# The Ultimate Science Test: Matter

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. Hey, how much do you already know about the matter, its properties, states, etc? Well, this quiz will put your knowledge on the ultimate test. It has essential to intermediate level of questions which will not just test you on the same but will also be a study session as well. So, let's start it here.

Questions and Answers
• 1.

### Anything that has mass and takes up space:

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Matter

• D.

Density

Correct Answer
C. Matter
Explanation
Matter refers to anything that has mass and takes up space. It includes both visible objects and invisible particles. Mass is the measure of the amount of matter in an object, while volume is the amount of space that matter occupies. Density, on the other hand, is the mass of an object divided by its volume. Therefore, matter is the most appropriate answer as it encompasses both mass and volume.

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• 2.

### The amount of matter in an object:

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Matter

• D.

Density

Correct Answer
A. Mass
Explanation
Mass is the correct answer because it refers to the amount of matter in an object. It is a fundamental property of an object and is typically measured in kilograms. Mass is different from weight, which is the force exerted on an object due to gravity.

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• 3.

### The amount of space an object takes up:

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Matter

• D.

Density

Correct Answer
B. Volume
Explanation
Volume refers to the amount of space that an object occupies. It is a measure of the three-dimensional space that an object occupies. Mass, on the other hand, refers to the amount of matter in an object. While mass is related to volume, they are not the same thing. Matter is a general term used to describe anything that has mass and occupies space. Density, on the other hand, is the mass of an object per unit volume. Therefore, volume is the correct answer as it directly relates to the amount of space an object takes up.

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• 4.

### The mass per volume of a substance:

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Matter

• D.

Density

Correct Answer
D. Density
Explanation
Density is the correct answer because it refers to the mass per unit volume of a substance. It is a measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume of a substance. Density is calculated by dividing the mass of the substance by its volume. Therefore, density is a property that describes how closely packed the particles of a substance are.

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• 5.

### What do you use to measure Mass?

• A.

Ruler

• B.

Graduated Cylindar

• C.

Scale

• D.

Triple Beam Balance

Correct Answer
D. Triple Beam Balance
Explanation
A triple beam balance is used to measure mass. It consists of a beam with three sliding weights that can be adjusted to find the mass of an object. The object is placed on the pan and the weights are adjusted until the beam is balanced. The sum of the weights on the beams gives the mass of the object. This is different from a scale, which measures weight (the force of gravity acting on an object), not mass. A ruler and graduated cylinder are used to measure length and volume, respectively.

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• 6.

### The base unit used to measure Mass is:

• A.

Gram

• B.

Liter

• C.

Meter

• D.

Centimeter

Correct Answer
A. Gram
Explanation
The base unit used to measure mass is the gram. Mass is a fundamental property of matter and is a measure of the amount of substance present in an object. The gram is a metric unit of mass and is commonly used in scientific and everyday measurements. It is defined as one thousandth of a kilogram, which is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI).

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• 7.

### What is the equation used to measure the Volume of Regular Objects?

• A.

Weight x Length x Width

• B.

Base x Height x Length

• C.

Lenght x Width x Height

• D.

Mass x Weight x Length

Correct Answer
C. Lenght x Width x Height
Explanation
The equation used to measure the volume of regular objects is Length x Width x Height. This formula calculates the amount of space occupied by the object in three dimensions. By multiplying the length, width, and height together, we can determine the total volume of the object.

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• 8.

### The base unit used to measure the Volume of Regular Objects is ...

• A.

Cubic Centimeters (c3)

• B.

Cubic Litres (L3)

• C.

Cubic Grams (g3)

• D.

Cubic Meters (m3)

Correct Answer
D. Cubic Meters (m3)
Explanation
The base unit used to measure the volume of regular objects is cubic meters (m3). Cubic meters is a unit of measurement for three-dimensional space and is commonly used for measuring the volume of solid objects. It is derived from the SI unit of length, the meter, and represents the volume of a cube with sides that are one meter in length. Cubic meters is a larger unit of volume compared to cubic centimeters, cubic liters, and cubic grams, making it suitable for measuring the volume of regular objects.

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• 9.

### What do you use to measure the Volume of Irregular Objects?

• A.

Ruler

• B.

Scale

• C.

Graduated Cylinder

• D.

Tripple Beam Balance

Correct Answer
C. Graduated Cylinder
Explanation
A graduated cylinder is used to measure the volume of irregular objects because it has precise markings that allow for accurate measurements. The irregular object can be placed inside the cylinder, and the volume can be determined by measuring the difference in the water level before and after the object is added. This method is commonly used in science laboratories to measure the volume of objects that do not have regular shapes and cannot be measured using a ruler or scale.

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• 10.

### What is the base unit used to measure Irregular Objects?

• A.

Grams

• B.

Meters

• C.

Litres

• D.

Mililitres

Correct Answer
C. Litres
Explanation
The base unit used to measure irregular objects is liters. Liters are a unit of volume and are commonly used to measure the capacity of irregularly shaped objects, such as a container or a body of water. Grams are used to measure mass, meters are used to measure length, and milliliters are a smaller unit of volume.

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• 11.

### What is the unit of measurement used on a Graduated Cylinder?

• A.

Grams

• B.

Meters

• C.

Litres

• D.

Mililitres

Correct Answer
D. Mililitres
Explanation
A graduated cylinder is used to measure the volume of liquids. The unit of measurement commonly used on a graduated cylinder is milliliters (mL). This unit is used because it allows for precise measurements of small volumes of liquids. Grams and meters are units of measurement used for mass and length, respectively, while liters is a unit of measurement used for volume but is not commonly used on a graduated cylinder.

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• 12.

### The particles found in Solids are close together.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Solids are characterized by tightly packed particles. The particles in a solid are closely arranged and have strong intermolecular forces that hold them in fixed positions. This close proximity between particles gives solids their rigid structure and high density. Therefore, the statement "The particles found in Solids are close together" is true.

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• 13.

### The particles found in Gases are close together.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement that "The particles found in Gases are close together" is false. In gases, the particles are not close together but rather are spread out and have a lot of space between them. This is because the particles in gases have high kinetic energy and are constantly moving and colliding with each other. As a result, gases are highly compressible and can expand to fill the container they are in.

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• 14.

### The particles found in Liquids are closer together than those found in Gases.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Liquids have particles that are closer together compared to gases. This is because in liquids, the intermolecular forces are stronger, causing the particles to be attracted to each other and stay closer. In gases, on the other hand, the intermolecular forces are weaker, allowing the particles to move more freely and be farther apart. Therefore, the statement that particles in liquids are closer together than those in gases is true.

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• 15.

### Solids have the least amount of particles per volume.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement that "solids have the least amount of particles per volume" is false. In fact, solids have a higher density compared to liquids and gases, meaning that they have a higher number of particles per unit volume. This is because the particles in a solid are closely packed together, whereas in liquids and gases, the particles are more spread out. Therefore, solids have a greater amount of particles per volume, making the given statement incorrect.

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• 16.

### Gases have the least amount of particles per volume.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Gases have the least amount of particles per volume because they have the most space between their particles compared to solids and liquids. In solids, the particles are tightly packed together, while in liquids they are closer but still have less space than gases. Therefore, gases have a lower particle density and fewer particles per unit volume.

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• 17.

### What is the Density of H2O?

• A.

1.0 ml/g

• B.

1.0 g/cm

• C.

1.0 g/ml

• D.

1.0 cm/g

Correct Answer
C. 1.0 g/ml
Explanation
The density of a substance is defined as its mass per unit volume. In the case of water (H2O), the density is 1.0 g/ml. This means that for every milliliter of water, it has a mass of 1.0 gram.

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• 18.

### What is the smallest part of Matter (aka building block of matter)?

• A.

Proton

• B.

Neutron

• C.

Atom

• D.

Electron

Correct Answer
C. Atom
Explanation
An atom is the smallest part of matter and the building block of matter. It consists of a nucleus, which contains protons and neutrons, surrounded by electrons. Protons and neutrons are subatomic particles found in the nucleus, while electrons orbit around the nucleus. Therefore, an atom is the fundamental unit of matter, and it cannot be broken down further without losing its chemical properties.

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• 19.

### This is the center of every Atom:

• A.

Proton

• B.

Nucleus

• C.

Neutron

• D.

Electron

Correct Answer
B. Nucleus
Explanation
The correct answer is Nucleus because the nucleus is the central part of an atom that contains the protons and neutrons. The protons have a positive charge and the neutrons have no charge, and together they make up the majority of the atom's mass. The electrons, on the other hand, orbit around the nucleus in energy levels. Therefore, the nucleus is considered the center of every atom.

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• 20.

### This is the Positive Charge Particle in an Atom:

• A.

Proton

• B.

Nucleus

• C.

Neutron

• D.

Electron

Correct Answer
A. Proton
Explanation
The proton is the positively charged particle in an atom. It is located in the nucleus along with the neutron, which is neutral. The electron, on the other hand, is negatively charged and orbits around the nucleus. Therefore, the proton is the correct answer for the positive charge particle in an atom.

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• 21.

### This is the Neutral/No-Charge Charge Particle in an Atom:

• A.

Proton

• B.

Nucleus

• C.

Neutron

• D.

Electron

Correct Answer
C. Neutron
Explanation
The neutron is the correct answer because it is a neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom. Unlike protons, which have a positive charge, and electrons, which have a negative charge, neutrons have no charge at all. They play a crucial role in determining the stability and mass of an atom, as well as in nuclear reactions.

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• 22.

### This is the Negative Charge Particle in an Atom:

• A.

Proton

• B.

Nucleus

• C.

Neutron

• D.

Electron

Correct Answer
D. Electron
Explanation
The electron is the correct answer because it is a negatively charged particle found in an atom. It orbits around the nucleus and is responsible for the majority of the atom's volume. Protons and neutrons are found in the nucleus and carry positive and neutral charges respectively.

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• 23.

### Matter made of only 1 type of atom:

• A.

Compound

• B.

Element

• C.

Molecule

• D.

Substance

Correct Answer
B. Element
Explanation
An element is a substance made up of only one type of atom. Each element is represented by a unique symbol on the periodic table and cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means. Therefore, an element is the correct answer to the question.

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• 24.

### This is the organized chart of elements:

• A.

Periodic Table of Elements

• B.

Periodic Chart of Elements

• C.

Periodic Graph of Elements

• D.

Periodic Chapter of Elements

Correct Answer
A. Periodic Table of Elements
Explanation
The correct answer is "Periodic Table of Elements" because it is a well-known and widely used term to refer to the chart that organizes all the known elements based on their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. The other options such as "Periodic Chart of Elements," "Periodic Graph of Elements," and "Periodic Chapter of Elements" are not commonly used or recognized terms to describe the chart.

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• 25.

### On a Periodic Table of Elements, what happens as you move across (left to right) each row?

• A.

The Atomic # increases

• B.

The Atomic # decreases

• C.

The Nucleaic # increases

• D.

The Nucleaic # decreases

Correct Answer
A. The Atomic # increases
Explanation
As you move across each row on the Periodic Table of Elements, the atomic number increases. The atomic number represents the number of protons in an atom's nucleus, which determines its identity as an element. Each element has a unique atomic number, and as you move across the periodic table from left to right, you are adding more protons to the nucleus, resulting in an increase in the atomic number.

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• 26.

### In a Periodic Table of Elements, the Elements in each column have:

• A.

Similar weight and mass

• B.

Similar properties and characteristics

• C.

Similar volume and density

• D.

Similar mass and density

Correct Answer
B. Similar properties and characteristics
Explanation
In a Periodic Table of Elements, the elements in each column have similar properties and characteristics. This is because elements in the same column, also known as a group or family, have the same number of valence electrons. Valence electrons determine the chemical behavior and reactivity of an element. Therefore, elements in the same column tend to exhibit similar chemical properties and react in similar ways with other elements. This is why elements in the same column often have similar properties and characteristics.

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• 27.

### The number of Protons in and Atom:

• A.

Atomic Protons

• B.

Atomic Number

• C.

Atomic Mass

• D.

Atomic Neutrons

Correct Answer
B. Atomic Number
Explanation
The correct answer is "Atomic Number." The atomic number represents the number of protons in an atom. It is a unique identifier for each element on the periodic table. Protons are positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom, and their number determines the element's properties and place in the periodic table. The atomic mass represents the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom, while atomic neutrons are particles with no charge found in the nucleus. However, neither of these directly corresponds to the number of protons in an atom.

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• 28.

### The number of Protons and Neutrons in a Nucleus:

• A.

Atomic Protons

• B.

Atomic Number

• C.

Atomic Mass

• D.

Atomic Neutrons

Correct Answer
C. Atomic Mass
Explanation
The atomic mass of an element represents the total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom. Protons have a positive charge, while neutrons have no charge. The atomic number represents the number of protons in the nucleus, while the atomic neutrons are not a valid term. Therefore, the correct answer is atomic mass, as it includes both protons and neutrons in the nucleus.

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• 29.

### Two or more atoms joined together to make a new substance:

• A.

Substance

• B.

Molecule

• C.

Element

• D.

Compound

Correct Answer
D. Compound
Explanation
When two or more atoms combine together, they form a compound. A compound is a substance made up of two or more different elements that are chemically bonded together. In this case, since the atoms are joining together to create a new substance, it can be concluded that the correct answer is compound.

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• 30.

### The smallest part of a compound:

• A.

Sunstance

• B.

Molecule

• C.

Element

• D.

Compound

Correct Answer
B. Molecule
Explanation
A molecule is the smallest part of a compound because it consists of two or more atoms bonded together. It retains the chemical properties of the compound and cannot be further broken down into simpler substances without undergoing a chemical reaction. In contrast, an element is a pure substance made up of only one type of atom, and a compound is a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements. Therefore, a molecule is the correct answer as it represents the smallest unit of a compound.

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• 31.

### What is the element represented by the symbol H?

Correct Answer
Hydrogen
Explanation
Hydrogen is the element represented by the symbol H. It is the lightest and most abundant element in the universe. It is a colorless, odorless, and highly flammable gas. Hydrogen is essential for life and is a component of water and many organic compounds. It is commonly used in various industrial processes, such as producing ammonia, methanol, and hydrogen fuel cells.

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• 32.

### What is the Element represented by the symbol He?

Correct Answer
Helium
Explanation
Helium is the element represented by the symbol He. Helium is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is lighter than air. It is the second lightest element in the periodic table and is the second most abundant element in the universe. Helium is commonly used in balloons, as it is less dense than air and causes the balloon to float. It is also used in cryogenics, as it has a very low boiling point and is able to cool materials to extremely low temperatures.

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• 33.

### What is the element represented by the symbol C?

Correct Answer
Carbon
Explanation
The element represented by the symbol C is carbon. Carbon is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. It is a nonmetallic element and is the basis of all known life on Earth. Carbon is found in a variety of forms, including graphite, diamond, and amorphous carbon. It is an essential element in organic compounds and plays a crucial role in many biological processes.

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• 34.

### What is the element represented by the symbol O?

Correct Answer
Oxygen, oxygen
Explanation
The element represented by the symbol O is oxygen. Oxygen is a chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a highly reactive nonmetal and an essential component of air, water, and many organic compounds. Oxygen is necessary for the survival of most living organisms and plays a crucial role in various biological and chemical processes.

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• 35.

### What is the Element represented by the symbol N?

Correct Answer
Nitrogen
Explanation
Nitrogen is represented by the symbol N on the periodic table. It is a nonmetallic element that makes up about 78% of the Earth's atmosphere. Nitrogen is essential for life as it is a major component of proteins and nucleic acids. It is also used in the production of fertilizers, explosives, and various industrial processes.

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• 36.

### What is the Element represented by the symbol Na?

Correct Answer
Sodium
Explanation
Sodium is the element represented by the symbol Na. Sodium is a chemical element with the atomic number 11 and is a highly reactive metal. It is commonly found in table salt and is essential for various biological processes in the human body. Sodium is also used in the production of various chemicals and as a coolant in nuclear reactors.

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• 37.

### What is the element represented by the symbol Cl?

Correct Answer
Chlorine
Explanation
Chlorine is the element represented by the symbol Cl. It is a halogen and has an atomic number of 17. Chlorine is a highly reactive gas and is commonly used in disinfectants, bleach, and water treatment. It is also an essential element for the human body and is involved in various biological processes.

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• 38.

### What is the element represented by the symbol Fe?

Correct Answer
Iron
Explanation
The element represented by the symbol Fe is iron. Iron is a chemical element with the atomic number 26 and is one of the most abundant elements on Earth. It is a strong, silver-gray metal that is commonly used in construction, manufacturing, and various industries due to its high strength and ability to be magnetized. Iron is also an essential nutrient for many living organisms, playing a crucial role in transporting oxygen throughout the body.

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• 39.

### What is the element represented by the symbol F?

Correct Answer
Fluorine
Explanation
Fluorine is the element represented by the symbol F. It is a highly reactive, pale yellow gas that belongs to the halogen group of elements. Fluorine is the most electronegative element, meaning it has a strong tendency to attract electrons. It is commonly used in various industries, such as the production of fluoropolymers and in the synthesis of many organic compounds. Fluorine is also used in dental products, such as toothpaste and mouthwash, to prevent tooth decay.

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• 40.

### What is the Element represented by the symbol Ca?

Correct Answer
Calcium
Explanation
Calcium is the element represented by the symbol Ca. It is a chemical element with the atomic number 20 and is classified as an alkaline earth metal. Calcium is essential for various biological processes, including the formation and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. It also plays a crucial role in muscle contraction, nerve function, and blood clotting. Calcium is commonly found in dairy products, leafy green vegetables, and fortified foods.

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• 41.

### What is the Element represented by the symbol Al?

Correct Answer
Aluminum
Explanation
The correct answer is Aluminum. Aluminum is a chemical element with the symbol Al. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, and ductile metal. It is the third most abundant element in the Earth's crust and is widely used in various industries due to its low density, high strength, and corrosion resistance.

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• 42.

### The combination of 2 or more substances:

• A.

Solution

• B.

Mixture

• C.

Compund

• D.

Molecule

Correct Answer
B. Mixture
Explanation
A mixture refers to the combination of two or more substances that are physically blended together, but not chemically bonded. In a mixture, the substances retain their individual properties and can be separated by physical means, such as filtration or evaporation. This is different from a compound, where two or more elements are chemically bonded together to form a new substance with different properties. A molecule, on the other hand, refers to the smallest unit of a compound or element that retains its chemical properties. Therefore, the correct answer is mixture.

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• 43.

### A mixture in which all the particles are mixed evenly:

• A.

Solution

• B.

Mixture

• C.

Compund

• D.

Molecule

Correct Answer
A. Solution
Explanation
A solution is a type of mixture in which all the particles are mixed evenly. In a solution, the solute is evenly distributed throughout the solvent, resulting in a homogeneous mixture. This means that no matter where you sample from within the solution, you will find the same composition. Solutions can be made of solids, liquids, or gases, and they are commonly encountered in everyday life, such as saltwater or sugar dissolved in water.

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• 44.

### To physically change the appearance of something:

• A.

Physical Change

• B.

Appearance Change

• C.

Chemical Change

• D.

Conservation of Matter

Correct Answer
A. Physical Change
Explanation
A physical change refers to a change in the physical properties or characteristics of a substance without altering its chemical composition. In this context, to physically change the appearance of something means to modify its external features or attributes without causing any chemical reactions or transformations. It could involve altering the shape, size, color, or texture of an object, but the fundamental chemical makeup remains the same. Therefore, the correct answer is Physical Change.

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• 45.

### The change in a substance that makes it something new:

• A.

Physical Change

• B.

Appearance Change

• C.

Chemical Change

• D.

Conservation of Matter

Correct Answer
C. Chemical Change
Explanation
A chemical change refers to a transformation in a substance that results in the formation of a new substance with different properties. Unlike physical changes, which only alter the appearance or state of matter, a chemical change involves the rearrangement of atoms and the breaking or forming of chemical bonds. Conservation of matter, on the other hand, is a fundamental principle that states that matter cannot be created or destroyed during a chemical reaction, but it does not specifically refer to the change itself. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical change.

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• 46.

### During a chemical reaction, matter is neither gained or lost. It changes form. It is called:

• A.

Physical Change

• B.

Appearance Change

• C.

Chemical Change

• D.

Conservation of Matter

Correct Answer
D. Conservation of Matter
Explanation
The correct answer is Conservation of Matter because during a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants is equal to the total mass of the products. This principle states that matter cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed from one form to another. Therefore, the statement that matter is neither gained nor lost and only changes form aligns with the concept of conservation of matter.

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