1.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
B. Moderate positive
Explanation
The graph describes a relationship that is moderate positive. This means that there is a moderate correlation between the variables being represented in the graph, and the relationship is positive, indicating that as one variable increases, the other variable also tends to increase, but not in a strong or perfect manner.
2.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
D. Neutral
Explanation
The graph describes a relationship where there is no apparent correlation or association between the variables being studied. This means that there is no positive or negative trend in the data points, indicating a neutral relationship.
3.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
E. Weak negative
Explanation
The relationship described by the graph is a weak negative relationship. This means that as one variable increases, the other variable tends to decrease, but the relationship is not very strong.
4.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
C. Weak positive
Explanation
The graph describes a weak positive relationship. This means that there is a positive correlation between the variables, but the correlation is not very strong. As one variable increases, the other variable also tends to increase, but the relationship is not very consistent or strong.
5.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
A. Strong positive
Explanation
The graph describes a strong positive relationship. This means that as one variable increases, the other variable also increases consistently and significantly. There is a clear and direct positive correlation between the two variables, indicating a strong relationship between them.
6.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
G. Strong negative
Explanation
The graph shows a strong negative relationship. This means that as one variable increases, the other variable decreases at a strong rate. The correlation between the two variables is very strong and negative, indicating a strong inverse relationship between them.
7.
What sort of relationship is described by this graph?
Correct Answer
F. Moderate negative
Explanation
The graph is showing a downward trend, indicating a negative relationship. However, the slope of the line is not very steep, suggesting a moderate negative relationship rather than a strong negative one.
8.
A scatter-plots points should be connected with lines
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
Scatter plots are used to display the relationship between two variables. They consist of individual data points plotted on a graph, with no lines connecting them. The purpose of a scatter plot is to show the distribution and clustering of the data points, rather than any trend or connection between them. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that scatter plot points should be connected with lines.
9.
Bivariate data does not have to have a linear (straight line) relationship
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Bivariate data refers to a set of data that consists of two variables. The statement is true because bivariate data can have various types of relationships, not just a linear or straight line relationship. The relationship between the two variables can be nonlinear, meaning that the data points may not follow a straight line when plotted on a graph. This could include relationships such as quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, or any other non-linear pattern. Therefore, it is correct to say that bivariate data does not have to have a linear relationship.
10.
A scatter plot of bivariate data will only ever indicate
Correct Answer
A. Correlation
Explanation
A scatter plot of bivariate data will only ever indicate correlation. This means that the plot can show the relationship between two variables, whether it is positive or negative, strong or weak. However, a scatter plot cannot determine causality, which means it cannot determine if one variable directly causes changes in the other. Correlation only shows a relationship between the variables, but it does not imply causation.
11.
Causal (functional) relationships can only be proven through careful, rigorous experimentation.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
This statement is true because causal or functional relationships can only be proven through careful and rigorous experimentation. This means that in order to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between two variables, it is necessary to conduct controlled experiments where all other factors are kept constant except for the variables being studied. This allows researchers to determine whether changes in one variable directly result in changes in another variable. Without proper experimentation, it is difficult to establish a causal relationship with certainty.
12.
A trend line is:
Correct Answer
B. Calculated from the data through Regression analysis
Explanation
A trend line is calculated from the data through regression analysis. Regression analysis is a statistical method used to determine the relationship between variables. In this case, the trend line is used to show the relationship between the data points and to identify any patterns or trends. It is not sketched in to bisect the data or drawn with a ruler, as these methods do not involve any statistical analysis or calculation.
13.
The Correlation Coefficient (R) is a measure of the strength of the relationship
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The correlation coefficient (R) is indeed a measure of the strength of the relationship between two variables. It ranges from -1 to +1, where -1 indicates a strong negative relationship, +1 indicates a strong positive relationship, and 0 indicates no relationship. Therefore, the statement "The Correlation Coefficient (R) is a measure of the strength of the relationship" is true.
14.
The Correlation Coefficient (R) is the square root of the Coefficient of Determination (r^{2})
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the correlation coefficient (R) is not the square root of the coefficient of determination (r^2). The correlation coefficient (R) is the square root of the coefficient of determination (r^2). The coefficient of determination measures the proportion of the variance in the dependent variable that is predictable from the independent variable(s).
15.
The Coefficient of Determination (r^{2}) is a measure of
Correct Answer
C. How closely the regression trendline matches the real data
Explanation
The coefficient of determination (r2) is a measure of how closely the regression trendline matches the real data. It indicates the proportion of the variance in the dependent variable that can be explained by the independent variable(s). A higher r2 value indicates a stronger relationship between the variables and a better fit of the trendline to the actual data points. Therefore, the correct answer is that r2 measures how closely the regression trendline matches the real data.