

Near the North Pole

C. Near the equator
Explanation
If it is hot year-round where you live, it suggests that you live near the equator. The equator is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Near the equator, the climate tends to be hot and tropical throughout the year due to its proximity to the sun. Therefore, living near the equator is a logical explanation for experiencing hot weather year-round.

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• 8.

### The apparent changes of the moon’s shape during the month are called:

• A.

Cycles.

• B.

Phases.

• C.

Revolutions.

• D.

Days.

B. pHases.
Explanation
The apparent changes of the moon's shape during the month are called phases. This refers to the different illuminated portions of the moon that can be seen from Earth as the moon orbits around it. These phases include the new moon, first quarter, full moon, and last quarter, among others. The moon's phases are a result of the relative positions of the sun, Earth, and moon, and they repeat in a cyclical pattern.

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• 9.

### When the moon is seen from the Earth as a whole circle, it is called a—

• A.

Full moon

• B.

Crescent moon

• C.

New moon

• D.

Half moon

A. Full moon
Explanation
When the moon is seen from the Earth as a whole circle, it is called a full moon. This occurs when the Earth is positioned directly between the sun and the moon, causing the moon to be fully illuminated. The full moon is a phase of the lunar cycle and is characterized by its bright and round appearance in the night sky.

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• 10.

### Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• A.

The moon is smaller than Earth.

• B.

The moon revolves around Earth in about 4 weeks.

• C.

Earth revolves around the sun in about 52 weeks.

• D.

The moon is heavier than Earth.

D. The moon is heavier than Earth.
Explanation
The statement "The moon is heavier than Earth" is not true. The moon is actually much lighter than Earth. It has about 1/6th the mass of Earth, which is why objects weigh less on the moon compared to Earth.

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• 11.

### The Earth is very different from other objects in space, because it has the most—

• A.

Solid rock

• B.

Volcanoes

• C.

Liquid water

• D.

High winds

C. Liquid water
Explanation
The Earth is very different from other objects in space because it has liquid water. This sets it apart from most other celestial bodies, as water is essential for supporting life as we know it. The presence of liquid water on Earth allows for the existence of diverse ecosystems and is crucial for the development and sustenance of life forms. Additionally, the presence of liquid water on Earth also contributes to various natural phenomena such as weather patterns, ocean currents, and the water cycle.

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• 12.

### The sun is a—

• A.

Planet

• B.

Moon

• C.

Asteroid

• D.

Star

D. Star
Explanation
The sun is a star because it is a massive, luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity. It emits energy, including light and heat, through nuclear fusion reactions in its core. Stars are celestial objects that undergo this process, distinguishing them from planets, moons, and asteroids, which do not generate their own light and heat.

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• 13.

### Approximately how old is the sun?

• A.

Thousand years

• B.

Hundreds years

• C.

Millions years

• D.

Billion years

D. Billion years
Explanation
The sun is estimated to be billions of years old based on scientific research and evidence. Scientists have studied the sun's composition, structure, and behavior to determine its age. By analyzing the radioactive decay of elements in meteorites and rocks on Earth, they have concluded that the sun formed about 4.6 billion years ago, around the same time as the rest of the solar system. This age estimation aligns with the widely accepted theory of the sun's formation through the collapse of a molecular cloud.

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• 14.

### Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• A.

The Earth is larger than the moon

• B.

The moon is smaller than the sun

• C.

The sun is the largest body in our solar system.

• D.

The Earth is larger than the sun.

D. The Earth is larger than the sun.
Explanation
The Earth is not larger than the sun. The sun is the largest body in our solar system.

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• 15.

### Which of the following is small and rocky with extreme temperatures and no water?

• A.

The moon

• B.

The Earth

• C.

Sun

• D.

Stars

A. The moon
Explanation
The moon is small and rocky, with extreme temperatures and no water. It is a barren celestial body that lacks an atmosphere and liquid water, making it inhospitable for life as we know it. Its surface is covered in craters and has a rugged terrain. The moon's lack of an atmosphere also means that it experiences extreme temperature variations, with scorching hot temperatures during the day and freezing cold temperatures at night.

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• 16.

### Which of the following is a yellow ball of burning gases that provides heat and light for the nine planets that orbit it?

• A.

Earth

• B.

Moon

• C.

Comets

• D.

Sun

D. Sun
Explanation
The correct answer is the sun. The sun is a yellow ball of burning gases that provides heat and light for the nine planets that orbit it. It is the center of our solar system and is responsible for sustaining life on Earth. The moon, comets, and Earth are not yellow balls of burning gases and do not provide heat and light for the planets.

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• 17.

### On which of the following does life exist?

• A.

Meteors

• B.

The Earth

• C.

The moon

• D.

Sun

B. The Earth
Explanation
Life exists on Earth because it has the necessary conditions to support and sustain living organisms. Earth has a suitable atmosphere, water, and a range of temperatures that allow for the existence of various forms of life. Meteors, the moon, and the sun do not possess the same conditions required for life to exist. Meteors are celestial objects that burn up in the Earth's atmosphere, the moon lacks a breathable atmosphere and water, and the sun is a blazing hot star with extreme temperatures that are inhospitable for life. Therefore, the only option where life exists is the Earth.

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• 18.

### What group of people have helped us most to understand the moon, the sun, and earth systems?

• A.

Farmers and fishermen

• B.

Airline pilots

• C.

Engineers

• D.

Astronomers and astronauts

D. Astronomers and astronauts
Explanation
Astronomers and astronauts have contributed the most to our understanding of the moon, the sun, and earth systems. Astronomers study celestial bodies and phenomena, including the moon, sun, and earth, using telescopes and other instruments. They have made significant discoveries and advancements in our understanding of these systems. Astronauts, on the other hand, have directly observed and studied these celestial bodies during space missions, providing valuable data and insights. Their combined efforts have greatly expanded our knowledge of the moon, the sun, and earth systems.

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• 19.

### The NASA Apollo missions helped us to understand—

• A.

The sun

• B.

The moon

• C.

The Earth

• D.

Mars

B. The moon
Explanation
The NASA Apollo missions helped us to understand the moon. These missions involved sending astronauts to the moon, collecting samples, and conducting experiments. Through these missions, we were able to learn more about the moon's geology, its formation, and its history. The data and samples collected during the Apollo missions provided valuable insights into the moon's composition and its relationship to Earth. This knowledge has contributed to our understanding of the moon's role in the solar system and its potential for future exploration and colonization.

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• 20.

### Many years ago, scientists such as Aristotle and Ptolemy thought that ________ was at the center of the solar system.

• A.

The moon

• B.

The Earth

• C.

The sun

• D.

A meteorite

B. The Earth
Explanation
During ancient times, scientists like Aristotle and Ptolemy believed that the Earth was at the center of the solar system. This concept is known as geocentrism. They observed the apparent movement of celestial bodies and concluded that everything revolved around the Earth. It wasn't until later with the development of heliocentrism, proposed by Copernicus and supported by Galileo, that it was understood that the sun, not the Earth, was at the center of the solar system.

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• 21.

### Scientists such as Copernicus and Galileo helped to prove that the ________ is in the center of the solar system.

• A.

Sun

• B.

Moon

• C.

Earth

• D.

Comet

A. Sun
Explanation
Scientists such as Copernicus and Galileo played a crucial role in challenging the prevailing belief that the Earth was at the center of the solar system. Through their observations and mathematical calculations, they provided evidence that supported the heliocentric model, which states that the sun is at the center of the solar system. Their contributions revolutionized our understanding of the cosmos and paved the way for modern astronomy.

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• Current Version
• Mar 18, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 08, 2013
Quiz Created by
Bpmarshall

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