SCID 242 - Quiz 5 - Gluteal And Thigh

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 271

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SCID Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During recovery from a gunshot wound of the right pelvis, the patient notices a sway in his gait. When he lifts his left foot off of the ground, his pelvis dips down on the left side. The nerve that appears to have been injured is the: _________
    • A. 

      Nerve to piriformis

    • B. 

      Nerve to obturator internus

    • C. 

      Sciatic nerve

    • D. 

      Femoral nerve

    • E. 

      Superior gluteal nerve

  • 2. 
    If the head of the femur is dislocated postero-medially, compression of which nerve is likely to result? 
    • A. 

      Sciatic

    • B. 

      Femoral

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Superior gluteal

    • E. 

      Lumbosacral trunk

  • 3. 
    When the femur is fractured, the broken distal end often turns posteriorly to enter the popliteal fossa due to muscle traction. Because of its position deepest in the fossa, which structure is most vulnerable to laceration? 
    • A. 

      Common fibular n.

    • B. 

      Lesser saphenous v.

    • C. 

      Popliteal a.

    • D. 

      Popliteal v.

    • E. 

      Tibial n.

  • 4. 
    A fracture of the ischial tuberosity might be expected to most directly affect the muscles that produce which lower limb movement? 
    • A. 

      Abduction at the hip

    • B. 

      Adduction at the hip

    • C. 

      Extension at the knee

    • D. 

      Flexion at the hip

    • E. 

      Flexion at the knee

  • 5. 
    An elderly patient complains of difficulty in walking up stairs. Tests by her doctor reveal weakness in extension at her hip, but no change in hip flexion, or flexion or extension of the knee. Based upon these results, what muscle is most likely not functioning properly. 
    • A. 

      Adductor magnus

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • C. 

      Gluteus medius

    • D. 

      Iliopsoas

    • E. 

      Semitendinosus

  • 6. 
    Weakness in climbing stairs or jumping would indicate a lesion of which nerve? 
    • A. 

      Superior gluteal

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Femoral

    • E. 

      Tibial

  • 7. 
    An elderly woman was found to have a hernial sac in the right femoral triangle and a marked weakness in adduction at the right hip joint. Which nerve was likely compressed by this herniation? 
    • A. 

      Femoral

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Pudendal

    • E. 

      Sciatic

  • 8. 
    If the femoral artery is occluded at the beginning of the adductor canal, which artery could help provide viability to the leg through collateral circulation? 
    • A. 

      Descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral

    • B. 

      Descending genicular

    • C. 

      First perforating branch of the deep femoral

    • D. 

      Medial circumflex femoral

    • E. 

      Obturator

  • 9. 
    A serious complication of fractures of the femoral neck is avascular necrosis of the femoral head. This usually results from rupture of which artery? 
    • A. 

      Acetabular branch of obturator

    • B. 

      Deep circumflex iliac

    • C. 

      Medial circumflex femoral

    • D. 

      Descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral

    • E. 

      Second perforating branch of lateral circumflex

  • 10. 
    A patient with a tuberculous abscess (localized collection of pus) on the iliopsoas muscle in the femoral triangle presented impaired flexion of the thigh and extension of the leg. Which of the following nerves was likely involved? 
    • A. 

      Femoral

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Sciatic

    • E. 

      Superior gluteal

  • 11. 
    Childhood immunizations are sometimes given via intramuscular injections into the quadriceps muscles of the anterior thigh. At the mid-thigh level, a needle passing into the space deep to the sartorius muscle might pierce the femoral vessels as they lie in the: _________
    • A. 

      Adductor canal

    • B. 

      Adductor hiatus

    • C. 

      Adductor triangle

    • D. 

      Femoral canal

    • E. 

      Femoral ring

  • 12. 
    During a surgical procedure in which the lower abdominal wall has been opened, the retractor blades damaged a nerve lying between the iliacus and psoas major muscles. The patient has weakened hip flexion and an inability to extend the knee. What nerve has been compressed? 
    • A. 

      Obturator

    • B. 

      Femoral

    • C. 

      Sciatic

    • D. 

      Tibial

    • E. 

      Common fibular

  • 13. 
    Following surgical opening of the adductor canal, a patient experienced a loss of cutaneous sensation of the medial side of the leg. Which nerve was cut?
    • A. 

      Ilioinguinal

    • B. 

      Femoral

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Medial sural cutaneous

    • E. 

      Saphenous

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