Roots & Affixes For 5th Graders

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 5,977
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 1,250

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This quiz has been designed for 5th graders in the state of Kansas.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below. What is the definition of a root word?

    • A.

      A part that is added to a word that changes its meaning.

    • B.

      The base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word.

    • C.

      Words that do not affect other words in any way.

    Correct Answer
    B. The base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word.
    Explanation
    The definition of a root word is the base or stem of the word that provides the basic meaning of the word. This means that the root word is the main part of the word that carries the primary meaning, and any additional parts added to it, such as prefixes or suffixes, may modify or enhance the meaning of the root word.

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  • 2. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below. Prefixes and suffixes are both considered affixes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prefixes and suffixes are both considered affixes because they are added to the beginning (prefixes) or the end (suffixes) of a word to modify its meaning or create a new word. They are both types of morphemes that attach to a base word, and together they form the category of affixes. Therefore, it is accurate to say that prefixes and suffixes are both considered affixes.

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  • 3. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: These word parts can be added to roots to form new words.

    • A.

      Affix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Prefix

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Affix
    B. Suffix
    C. Prefix
    Explanation
    The word parts "affix," "suffix," and "prefix" can all be added to roots to form new words. An affix is a word part that is added to the beginning or end of a root word, while a suffix is added to the end and a prefix is added to the beginning. Therefore, all three options are correct as they all represent word parts that can be added to roots.

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  • 4. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.A prefix is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A prefix is actually added to the beginning of a root word to change its meaning, not the end. A prefix is a group of letters that is added to the front of a word to modify its meaning. For example, in the word "unhappy," the prefix "un-" is added to the root word "happy" to change its meaning to "not happy." Therefore, the statement that a prefix is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning is false.

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  • 5. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which type of affix is added to the end of a root word?

    • A.

      Prefix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Root

    Correct Answer
    B. Suffix
    Explanation
    A suffix is added to the end of a root word to modify its meaning or create a new word. Unlike a prefix, which is added to the beginning of a word, a suffix is added to the end. For example, in the word "happiness," the suffix "-ness" is added to the root word "happy" to indicate the state or quality of being happy. Therefore, the correct answer is suffix.

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  • 6. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.This prefix means two.

    • A.

      Tri-

    • B.

      -ish

    • C.

      Bi-

    Correct Answer
    C. Bi-
    Explanation
    The prefix "bi-" means two. It is commonly used in words like "bicycle" (two wheels), "bilateral" (involving two sides), and "binary" (consisting of two parts). This prefix is derived from the Latin word "bis," which also means two.

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  • 7. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.What does the word bi-level mean?

    • A.

      Upper level

    • B.

      Two levels

    • C.

      Split levels

    Correct Answer
    B. Two levels
    Explanation
    The word "bi-level" means having two levels. This implies that there are two distinct and separate levels or floors in a structure or space. It can refer to a building, a room, or any other architectural or spatial arrangement that is divided into two distinct levels.

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  • 8. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.Co- is a prefix that means with, together, or deeply.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. The prefix "co-" is derived from the Latin word "cum," which means "with" or "together." When added as a prefix to a word, it indicates that something is done in collaboration or cooperation with others. It can also imply a sense of deep involvement or intensity. Therefore, "co-" does indeed mean with, together, or deeply.

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  • 9. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.A coworker can best be defined as:

    • A.

      A person who you work for

    • B.

      A person who you work with

    • C.

      A person who works a lot of hours

    Correct Answer
    B. A person who you work with
    Explanation
    A coworker can best be defined as a person who you work with. This means that they are someone who shares the same workplace and performs tasks and responsibilities alongside you. They may collaborate on projects, share ideas, and contribute to the overall work environment. It implies a sense of teamwork and cooperation in accomplishing work-related goals.

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  • 10. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.The prefix de- can best be defined as:

    • A.

      Under, below, or beneath

    • B.

      Across, over, or through

    • C.

      Apart, away, or not

    Correct Answer
    C. Apart, away, or not
    Explanation
    The prefix "de-" is commonly used to indicate a reversal or negation of the base word. It can mean "apart" or "away" by suggesting a separation or removal from something. Additionally, it can also imply "not" by indicating the opposite or absence of a particular quality or action. Therefore, the answer "apart, away, or not" accurately defines the meaning of the prefix "de-".

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  • 11. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: Based on your knowledge of affixes, which word below means to cause something not to function or work.

    • A.

      Triactivate

    • B.

      Deactivate

    • C.

      Coactivate

    Correct Answer
    B. Deactivate
    Explanation
    Deactivate means to cause something not to function or work. The prefix "de-" in deactivate indicates a reversal or removal of the action, in this case, rendering something inactive or non-functioning. Therefore, deactivate is the best answer that aligns with the meaning of causing something not to function or work.

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  • 12. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The prefix en- has the following meanings: a) put into or onb) bring into the condition ofc) to intensify

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The prefix en- can be used to indicate that something is being put into or on something else, brought into a certain condition, or intensified. Therefore, the statement that the prefix en- has these meanings is true.

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  • 13. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Which group of words represents items that have three of something:

    • A.

      Quadricep, quadrant, quadriplex, quadruplet

    • B.

      Bipolar, biopsy, bicycle, binoculars

    • C.

      Tripod, tricycle, triceratops, triple

    Correct Answer
    C. Tripod, tricycle, triceratops, triple
    Explanation
    The group of words "tripod, tricycle, triceratops, triple" represents items that have three of something. A tripod has three legs, a tricycle has three wheels, a triceratops has three horns, and triple means threefold or occurring in threes.

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  • 14. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below: Identify the suffix(es) that mean: capable of  OR able to.

    • A.

      -eble

    • B.

      -ible

    • C.

      -able

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. -ible
    C. -able
    Explanation
    The suffixes "-ible" and "-able" both mean "capable of" or "able to." These suffixes are added to the end of a word to indicate that something or someone has the ability or capacity to do a certain action or possess a certain quality. For example, "flexible" means "capable of bending," and "adaptable" means "able to adapt." Both "-ible" and "-able" can be used interchangeably in many cases to convey the same meaning.

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  • 15. 

    Choose the best answer(s) below:Which suffixes mean an action or state of being?

    • A.

      -ance and -ince

    • B.

      -able and -ible

    • C.

      -ate and -ish

    Correct Answer
    A. -ance and -ince
    Explanation
    The suffixes -ance and -ince both indicate an action or state of being. For example, the suffix -ance is commonly used to form nouns from verbs, such as "performance" or "importance," indicating the action or state of performing or being important. Similarly, the suffix -ince is used to form nouns that denote a state or condition, such as "resilience" or "evidence," indicating the state or condition of being resilient or providing evidence.

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  • 16. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.Based on your knowledge of roots and affixes, what does the word assistance mean?

    • A.

      Capable of assisting

    • B.

      The action of assisting

    • C.

      The desire to assist

    Correct Answer
    B. The action of assisting
    Explanation
    The word "assistance" refers to the action of assisting. It implies that someone is providing help or support to another person or group. This can include tasks such as offering guidance, providing resources, or lending a hand in accomplishing something.

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  • 17. 

    Please choose the response that best answers the question below.The suffix -ate can be defined as:

    • A.

      The nature of or a quality of

    • B.

      Similar to or the same as

    • C.

      Unlike or different from

    Correct Answer
    A. The nature of or a quality of
    Explanation
    The suffix -ate can be defined as indicating the nature of or a quality of something. It is used to form nouns and adjectives that describe a characteristic or attribute of a particular thing. For example, the word "passionate" is formed by adding the suffix -ate to the noun "passion," indicating the quality of being passionate. Similarly, the word "fortunate" is formed by adding -ate to the noun "fortune," indicating the nature of being fortunate.

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  • 18. 

    Choose true if you agree with the statement below; choose false if you disagree with the statement below.The affix -ish means to resemble. Therefore someone who is acting foolish resembles a fool.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The affix -ish is used to indicate a resemblance or similarity to the base word. In this case, the statement suggests that someone who is acting foolish resembles a fool. This is because the word "foolish" includes the affix -ish, indicating that the person's behavior or actions resemble those of a fool. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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