Roots & Affixes For 8th Graders

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 6,396
Questions: 31 | Attempts: 2,290

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This quiz has been designed for 8th graders in the state of Kansas.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below. What is the definition of a root word?

    • A.

      A part that is added to a word that changes its meaning.

    • B.

      The base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word.

    • C.

      Words that do not affect other words in any way.

    Correct Answer
    B. The base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word.
    Explanation
    The definition of a root word is the base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word.

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  • 2. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below. Prefixes and suffixes are both considered affixes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prefixes and suffixes are both considered affixes because they are added to the beginning (prefix) or end (suffix) of a word to modify its meaning or form a new word. Affixes are used to change the root word's meaning or grammatical function. Therefore, it is true that both prefixes and suffixes are considered affixes.

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  • 3. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: These word parts can be added to roots to form new words.

    • A.

      Affix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Prefix

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Affix
    B. Suffix
    C. Prefix
    Explanation
    The given answer is a list of word parts that can be added to roots to form new words. An affix is a general term for any prefix or suffix that is added to a root word. A suffix is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning or form a new word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to change its meaning or form a new word. Therefore, all three options (affix, suffix, prefix) are correct as they all represent word parts that can be added to roots to form new words.

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  • 4. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.A prefix is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A prefix is actually added to the beginning of a root word, not the end, in order to change its meaning. A prefix is a type of affix that is attached to the front of a word, and it alters the word's meaning or creates a new word altogether. Therefore, the statement that a prefix is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning is incorrect.

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  • 5. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which type of affix is added to the end of a root word?

    • A.

      Prefix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Root

    Correct Answer
    B. Suffix
    Explanation
    A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a root word. It changes the meaning or grammatical function of the word. In this context, the correct answer is "suffix" because it is the type of affix that is added to the end of a root word. A prefix, on the other hand, is added to the beginning of a root word. The option "root" is not the correct answer because it refers to the main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added.

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  • 6. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which root word means field?

    • A.

      Psych

    • B.

      Sol/soli

    • C.

      Agri

    Correct Answer
    C. Agri
    Explanation
    The root word "agri" means field. This is evident from the fact that the other two options, "psych" and "sol/soli", do not have any association with the concept of a field. "Agri" is commonly used in words such as agriculture, agricultural, and agronomy, all of which relate to the cultivation and management of fields and crops.

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  • 7. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.What does the root word aud mean?

    • A.

      Having to do with water

    • B.

      To hear or listen

    • C.

      Relating to the moon

    Correct Answer
    B. To hear or listen
    Explanation
    The root word "aud" is derived from the Latin word "audire" which means "to hear or listen". Therefore, the correct answer is "to hear or listen".

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  • 8. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The root word bene can best be defined as meaning well or good.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The root word "bene" is derived from Latin and means "well" or "good." This can be seen in words like "benefit" (something that is good for someone) and "benevolent" (showing kindness and goodwill). Therefore, the statement that the root word "bene" can best be defined as meaning well or good is true.

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  • 9. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which set of words relate to being around or about.

    • A.

      Deformed, defoliate, descend, depress

    • B.

      Circumflex, circumference, circa, circumscribe

    • C.

      Lunatic, lunate, lunation, lunacy

    Correct Answer
    B. Circumflex, circumference, circa, circumscribe
    Explanation
    The set of words "circumflex, circumference, circa, circumscribe" relate to being around or about because they all have the prefix "circum-" which means "around" or "about" in Latin. The word "circumflex" refers to a diacritical mark used in some languages to indicate a change in pronunciation, while "circumference" refers to the distance around the edge of a circle. "Circa" is a Latin word meaning "around" and is used to indicate an approximate time or date. "Circumscribe" means to draw a line around something or to limit or restrict something.

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  • 10. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which root word can best be defined as of or relating to the body?

    • A.

      Spec

    • B.

      Ped

    • C.

      Corp

    Correct Answer
    C. Corp
    Explanation
    The root word "corp" can best be defined as of or relating to the body. This can be seen in words like "corporal" which means relating to the human body, and "corpus" which refers to a collection of written or spoken material.

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  • 11. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: Based on your knowledge of roots and suffixes, a Dictaphone can best be defined as:

    • A.

      A device that can travel across a specific distance

    • B.

      A device that picks up spoken sounds

    • C.

      A device that turns liquids into solids

    Correct Answer
    B. A device that picks up spoken sounds
    Explanation
    A Dictaphone is a device that is used to record and play back spoken sounds. The term "dicta" refers to spoken words or speech, and "phone" refers to sound or voice. Therefore, a Dictaphone is specifically designed to pick up and capture spoken sounds, making it the best definition among the given options.

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  • 12. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The prefix ab- has the following meanings: a) away fromb) offc) apart

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The prefix "ab-" is derived from Latin and it generally indicates "away from" or "off." It is commonly used to convey the idea of separation or departure from a certain location or state. Therefore, choosing "True" means agreeing that the prefix "ab-" has the meanings of "away from," "off," or "apart."

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  • 13. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.The root word dur means:

    • A.

      Be in pain or grieve

    • B.

      To give or forgive

    • C.

      To harden or be hard

    Correct Answer
    C. To harden or be hard
    Explanation
    The root word "dur" means to harden or be hard. This can be inferred from the given options where the other two options, "be in pain or grieve" and "to give or forgive", do not relate to the concept of hardness or being hard. Therefore, the correct answer is "to harden or be hard".

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  • 14. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: The roots equ/equi mean:

    • A.

      Horse

    • B.

      Equal

    • C.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Equal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "equal." The roots equ/equi in this context refer to the concept of being the same or having the same value. It does not relate to horses or variables.

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  • 15. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below:Which word(s) include the root that means foot?

    • A.

      Pedestrian

    • B.

      Impede

    • C.

      Equestrian

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pedestrian
    B. Impede
    Explanation
    The word "pedestrian" includes the root "ped" which means foot. Additionally, the word "impede" includes the same root, as "ped" is derived from the Latin word "pes" which means foot. Therefore, both "pedestrian" and "impede" include the root that means foot.

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  • 16. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Based on the following words, what does the root hydro mean?a) hydraulicsb) hydrogenc) hydrophobia

    • A.

      Chemical

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Machines

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    The root "hydro" in the given words refers to "water". This can be inferred from the fact that all three options are related to water in some way. Hydraulics is the study of fluids, including water, and its behavior in machines. Hydrogen is a chemical element that is often found in water molecules. Hydrophobia is the fear or aversion to water. Therefore, "water" is the most appropriate meaning for the root "hydro" in this context.

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  • 17. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which of the following roots means moon?

    • A.

      Luna

    • B.

      Bene

    • C.

      Nav

    Correct Answer
    A. Luna
    Explanation
    The root "luna" means moon.

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  • 18. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The root nav means to ship.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because "nav" is a root word that means "to ship." Therefore, choosing true means agreeing with the statement that the root "nav" means to ship.

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  • 19. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: The root psych best relates to the:

    • A.

      Mind

    • B.

      Soul

    • C.

      heart

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mind
    B. Soul
    Explanation
    The root "psych" is derived from the Greek word "psyche," which refers to the mind or soul. Therefore, the best answers that relate to the root "psych" are "mind" and "soul." The term "heart" does not directly relate to the root "psych" and is therefore not the best answer.

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  • 20. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The root sci relates to the body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The root "sci" does not relate to the body. It is actually derived from the Latin word "scire," which means "to know" or "to understand." This root is commonly found in words related to knowledge or learning, such as "science" or "conscience." Therefore, the statement that the root "sci" relates to the body is incorrect.

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  • 21. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which root means to feel, perceive, or think?

    • A.

      Sol/soli

    • B.

      Sent/sens

    • C.

      Equ/equi

    Correct Answer
    B. Sent/sens
    Explanation
    The root "sent/sens" means to feel, perceive, or think. This can be seen in words like "sensitive" (able to perceive or feel things easily), "sentiment" (a thought or feeling), and "sense" (the ability to perceive or understand something). This root is related to the mental and emotional processes of perception and cognition.

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  • 22. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.What do the roots sol/soli mean?

    • A.

      Sun

    • B.

      Moon

    • C.

      Alone

    Correct Answer
    C. Alone
    Explanation
    The roots "sol/soli" mean "alone". This can be inferred from the options provided, where "sun" and "moon" do not relate to the concept of being alone, while "alone" directly corresponds to the meaning of sol/soli.

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  • 23. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which words relate to looking or seeing?

    • A.

      Aspect, conspicuous, introspective, spectacle

    • B.

      Signature, design, insignia, significant

    • C.

      Consequence, sequel, subsequent, prosecute

    Correct Answer
    A. Aspect, conspicuous, introspective, spectacle
    Explanation
    The words "aspect," "conspicuous," "introspective," and "spectacle" all relate to looking or seeing. "Aspect" refers to a particular feature or characteristic that can be observed visually. "Conspicuous" means easily noticeable or standing out, requiring visual observation. "Introspective" refers to the act of looking inward or examining one's own thoughts and feelings. "Spectacle" refers to an impressive or striking display that is meant to be observed visually.

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  • 24. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The prefixes im- and in- can both mean in, into, on, toward, put into, as well as not, lacking, or without.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because both the prefixes "im-" and "in-" can have multiple meanings. They can be used to indicate movement or direction, such as "into" or "toward." Additionally, they can also indicate negation or absence, meaning "not," "lacking," or "without." Therefore, both prefixes can have similar meanings depending on the context in which they are used.

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  • 25. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.The affix inter- can best be defined as:

    • A.

      Below, beneath, inferior to, after

    • B.

      Out, out of, from, away

    • C.

      among, between, at intervals

    Correct Answer
    C. among, between, at intervals
    Explanation
    The affix inter- is used to indicate a relationship between two or more things. It suggests that something is happening or existing among or between them, or at regular intervals. For example, "interact" means to act among or between people or things, and "intermittent" means occurring at regular intervals.

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  • 26. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.Based on your knowledge of roots and affixes, the word malaise means a crazy influence of the moon.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The word "malaise" does not mean a crazy influence of the moon. The word actually refers to a general feeling of discomfort, unease, or illness. The prefix "mal-" in "malaise" indicates something negative or bad, while the root "aise" comes from the Old French word "aise" meaning "ease" or "comfort." Therefore, "malaise" literally means a lack of ease or comfort, and it is commonly used to describe a general sense of not feeling well.

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  • 27. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The affix uni- means to shadow.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The affix "uni-" does not mean "to shadow." The prefix "uni-" actually means "one" or "having one." For example, words like "unicorn" and "unicycle" use the prefix "uni-" to indicate something that has one horn or one wheel, respectively. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 28. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.The suffix -ee can best be defined as:

    • A.

      The feminine form of

    • B.

      one who receives the action

    • C.

      condition, state, quality

    Correct Answer
    B. one who receives the action
    Explanation
    The suffix -ee can best be defined as "one who receives the action." This means that the person or thing with the -ee suffix is the recipient or target of the action being described. For example, in the word "employee," the -ee suffix indicates that the person is the one who receives or is the target of employment.

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  • 29. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: Which of the following best defines the affix -ette/-et from the choices below?

    • A.

      Small one

    • B.

      Cycle

    • C.

      Group

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Small one
    C. Group
    Explanation
    The affix -ette/-et is best defined as a combination of "small one" and "group". This affix is often used to denote a smaller or diminutive version of something, as well as to refer to a small group or collection of things.

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  • 30. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which affix can best be defined to mean an act of, state of, result of, or one who?

    • A.

      Mal-

    • B.

      -ette/-et

    • C.

      -ian/-ion

    Correct Answer
    C. -ian/-ion
    Explanation
    The affix "-ian/-ion" can best be defined to mean an act of, state of, result of, or one who. This affix is commonly used to form nouns that describe a person or thing related to a particular action, state, or result. For example, "musician" refers to a person who plays or is skilled in music, and "education" refers to the act or process of educating. Therefore, "-ian/-ion" is the most suitable affix for this definition.

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  • 31. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which affix means one who or that which is?

    • A.

      -ive

    • B.

      Uni-

    • C.

      Spec

    Correct Answer
    A. -ive
    Explanation
    The affix "-ive" means "one who or that which is." It is used to form adjectives that describe someone or something as having a particular quality or characteristic. For example, "active" means "one who is active" or "having the quality of being active." Therefore, "-ive" is the correct answer to the question.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 30, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mindelei
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