The Roaring 20s - Part I - Extended Time

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The Roaring 20s - Part I - Extended Time - Quiz

This is an open book unit test. You will have double time ie 40 minutes to complete this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which generalization is best supported by a study of Prohibition?

    • A.

      People’s attitudes can make some laws hard to enforce

    • B.

      Increased taxes can affect consumer spending

    • C.

      People’s morality can be successfully controlled

    • D.

      People will sacrifice willingly for the common good

    Correct Answer
    A. People’s attitudes can make some laws hard to enforce
    Explanation
    Prohibition was a period in the United States where the production, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages were banned. The study of Prohibition reveals that despite the law, many people continued to consume alcohol, leading to the rise of illegal activities such as bootlegging and speakeasies. This suggests that people's attitudes towards alcohol consumption made it difficult for the government to enforce the prohibition law effectively. Therefore, the best-supported generalization is that people's attitudes can make some laws hard to enforce.

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  • 2. 

    The “Harlem Renaissance” refer to the

    • A.

      Artistic style of the first settlers in New York

    • B.

      African American soldiers in WWI

    • C.

      Revival of African American pride and culture in the 1920s

    • D.

      Rise of Hispanic culture in New York during the 1920s

    Correct Answer
    C. Revival of African American pride and culture in the 1920s
    Explanation
    The "Harlem Renaissance" refers to the revival of African American pride and culture in the 1920s. During this time, there was a flourishing of African American literature, art, music, and intellectualism centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. It was a period of great cultural and artistic achievement for African Americans, who sought to challenge racial stereotypes and promote their own unique experiences and perspectives. The Harlem Renaissance was a significant movement that helped shape and define African American identity and contributed to the broader cultural and social changes of the 1920s.

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  • 3. 

    Which invention brought about the greatest change in American life-styles in the 1920s?

    • A.

      Automobile

    • B.

      Railroad

    • C.

      Steamengine

    • D.

      Computer

    Correct Answer
    A. Automobile
    Explanation
    The invention of the automobile brought about the greatest change in American lifestyles in the 1920s. This is because the widespread availability of cars revolutionized transportation, allowing people to travel longer distances more easily and quickly. It also led to the growth of suburbs as people could now commute to work in the city. The automobile also had a significant impact on the economy, as it created jobs in the manufacturing and service industries. Additionally, it influenced leisure activities, as people could now take road trips and explore new places.

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  • 4. 

    The assembly line was used to

    • A.

      Raise the price of manufactured goods

    • B.

      Increase the number of farmers

    • C.

      Provide better jobs for African Americans

    • D.

      Increase factory production

    Correct Answer
    D. Increase factory production
    Explanation
    The assembly line was a revolutionary method of manufacturing that allowed for mass production of goods. By dividing the production process into smaller tasks and having workers specialize in one specific task, the assembly line increased efficiency and productivity. This led to a significant increase in factory production, as more goods could be produced in a shorter amount of time.

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  • 5. 

    To Americans who voted for Warren Harding, a “return to normalcy” meant

    • A.

      An end to the Teapot Dome Scandal

    • B.

      A return to Prohibition

    • C.

      A return to life as it had been before WWI

    • D.

      An end to all new immigration

    Correct Answer
    C. A return to life as it had been before WWI
    Explanation
    The term "return to normalcy" was coined by Warren Harding during his presidential campaign in 1920. It referred to a desire among Americans to go back to the way things were before World War I. This included a longing for peace, stability, and prosperity, as well as a return to traditional values and a more isolationist foreign policy. Harding's supporters believed that he would bring about this return to the pre-war era, making it the most fitting explanation for the given answer.

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  • 6. 

    President Coolidge believed that prosperity for all Americans depended on

    • A.

      The success of American business

    • B.

      Importing more from foreign countries

    • C.

      Keeping businesses from forming monopolies

    • D.

      Supporting labor unions

    Correct Answer
    A. The success of American business
    Explanation
    President Coolidge believed that prosperity for all Americans depended on the success of American business because he was a proponent of laissez-faire economics. He believed that if businesses were allowed to operate without interference from the government, they would be able to create jobs, stimulate economic growth, and provide goods and services that would benefit all Americans. Coolidge's belief in the importance of American business was reflected in his policies, which included reducing government regulation and lowering taxes to encourage business expansion and investment.

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  • 7. 

    In the 1920s, farmers had economic problems because

    • A.

      Prices for farm products were rising

    • B.

      The demand for farm products was rising

    • C.

      There were too few farmers

    • D.

      There was an oversupply of farm products on the market

    Correct Answer
    D. There was an oversupply of farm products on the market
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, farmers had economic problems because there was an oversupply of farm products on the market. This means that there was more supply of farm products than the demand, leading to a surplus. As a result, the prices of farm products decreased, causing financial difficulties for the farmers. The oversupply could have been caused by various factors such as overproduction, advancements in agriculture technology, or the inability of farmers to adapt to changing market conditions.

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  • 8. 

    “There were, Attorney General Palmer asserted, 60,000 communists at large --- enough, if unchecked, to bring the republic down”. This quotation expresses the fears that lead to

    • A.

      Prohibition

    • B.

      The Red Scare

    • C.

      The Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    • D.

      Speakeasies

    Correct Answer
    B. The Red Scare
    Explanation
    The quotation expresses the fears that lead to the Red Scare. The mention of "60,000 communists at large" highlights the fear and paranoia surrounding the perceived threat of communism in the United States during the early 20th century. The Red Scare was a period of intense anti-communist sentiment and political repression, fueled by fears of communist infiltration and subversion in American society. This quotation reflects the concerns and anxieties that contributed to the Red Scare.

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  • 9. 

    The Sacco and Vanzetti trial and the actions of the KKK showed that

    • A.

      Americans still blame Germany for the war

    • B.

      A strong fear of foreigners existed in America

    • C.

      There was less discrimination against African Americans in the North than in the South

    • D.

      City people were more tolerant of change than people in rural areas

    Correct Answer
    B. A strong fear of foreigners existed in America
    Explanation
    The Sacco and Vanzetti trial and the actions of the KKK demonstrated a strong fear of foreigners in America. The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants, was highly controversial and fueled by anti-immigrant sentiment. The actions of the KKK, a white supremacist group, also targeted immigrants and minorities, further highlighting the fear and hostility towards foreigners. These events indicate that there was a strong fear of foreigners in America during that time period.

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  • 10. 

    In the 1920s, ____________ were young women who reacted against traditional roles for women

    Correct Answer
    flappers
    flapper
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, flappers were young women who reacted against traditional roles for women. They were known for their rebellious behavior, which included wearing shorter dresses, cutting their hair short, and participating in activities that were considered unconventional for women at that time. Flappers represented a new wave of independence and freedom for women, challenging societal norms and expectations.

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  • 11. 

    Which foreign policy did Warren G. Harding support when he used the phrase “return to normalcy” during his presidential campaign of 1920?

    • A.

      Appeasement

    • B.

      Internationalism

    • C.

      containment

    • D.

      isolationism

    Correct Answer
    D. isolationism
    Explanation
    Warren G. Harding supported isolationism when he used the phrase "return to normalcy" during his presidential campaign of 1920. Isolationism is a foreign policy that advocates for a nation to focus on its own internal affairs and avoid involvement in international conflicts or alliances. Harding's use of this phrase suggested his desire to prioritize domestic issues and withdraw from foreign entanglements, reflecting a policy of isolationism.

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  • 12. 

    Base your answer to question  on the poem below and on your knowledge of social studies. Mother to Son Well, son, I’ll tell you:Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair.It’s had tacks in it,And splinters,And boards torn up,And places with no carpet on the floor—Bare.But all the timeI’se been a-climbin’ on,And reachin’ landin’s,And turnin’ corners,And sometimes goin’ in the darkWhere there ain’t been no light.So boy, don’t you turn back.Don’t you set down on the steps’Cause you finds it kinder hard.Don’t you fall now—For I’se still goin’, honey,I’se still climbin’,And life for me ain’t been no crystal stair. —Langston Hughes, 1922 One purpose of this poem, written during the Harlem Renaissance, was to

    • A.

      Explain the advantages of inner-city life

    • B.

      Discuss ideas in the language used by immigrant Americans

    • C.

      Ask African Americans to accept things as they are

    • D.

      Encourage African Americans to continue their struggle for equality

    Correct Answer
    D. Encourage African Americans to continue their struggle for equality
    Explanation
    The poem "Mother to Son" by Langston Hughes encourages African Americans to continue their struggle for equality. The speaker, a mother, uses vivid imagery to describe the hardships she has faced in her life, emphasizing that her journey has not been easy. By urging her son to keep climbing and not give up, she is inspiring him and other African Americans to persevere in their fight for equal rights and opportunities. The poem serves as a call to action, motivating individuals to continue pushing for equality despite the challenges they may face.

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  • 13. 

    The Scopes trial of 1925 illustrated the

    • A.

      Desire for new voting rights laws

    • B.

      Need for better private schools

    • C.

      Conflict between Protestant fundamentalism and science

    • D.

      Effects of the Red Scare on the legal system

    Correct Answer
    C. Conflict between Protestant fundamentalism and science
    Explanation
    The Scopes trial of 1925 was a highly publicized court case that pitted the teaching of evolution against the belief in biblical creationism. It highlighted the clash between Protestant fundamentalism, which advocated for a literal interpretation of the Bible, and the scientific theory of evolution. The trial brought attention to the ongoing conflict between religious beliefs and scientific advancements, and it showcased the tensions between traditional religious values and the changing social and intellectual landscape of the time.

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  • 14. 

    One goal of many Harlem Renaissance writers was to

    • A.

      Increase pride in African American culture

    • B.

      Support existing racial barriers

    • C.

      Cut off connections with mainstream American values

    • D.

      Encourage African Americans to create their own political party

    Correct Answer
    A. Increase pride in African American culture
    Explanation
    During the Harlem Renaissance, African American writers sought to increase pride in African American culture. They aimed to challenge negative stereotypes and promote a positive and accurate representation of their community. By celebrating their heritage and showcasing their contributions to art, literature, and music, these writers aimed to instill a sense of pride and self-worth among African Americans. This movement aimed to empower the community and foster a greater appreciation for their cultural heritage, ultimately contributing to a more inclusive and equal society.

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  • 15. 

    The national policy of Prohibition ended when the states

    • A.

      Strengthened food and drug laws

    • B.

      Legalized alcohol for medical purposes

    • C.

      Ratified the 21st amendment

    • D.

      Banned interstate shipment of alcoholic beverages

    Correct Answer
    C. Ratified the 21st amendment
    Explanation
    The national policy of Prohibition ended when the states ratified the 21st amendment. This amendment to the Constitution repealed the 18th amendment, which had established Prohibition. By ratifying the 21st amendment, the states effectively ended the ban on the production, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages, allowing alcohol to be legal once again.

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  • 16. 

    The economic prosperity of the 1920s was mainly the result of the

    • A.

      Adoption of lower tariff rates

    • B.

      Stricter enforcement of antitrust laws

    • C.

      Success of most United States farmers

    • D.

      Development of new industries for consumer goods

    Correct Answer
    D. Development of new industries for consumer goods
    Explanation
    The economic prosperity of the 1920s was mainly the result of the development of new industries for consumer goods. This period, known as the Roaring Twenties, saw significant advancements in technology and the rise of industries such as automobiles, appliances, and entertainment. These industries stimulated economic growth, created jobs, and increased consumer spending, leading to a period of prosperity. Lower tariff rates, stricter enforcement of antitrust laws, and the success of most United States farmers may have played a role in the overall economic climate, but they were not the primary factors driving the economic prosperity of the 1920s.

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  • 17. 

    The changing image of women during the 1920s was symbolized by the

    • A.

      Passage of an equal pay act

    • B.

      Drafting of women into the army

    • C.

      Popularity of the flappers and their style of dress

    • D.

      Appointment of several women to President Calvin Coolidge’s cabinet

    Correct Answer
    C. Popularity of the flappers and their style of dress
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the image of women underwent a significant transformation. The flappers, a group of young women who challenged traditional societal norms, became popular icons of this era. They rebelled against conservative values, embracing a more independent and liberated lifestyle. The flappers' distinctive style of dress, characterized by short skirts, bobbed hair, and bold makeup, symbolized their defiance of traditional gender roles. This shift in fashion and attitude reflected the changing status of women in society, as they sought greater freedom, equality, and self-expression.

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  • 18. 

    Base your answers to question on the graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.According to the graph, the greatest increase in automobile sales occurred between

    • A.

      1921 and 1923

    • B.

      1923 and 1925

    • C.

      1925 and 1927

    • D.

      1927 and 1929

    Correct Answer
    A. 1921 and 1923
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1921 and 1923. This can be determined by looking at the graph and identifying the period where there is the steepest upward slope, indicating the greatest increase in automobile sales. From the graph, it is clear that the sales start to significantly increase around 1921 and continue to rise until 1923. Therefore, this period represents the greatest increase in automobile sales.

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  • 19. 

    What conclusion can be drawn from the graph below.

    • A.

      The mass production techniqued introduced by Ford made the model T for unavailable for the average American

    • B.

      During WWI the cost of a Model T for increased

    • C.

      The costs of production of a Model T dropped drastically and made cars more affordable to the average American

    • D.

      Ford forced his workers to work harder in 1908 than in 1924

    Correct Answer
    C. The costs of production of a Model T dropped drastically and made cars more affordable to the average American
    Explanation
    The conclusion that can be drawn from the graph is that the costs of production of a Model T dropped drastically, which made cars more affordable to the average American. This is supported by the downward trend in the graph, indicating a decrease in production costs over time.

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  • 20. 

    Harding took office after Coolidge dies of a heart attack

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Harding did not take office after Coolidge died of a heart attack. In fact, Harding took office after President Woodrow Wilson, not Coolidge, and Coolidge became president after Harding's death. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 21. 

    The red scare was Americans fear of communism

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The red scare refers to a period in American history, particularly during the early 20th century, when there was widespread fear and paranoia about the spread of communism. Many Americans believed that communism posed a significant threat to their way of life and national security. This fear led to various actions, such as government investigations, blacklisting, and the suppression of communist organizations. Therefore, the statement that the red scare was Americans' fear of communism is true.

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  • 22. 

    The mass culture or pop culture in the 1920 was symbolized by vaudevilles

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the mass culture or pop culture in the 1920s was not symbolized by vaudevilles. Vaudevilles were a form of variety entertainment that was popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but by the 1920s, they had started to decline in popularity. Instead, the 1920s saw the rise of new forms of mass culture, such as movies, radio, and jazz music, which came to symbolize the cultural shifts and changes of the era.

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  • 23. 

    The Emergency Quota System was set up to

    • A.

      End all immigration

    • B.

      Limit immigration from Asia and Eastern Europe

    • C.

      Increase immigration of farm workers from Mexico

    • D.

      Help immigrants become American citizens more easily

    Correct Answer
    B. Limit immigration from Asia and Eastern Europe
    Explanation
    The Emergency Quota System was established to restrict and limit immigration from Asia and Eastern Europe. This system was implemented in the United States in the 1920s to address concerns about the increasing number of immigrants from these regions. The quota system aimed to control and reduce the number of immigrants coming from these areas by setting limits on the number of immigrants allowed from each country. This was done in order to maintain the demographic balance and preserve the cultural and ethnic makeup of the country.

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  • 24. 

    Which is a statement of fact about African Americans living outside the South?

    • A.

      African American migration to the North slowed after World War I

    • B.

      The fewest African-Americans lived outside the South from 1910-1920

    • C.

      The graph shows that most African American migrants ended up in Northern slums

    • D.

      The largest number of African Americans lived outside the South from 1920-1930

    Correct Answer
    D. The largest number of African Americans lived outside the South from 1920-1930
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the largest number of African Americans lived outside the South from 1920-1930. This can be inferred from the information provided in the other options. The first option states that African American migration to the North slowed after World War I, implying that there was still migration happening but at a slower pace. The second option states that the fewest African-Americans lived outside the South from 1910-1920, indicating that there were more African Americans living outside the South in other time periods. The third option mentions that most African American migrants ended up in Northern slums, which does not provide information about the overall number of African Americans living outside the South.

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  • 25. 

    Who do the figures around the cash register represent?

    Correct Answer
    Business
    Big Business
    BusinessMen
    Businessman
    Monopolists
    Explanation
    The figures around the cash register represent various aspects of the business world, including business owners, executives, entrepreneurs, and individuals involved in large-scale business operations. They can be seen as representatives of different types of businesses, from small enterprises to big corporations, as well as individuals who hold significant power and influence in the business industry. The inclusion of "Monopolists" suggests that the figures may also represent those who have achieved a dominant position in the market.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 17, 2009
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    Seferianb
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