From atop the hills, they could enjoy Mediterranean sunsets.
From atop the hills, all of their waste would roll down hill to be carried away by the Tiber.
Hilltop homes were easier to defend against enemy attack.
They wanted to be closer to the gods.
Concern over flooding.
Protection from Naval attacks.
Mediterranean beaches were crowded with tourists.
The coast was a protected nesting area.
The Alba Longas
The Plains formed a natural barrier that protected the early settlers.
The Plains were flat and allowed settlers to see their enemy’s approach.
The Plains had land that was suitable for farming.
The Plains provided rich deposits of gold and silver.
Using their easy access to the sea, early Romans were able to take advantage of many ancient, established trade routes
The position of the seas near Italy made it easier for Rome to eventually conquer and gain new territories.
The seas isolated Italy’s early settlers and led to slower cultural development.
The seas isolated Italy’s early settlers and protected them from invasion.
The Minoans and the Mycenaeans
The Egyptians and the Persians
The Mesopotamians and the Harappans
The Carthaginians and the Greeks